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Government Of India
Executive:Prime Minister Union Council of Ministers Cabinet Secretary Secretaries: (Defence • Finance
Finance
• Foreign • Home) Civil services All India
India
Services (IAS • IFS/IFoS • IPS)Parliament:
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Supreme Court
A supreme court is the highest court within the hierarchy of courts in many legal jurisdictions. Other descriptions for such courts include court of last resort, apex court, and highest (or final) court of appeal. Broadly speaking, the decisions of a supreme court are not subject to further review by any other court. Supreme courts typically function primarily as appellate courts, hearing appeals from decisions of lower trial courts, or from intermediate-level appellate courts.[1] However, not all highest courts are named as such. Civil law states tend not to have a single highest court. Additionally, the highest court in some jurisdictions is not named the "Supreme Court", for example, the High Court
Court
of Australia; this is because decisions by the High Court
Court
could formerly be appealed to the Privy Council
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Venkaiah Naidu
Muppavarapu Venkaiah Naidu
Venkaiah Naidu
(born 1 July 1949) is an Indian politician and the current Vice-President of India, in office since 11 August 2017
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Amendment Of The Constitution Of India
Amending the Constitution of India
Constitution of India
is the process of making changes to the nation's fundamental law or supreme law. The procedure of amendment in the constitution is laid down in Part XX (Article 368) of the Constitution of India. This procedure ensures the sanctity of the Constitution of India
Constitution of India
and keeps a check on arbitrary power of the Parliament of India. However, there is another limitation imposed on the amending power of the constitution of India, which developed during conflicts between the Supreme Court and Parliament, where Parliament wants to exercise discretionary use of power to amend the constitution while the Supreme Court wants to restrict that power
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Executive (government)
The executive is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state. The executive executes and enforces law. In political systems based on the principle of separation of powers, authority is distributed among several branches (executive, legislative, judicial) — an attempt to prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a small group of people. In such a system, the executive does not pass laws (the role of the legislature) or interpret them (the role of the judiciary). Instead, the executive enforces the law as written by the legislature and interpreted by the judiciary. The executive can be the source of certain types of law, such as a decree or executive order. Executive bureaucracies are commonly the source of regulations. In the Westminster political system, the principle of separation of powers is not as entrenched
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Dipak Misra
Justice Dipak Misra
Dipak Misra
(born 3 October 1953) is the 45th Chief Justice of India(CJI), succeeding the 44th CJI, Justice J. S. Khehar.[2][3] He is a judge of the Supreme Court of India
Supreme Court of India
and a former Chief Justice of the Patna and Delhi High Courts. He is the nephew of Justice Ranganath Misra, who was the 21st CJI during 1990-91.[1][4] He hails from the State of Odisha.Contents1 Career 2 Notable judgements 3 Controversy 4 ReferencesCareer[edit] Justice Misra enrolled at the Bar on 14 February 1977 and practiced at the Orissa High Court
Orissa High Court
and the Service Tribunal. He was appointed as an Additional Judge of the Orissa High Court
Orissa High Court
in 1996 and was later transferred the following year to the Madhya Pradesh High Court, where he was made a Permanent Judge on 19 December 1997
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Sumitra Mahajan
Sumitra Mahajan
Sumitra Mahajan
(born 12 April 1943)[1] is an Indian politician who is the Speaker of the 16th Lok Sabha.[2] She belongs to Bharatiya Janata Party. In 2014, she got elected to the Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
for the eighth time, one of three members of the 16th Lok Sabha
16th Lok Sabha
to do so,[3] and is currently the longest-serving woman member.[4] She has represented the Indore
Indore
constituency of Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh
since 1989. She served for a time as a Union Minister. She was minister from 2002 to 2004, holding the portfolios for Human Resources, Communications and Petroleum.[5] She is the eldest and senior most among woman Members of Parliament in the 16th Lok Sabha. She is the second woman after Meira Kumar
Meira Kumar
to be elected as the Speaker of the Lok Sabha
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Judiciary
