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Giancarlo De' Medici
Giancarlo de' Medici
Giancarlo de' Medici
(24 July 1611 – 22 January 1663) was an Italian cardinal of the House of Medici. He was the second son of Grand Duke Cosimo II of Tuscany and his wife, Maria Maddalena of Austria, and the brother of Ferdinando II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany.Contents1 Biography 2 Ancestors 3 References3.1 SourcesBiography[edit] He was born at Florence, the second son and third child of Cosimo II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Maria Maddalena of Austria. He entered the ecclesiastical state at a young age
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Baldassare Franceschini
Baldassare Franceschini
Baldassare Franceschini
(1611 – 6 January 1689) was an Italian late Baroque
Baroque
painter active mainly around Florence. He was named, from Volterra
Volterra
the place of his birth, Il Volterrano, or (to distinguish him from Ricciarelli) Il Volterrano Giuniore, and was the son of a sculptor in alabaster.[1] At an early age, he worked as an assistant to his father, a sculptor, and then studied with the Volterran artist Cosimo Daddi. This employment did not make full use of his talents, so the Marquese Inghirami placed him, at the age of sixteen, under the Florentine painter Matteo Rosselli. Both Francesco Furini
Francesco Furini
and Lorenzo Lippi
Lorenzo Lippi
also trained with Rosselli
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Anna Of Bohemia And Hungary
Anna of Bohemia
Bohemia
and Hungary
Hungary
(Buda, Hungary, 23 July 1503 – Prague, Bohemia, 27 January 1547), sometimes known as Anna Jagellonica, Queen of the Romans (Germany), Bohemia
Bohemia
and Hungary
Hungary
as the wife of King Ferdinand I, later Holy Roman Emperor.[1]Contents1 Family 2 Life 3 Children 4 Ancestors 5 External links 6 ReferencesFamily[edit] She was the elder child and only daughter of King Vladislaus II of Bohemia
Bohemia
and Hungary
Hungary
(1456–1516) and his third wife Anne of Foix-Candale. She was an older sister of Louis II of Hungary
Hungary
and Bohemia. Her paternal grandparents were King Casimir IV of Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania, of the Jagiellon dynasty, and Elisabeth of Austria, one of the heiresses of Bohemia, duchy of Luxembourg and duchy of Kujavia
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Christina Of Denmark
Christina of Denmark
Denmark
(Danish: Christine af Danmark; November 1521 – 10 December 1590) was a Danish princess, the younger surviving daughter of King Christian II
Christian II
of Denmark
Denmark
and Norway
Norway
and Isabella of Austria. She became the duchess-consort of Milan, then duchess-consort of Lorraine. She served as the regent of Lorraine from 1545 to 1552 during the minority of her son. She was also a claimant to the thrones of Denmark, Norway
Norway
and Sweden
Sweden
in 1561-1590
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Christina Of Lorraine
Christina of Lorraine
Christina of Lorraine
or Christine de Lorraine (16 August 1565 – 19 December 1637) was a member of the House of Lorraine
House of Lorraine
and was the Grand Duchess of Tuscany by marriage. She served as Regent of Tuscany jointly with her daughter-in-law during the minority of her grandson from 1621 to 1628.Contents1 Princess
Princess
of Lorraine 2 Grand Duchess of Tuscany 3 Grand Duke Cosimo II 4 Co-Regency of Tuscany 5 Patronage5.1 Science 5.2 Female monasteries6 Issue 7 Ancestry 8 Titles and styles 9 Notes 10 External links Princess
Princess
of Lorraine[edit] Born Christine de Lorraine in Nancy, she was the daughter of Charles III of Lorraine and his wife Claude of Valois, and granddaughter of Catherine de' Medici
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Henry II Of France
Henry II (French: Henri II; 31 March 1519 – 10 July 1559) was a monarch of the House of Valois
House of Valois
who ruled as King of France
King of France
from 31 March 1547 until his death in 1559. The second son of Francis I, he became Dauphin of France
Dauphin of France
upon the death of his elder brother Francis III, Duke of Brittany, in 1536. As a child, Henry and his elder brother spent over four years in captivity in Spain
Spain
as hostages in exchange for their father. Henry pursued his father's policies in matter of arts, wars and religion
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Claude Of Valois
Claude of France
Claude of France
(12 November 1547, Fontainebleau
Fontainebleau
