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Geek
The word GEEK is a slang term originally used to describe eccentric or non-mainstream people; in current use, the word typically connotes an expert or enthusiast or a person obsessed with a hobby or intellectual pursuit, with a general pejorative meaning of a "peculiar person, especially one who is perceived to be overly intellectual, unfashionable, or socially awkward". Although often considered as a pejorative, the term is also used self-referentially without malice or as a source of pride. Its meaning has evolved to refer to "someone who is interested in a subject (usually intellectual or complex) for its own sake". CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Definitions * 3 Impact * 4 Geek
Geek
chic * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links ETYMOLOGYThe word comes from English dialect geek or geck (meaning a "fool" or "freak "; from Middle Low German Geck). "Geck" is a standard term in modern German and means "fool" or "fop". The root also survives in the Dutch and Afrikaans
Afrikaans
adjective gek ("crazy"), as well as some German dialects , and in the Alsatian word Gickeleshut ("jester 's hat"; used during carnival). In 18th century Austria
Austria
, Gecken were freaks on display in some circuses
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Geek (other)
A GEEK is a slang term for an odd person. GEEK or GEEK may also refer to: * Geek! , the first EP by My Bloody Valentine * Geeks (2004 film) , a 2004 film * Geeks (musical duo) , a K-pop and Korean hiphop duo * The Geek
Geek
, a 1971 pornographic horror film * Geek.com , a Weblog site * Geeks.com , an Internet discount retailer of computer hardware * A human who bites the heads off of small animals as in a geek show * Game Expo East Kent , a UK gaming expo in MargateSEE ALSO * Geake ,a surname * Nerd (other) * All pages with a title containing Geek
Geek
This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title GEEK. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geek_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Logo
A LOGO (abbreviation of LOGOTYPE, from Greek : λόγος _logos_ "word" and τύπος _typos_ "imprint") is a graphic mark, emblem , or symbol commonly used by commercial enterprises, organizations, and even individuals to aid and promote instant public recognition. There are purely graphic emblems, symbols, icons and logos, which are composed of the name of the organisation (a logotype or wordmark ). In the days of hot metal typesetting , a logotype was one word cast as a single piece of type (e.g. "The" in ATF Garamond
Garamond
, as opposed to a ligature , which is two or more letters joined, but not forming a word). By extension, the term was also used for a uniquely set and arranged typeface or colophon . At the level of mass communication and in common usage, a company's logo is today often synonymous with its trademark or brand . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Contemporary logos * 3 Logo
Logo
design * 4 Logo
Logo
color * 4.1 Logo
Logo
design process * 4.2 Dynamic logos * 4.3 Internet-compatible logos * 5 Design protection * 6 Sports * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 Sources * 10 External links HISTORYNumerous inventions and techniques have contributed to the contemporary logo, including cylinder seals (c
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University Of California, Irvine
The UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, IRVINE (UCI, UC IRVINE, or IRVINE), is a public research university located in Irvine , California, United States, and one of the 10 campuses in the University
University
of California (UC) system . UC Irvine offers 80 undergraduate degrees and 98 graduate and professional degrees. The university is designated as having very high research activity in the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education , and in fiscal year 2013 had $348 million in research and development expenditures according to the National Science Foundation . UC Irvine became a member of the Association of American Universities in 1996, and is the youngest university to hold membership. The university also administers the UC Irvine Medical Center , a large teaching hospital in Orange , and its affiliated health sciences system ; the University of California, Irvine, Arboretum ; and a portion of the University of California
University of California
Natural Reserve System . UC Irvine set up the first Earth System Science Department in the United States . UCI was one of three new UC campuses established in the 1960s to accommodate growing enrollments across the UC system
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Slang
SLANG refers to words, phrases and uses that are regarded as very informal and often restricted to special context or peculiar to a specified profession class and the like. Slang words are used in specific social groups, like teenagers. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology of the word slang * 2 Defining slang * 2.1 Examples of slang (cross-linguistic) * 3 Formation of slang * 4 Social implications * 4.1 Indexicality * 4.1.1 First and second order indexicality * 4.1.2 Higher-order indexicality * 4.2 Subculture associations * 4.3 Social media and Internet slang * 4.4 Debates About Slang * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links ETYMOLOGY OF THE WORD SLANGIn its earliest attested use (1756), the word slang referred to the vocabulary of "low or disreputable" people. By the early nineteenth century, it was no longer exclusively associated with disreputable people, but continued to be applied to language use below the level of standard educated speech. The origin of the word is uncertain, although it appears to be connected with thieves\' cant . It's something. A Scandinavian origin has been proposed (compare, for example, Norwegian slengenavn, which means "nickname"), but is discounted by the Oxford English Dictionary based on "date and early associations"
