HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff
[::MainTopicLength::#1500] [::ListTopicLength::#1000] [::ListLength::#15] [::ListAdRepeat::#3]

picture info

Global Warming
GLOBAL WARMING, also referred to as CLIMATE CHANGE, is the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth
Earth
's climate system and its related effects. Multiple lines of scientific evidence show that the climate system is warming. Many of the observed changes since the 1950s are unprecedented in the instrumental temperature record which extends back to the mid-19th century, and in paleoclimate proxy records covering thousands of years. In 2013, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate
Climate
Change (IPCC) Fifth Assessment Report concluded that "It is extremely likely that human influence has been the dominant cause of the observed warming since the mid-20th century." The largest human influence has been the emission of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide , methane and nitrous oxide
[...More...]

"Global Warming" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Desert
A DESERT is a barren area of landscape where little precipitation occurs and consequently living conditions are hostile for plant and animal life. The lack of vegetation exposes the unprotected surface of the ground to the processes of denudation . About one third of the land surface of the world is arid or semi-arid. This includes much of the polar regions where little precipitation occurs and which are sometimes called polar deserts or "cold deserts". Deserts can be classified by the amount of precipitation that falls, by the temperature that prevails, by the causes of desertification or by their geographical location. Deserts are formed by weathering processes as large variations in temperature between day and night put strains on the rocks which consequently break in pieces. Although rain seldom occurs in deserts, there are occasional downpours that can result in flash floods
[...More...]

"Desert" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Subtropics
The SUBTROPICS are geographic and climate zones located roughly between the tropics at latitude 23.5° (the Tropic of Cancer
Tropic of Cancer
and Tropic of Capricorn
Tropic of Capricorn
) and temperate zones (normally referring to latitudes 35–66.5°) north and south of the Equator
Equator
. Subtropical climates are often characterized by warm to hot summers and cool to mild winters with infrequent frost. Most subtropical climates fall into two basic types - humid subtropical , where rainfall is often concentrated in the warmest months (for example Brisbane
Brisbane
or Jacksonville, Florida ) and dry summer (or Mediterranean ), where seasonal rainfall is concentrated in the cooler months (for example Naples
Naples
, Italy
Italy
or Los Angeles, California
Los Angeles, California
)
[...More...]

"Subtropics" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Flood
A FLOOD is an overflow of water that submerges land that is usually dry. The European Union
European Union
(EU) Floods Directive defines a flood as a covering by water of land not normally covered by water. In the sense of "flowing water", the word may also be applied to the inflow of the tide . Flooding may occur as an overflow of water from water bodies, such as a river , lake , or ocean, in which the water overtops or breaks levees , resulting in some of that water escaping its usual boundaries, or it may occur due to an accumulation of rainwater on saturated ground in an areal flood. While the size of a lake or other body of water will vary with seasonal changes in precipitation and snow melt, these changes in size are unlikely to be considered significant unless they flood property or drown domestic animals
[...More...]

"Flood" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Representative Concentration Pathways
REPRESENTATIVE CONCENTRATION PATHWAYS (RCPS) are four greenhouse gas concentration (not emissions) trajectories adopted by the IPCC for its fifth Assessment Report (AR5) in 2014. It supersedes Special
Special
Report on Emissions Scenarios (SRES) projections published in 2000. The pathways are used for climate modeling and research. They describe four possible climate futures, all of which are considered possible depending on how much greenhouse gases are emitted in the years to come. The four RCPs, RCP2.6, RCP4.5, RCP6, and RCP8.5, are named after a possible range of radiative forcing values in the year 2100 relative to pre-industrial values (+2.6, +4.5, +6.0, and +8.5 W/m2, respectively)
[...More...]

"Representative Concentration Pathways" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Sea Ice
SEA ICE arises as seawater freezes. Because ice is less dense than water, it floats on the ocean's surface (as does fresh water ice, which has an even lower density). Sea ice
Sea ice
covers about 7% of the Earth’s surface and about 12% of the world’s oceans. Much of the world's sea ice is enclosed within the polar ice packs in the Earth's polar regions : the Arctic ice pack
Arctic ice pack
of the Arctic Ocean
Arctic Ocean
and the Antarctic ice pack of the Southern Ocean
Southern Ocean
. Polar packs undergo a significant yearly cycling in surface extent, a natural process upon which depends the Arctic ecology
Arctic ecology
, including the ocean\'s ecosystems . Due to the action of winds, currents and temperature fluctuations, sea ice is very dynamic, leading to a wide variety of ice types and features
[...More...]

"Sea Ice" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Median
The MEDIAN is the value separating the higher half of a data sample , a population , or a probability distribution , from the lower half. For a data set, it may be thought of as the "middle" value. For example, in the data set {1, 3, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9}, the median is 6, the fourth largest, and also the fourth smallest, number in the sample. For a continuous probability distribution , the median is the value such that a number is equally likely to fall above or below it. The median is a commonly used measure of the properties of a data set in statistics and probability theory . The basic advantage of the median in describing data compared to the mean (often simply described as the "average") is that it is not skewed so much by extremely large or small values, and so it may give a better idea of a 'typical' value. For example, in understanding statistics like household income or assets which vary greatly, a mean may be skewed by a small number of extremely high or low values
[...More...]

