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George Vernon Hudson
GEORGE VERNON HUDSON (20 April 1867 – 5 April 1946) was a British -born New Zealand award-winning entomologist and astronomer . He won the Hector Memorial Medal
Hector Memorial Medal
. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Personal life * 3 Works * 4 References * 5 External links BIOGRAPHYBorn in London
London
, England, on Easter Saturday , 1867 Hudson was the sixth child of Charles Hudson, an artist and stained-glass window designer and Emily Jane Carnal By the age of 14 he had built up a collection of British insects, and had published a paper in The Entomologist. In 1881 Hudson moved with his father to Nelson , New Zealand. He worked on a farm, and in 1883, aged 16, he began working at the post office in Wellington
Wellington
, where he eventually became chief clerk, retiring in 1918. Hudson was a member of the 1907 Sub-Antarctic Islands Scientific Expedition
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George Hudson (other)
GEORGE HUDSON (1800–1871) was an English railway financier. GEORGE HUDSON may also refer to: * George Hudson
George Hudson
(footballer) (born 1937), player for Coventry City F.C. * George Hudson
George Hudson
(Canadian football) (born 1976), Canadian professional Canadian football player * George LeRoy Hudson (fl. 1913–1926), Canadian politician * George Hudson
George Hudson
(entomologist) (1867–1946), New Zealand entomologist and astronomer * George Bickersteth Hudson , British Member of Parliament for Hitchin , 1892–1906 * George Hudson
George Hudson
(cricketer) (1905–1981), English cricketer * George Hudson
George Hudson
(musician) , American jazz trumpeter, see de:George Hudson (Jazzmusiker) This disambiguation page lists articles about people with the same name
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Auckland Islands
The AUCKLAND ISLANDS (Māori : Motu Maha or Maungahuka) are an archipelago of New Zealand
New Zealand
, lying 465 kilometres (290 mi) south of the South Island
South Island
. It includes Auckland Island , Adams Island , Enderby Island , Disappointment Island , Ewing Island , Rose Island , Dundas Island and Green Island, with a combined area of 625 km2 (240 sq mi). The islands have no permanent human inhabitants. Ecologically, the Auckland Islands
Auckland Islands
form part of the Antipodes Subantarctic Islands tundra ecoregion . Along with other New Zealand Sub-Antarctic Islands , they were designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1998
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1907 Sub-Antarctic Islands Scientific Expedition
THE 1907 SUB-ANTARCTIC ISLANDS SCIENTIFIC EXPEDITION was a New Zealand scientific expedition organised by the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury (now known as the Canterbury branch of the Royal Society of New Zealand
New Zealand
). The main aim of the expedition was to extend the magnetic survey of New Zealand
New Zealand
by investigating the Auckland and Campbell Islands but botanical, biological and zoological surveys were also conducted
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United Kingdom
The UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, commonly known as the UNITED KINGDOM (UK) or BRITAIN, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland , the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
includes the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland
Ireland
and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland
Ireland

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Entomology
ENTOMOLOGY (from Greek ἔντομον, _entomon_ "insect"; and -λογία, _-logia_) is the scientific study of insects , a branch of zoology . In the past the term "insect" was more vague, and historically the definition of entomology included the study of terrestrial animals in other arthropod groups or other phyla , such as arachnids , myriapods , earthworms , land snails , and slugs . This wider meaning may still be encountered in informal use. Like several of the other fields that are categorized within zoology , entomology is a taxon -based category; any form of scientific study in which there is a focus on insect-related inquiries is, by definition, entomology. Entomology therefore overlaps with a cross-section of topics as diverse as molecular genetics , behavior , biomechanics , biochemistry , systematics , physiology , developmental biology , ecology , morphology , and paleontology
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Astronomer
An ASTRONOMER is a scientist in the field of astronomy who concentrates their studies on a specific question or field outside of the scope of Earth
Earth
. They look at stars , planets , moons , comets and galaxies , as well as many other celestial objects — either in observational astronomy , in analyzing the data or in theoretical astronomy . Examples of topics or fields astronomers work on include: planetary science , solar astronomy, the origin or evolution of stars , or the formation of galaxies . There are also related but distinct subjects like physical cosmology which studies the Universe
Universe
as a whole. Astronomers usually fit into two types: observational and theoretical. Observational astronomers make direct observations of planets, stars and galaxies, and analyze the data. In contrast, theoretical astronomers create and investigate models of things that cannot be observed
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Hector Memorial Medal
The HECTOR MEDAL (formerly known as the HECTOR MEMORIAL MEDAL) is a science award given by the Royal Society of New Zealand in memory of Sir James Hector
James Hector
to researchers working in New Zealand. It is awarded annually in rotation for different sciences – currently there are three: chemical sciences; physical sciences; mathematical and information sciences. It is given to a researcher who "has undertaken work of great scientific or technological merit and has made an outstanding contribution to the advancement of the particular branch of science." It was previously rotated through more fields of science – in 1918 they were: botany, chemistry, ethnology, geology, physics (including mathematics and astronomy), zoology (including animal physiology). For a few years it was awarded biennially – it was not awarded in 2000, 2002 or 2004
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London
LONDON /ˈlʌndən/ ( listen ) is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom . Standing on the River Thames in the south east of the island of Great Britain , London has been a major settlement for two millennia. It was founded by the Romans , who named it _ Londinium _. London's ancient core, the City of London
