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Goniądz
Goniądz
Goniądz
([ˈɡɔɲɔnt͡s]; Belarusian: Го́нёндз Gónëndz) is a town in Poland, located at the Biebrza
Biebrza
river, (pop. 1,915) in Mońki
Mońki
county ( Powiat
Powiat
of Mońki) in Podlaskie Voivodeship
Podlaskie Voivodeship
in northeastern Poland. 80% of the town was destroyed in World War II. Rebuilt, in modern times the town is a local centre of agriculture, as well as a tourist destination. History[edit] The town was founded some time in the 14th century in dense forests covering the area back then. The first mention dates back to August 14, 1358, when a chronicler noted Goniądz
Goniądz
as a seat of a powiat within the land of Wizna. On December 2, 1382, the dukes of Mazovia (Siemowit IV and his brother and co-regent Janusz I) awarded the Wizna castle, together with the surrounding land, to the Teutonic Order
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Poland
Coordinates: 52°N 20°E / 52°N 20°E / 52; 20 Republic
Republic
of Poland Rzeczpospolita
Rzeczpospolita
Polska  (
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Kingdom Of Poland (1385–1569)
The Kingdom of Poland
Poland
(Polish: Królestwo Polskie; Latin: Regnum Poloniae) and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania
Grand Duchy of Lithuania
joined in a personal union created by the Union of Krewo
Union of Krewo
(1385). The union was transformed into a closer one by the Union of Lublin
Union of Lublin
in 1569, which was shortly followed by the end of the Jagiellon dynasty, which had ruled Poland
Poland
for two centuries. See also[edit]Crown of the Kingdom of Poland Culture of medieval Poland History of Poland
Poland
during the Jagiellon dynasty
Jagiellon dynasty
(1386–1572)Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kingdom of Poland
Poland
— Jagiellonian Dynasty (1385–1569).References[edit]^ " Gaude Mater Polonia
Gaude Mater Polonia
Creation and History"
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Geographic Coordinate System
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols.[n 1] The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position, and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position
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Przemyśl
Przemyśl
Przemyśl
([ˈpʂɛmɨɕl] ( listen) German: Premissel, Ukrainian: Peremyshl, Перемишль less often Перемишель) is a city in south-eastern Poland
Poland
with 66,756 inhabitants, as of June 2009.[1] In 1999, it became part of the Subcarpathian Voivodeship; it was previously the capital of Przemyśl Voivodeship. Przemyśl
Przemyśl
owes its long and rich history to the advantages of its geographic location. The city lies in an area connecting mountains and lowlands known as the Przemyśl
Przemyśl
Gate, with open lines of transportation, and fertile soil. It also lies on the navigable San River
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Sejm
Government (239)     Law and Justice
Law and Justice
(238)      Independents (1)[a] Confidence and supply (8)     Free and Solidary
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Knyszyn
Knyszyn
Knyszyn
[ˈknɨʂɨn] (Lithuanian: Knišinas) is a town in north-eastern Poland, 26 kilometres (16 miles) northwest of Białystok. It is situated in the Podlaskie Voivodeship
Podlaskie Voivodeship
(since 1999), and was formerly in the Białystok
Białystok
Voivodeship (1975-1998). A part of Podlachia, it belonged for many centuries to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. It was the property of Court Marshal of Lithuania Michael Glinski
Michael Glinski
until confiscated and passed to the Grand Chancellor of Lithuania Mikołaj Radziwiłł in 1507. In 1569 it was annexed by the Polish crown
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Starost
The title of starost or starosta (Cyrillic: старост/а, Latin: capitaneus, German: Starost) designates an official or unofficial leader, used in various contexts through most of Slavic history. One can translate it as "senior" or "elder". The word comes from the Slavic root star-, "old". In Poland, a starosta would administer a territory called a starostwo. In the early Middle Ages, the starosta was the head of a Slavic community or of other communities so one finds designations such as church starosta, artel starosta, etc
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Chełm
Chełm
Chełm
[xɛu̯m] ( listen) (German: Kulm, Ukrainian: Холм) is a city in eastern Poland with 63,949 inhabitants (2015). It is located to the south-east of Lublin, north of Zamość
Zamość
and south of Biała Podlaska, some 25 kilometres (16 miles) from the border with Ukraine. Chełm
Chełm
used to be the capital of the Chełm Voivodeship
Chełm Voivodeship
until it became part of the Lublin Voivodeship
Lublin Voivodeship
in 1999. The city is of mostly industrial character, though it also features numerous notable historical monuments and tourist attractions. Chełm is a multiple (former) bishopric
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Voivodeships Of Poland
A województwo ([vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ]; plural: województwa) is the highest-level administrative subdivision of Poland, corresponding to a "province" in many other countries. The term "województwo" has been in use since the 14th century, and is commonly translated in English as "province".[1] Województwo is also rendered in English by "voivodeship" (/ˈvɔɪvoʊdʃɪp/) or a variant spelling.[2] The Polish local government reforms