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Eccentricity (behavior)
In popular usage, ECCENTRICITY (also called QUIRKINESS) refers to unusual or odd behavior on the part of an individual. This behavior would typically be perceived as unusual or unnecessary, without being demonstrably maladaptive . Eccentricity is contrasted with "normal " behavior, the nearly universal means by which individuals in society solve given problems and pursue certain priorities in everyday life. People who consistently display benignly eccentric behavior are labeled as "eccentrics". CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Depictions * 3 Comparison to considerations of normality * 3.1 Characteristics * 4 See also * 5 References ETYMOLOGYFrom Medieval Latin eccentricus, derived from Greek ekkentros, "out of the center", from ek-, ex- "out of" + kentron, "center". Eccentric first appeared in English essays as a neologism in 1551 as an astronomical term meaning "a circle in which the earth, sun, etc. deviates from its center." Five years later, in 1556, an adjective form of the word was used. In 1685, the definition evolved from the literal to the figurative, and eccentric is noted to have begun being used to describe unconventional or odd behavior. A noun form of the word – a person who possesses and exhibits these unconventional or odd qualities and behaviors – appeared by 1832. DEPICTIONSEccentricity is often associated with genius , intellectual giftedness , or creativity
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Enthusiast
ENTHUSIASM is intense enjoyment , interest , or approval . The word was originally used to refer to a person possessed by a god , or someone who exhibited intense piety . CONTENTS * 1 Historical usage * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 Further reading * 5 External links HISTORICAL USAGEThe word originates from the Greek ἐνθουσιασμός from ἐν and θεός and οὐσία, meaning "possessed by god's essence", applied by the Greeks
Greeks
to manifestations of divine possession, by Apollo
Apollo
(as in the case of the Pythia ), or by Dionysus (as in the case of the Bacchantes
Bacchantes
and Maenads ), the term enthusiasm was also used in a transferred or figurative sense. Socrates
Socrates
taught that the inspiration of poets is a form of enthusiasm. The term was confined to a belief in religious inspiration, or to intense religious fervour or emotion . Francis of Assisi in Ecstasy by Caravaggio
Caravaggio
, 1594 From this, a Syrian
Syrian
sect of the 4th century was known as the Enthusiasts. They believed that "by perpetual prayer , ascetic practices and contemplation , man could become inspired by the Holy Spirit, in spite of the ruling evil spirit, which the fall had given to him". From their belief in the efficacy of prayer , they were also known as Euchites
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Intellectual
An INTELLECTUAL is a person who engages in critical thinking , research , and reflection about society and proposes solutions for its normative problems. Some gain authority as public intellectuals. Coming from the world of culture , either as a creator or as a mediator, the intellectual participates in politics either to defend a concrete proposition or to denounce an injustice, usually by rejecting, producing or extending an ideology , and by defending a system of values . CONTENTS * 1 Definitions * 2 Terms and endeavours * 3 Historical background * 3.1 19th-century * 3.1.1 Britain * 3.1.2 Continental Europe * 3.1.3 Germany * 3.2 Intellectuals in the East * 4 Intelligentsia * 4.1 Marxist perspective * 5 Public intellectual * 5.1 Social background * 5.2 Academic background * 5.3 Public policy role * 6 Criticism * 6.1 Liberal ideology * 6.2 Intelligentsia * 7 See also * 8 Notes * 9 References * 9.1 Footnotes * 9.2 Sources * 10 Further reading * 11 External links DEFINITIONSSocially, intellectuals constitute the intelligentsia , a status class organised either by ideology (conservative , fascist , socialist , liberal , reactionary , revolutionary , democratic , communist intellectuals, _et al._), or by nationality (American intellectuals, French intellectuals, Ibero–American intellectuals, _et al._)
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English Dialect
This is an overview LIST OF DIALECTS OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE. Dialects are linguistic varieties which may differ in pronunciation , vocabulary and grammar . For the classification of varieties of English in terms of pronunciation only, see Regional accents of English . Dialects can be defined as "sub-forms of languages which are, in general, mutually comprehensible ". English speakers from different countries and regions use a variety of different accents (systems of pronunciation), as well as various localized words and grammatical constructions; many different dialects can be identified based on these factors. Dialects can be classified at broader or narrower levels: within a broad national or regional dialect, various more localized sub-dialects can be identified, and so on. The combination of differences in pronunciation and use of local words may make some English dialects almost unintelligible to speakers from other regions. The major native dialects of English are often divided by linguists into three general categories: the British Isles
British Isles
dialects, those of North America
North America
, and those of Australasia . Dialects can be associated not only with place, but also with particular social groups
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FREAK
