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Ger (Hasidic Dynasty)
GER, or GUR (or GERRER when used as an adjective) is a Hasidic dynasty originating from Ger, the Yiddish name of Góra Kalwaria
Góra Kalwaria
, a small town in Poland
Poland
. The founder of the dynasty was Rabbi Yitzchak Meir Alter (1798–1866), known as the Chiddushei HaRim after his primary scholarly work by that title. Prior to the Holocaust , followers of Ger were estimated to number in excess of 100,000, making it the largest and most influential Hasidic groups in Poland. Today, the movement is based in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
, and its membership is estimated at 13,000 families, most of whom live in Israel
Israel
, making Ger the largest Hasidic dynasty in Israel. However, there are also well-established Ger communities in Brooklyn, New York, and London, UK; and minor Ger communities in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and Los Angeles, California
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Kiryat Gat
KIRYAT GAT (Hebrew : קִרְיַת גַּת‎), is a city in the Southern District of Israel
Israel
. It lies 56 km (35 miles) south of Tel Aviv , 43 km (27 mi) north of Beersheba
Beersheba
, 45 km (28 mi) from Gaza , and 68 km (42 mi) from Jerusalem
Jerusalem
. In 2016 it had a population of 52,585. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 History * 3 Demographics * 4 Economy * 5 Transportation * 6 Schools and education * 7 Twin towns — sister cities * 8 Notable people * 9 References * 10 External links ETYMOLOGY Kiryat Gat
Kiryat Gat
is named for Gath , one of the five major cities of the Philistines
Philistines
. In Hebrew, "gat" means "winepress". In the 1950s, archaeologists found ruins at a nearby tell ( Tel Erani ) which were mistaken for the Philistine city of Gath
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Lakewood, New Jersey
LAKEWOOD TOWNSHIP is a township in Ocean County , New Jersey
New Jersey
, United States. As of 2016 the town had a population of approximately 100,758 residents. As of the 2010 United States
United States
Census , the township had a total population of 92,843, representing an increase of 32,491 (+53.8%) from the 60,352 counted in the 2000 Census , which had in turn increased by 15,304 (+34.0%) from the 45,048 counted in the 1990 Census . The township ranked as the seventh-most-populous municipality in the state in 2010 after having been ranked 22nd in 2000. The sharp increase in population from 2000 to 2010 was led by increases in the township's Orthodox Jewish and Latino
Latino
communities
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Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Los Angeles
------------------------- CSA Los Angeles-Long Beach MSA Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim PUEBLO September 4, 1781 INCORPORATED April 4, 1850 NAMED FOR Our Lady, Queen of the Angels GOVERNMENT • TYPE Mayor-Council-Commission • BODY Los Angeles City Council
Los Angeles City Council
• MAYOR Eric Garcetti
Eric Garcetti
• CITY ATTORNEY Mike Feuer • CITY CONTROLLER Ron Galperin AREA • METROPOLITAN CITY 502.76 sq mi (1,302.15 km2) • LAND 468.74 sq mi (1,214.03 km2) • WATER 34.02 sq mi (88.12 km2) 6.7% ELEVATION 305 ft (93 m) HIGHEST ELEVATION 5,074 ft (1,547 m) LOWEST ELEVATION 0 ft (0 m) POPULATION (2010 ) • METROPOLITAN CITY 3,792,621 • ESTIMATE (2016) 3,976,322 • RANK 1st , California 2nd, U.S
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London
LONDON /ˈlʌndən/ ( listen ) is the capital and most populous city of England
England
and the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
. Standing on the River Thames in the south east of the island of Great Britain , London
London
has been a major settlement for two millennia. It was founded by the Romans , who named it Londinium
Londinium
. London's ancient core, the City of London , largely retains its 1.12-square-mile (2.9 km2) medieval boundaries
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Negev
The NEGEV (Hebrew : הַנֶּגֶב‎, Tiberian vocalization : han-Néḡeḇ ; Arabic : النقب‎‎ an-Naqab) is a desert and semidesert region of southern Israel
Israel
. The region's largest city and administrative capital is Beersheba (pop. 203,604), in the north. At its southern end is the Gulf of Aqaba and the resort city of Eilat . It contains several development towns , including Dimona , Arad and Mitzpe Ramon , as well as a number of small Bedouin cities, including Rahat and Tel as-Sabi and Lakyah. There are also several kibbutzim , including Revivim and Sde Boker ; the latter became the home of Israel's first Prime Minister , David Ben-Gurion , after his retirement from politics
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New York (state)
NEW YORK is a state in the northeastern United States
United States
. New York was one of the original thirteen colonies that formed the United States
United States
. With an estimated 19.85 million residents in 2017, it is the fourth most populous state in the United States. To differentiate from its city with the same name, it is sometimes called NEW YORK STATE. The state's largest city, New York City
New York City
, makes up over 40% of the state's population. Two-thirds of the state's population lives in the New York metropolitan area
New York metropolitan area
, and nearly 40% lives on Long Island
Long Island
. The state and city were both named for the 17th-century Duke of York
Duke of York
, future King James II of England