Polish local government reforms
adopted in 1998, which went into effect on 1 January 1999, created sixteen new voivodeships. These replaced the 49 former voivodeships that had existed from 1 July 1975, and bear greater resemblance (in territory but not in name) to the voivodeships that existed between 1950 and 1975. Today's voivodeships are mostly named after historical and geographical regions, while those prior to 1998 generally took their names from the cities on which they were centered
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King Of Poland
Poland
Poland
was ruled at various times either by dukes (the 10th–14th century) or by kings (the 11th-18th century). During the latter period, a tradition of free election of monarchs made it a uniquely electable position in Europe (16th–18th centuries). The birth of Poland
Poland
as an independent nation coincides with the ascension of Duke Mieszko I[4] and adoption of Christianity
Christianity
under the authority of Rome in the year 966. He was succeeded by his son, Bolesław I the Brave, who greatly expanded the boundaries of the Polish state and ruled as the first king in 1025. The following centuries gave rise to the mighty Piast dynasty, consisting of both kings such as Mieszko II Lambert, Przemysł II
Przemysł II
or Władysław I the Elbow-high and dukes like Bolesław III Wrymouth
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Sigismund Augustus Of Poland
Sigismund II Augustus
Sigismund II Augustus
(Polish: Zygmunt II August, Ruthenian: Żygimont II Awgust, Lithuanian: Žygimantas II Augustas, German: Sigismund II. August) (1 August 1520 – 7 July 1572) was the King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, the only son of Sigismund I the Old, whom Sigismund II succeeded in 1548. Married three times, the last of the Jagiellons
Jagiellons
remained childless, and through the Union of Lublin introduced a free elective monarchy.Contents1 Royal titles 2 Biography 3 Patronage 4 Ancestry 5 Marriages 6 See also 7 Notes 8 External linksRoyal titles[edit]Royal titles, in Latin: "Sigismundus Augustus Dei gratia rex Poloniae, magnus dux Lithuaniae, nec non-terrarum Cracoviae, Sandomiriae, Siradiae, Lanciciae, Cuiaviae, Kiioviae, Dominus Hereditarium Russiae, Woliniae, Prussiae, Masoviae, Podlachiae, Culmensis, Elbingensis, Pomeraniae, Samogitiae, Livoniae etc
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Michał Gliński
Michael Glinsky (Lithuanian: Mykolas Glinskis, Russian: Mikhail Lvovich Glinsky, Polish: Michał Gliński; 1460s – 24 September 1534) was a noble from the Grand Duchy of Lithuania
Grand Duchy of Lithuania
of distant Tatar extraction who was also a tutor of his nephew, Ivan the Terrible. As a young man, Glinsky served in the court of Emperor Maximilian I
Emperor Maximilian I
and earned distinction for his military service. Around 1498 he returned to Lithuania and quickly rose in power and wealth, angering local nobles. Just after commanding the victorious Battle of Kletsk
Battle of Kletsk
against the Crimean Khanate
Crimean Khanate
in August 1506, he was accused of conspiracy against the deceased Grand Duke Alexander Jagiellon
Alexander Jagiellon
and lost all his wealth. Glinsky began an armed rebellion against Sigismund I, the new Grand Duke
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Vytautas
Vytautas
Vytautas
(c. 1350 – October 27, 1430), also known as Vytautas
Vytautas
the Great (Lithuanian:   Vytautas
Vytautas
Didysis (help·info), Belarusian: Вітаўт Кейстутавіч (Vitaŭt Kiejstutavič), Polish: Witold Kiejstutowicz, Rusyn: Vitovt, Latin: Alexander Vitoldus) from the 15th century
15th century
onwards, was a ruler of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, which chiefly encompassed the Lithuanians and Ruthenians. He was also the Prince of Hrodna
Hrodna
(1370–1382), Prince of Lutsk
Lutsk
(1387~1389), and the postulated king of the Hussites.[1] In modern Lithuania, Vytautas
Vytautas
is revered as a national hero and was an important figure in the national rebirth in the 19th century. Vytautas is a popular male given name in Lithuania
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Polish-Lithuanian Union
Union
Union
is the state of being united or joined. Union
Union
may also refer to:Contents1 Labor 2 Education 3 History and politics 4 Mathematics and computer science 5 Entertainment5.1 Music6 Places6.1 Canada 6.2
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Grand Duchy Of Lithuania
The Grand Duchy of Lithuania
Lithuania
was a European state from the 13th century[1] until 1795,[2] when the territory was partitioned among the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Prussia, and Austria. The state was founded by the Lithuanians, one of the polytheistic Baltic tribes
Baltic tribes
from Aukštaitija.[3][4][5] The Grand Duchy later expanded to include large portions of the former Kievan Rus'
Kievan Rus'
and other Slavic lands, including territory of present-day Belarus, parts of Ukraine, Poland
Poland
and Russia
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