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Governor Of Virginia
The Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia
Virginia
serves as the chief executive of the Commonwealth of Virginia
Virginia
for a four-year term. The current holder of the office is Ralph Northam, who was sworn in on January 13, 2018.Contents1 Qualifications 2 Duties 3 Powers 4 History4.1 Colony 4.2 Commonwealth5 Style 6 See also 7 References 8 External linksQualifications[edit] Candidates for governor must be United States citizens who have resided in Virginia
Virginia
and been a registered voter for five years prior to the election in which they are running.[2] The candidates must be at least 30 years of age. Unlike other state governors, Virginia
Virginia
governors are not allowed to serve consecutive terms. They have been barred from immediate re-election since the adoption of Virginia's second constitution, in 1830
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English Restoration
The Restoration of the English monarchy
English monarchy
took place in the Stuart period. It began in 1660 when the English, Scottish and Irish monarchies were all restored under King Charles II
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African Americans
Origins of the civil rights movement
Origins of the civil rights movement
· Civil rights movement
Civil rights movement
· Black Power movementPost–civil rights era
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Populism
Populism
Populism
is a political philosophy supporting the rights and power of the people in their struggle against a privileged elite.[1] Critics of populism have described it as a political approach that seeks to disrupt the existing social order by solidifying and mobilizing the animosity of the "commoner" or "the people" against "privileged elites" and the "establishment".[2] Populists can fall anywhere on the traditional left–right political spectrum of politics and often portray both bourgeois capitalists and socialist organizers as unfairly dominating the political sphere.[3] Political parties and politicians[4] often use the terms "populist" and "populism" as pejoratives against their opponents
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Readjuster Party
The Readjuster Party
Readjuster Party
was a political biracial coalition formed in Virginia
Virginia
in the late 1870s during the turbulent period following the Reconstruction era. Readjusters aspired "to break the power of wealth and established privilege" among the planter elite of white men in the state and to promote public education. Their program attracted biracial support. The party was led by Harrison H. Riddleberger
Harrison H. Riddleberger
of Woodstock, an attorney, and William Mahone, a former Confederate general who was president of several railroads
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Ronald Reagan
vte Ronald Wilson Reagan (/ˈreɪɡən/; February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was an American politician who served as the 40th president of the United States
United States
from 1981 to 1989 and became the highly influential voice of modern conservatism. Prior to his presidency, he was a Hollywood actor and union leader before serving as the 33rd governor of California
California
from 1967 to 1975. Reagan was raised in a low-income family in small towns of northern Illinois. He graduated from Eureka College
Eureka College
in 1932 and worked as a sports commentator on several regional radio stations. After moving to California
California
in 1937, he found work as an actor and starred in a few major productions. Reagan was twice elected President of the Screen Actors Guild—the labor union for actors—where he worked to root out Communist influence
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Barack Obama
Barack Hussein Obama
Obama
II (/bəˈrɑːk huːˈseɪn oʊˈbɑːmə/ (listen);[1] born August 4, 1961) is an American attorney and politician who served as the 44th president of the United States from 2009 to 2017. A member of the Democratic Party, he was the first African American
African American
to be elected to the presidency. He previously served as a U.S. senator
U.S. senator
from Illinois
Illinois
from 2005 to 2008. Obama
Obama
was born in Honolulu, Hawaii. After graduating from Columbia University in 1983, he worked as a community organizer in Chicago. In 1988, he enrolled in Harvard Law School, where he was the first black president of the Harvard Law Review. After graduating, he became a civil rights attorney and an academic, teaching constitutional law at the University of Chicago
Chicago
Law School from 1992 to 2004
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Reconstruction Era Of The United States
The Reconstruction
Reconstruction
era was the period from 1863 (the legal end of most slavery in the United States) or 1865 (the end of the Confederacy) to 1877. In the context of the history of the United States, the term has two applications: the first applies to the complete history of the entire country from 1865 to 1877 following the Civil War; the second, to the attempted transformation of the 11 ex-Confederate states from 1863 to 1877, as directed by Congress. Reconstruction
Reconstruction
ended the remnants of Confederate nationalism and of slavery, making the Freedmen
Freedmen
citizens with civil rights apparently guaranteed by three new Constitutional amendments
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United States Presidential Election, 2012
