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GlobalGiving
GLOBALGIVING is 501(c)(3) non-profit organization based in the United States that provides a global crowdfunding platform for grassroots charitable projects. Since 2002, more than 695,000 donors on GlobalGiving
GlobalGiving
have raised more than $288 million to support more than 18,000 projects in 170 countries. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Structure * 3 Disaster Relief * 4 Reviews * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORYBefore founding GlobalGiving, Mari Kuraishi and Dennis Whittle were heads of strategy and innovation at the World
World
Bank . While in that post, they created the first-ever Innovation Marketplace for Bank staff in 1998, an internal competition in which Bank employees pitched their own ideas for fighting poverty worldwide. The winners received grants to make their ideas happen
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Crowd Sourcing
CROWDSOURCING is a specific sourcing model in which individuals or organizations use contributions from Internet
Internet
users to obtain needed services or ideas. Crowdsourcing was coined in 2005 as a portmanteau of crowd and outsourcing . This mode of sourcing, which is to divide work between participants to achieve a cumulative result, was already successful prior to the digital age (i.e., "offline "). Crowdsourcing is distinguished from outsourcing in that the work can come from an undefined public (instead of being commissioned from a specific, named group) and in that crowdsourcing includes a mix of bottom-up and top-down processes. Advantages of using crowdsourcing may include improved costs, speed, quality, flexibility, scalability, or diversity
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Non-governmental Organization
A NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION (NGO) is a nonprofit organization that is independent of governments and international governmental organizations. They are usually funded by donations but some avoid formal funding altogether and are run primarily by volunteers. NGOs are highly diverse groups of organizations engaged in a wide range of activities, and take different forms in different parts of the world. Some may have charitable status, while others may be registered for tax exemption based on recognition of social purposes. Others may be fronts for political, religious, or other interests. Since the end of World War II , NGOs have had an increasing role in international development , particularly in the fields of humanitarian assistance and poverty alleviation. The number of NGOs worldwide is estimated to be 3.7 million. Russia has 277,000 NGOs
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April 2015 Nepal Earthquake
8,857 dead in Nepal
Nepal
and 8,964 in total 21,952 injured 3.5 million homeless The APRIL 2015 NEPAL EARTHQUAKE (also known as the GORKHA EARTHQUAKE) killed nearly 9,000 people and injured nearly 22,000. It occurred at 11:56 Nepal Standard Time on 25 April, with a magnitude of 7.8Mw or 8.1Ms and a maximum Mercalli Intensity of IX (Violent). Its epicenter was east of Gorkha District at Barpak, Gorkha, and its hypocenter was at a depth of approximately 8.2 km (5.1 mi). It was the worst natural disaster to strike Nepal
Nepal
since the 1934 Nepal– Bihar
Bihar
earthquake . The ground motion recorded in Kathmandu valley was of low frequency which, along with its occurrence at an hour where many people in rural areas were working outdoors, decreased the loss of property and human life
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International Development
INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT or GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT is a wide concept concerning the level of development on an international scale. It is the basis for international classifications such as developed country , developing country and least developed country . There are, however, many schools of thought and conventions regarding which are the exact features constituting development of a country. Historically it has been largely synonymous with economic development . Recently it is also often used in a holistic and multi-disciplinary context of human development as well as other concepts like competitiveness , quality of life or subjective well-being . International development is different from simple development in that it is specifically composed of institutions and policies that arose after World War II . These institutions focus on alleviating poverty and improving living conditions in previously colonised and other poor countries
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Social Network
A SOCIAL NETWORK is a social structure made up of a set of social actors (such as individuals or organizations), sets of dyadic ties, and other social interactions between actors. The social network perspective provides a set of methods for analyzing the structure of whole social entities as well as a variety of theories explaining the patterns observed in these structures. The study of these structures uses social network analysis to identify local and global patterns, locate influential entities, and examine network dynamics. Social
Social
networks and the analysis of them is an inherently interdisciplinary academic field which emerged from social psychology , sociology , statistics , and graph theory . Georg Simmel
Georg Simmel
authored early structural theories in sociology emphasizing the dynamics of triads and "web of group affiliations"
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Non-governmental Organisation
A NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION (NGO) is a nonprofit organization that is independent of governments and international governmental organizations. They are usually funded by donations but some avoid formal funding altogether and are run primarily by volunteers. NGOs are highly diverse groups of organizations engaged in a wide range of activities, and take different forms in different parts of the world. Some may have charitable status, while others may be registered for tax exemption based on recognition of social purposes. Others may be fronts for political, religious, or other interests. Since the end of World War II
World War II
, NGOs have had an increasing role in international development , particularly in the fields of humanitarian assistance and poverty alleviation. The number of NGOs worldwide is estimated to be 3.7 million. Russia has 277,000 NGOs
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International AIDS Vaccine Initiative
The INTERNATIONAL AIDS
AIDS
VACCINE INITIATIVE (known as IAVI) is a global not-for-profit , public-private partnership working to accelerate the development of vaccines to prevent HIV
HIV
infection and AIDS
AIDS
. IAVI researches and develops vaccine candidates, conducts policy analyses, serves as an advocate for the HIV
HIV
prevention field and engages communities in the trial process and AIDS
AIDS
vaccine education. The organization takes a comprehensive approach to HIV
HIV
and AIDS
AIDS
that supports existing HIV
HIV
prevention and treatment programs while emphasizing the need for new AIDS