"Median" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Pew Research Center
The PEW RESEARCH CENTER is a nonpartisan American "fact tank", which is based in Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
It provides information on social issues , public opinion , and demographic trends shaping the United States and the world. It also conducts public opinion polling , demographic research, media content analysis , and other empirical social science research. The Pew Research Center
Pew Research Center
does not take explicit policy positions, and is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Funding * 3 Research areas * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYIn 1990, the Times Mirror Company founded the Times Mirror Center for the People & the Press as a research project, tasked with conducting polls on politics and policy
[...More...]

"Pew Research Center" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Local Regression
LOESS (/ˈloʊɛs/ ) and LOWESS (LOCALLY WEIGHTED SCATTERPLOT SMOOTHING) are two strongly related non-parametric regression methods that combine multiple regression models in a k-nearest-neighbor -based meta-model. "LOESS" is a later generalization of LOWESS; although it is not a true acronym , it may be understood as standing for "LOcal regrESSion". LOESS and LOWESS thus build on "classical" methods , such as linear and nonlinear least squares regression . They address situations in which the classical procedures do not perform well or cannot be effectively applied without undue labor. LOESS combines much of the simplicity of linear least squares regression with the flexibility of nonlinear regression
[...More...]

"Local Regression" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Americans
AMERICANS are citizens of the United States
United States
of America . The country is home to people of many different national origins. As a result, Americans
Americans
do not equate their nationality with ethnicity , but with citizenship and allegiance . Although citizens make up the majority of Americans, non-citizen residents, dual citizens, and expatriates may also claim an American identity. English-speakers, and even speakers of many other languages, typically use the term "American" to exclusively mean people of the United States; this developed from its original use to differentiate English people of the American colonies from English people of England. The word "American " can also refer to people from the Americas in general. See Names for United States
United States
citizens
[...More...]

"Americans" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Error Bar
ERROR BARS are graphical representations of the variability of data and used on graphs to indicate the error or uncertainty in a reported measurement. They give a general idea of how precise a measurement is, or conversely, how far from the reported value the true (error free) value might be. Error bars often represent one standard deviation of uncertainty, one standard error , or a particular confidence interval (e.g., a 95% interval). These quantities are not the same and so the measure selected should be stated explicitly in the graph or supporting text. Error bars can be used to compare visually two quantities if various other conditions hold. This can determine whether differences are statistically significant . Error bars can also suggest goodness of fit of a given function, i.e., how well the function describes the data
[...More...]

"Error Bar" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Chinese People
CHINESE PEOPLE are the various individuals or groups of people associated with China
China
, usually through ancestry, ethnicity, nationality, citizenship, or other affiliation. CONTENTS * 1 Ancestry * 2 Nationality, citizenship, and residence * 3 Overseas Chinese * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links ANCESTRY Further information: Ethnic minorities in China
China
, List of ethnic groups in China
China
and Taiwan
Taiwan
, and Unrecognized ethnic groups in China
China
Woman wearing yellow and green hanfu , a traditional dress of Han people Tibetans in Qinghai Hui people in Xinjiang A number of ethnic groups within China, as well as people elsewhere with ancestry in the region, may be referred to as Chinese people
[...More...]

"Chinese People" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Nitrous Oxide
NITROUS OXIDE, commonly known as LAUGHING GAS or NITROUS, is a chemical compound , an oxide of nitrogen with the formula N 2O. At room temperature, it is a colorless non-flammable gas , with a slightly metallic scent and taste. At elevated temperatures, nitrous oxide is a powerful oxidizer similar to molecular oxygen. Nitrous oxide
Nitrous oxide
has significant medical uses , especially in surgery and dentistry , for its anaesthetic and analgesic effects. Its name "laughing gas" is due to the euphoric effects upon inhaling it, a property that has led to its recreational use as a dissociative anaesthetic. It also is used as an oxidizer in rocket propellants , and in motor racing to increase the power output of engines . Nitrous oxide
Nitrous oxide
occurs in small amounts in the atmosphere, but recently has been found to be a major scavenger of stratospheric ozone , with an impact comparable to that of CFCs
[...More...]

"Nitrous Oxide" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Permafrost
In geology , PERMAFROST is ground, including rock or (cryotic) soil , at or below the freezing point of water 0 °C (32 °F) for two or more years. Most permafrost is located in high latitudes (in and around the Arctic and Antarctic regions ), but ALPINE PERMAFROST may exist at high altitudes in much lower latitudes. Ground ice is not always present, as may be in the case of nonporous bedrock, but it frequently occurs and it may be in amounts exceeding the potential hydraulic saturation of the ground material