The judiciary (also known as the judicial system or court system) is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state. The judiciary also provides a mechanism for the resolution of disputes. Under the doctrine of the separation of powers, the judiciary generally does not make statutory law (which is the responsibility of the legislature) or enforce law (which is the responsibility of the executive), but rather interprets law and applies it to the facts of each case. However, the judiciary does make common law, setting precedent for other courts to follow. This branch of the state is often tasked with ensuring equal justice under law. In many jurisdictions the judicial branch has the power to change laws through the process of judicial review
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Uniform Civil Code
Uniform civil code
Uniform civil code
is the ongoing point of debate within Indian mandate to replace personal laws based on the scriptures and customs of each major religious community in India with a common set of rules governing every citizen. Article 44 of the Directive Principles expects the state to apply these while formulating policies for the country.[1] Apart from being an important issue regarding secularism in India & fundamental right to practice religion contained in Article 25, it became one of the most controversial topics in contemporary politics during the Shah Bano case
Shah Bano case
in 1985. The debate then focused on the Muslim Personal Law, which is partially based on the Sharia law
Sharia law
and remains unreformed since 1937, permitting unilateral divorce, polygamy in the country and putting it among the nations legally applying the Sharia law
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Chief Justice Of India
The Chief Justice of India
Chief Justice of India
(CJI) is the head of the judiciary of India[4] and the Supreme Court of India
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Chief Judge
Chief judge is the highest-ranking judge of a court that has more than one judge. While the term "chief judge" is used in some courts, other courts use terms such as "chief justice," "presiding judge," "president judge," or "administrative judge."Contents1 Australia 2 United States2.1 United States courts of appeals 2.2 United States district courts 2.3 New York3 See also 4 ReferencesAustralia[edit] In Australia the term Chief Judge
Judge
can refer to the principal judicial officer of a state District Court[1], as in New South Wales, or a state County Court[2], as in Victoria. The former is appointed by the state's Governor, while the latter may be appointed by the state's Attorney-General. United States[edit] United States courts of appeals[edit] In the United States courts of appeals, the chief judge has certain administrative responsibilities and presides over en banc sessions of the court and meetings of the Judicial Council
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Narendra Modi
Early political career Gujarat
Gujarat
Legislative Assembly2002 2007 2012PremiershipCampaignAchhe din aane waale hainSwearing-in Council of Ministers Timeline Mann Ki Baat International tripsNational policyUnion budgets2014 2015 2016 2017Railway budgets2014 2015 2016Social/Rural SchemesAntyodaya Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Sukanya Samriddhi Ujjwala OROP Housing for AllAdarsh Gram Yojana Gram Jyoti Soil health cards UDAY Krishi Sinchai Jeevan Pramaan DELP HRIDAYEconomy/Financial ReformsAtal Pension Yojana 2016 banknote demonetisati
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Law Enforcement In India
Law enforcement in India
India
is performed by numerous law enforcement agencies. Like many federal nations, the nature of the Constitution of India
India
mandates law and order as a subject of the state, therefore the bulk of the policing lies with the respective states and territories of India. At the federal level, the many agencies are part of the Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), and support the states in their duties. Larger cities also operate Police Commissionerates, under respective state police
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Upper House
An upper house, sometimes called a senate, is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature (or one of three chambers of a tricameral legislature), the other chamber being the lower house.[1] The house formally designated as the upper house is usually smaller and often has more restricted power than the lower house
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Vice-President Of India
Executive:Prime Minister Union Council of Ministers Cabinet Secretary Secretaries: (Defence • Finance • Foreign • Home) Civil services All India
India
Services (IAS • IFS/IFoS • IPS)Parliament: Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
(Chairman)
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Legislature
A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city. Legislatures form important parts of most governments; in the separation of powers model, they are often contrasted with the executive and judicial branches of government. Laws enacted by legislatures are known as legislation. Legislatures observe and steer governing actions and usually have exclusive authority to amend the budget or budgets involved in the process. The members of a legislature are called legislators
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