AIDS
prevention tools. It also works to ensure that future vaccines will be accessible to all who need them
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Ebola Outbreak In West Africa In 2014
The WEST AFRICAN EBOLA VIRUS EPIDEMIC (2013–2016) was the most widespread outbreak of Ebola virus disease
Ebola virus disease
(EVD) in history —causing major loss of life and socioeconomic disruption in the region, mainly in the countries of Guinea
Guinea
, Liberia
Liberia
, and Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone
. The first cases were recorded in Guinea
Guinea
in December 2013; later, the disease spread to neighboring Liberia
Liberia
and Sierra Leone, with minor outbreaks occurring elsewhere. It caused significant mortality, with the case fatality rate reported at slightly above 70%, while the rate among hospitalized patients was 57–59%
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Typhoon Haiyan
HISTORY * Meteorological history RESPONSE * Humanitarian response OTHER WIKIS * commons:Category: Typhoon
Typhoon
Haiyan (2013)TYPHOON HAIYAN was an extremely deadly and intense typhoon, known as SUPER TYPHOON YOLANDA in the Philippines. On making landfall, Haiyan devastated portions of Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
, particularly the Philippines
Philippines
. It is the deadliest Philippine typhoon on record, killing at least 6,300 people in that country alone. In terms of JTWC-estimated 1-minute sustained winds, Haiyan is tied with Meranti for being the strongest landfalling tropical cyclone on record. In January 2014, bodies were still being found
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Charity Evaluator
CHARITY ASSESSMENT is the process of analysis of the goodness of a non-profit organization in financial terms. In general terms, the measure answers the question: how much of contributed funds are used for the purpose(s) claimed by the charity? In the United States, the data for charity assessment comes form Internal Revenue Service form 990, an annual filing by charities. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Charity watchdogging * 2.1 Impact-based evaluation * 3 United States charity assessment * 3.1 Searchable databases of form 990s * 3.2 Searchable databases of charities with scores and analysis * 4 United Kingdom charity assessment * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORYThe Scientific Charity Movement was a movement that arose in the early 1870s in the United States to stop poverty. It sought to move the role of supporting the impoverished away from government and religious organizations and into the hands of Charity Organization Societies
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Better Business Bureau
The BETTER BUSINESS BUREAU (BBB), founded in 1912, is a nonprofit organization focused on advancing marketplace trust, consisting of 112 independently incorporated local BBB organizations in the United States and Canada
Canada
, coordinated under the Council of Better Business Bureaus (CBBB) in Arlington, Virginia
Arlington, Virginia
. The BBB collects and provides free business reviews on more than 4 million businesses to over 123 million requests from consumers in 2013, helping make the BBB's website rank among the top 1,000 most-visited websites in the United States. The BBB serves as an intermediary between consumers and businesses, handling over 885,000 consumer disputes against businesses in 2013, of which close to 78% were settled. Nearly 400,000 local businesses in North America support the BBB
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Wayback Machine
The WAYBACK MACHINE is a digital archive of the World Wide Web and other information on the Internet created by the Internet Archive , a nonprofit organization , based in San Francisco , California , United States . The Internet Archive launched the Wayback Machine in October 2001. It was set up by Brewster Kahle and Bruce Gilliat , and is maintained with content from Alexa Internet . The service enables users to see archived versions of web pages across time, which the archive calls a "three dimensional index". Since 1996, the Wayback Machine has been archiving cached pages of websites onto its large cluster of Linux nodes. It revisits sites every few weeks or months and archives a new version. Sites can also be captured on the fly by visitors who enter the site's URL into a search box
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Charity Navigator
CHARITY NAVIGATOR is an American independent charity watchdog organization that evaluates charitable organizations in the United States . Its stated goal is "to advance a more efficient and responsive philanthropic marketplace in which givers and the charities they support work in tandem to overcome our nation’s and the world’s most persistent challenges". CONTENTS * 1 About * 2 Evaluation method * 3 Governance * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links ABOUT Charity Navigator
Charity Navigator
was launched in spring 2001 by John P. (Pat) Dugan, a wealthy pharmaceutical executive and philanthropist. The group's mission was to help "...donors make informed giving decisions and enabling well-run charities to demonstrate their commitment to proper stewardship" of donor dollars. Initially, Charity Navigator
Charity Navigator
provided financial ratings for 1,100 charities, and has data on 8,500 as of mid-2017
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USAID
The UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (USAID) is the United States Government agency which is primarily responsible for administering civilian foreign aid . President John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
created USAID
USAID
from its predecessor agencies in 1961 by executive order . USAID's programs are authorized by Congress in the Foreign Assistance Act , which Congress supplements through directions in annual funding appropriation acts and other legislation. Although it is technically an independent agency , USAID operates subject to the foreign policy guidance of the President , Secretary of State , and the National Security Council . USAID operates in Africa
Africa
, Asia
Asia
, Latin America
Latin America
, the Middle East
Middle East
, and Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe

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Tohoku Earthquake
The 2011 EARTHQUAKE OFF THE PACIFIC COAST OF TōHOKU (東北地方太平洋沖地震, Tōhoku-chihō Taiheiyō Oki Jishin) was a magnitude 9.0–9.1 (Mw) undersea megathrust earthquake off the coast of Japan
Japan
that occurred at 14:46 JST (05:46 UTC
UTC
) on Friday 11 March 2011, with the epicentre approximately 70 kilometres (43 mi) east of the Oshika Peninsula of Tōhoku and the hypocenter at an underwater depth of approximately 29 km (18 mi). The earthquake is often referred to in Japan
Japan
as the GREAT EAST JAPAN EARTHQUAKE (東日本大震災, Higashi nihon daishinsai) and is also known as the 2011 TōHOKU EARTHQUAKE, and the 3.11 EARTHQUAKE. It was the most powerful earthquake ever recorded in Japan
Japan
, and the fourth most powerful earthquake in the world since modern record-keeping began in 1900
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