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Giuseppe Guarneri
Bartolomeo Giuseppe Antonio Guarneri, del Gesù (Italian pronunciation: [dʒuˈzɛppe ɡwarˈnɛːri]; 21 August 1698 – 17 October 1744) was an Italian luthier from the Guarneri family of Cremona. He rivals Antonio Stradivari
Antonio Stradivari
(1644–1737) with regard to the respect and reverence accorded his instruments, and for many prominent players and collectors his instruments are the most coveted of all. Instruments made by Guarneri are often referred to as Del Gesùs. Guarneri is known as del Gesù (literally "of Jesus") because his labels after 1731 incorporated the nomina sacra, I.H.S. (iota-eta-sigma) and a Roman cross. His instruments diverged significantly from family tradition, becoming uniquely his own style. They are considered equal in quality to those of Stradivari, and claimed by some to be superior. Guarneri's violins often have a darker, more robust, more sonorous tone than Stradivari's
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Maud Powell
Maud Powell
Maud Powell
(August 22, 1867 – January 8, 1920) was an American violinist who gained international acclaim for her skill and virtuosity.[1]Contents1 Biography 2 Legacy 3 Recordings 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksBiography[edit] Powell was born in Peru, Illinois. She was the first American violinist to achieve international rank. In 1986, Powell's biographer Karen A. Shaffer founded the Maud Powell
Maud Powell
Society for Music and Education to further knowledge of Powell and her significant role in music both in the United States and abroad. Her mother was Wilhelmina "Minnie"[2] Bengelstraeter Powell, and her father was William Bramwell Powell. W.B. Powell wrote numerous books[3] such as The Normal Course of Reading[4] and served as superintendent of Peru Elementary School District 124
Peru Elementary School District 124
from 1862 to 1870
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Eugene Fodor (violinist)
Eugene Nicholas Fodor, Jr. (March 5, 1950 – February 26, 2011)[1] was an American classical violinist. Fodor was born in Denver, Colorado. His first 10 years of study were with Harold Wippler, who taught him from 1958 until 1968.[2] Wippler observed that "It was very apparent that he had exceptional talent. Not just technical talent but a great, unusual understanding of music."[3] He then studied at the Juilliard School
Juilliard School
in New York City, Indiana University and the University of Southern California, where his teachers included Ivan Galamian, Josef Gingold and Jascha Heifetz, respectively. Fodor made his solo debut with the Denver
Denver
Symphony Orchestra at the age of 10, playing Max Bruch's Violin
Violin
Concerto No
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Purfling
Purfling
Purfling
is a narrow decorative edge inlaid into the top plate and often the back plate of a stringed instrument. Inexpensive instruments may have no purfling and instead simulate the appearance with paint. Purfling
Purfling
was originally made of laminated strips of wood, often contrasting in color as a visual accent. The earliest known example of purfling is on a violin made by Andrea Amati
Andrea Amati
in 1564, now on display in the Ashmolean Museum
Ashmolean Museum
at Oxford University. It consists of two outer strips of pearwood stained black and an inner strip of poplar.[1] Eventually, nacre from shell, usually mother of pearl or abalone, and other hard inlay materials were incorporated to provide highly decorative effects. Elaborate inlay is found most often on fretted instruments
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Fiddle
A fiddle is a bowed string musical instrument, most often a violin.[1] It is a colloquial term for the violin, used by players in all genres including classical music. Fiddle
Fiddle
playing, or fiddling, refers to various styles of music. The fiddle is part of many traditional (folk) styles of music which are aural traditions, taught 'by ear' rather than via written music.[2] Although violins and fiddles are essentially synonymous, more primitively constructed and smaller violins are more likely to be called fiddles
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Jakob Stainer
Jacob Stainer
Jacob Stainer
(c.1619–1683) was the earliest and best known Austrian and Germanic luthier. His violins are sought after by famous 17th and 18th centuries musician and composer including Johann Sebastian Bach, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
and George Simon-Lohein.[1][2] Stainer was born and died in Absam, in present-day Austria
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Gaetano Pugnani
Gaetano Pugnani
Gaetano Pugnani
(27 November 1731 – 15 July 1798, full name: Giulio Gaetano Gerolamo Pugnani) was an Italian composer and violinist.Contents1 Biography 2 Further reading 3 Operas 4 Chamber Music 5 External links 6 ReferencesBiography[edit] Gaetano Pugnani
Gaetano Pugnani
was born in 1731 in Turin, the city where he spent most of his life, son of Giovanni Battista Pugnani, secretary in the office of the Director of the Settlement of Turin.[1] The Pugnani originate from the comune of Cumiana, where they held a common farm and where the musician returned often.[2] He trained on the violin under Giovanni Battista Somis, founder of the Piedmontese school of violin playing.[3] In 1752, Pugnani became the first violinist of the Royal Chapel of Turin, and then went on a large tour that granted him great fame for his extraordinary skill on the violin
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Giovanni Battista Viotti
Giovanni Battista Viotti (12 May 1755 – 3 March 1824) was an Italian violinist whose virtuosity was famed and whose work as a composer featured a prominent violin and an appealing lyrical tunefulness. He was also a director of French and Italian opera companies in Paris
Paris
and London.Contents1 Biography 2 Cultural references 3 References 4 External linksBiography[edit] Viotti was born at Fontanetto Po
Fontanetto Po
in the Kingdom of Sardinia
Kingdom of Sardinia