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Rosh Hashana
ROSH HASHANAH ( Hebrew
Hebrew
: רֹאשׁ הַשָּׁנָה‎, literally meaning the "beginning (also head) the year") is the Jewish New Year . The biblical name for this holiday is YOM TERUAH (יוֹם תְּרוּעָה‎), literally "day shouting/blasting", sometimes translated as the FEAST OF TRUMPETS. It is the first of the Jewish High Holy Days (יָמִים נוֹרָאִים‎ Yamim Nora'im, lit. "Days Awe") specified by Leviticus 23:23–32, which usually occur in the early autumn of the Northern Hemisphere . Rosh Hashanah is a two-day celebration, which begins on the first day of Tishrei . Tishrei is the first month of the Jewish civil year, but the seventh month of the ecclesiastical year
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Shavuos
SHAVUOT ( listen (help ·info )) (or SHOVUOS ( listen (help ·info )), in Ashkenazi usage; SHAVUʿOTH in Sephardi and Mizrahi Hebrew (Hebrew : שבועות‎‎, lit. "Weeks"), known as the FEAST OF WEEKS in English and as PENTECOST (Πεντηκοστή) in Ancient Greek , is a Jewish holiday
Jewish holiday
that occurs on the sixth day of the Hebrew month of Sivan
Sivan
(may fall between 14 May–15 June). Shavuot
Shavuot
has a double significance
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Ashdod
ASHDOD (Hebrew : אַשְׁדּוֹד ‎; Arabic : أشدود‎‎ Isdud) is the sixth-largest city and the largest port in Israel accounting for 60% of the country's imported goods. Ashdod
Ashdod
is located in the Southern District of the country, on the Mediterranean coast where it is situated between Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
to the north (32 kilometres (20 miles) away) and Ashkelon
Ashkelon
to the south (20 km (12 mi) away). Jerusalem is 53 km (33 mi) to the east. The city is also an important regional industrial center. Modern Ashdod
Ashdod
covers the territory of two ancient twin towns, one inland and one on the coast , which were for most of their history two separate entities, connected though by close ties with each other. This article is dealing with both these historic towns and other ancient sites now located within the territory of modern Ashdod
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Brooklyn
Coordinates : 40°41′34″N 73°59′25″W / 40.69278°N 73.99028°W / 40.69278; -73.99028 Brooklyn Kings County
County
Borough of New York City
New York City
and
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Belgium
Coordinates : 50°50′N 4°00′E / 50.833°N 4.000°E / 50.833; 4.000 Kingdom of Belgium * Koninkrijk België (Dutch ) * Royaume de Belgique (French ) * Königreich Belgien (German ) Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: "Eendracht maakt macht" (Dutch ) "L'union fait la force" (French ) "Einigkeit macht stark" (German ) "Unity makes Strength" ANTHEM: " La Brabançonne " Location of Belgium
Belgium
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Zurich
ZüRICH or ZURICH (/ˈzjʊərᵻx, -ᵻk/ ) is the largest city in Switzerland
Switzerland
and the capital of the canton of Zürich
Zürich
. It is located in north-central Switzerland
Switzerland
at the northwestern tip of Lake Zürich . The municipality has approximately 400,028 inhabitants, the urban agglomeration 1.315 million and the Zürich metropolitan area 1.83 million. Zürich
Zürich
is a hub for railways, roads, and air traffic. Both Zürich Airport
Zürich Airport
and railway station are the largest and busiest in the country. Permanently settled for about 2000 years, Zürich
Zürich
was founded by the Romans , who, in 15 BC, called it Turicum . However, early settlements have been found dating back more than 6400 years ago
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Kollel
A KOLEL or KOLLEL (Hebrew : כולל‎, pl. כוללים‎, kollelim, a "gathering" or "collection" ) is an institute for full-time, advanced study of the Talmud
Talmud
and rabbinic literature . Like a yeshiva , a kollel features shiurim (lectures) and learning sedarim (sessions); unlike a yeshiva, the student body of a kollel consists of married men for the most part. A Kollel generally pays a regular monthly stipend to its members. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Original sense * 1.2 Modern sense * 2 Philosophy * 3 Community kollelim * 3.1 Leadership * 3.2 Student body * 4 Criticism * 5 Notes * 6 Sources HISTORYORIGINAL SENSE Main article: Halukka Originally, the word was used in the sense of "community". Each new group of Jews, who came from various European countries to settle in Israel, established their own separate community with their own support system
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Beis Yaakov
BAIS YAAKOV (בית יעקב also written Beit Yaakov, Beth Jacob, or Beis Yaakov—literally "House Jacob" in Hebrew ) is a genericized name for Orthodox full-time, Jewish elementary and secondary schools throughout the world for Jewish girls from religious families. While these schools share the Bais Yaakov name, they are not necessarily affiliated, though some are, for other reasons. The name comes from a verse in Exodus 19:3, in which the term "House of Jacob" is traditionally understood in Judaism to refer to the female segment of the Jewish nation. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Current * 2.1 Educational approach * 2.2 Curriculum * 2.3 Locations * 3 Hasidic schools * 4 See also * 5 References HISTORY The second graduating class of the Bais Ya'akov in Lodz, Poland, in 1934
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