City of London
, largely retains its 1.12-square-mile (2.9 km2) medieval boundaries. Since at least the 19th century, "London" has also referred to the metropolis around this core, historically split between Middlesex , Essex , Surrey , Kent , and Hertfordshire , which today largely makes up Greater London
Greater London
, a region governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly
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Easter Saturday
EASTER SATURDAY, on the Christian
Christian
calendar, is the Saturday following the festival of Easter
Easter
, the Saturday of Easter
Easter
or Bright Week. In the liturgy of Western Christianity
Western Christianity
it is the last day of Easter
Easter
Week , sometimes referred to as the SATURDAY OF EASTER WEEK or SATURDAY IN EASTER WEEK. In the liturgy of Eastern Christianity
Eastern Christianity
it is the last day of Bright Week
Bright Week
, and called BRIGHT SATURDAY, THE BRIGHT AND HOLY SEPTAVE SATURDAY OF EASTER EVE, or THE BRIGHT AND HOLY SEPTAVE PASCHAL ARTOS AND OCTOECHOES SATURDAY OF ISCARIOT\'S BYZANTINE EASTER EVE. Easter
Easter
Saturday is the day preceding the Octave Day of Easter
Easter
(also known as St. Thomas Sunday or Divine Mercy Sunday)
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Nelson, New Zealand
NELSON (Māori : WHAKATū) is a city on the eastern shores of Tasman Bay . Nelson is the oldest city in the South Island
South Island
and the second-oldest settled city in New Zealand
New Zealand
– it was established in 1841 and was proclaimed a city by royal charter in 1858. Nelson city is bordered to the west and south-west by the Tasman District Council and the north-east, east and south-east by the Marlborough District Council. The city does not include Richmond, the area's second-largest settlement. Nelson City has a population of around 50,000, making it New Zealand's 12th most populous city and the geographical centre of New Zealand. When combined with the town of Richmond which has close to 14,000 residents, Nelson is ranked as New Zealand's 9th largest urban area by population
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Wellington
WELLINGTON /ˈwɛlɪŋtən/ (Māori : _Te Whanganui-a-Tara_) is the capital city and second most populous urban area of New Zealand , with 405,000 residents. It is at the south-western tip of the North Island , between Cook Strait and the Rimutaka Range . Wellington is the major population centre of the southern North Island and is the administrative centre of the Wellington Region , which also includes the Kapiti Coast and Wairarapa . It is the world's windiest city, with an average wind speed of over 26 km/h, and the world\'s southernmost capital of a sovereign state
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Campbell Island Group
The CAMPBELL ISLAND GROUP (or CAMPBELL ISLANDS) is a group of subantarctic islands , belonging to New Zealand
New Zealand
. It lies about 600 km south of Stewart Island
Island
. The group has a total area of 113.31 km2 (43.75 sq mi), consisting of one big island, Campbell Island
Island
(112.68 km2 or 43.51 sq mi), and several small islets , notably Dent Island (0.23 km2 or 0.089 sq mi), Isle de Jeanette Marie (0.11 km2 or 0.042 sq mi, Folly Island
Island
(or Folly Islands), Jacquemart Island
Island
(0.19 km2 or 0.073 sq mi), and Monowai Island
Island
(also known as Lion Rock, 0.08 km2 or 0.031 sq mi). Ecologically, they are part of the Antipodes Subantarctic Islands tundra ecoregion . The group is one of five subantarctic island groups collectively designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO
UNESCO

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Dundonald (ship)
DUNDONALD was a steel, four-masted barque of 2,205 tons launched in Belfast
Belfast
in 1891. She was wrecked in 1907 in the New Zealand Subantarctic Islands . Only 15 of her 28 crew survived; they were rescued seven months later by a scientific expedition. CONTENTS * 1 Wreck * 2 Shipwrecked crew * 3 Survival * 4 Rescue * 5 References * 6 External links * 7 Additional sources WRECKAfter setting sail from Sydney
Sydney
, Australia
Australia
, on 17 February 1907, bound for Falmouth , England
England
, with a cargo of wheat , she was forced onto rocks during a squall on 7 March 1907 on the west coast of Disappointment Island
Disappointment Island
, 5 miles northwest of the Auckland Islands , 180 miles south of New Zealand
New Zealand
, and sank. SHIPWRECKED CREWOnly 17 members of the 28 crew managed to escape the wreck and reach shore
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Daylight Saving Time
DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME (abbreviated DST), also sometimes erroneously referred to as DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME, is the practice of advancing clocks during summer months so that evening daylight lasts longer, while sacrificing normal sunrise times. Typically, regions that use daylight saving time adjust clocks forward one hour close to the start of spring and adjust them backward in the autumn to standard time. American inventor and politician Benjamin Franklin proposed a form of daylight time in 1784. He wrote an essay "An Economical Project for Diminishing the Cost of Light" to the editor of _The Journal of Paris _, suggesting, somewhat jokingly, that Parisians could economize candle usage by getting people out of bed earlier in the morning, making use of the natural morning light instead. New Zealander George Hudson proposed the idea of daylight saving in 1895
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Shift Work
SHIFT WORK is an employment practice designed to make use of, or provide service across, all 24 hours of the clock each day of the week (often abbreviated as 24/7 ). The practice typically sees the day divided into shifts, set periods of time during which different groups of workers perform their duties. The term "shift work" includes both long-term night shifts and work schedules in which employees change or rotate shifts. In medicine and epidemiology, shift work is considered a risk factor for some health problems in some individuals, as disruption to circadian rhythms may increase the probability of developing cardiovascular disease , cognitive impairment, diabetes , and obesity , among other conditions. Shift work
Shift work
can also contribute to strain in marital, family, and personal relationships
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