Barack Obama DemocraticElected President Barack Obama DemocraticPart of a series on the 2012 U.S. presidential electionTimeline General election debatesElectors Pollingnationwide statewidePartiesDemocratic PartyCandidates Primaries Nominee ConventionRepublican PartyPrelude Candidates Debates and forums Primaries National polling Statewide polling Straw Results Nominee Convention EndorsementsMinor partiesLibertarian PartyCandidates Primaries Nominee ConventionGreen PartyPrimaries Nominee Convention EndorsementsConstitution PartyNominee ConventionJustice PartyNomineeAmericans Elect All candidatesRelated racesHouse Senate GovernorsVice PresidentDemocratic Republican2008 ← 2012 → 2016v t eThe United States
United States
presidential election of 2012 was the 57th quadrennial American presidential election. It was held on Tuesday, November 6, 2012
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American Civil War
Union victory:Dissolution of the Confederate States U.S. territorial integrity preserved Slavery abolished Beginning of the Reconstruction era Passage and ratification of the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments to the Constitution of the United StatesBelligerents  United States  Confederate StatesCommanders and leaders Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln
(Commander-in-Chief) Ulysses S. Grant William Tecumseh Sherman David Farragut George B. McClellan Henry Halleck Joseph Hooker George Meadeand others... Jefferson Davis
Jefferson Davis
(Commander-in-Chief) Robert E. Lee  Joseph E. Johnston  P. G. T. Beauregard  Albert Sidney Johnston † Braxton Bragg and others...Strength 2,200,000:[a] U.S. Army U.S. Marines U.S. Navy U.S. Revenue-Marine 698,000 (peak)[1][better source needed][2] 750,000–1,000,000:[a][3] C.S. Army C.S
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American Revolution
The American Revolution
Revolution
was a colonial revolt which occurred between 1765 and 1783. The American Patriots in the Thirteen Colonies
Thirteen Colonies
defeated the British in the American Revolutionary War
American Revolutionary War
(1775–1783) with the assistance of France, winning independence from Great Britain and establishing the United States
United States
of America. The American colonials proclaimed "no taxation without representation" starting with the Stamp Act Congress
Stamp Act Congress
in 1765. They rejected the authority of the British Parliament to tax them because they had no representatives in that governing body
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Style (manner Of Address)
A style of office or honorific is an official or legally recognized title.[1][2] A style, by tradition or law, precedes a reference to a person who holds a post or political office, and is sometimes used to refer to the office itself. An honorific can also be awarded to an individual in a personal capacity. Such styles are particularly associated with monarchies, where they may be used by a wife of an office holder or of a prince of the blood, for the duration of their marriage
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Commonwealth Of England
The Commonwealth
Commonwealth
was the period from 1649 to 1660 when England
England
and Wales, later along with Ireland
Ireland
and Scotland,[1] was ruled as a republic following the end of the Second English Civil War
Second English Civil War
and the trial and execution of Charles I. The republic's existence was declared through "An Act declaring England
England
to be a Commonwealth",[2] adopted by the Rump Parliament
Rump Parliament
on 19 May 1649. Power in the early Commonwealth
Commonwealth
was vested primarily in the Parliament and a Council of State
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English Civil War
Parliamentarian victoryExecution of King Charles I Exile of Charles II Establishment of the republican Commonwealth under Oliver CromwellBelligerentsEnglish, Scottish, Welsh and Irish Royalists English, Scottish, Welsh and Irish ParliamentariansCommanders and leadersKing Charles I   Prince Rupert
Prince Rupert
of the Rhine Charles IIEarl of Essex Thomas Fairfax Oliver CromwellCasualties and losses50,000[1] 34,000[1]127,000 noncombat deaths (including some 40,000 civilians)[a]v t eEnglish Civil WarFirst Second ThirdThe English Civil War
English Civil War
(1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers") over, principally, the manner of England's government
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Crown Colony
Crown colony, dependent territory and royal colony are terms used to describe the administration of United Kingdom
United Kingdom
overseas territories that are controlled by the UK government. As such they are examples of dependencies that are under direct colonial rule. Since 2002, crown colonies have been known officially as British Overseas Territories.[1] In such territories, residents do not elect members of the British parliament. A crown colony is usually administered by a governor who directly controls the executive and is appointed by "the Crown" – a term that in practice usually means the UK government, acting on behalf of the monarch
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Virginia Company Of London
The London
London
Company (also called the Charter of the Virginia
Virginia
Company of London) was an English joint stock company established in 1606 by royal charter by King James I
King James I
with the purpose of establishing colonial settlements in North America.[1] The territory granted to the London
London
Company included the eastern coast of America from the 34th parallel (Cape Fear) north to the 41st parallel (in Long Island Sound). As part of the Virginia
Virginia
Company and Colony, the London
London
Company owned a large portion of Atlantic and Inland Canada. The company was permitted by its charter to establish a 100-square-mile (260 km2) settlement within this area
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