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Global Surveillance
Global surveillance
Global surveillance
refers to the mass surveillance of entire populations across national borders.[1] Its roots can be traced back to the middle of the 20th century when the UKUSA Agreement
UKUSA Agreement
was jointly enacted by the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and the United States, which later expanded to Canada, Australia, and New Zealand
New Zealand
to create the present Five Eyes
Five Eyes
alliance. The alliance developed cooperation arrangements with several "third-party" nations
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Michael S. Rogers
Michael S. Rogers
Michael S. Rogers
(born October 31, 1959) is a United States Navy admiral who serves as Director of the National Security Agency
Director of the National Security Agency
(NSA), Commander of the U.S. Cyber Command (USCYBERCOM) and Chief of the Central Security Service
Central Security Service
(CSS) since April 3, 2014. Prior to that, Rogers served as the Commander of the Tenth Fleet and Commander of the U.S. Fleet Cyber Command.[1][2]Contents1 Early life and education 2 Career2.1 1980s 2.2 2000s 2.3 2010s3 Military decorations 4 References 5 External linksEarly life and education[edit] Rogers is a native of Chicago, Illinois
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Fairview (surveillance Program)
Fairview is a secret program under which the National Security Agency cooperates with the American telecommunications company AT&T in order to collect phone, internet and e-mail data mainly of foreign countries' citizens at major cable landing stations and switching stations inside the United States
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James Bamford
V. James Bamford
James Bamford
(born September 15, 1946) is an American bestselling author and journalist noted for his writing about United States intelligence agencies, especially the National Security Agency (NSA).[1] Bamford has taught at the University of California, Berkeley, as a distinguished visiting professor and has written for The New York Times
The New York Times
Magazine, The Atlantic, Harper's, and many other publications. In 2006, he won the National Magazine Award
National Magazine Award
for Reporting for his article, "The Man Who Sold The War", published in Rolling Stone.Contents1 Life and career 2 Work and publications2.1 Books 2.2 Articles 2.3 Lectures3 See also 4 References 5 External linksLife and career[edit] Bamford was born on September 15, 1946 and raised in Natick, Massachusetts
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Data Retention Directive
The Data Retention Directive, more formally "Directive 2006/24/EC of the European Parliament
European Parliament
and of the Council of 15 March 2006 on the retention of data generated or processed in connection with the provision of publicly available electronic communications services or of public communications networks and amending Directive 2002/58/EC" was a Directive issued by the European Union
European Union
and related to telecommunications data retention. According to the directive, member states had to store citizens' telecommunications data for a minimum of 6 months and at most 24 months. Under the directive the police and security agencies would have been able to request access to details such as IP address and time of use of every email, phone call and text message sent or received. A permission to access the information could be granted only by a court
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George W. Bush
Governor of TexasGovernorship43rd President of the United StatesPresidencyTimelinePoliciesDomestic Economic ForeignBush Doctrine International tripsLegislation & Programs Pardons SpaceAppointmentsCabinet Judicial AppointmentsFirst termCampaign for the Presidency2000 General election Primaries Bush v. Gore Florida1st inaugurationSeptember 11 attacks War on TerrorismWar in Afghanistan Invasion of IraqEmail controversySecond termRe-election campaign2004 General election Primaries2nd inaugurationWar in Iraq State of the Union, 2006 2007 Iraq
Iraq
surgeDismissal of U.S
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SORM
SORM (Russian: Система оперативно-разыскных мероприятий, lit. 'System for Operative Investigative Activities') is the technical specification for lawful interception interfaces of telecommunications and telephone networks operating in Russia. The current form of the specification enables the targeted surveillance of both telephone and Internet communications. Initially implemented in 1995 to allow access to surveillance data for the FSB, in subsequent years the access has been widened to other law enforcement agencies.Contents1 SORM-1 2 SORM-2 3 SORM-3 4 Architecture and deployment 5 Access by government agencies 6 Warrant and notification regulations6.1 Zakharov v
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Stingray Phone Tracker
The StingRay is an IMSI-catcher, a controversial cellular phone surveillance device, manufactured by Harris Corporation.[2] Initially developed for the military and intelligence community, the StingRay and similar Harris devices are in widespread use by local and state law enforcement agencies across Canada,[3] the United States,[4][5] and in the United Kingdom.[6][7] Stingray has also become a generic name to describe these kinds of devices.[8]Contents1 Technology1.1 Active mode operations 1.2 Passive mode operations 1.3 Active (cell site simulator) capabilities1.3.1 Extracting data from internal storage 1.3.2 Forcing an increase in signal transmission power 1.3.3 Tracking and locating 1.3.4 Denial of service 1.3.5 Interception of communications content1.4 Passive capabilities1.4.1 Base station (cell site) surveys2 Usage by law enforcement2.1 In the United States 2.2 Outside the United States3 Secrecy 4 Criticism 5 Counter