– 21 February 1575, Nancy) was a French Princess as the second daughter of King Henry II of France
Henry II of France
and Catherine de' Medici, and Duchess consort of Lorraine by marriage to Charles III, Duke of Lorraine.Contents1 Biography1.1 Duchess of Lorraine2 Children 3 Portrayals 4 Ancestors 5 References 6 External linksBiography[edit] Claude was born in Fontainebleau, but as she was believed to have been conceived at Chateau d'Anet, she was nicknamed as 'Mademoiselle d'Anet' at court, a nickname that displeased her mother.[1] Claude was raised alongside her sister Elisabeth, the future Queen of Spain, and her future sister-in-law, Mary, Queen of Scots
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Philip I Of Castile
Philip I[1] (22 July 1478 – 25 September 1506)[2] called the Handsome or the Fair, was the first member of the house of Habsburg
Habsburg
to be King of Castile. The son of Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I
Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I
by his first wife Mary, Philip was less than four years old when his mother died, and upon her death, he inherited the greater part of the Duchy of Burgundy
Duchy of Burgundy
and the Burgundian Netherlands
Burgundian Netherlands
as Philip IV. In 1496, his father arranged for him to marry Joanna of Castile, second daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella, rulers of Aragon
Aragon
and Castile respectively. Around the same time, Philip's sister Margaret was given in marriage to Joanna's brother John, as part of an agreement between their fathers
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Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
Ferdinand I (Spanish: Fernando I) (10 March 1503 – 25 July 1564) was Holy Roman Emperor
Holy Roman Emperor
from 1558, king of Bohemia
Bohemia
and Hungary
Hungary
from 1526, and king of Croatia
Croatia
from 1527 until his death.[1][2] Before his accession, he ruled the Austrian hereditary lands of the Habsburgs in the name of his elder brother, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. Also, he often served as Charles' representative in Germany
Germany
and developed useful relationships with German princes. The key events during his reign were the contest with the Ottoman Empire, whose great advance into Central Europe began in the 1520s, and the Protestant Reformation, which resulted in several wars of religion. Ferdinand was able to defend his realm and make it somewhat more cohesive, but he could not conquer the major part of Hungary
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Joanna Of Castile
Joanna (6 November 1479 – 12 April 1555), known historically as Joanna the Mad (Spanish: Juana la Loca), was Queen of Castile from 1504, and of Aragon from 1516. Modern Spain evolved from the union of these two crowns. Joanna was married by arrangement to Philip the Handsome, Archduke of the House of Habsburg, on 20 October 1496.[1] Following the deaths of her brother, Don Juan in 1497, her elder sister Isabella in 1498, and her nephew Miguel in 1500, Joanna became the heir presumptive to the crowns of Castile and Aragon. When her mother Queen Isabella I of Castile
Isabella I of Castile
died in 1504, Joanna became Queen of Castile, while her father, King Ferdinand II of Aragon, proclaimed himself 'Governor and Administrator of Castile'.[2] In 1506 Archduke Philip became King of Castile jure uxoris, initiating the rule of the Habsburgs
Habsburgs
in Spain, and died that same year
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Charles II Of Austria
Charles II Francis of Austria (German: Karl II. Franz von Innerösterreich) (3 June 1540 – 10 July 1590) was an Archduke of Austria and ruler of Inner Austria
Inner Austria
(Styria, Carniola and Carinthia) from 1564. He was a member of the House of Habsburg.Contents1 Life 2 Marriage and children 3 Ancestors 4 Notes 5 ReferencesLife[edit] Seckau
Seckau
Abbey, " Habsburg
Habsburg
mausoleum", cenotaphA native of Vienna, he was the third son of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, and Anne of Bohemia and Hungary, daughter of King Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary and his wife Anne of Foix-Candale. In 1559 and again from 1564–1568 there were negotiations for a marriage between Charles and Elizabeth I of England. Emperor Ferdinand I expected Elizabeth to promise in the proposed marriage treaty that Charles, as her widower, would succeed her if she died childless
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Vladislaus II Of Bohemia And Hungary