(today in the province of Vercelli, Piedmont, Italy). For his musical talent, he was taken into the household of principe Alfonso dal Pozzo della Cisterna in Turin, where he received a musical education that prepared him to be a pupil of Gaetano Pugnani
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Salvatore Accardo
Salvatore Accardo
Salvatore Accardo
(Italian pronunciation: [salvaˈtoːre akˈkardo]; born 26 September 1941 in Turin, northern Italy) is an Italian violinist and conductor, who is known for his interpretations of the works of Niccolò Paganini. Accardo studied violin in the southern Italian city of Naples
Naples
in the 1950s. He gave his first professional recital at the age of 13 performing Paganini's Capricci. In 1958 Accardo became the first prize winner of the Paganini Competition in Genoa. He has recorded Paganini's 24 Caprices (re-recorded in 1999) for solo violin and was the first violinist to record all six of the violin concerti by Paganini. He has an extensive discography of almost 50 recordings on Philips, DG, EMI, Sony Classical, Foné, Dynamic, and Warner-Fonit
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Kyung-wha Chung
Kyung Wha Chung
Kyung Wha Chung
(born 26 March 1948, Seoul, South Korea) is a Korean violinist.Contents1 Early years1.1 Educator2 Discography2.1 Solo recordings 2.2 Chung trio recordings3 References 4 External linksEarly years[edit] The middle of the seven children in her family, Kyung Wha Chung's father was an exporter, and her mother a pianist and guitarist. She began piano studies at age 4, and violin studies at age 7, where she proved more sympathetic to the violin. She became recognized as a child prodigy,[1] and by the age of 9 she was already playing the Mendelssohn
Mendelssohn
Violin Concerto with the Seoul
Seoul
Philharmonic Orchestra. As time progressed she steadily won most of the famous music competitions in Korea. With her siblings, Chung toured around the country, performing music both as soloist and as a part of an ensemble
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Joseph Joachim
Joseph Joachim
Joseph Joachim
(Hungarian: Joachim József, 28 June 1831 – 15 August 1907) was a Hungarian violinist, conductor, composer and teacher
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Andrea Guarneri
Andrea Guarneri (1626–1698) was an Italian luthier and founder of the house of Guarneri violin makers.Contents1 Biography 2 Instruments 3 Notable players and owners 4 ReferencesBiography[edit] Thought to be born in 1626 to Bartolomo Guarneri in the parish of Cremona, Italy, very little is known about Andrea Guarneri's family of origin.[1] There are records of a wood-carver by the name of Giovanni Battista Guerine, which may have been an alternative spelling of Guarneri, living near the residence of Nicolò Amati
Nicolò Amati
in Cremona
Cremona
in 1632, and he may be supposed to be a relative
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Leila Josefowicz
Leila Bronia Josefowicz (born October 20, 1977) is an American-Canadian classical violinist.Contents1 Biography 2 Career 3 References3.1 Unsorted4 External linksBiography[edit] Josefowicz was born in Missisauga, Ontario, Canada. When she was a young child her family moved to Los Angeles, California, where she started studying violin at the age of three and a half using the Suzuki method. Her father, physicist Jack Josefowicz, and mother, biologist Wendy Josefowicz, learned with her. At age five she started formal lessons with Idel Low
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Nigel Kennedy
Nigel Kennedy
Nigel Kennedy
(born 28 December 1956) is an English violinist and violist. He made his early career in the classical field, and has more recently performed in jazz, klezmer and other music genres.Contents1 Musical background 2 Early life and musical career2.1 Image and controversies3 Personal life and politics3.1 Football 3.2 Politics4 Discography 5 Instruments 6 References 7 External linksMusical background[edit] Kennedy's grandfather was Lauri Kennedy, principal cellist with the BBC
BBC
Symphony Orchestra,[1] and his grandmother was Dorothy Kennedy, a pianist. Lauri and Dorothy Kennedy were Australian, while their son, the cellist John Kennedy, was born in England
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Leonid Kogan
Leonid Borisovich Kogan (Russian: Леони́д Бори́сович Ко́ган; Ukrainian: Леонід Борисович Коган; November 14, 1924 – December 17, 1982[1]) was a preeminent Soviet violinist during the 20th century. Many consider him to be among the greatest violinists of the 20th century.[2] In particular, he is considered to have been one of the greatest representatives of the Soviet School of violin playing.Contents1 Life and career 2 Instruments 3 Recordings 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 External linksLife and career[edit] Kogan was born in Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine, the son of a photographer who was an amateur violinist. After showing an early interest and ability for violin playing, his family moved to Moscow, where he was able to further his studies. From age ten he studied there with the noted violin pedagogue Abram Yampolsky. In 1934, Jascha Heifetz
Jascha Heifetz
played concerts in Moscow
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Henning Kraggerud
Henning Kraggerud (born 23 June 1973 in Oslo, Norway) is a Norwegian Musician
Musician
(violin & viola) and composer. He has established himself as one of Scandinavia's most outstanding international soloists.[1]Contents1 Career 2 Honors 3 Discography (in selection)3.1 Solo albums 3.2 As soloist 3.3 Collaborative works4 References 5 External linksCareer[edit] Kraggerud was born in Oslo. He studied with Camilla Wicks, Emanuel Hurwitz and Stephan Barratt-Due, before embarking on a career that has brought solo appearances thought Europe, Russia and United States, with leading orchestras and in collaboration with the most distinguished conductors. He made his American debut as a recitalist in 1998 at Carnegie Hall, and has collaborated in recitals and chamber music performances with the most gifted colleagues
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