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Pinwale
Pinwale
Pinwale
is the code name for an NSA
NSA
collection and retrieval system for so-called "Digital Network Intelligence", including internet e-mail.[1][2] It is searchable by monitored NSA
NSA
analysts. The existence of the system was first revealed by an NSA
NSA
analyst who was trained in its use during 2005.[2] However, according to Homeland Security Today, Pinwale
Pinwale
has in it much more than email, it also contains other forms of Internet data, and other forms of digital communications as well. Its software has built-in protections against collecting from any of the Five Eyes
Five Eyes
members
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BULLRUN
Bullrun (stylized BULLRUN) is a clandestine, highly classified program to crack encryption of online communications and data, which is run by the United States National Security Agency
National Security Agency
(NSA).[1][2] The British Government Communications Headquarters
Government Communications Headquarters
(GCHQ) has a similar program codenamed Edgehill. According to the BULLRUN classification guide published by The Guardian, the program uses multiple methods including computer network exploitation,[3] interdiction, industry relationships, collaboration with other intelligence community entities, and advanced mathematical techniques. Information about the program's existence was leaked in 2013 by Edward Snowden
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Boundless Informant
Boundless Informant
Boundless Informant
(stylized as BOUNDLESSINFORMANT) is a big data analysis and data visualization tool used by the United States National Security Agency
National Security Agency
(NSA)
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Duncan Campbell (journalist)
Duncan Campbell (born 1952) is a British freelance investigative journalist, author, and television producer. Since 1975, he has specialised in the subjects of intelligence and security services, defence, policing, civil liberties and, latterly, computer forensics. He was a staff writer at the New Statesman
New Statesman
from 1978–91 and associate editor (Investigations) from 1988–91. He was prosecuted under the Official Secrets Act
Official Secrets Act
in the ABC trial in 1978 and made the controversial series Secret Society for the BBC in 1987 (see Zircon affair)
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Digital Collection System Network
The Digital Collection System Network
Digital Collection System Network
(DCSNet) is the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)'s point-and-click surveillance system that can perform instant wiretaps on almost any telecommunications device in the US.[1] It allows access to cellphone, landline, SMS communications anywhere in the US from a point-and-click interface
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Dagger Complex
The Dagger Complex
Dagger Complex
is a US military base in Darmstadt
Darmstadt
(Germany), close to Griesheim. It is located on the Eberstädter Weg, south of the August-Euler-Airfield. The complex is operated by the United States Army
United States Army
Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM) on behalf of the U.S. National Security Agency (NSA).[1] Building 4373 within the complex houses the NSA's European Cryptologic Center (ECC), the agency's principal SIGINT processing, analysis and reporting center in Germany.[2] History[edit] In 1999 about 50 INSCOM-Units were moved from Bad Aibling Station
Bad Aibling Station
to Darmstadt. Together with INSCOM, the 66th Military Intelligence Brigade was moved to Darmstadt
Darmstadt
until summer of 2004.[3] The facility is slated to be relocated to a Consolidated Intelligence Center at Lucius D
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Julian Assange
Julian Paul Assange (/əˈsɑːnʒ/;[1] né Hawkins; born 3 July 1971) is an Australian computer programmer and the editor of WikiLeaks.[2] Assange founded WikiLeaks
WikiLeaks
in 2006, but came to international attention in 2010, when WikiLeaks
WikiLeaks
published a series of leaks provided by Chelsea Manning. These leaks included the Collateral Murder video (April 2010),[3][4] the Afghanistan war logs (July 2010), the Iraq war logs (October 2010), and CableGate (November 2010)
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The Doughnut
"The Doughnut" is the nickname given to the headquarters of the Government Communications Headquarters
Government Communications Headquarters
(GCHQ), a British cryptography and intelligence agency. It is located on a 71-hectare (176-acre) site in Benhall, in the suburbs of Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, in South West England.[3][5] The Doughnut
The Doughnut
houses 5,500 employees; GCHQ is the largest single employer in Gloucestershire.[3][5][6] Built to modernise and consolidate GCHQ's multiple buildings in Cheltenham, The Doughnut was completed in 2003, and GCHQ moved into the building in 2004.[1] It is the largest building constructed for secret intelligence operations outside the United States.[7] The Doughnut
The Doughnut
was too small for the number of staff at its completion, and a second building in a secret and undisclosed location in the 'Gloucestershire area' now also accommodates staff from GCHQ
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