Vladislaus II, also known as Vladislav II,[1][2] Władysław II[3] or Wladislas II[4] (1 March 1456 – 13 March 1516; Czech: Vladislav Jagellonský; Hungarian: II. Ulászló; Polish: Władysław II Jagiellończyk; Croatian: Vladislav II. Jagelović; Slovak: Vladislav II. Jagelovský), was King of Bohemia
King of Bohemia
from 1471 to 1516, and King of Hungary and Croatia from 1490 to 1516. As the eldest son of Casimir IV Jagiellon, he was expected to inherit Poland and Lithuania. George of Poděbrady, the Hussite ruler of Bohemia, offered to make Vladislaus his heir in 1468. Poděbrady needed Casimir IV's support against the rebellious Catholic noblemen and their ally, Matthias Corvinus, king of Hungary. The Diet of Bohemia elected Vladislaus king after Poděbrady's death, but he could only rule Bohemia proper, because Matthias (whom the Catholic nobles had elected king) occupied Moravia, Silesia
Silesia
and Lusatia
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Anna Of Foix-Candale
Anna of Foix-Candale (1484 – 26 July 1506) was Queen of Hungary
Hungary
and Bohemia as the third wife of King Vladislaus II.Contents1 Life 2 Children 3 Ancestry 4 Footnotes 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External linksLife[edit] Anne was the daughter of Gaston of Foix, Count of Candale, and Infanta Catherine of Navarre. Her mother was the youngest daughter of Queen Eleanor of Navarre, and Gaston IV, Count of Foix. Anne grew up at the French royal court in Blois. She was educated in Latin and the Classics. The nephew of the French monarch, the Duke of Longueville, is reported to have been in love with her and wished to marry her, but he was prevented because a political marriage was planned for Anne. The elderly, twice-divorced and childless king Vladislaus II of Hungary
Hungary
of the Jagiellon dynasty
Jagiellon dynasty
had been searching a wife capable of giving him a son
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Palazzo Pitti
The Palazzo
Palazzo
Pitti (Italian pronunciation: [paˈlattso ˈpitti]), in English sometimes called the Pitti Palace, is a vast, mainly Renaissance, palace in Florence, Italy. It is situated on the south side of the River Arno, a short distance from the Ponte Vecchio. The core of the present palazzo dates from 1458 and was originally the town residence of Luca Pitti, an ambitious Florentine banker. The palace was bought by the Medici family in 1549 and became the chief residence of the ruling families of the Grand Duchy
Grand Duchy
of Tuscany. It grew as a great treasure house as later generations amassed paintings, plates, jewelry and luxurious possessions. In the late 18th century, the palazzo was used as a power base by Napoleon
Napoleon
and later served for a brief period as the principal royal palace of the newly united Italy
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William IV, Duke Of Bavaria
William IV (German: Wilhelm IV; 13 November 1493 – 7 March 1550) was Duke of Bavaria
Duke of Bavaria
from 1508 to 1550, until 1545 together with his younger brother Louis X, Duke of Bavaria. He was born in Munich
Munich
to Albert IV and Kunigunde of Austria, a daughter of Emperor Frederick III.Contents1 Political activity 2 Cultural activity 3 Family and children 4 External links 5 AncestorsPolitical activity[edit]William IV of BavariaThough his father had determined the everlasting succession of the firstborn prince in 1506, his younger brother Louis refused a spiritual career with the argument that he was born before the edict became valid. With support of his mother and the States-General, Louis forced William to accept him as co-regent in 1516
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Albert V, Duke Of Bavaria
Albert V (German: Albrecht V.) (29 February 1528 – 24 October 1579) was Duke of Bavaria
Duke of Bavaria
from 1550 until his death. He was born in Munich to William IV and Maria Jacobäa of Baden.Contents1 Early life 2 Political activity 3 Cultural activity 4 Family and children 5 Notes 6 External links 7 Lineage 8 ReferencesEarly life[edit] Albert was educated at Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
by Catholic teachers. On 4 July 1546 he married Anna of Austria, a daughter of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary
Anna of Bohemia and Hungary
(1503–1547), daughter of King Ladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary
Ladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary
and his wife Anne de Foix. The union was designed to end the political rivalry between Austria and Bavaria
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