FREAK ("FACTORING RSA EXPORT KEYS") is a security exploit of a cryptographic weakness in the SSL/TLS protocols introduced decades earlier for compliance with U.S. cryptography export regulations . These involved limiting exportable software to use only public key pairs with RSA moduli of 512 bits or less (so-called _RSA_EXPORT _ keys), with the intention of allowing them to be broken easily by the NSA
NSA
, but not by other organizations with lesser computing resources. However, by the early 2010s, increases in computing power meant that they could be broken by anyone with access to relatively modest computing resources using the well-known Number Field Sieve algorithm, using as little as $100 of cloud computing services. Combined with the ability of a man-in-the-middle to manipulate the initial cipher suite negotiation between the endpoints in the connection and the fact that the Finished hash only depended on the master secret, this meant that a man-in-the-middle, with only a modest amount of computation could break the security of any website that allowed the use of 512-bit export-grade keys. While the exploit was only discovered in 2015, its underlying vulnerabilities had been present for many years, dating back to the 1990s
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Middle Low German
MIDDLE LOW GERMAN or MIDDLE SAXON ( ISO 639 -3 code gml) is a language that is the descendant of Old Saxon and the ancestor of modern Low German . It served as the international lingua franca of the Hanseatic League . It was spoken from about 1100 to 1600. CONTENTS * 1 Related languages * 2 History * 3 References * 4 Sources * 5 External links RELATED LANGUAGESMiddle Low German
Low German
is a term used with varying degrees of inclusivity. It is distinguished from Middle High German , spoken to the south, which was later replaced by Early New High German . It is sometimes taken to mean the dialect continuum of all the other high medieval Continental West Germanic dialects, from Flanders
Flanders
in the West to the eastern Baltic, but it is sometimes seen as separate from western varieties such as Middle Dutch
Middle Dutch
. Middle Low German
Low German
provided a large number of loanwords to languages spoken around the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
as a result of the activities of Hanseatic traders. It is considered the largest single source of loanwords in Danish , Estonian , Latvian , Norwegian and Swedish
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Dutch Language
DUTCH (_ Nederlands_ (help ·info )) is a West Germanic language that is spoken by around 23 million people as a first language—including most of the population of the Netherlands and about sixty percent of Belgium —and by another 5 million as a second language. It is the third most widely spoken Germanic language , after English and German. Outside of the Low Countries , it is the native language of the majority of the population of Suriname , and also holds official status in Aruba , Curaçao and Sint Maarten , which are constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands . Historical minorities on the verge of extinction remain in parts of France and Germany , and in Indonesia , while up to half a million native speakers may reside in the United States , Canada and Australia combined. The Cape Dutch dialects of Southern Africa have evolved into Afrikaans , a mutually intelligible daughter language which is spoken to some degree by at least 16 million people, mainly in South Africa and Namibia . Dutch is one of the closest relatives of both German and English and is said to be roughly in between them
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Afrikaans
AFRIKAANS (/ˌæfrᵻˈkɑːns, ˌɑːfri-, -ˈkɑːnts, -ˈkɑːnz/ ) is a West Germanic language spoken in South Africa , Namibia and, to a lesser extent, Botswana and Zimbabwe . It evolved from the Dutch vernacular of South Holland ( Hollandic dialect ) spoken by the mainly Dutch settlers of what is now South Africa, where it gradually began to develop distinguishing characteristics in the course of the 18th century. Hence, it is a daughter language of Dutch, and was previously referred to as "Cape Dutch" (a term also used to refer collectively to the early Cape settlers ) or "kitchen Dutch" (a derogatory term used to refer to Afrikaans in its earlier days). However, it is also variously described as a creole or as a partially creolised language. The term is ultimately derived from Dutch _Afrikaans-Hollands_ meaning "African Dutch". It is the first language of most of the Afrikaners and Coloureds of Southern Africa. Although Afrikaans has adopted words from other languages, including Portuguese , the Bantu languages , Malay , German and the Khoisan languages , an estimated 90 to 95% of the vocabulary of Afrikaans is of Dutch origin
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Adjective
* Grammatical case
Grammatical case
* Grammatical conjugation
Grammatical conjugation
* Grammatical mood * Grammatical aspect * Grammatical voice * Grammatical number *
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German Dialects
GERMAN DIALECT is dominated by the geographical spread of the High German consonant shift , and the dialect continua that connect German to some neighbouring languages, e.g. the Dutch and Luxembourgish languages . CONTENTS* 1 Dialects * 1.1 In relation to varieties of standard German * 1.2 Dialects in Germany * 1.3 Low German * 1.4 High German * 2 Overseas dialects * 2.1 Amana German * 2.2 Brazilian German * 2.3 Chilean German * 2.4 Texas German * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Further reading * 6 External links DIALECTSIN RELATION TO VARIETIES OF STANDARD GERMANIn German linguistics , _ German dialects _ are distinguished from _varieties of Standard German _. * The _German dialects_ are the traditional local varieties. They are traditionally traced back to the different Germanic tribes. Many of them are hardly understandable to someone who knows only Standard German, since they often differ from Standard German in lexicon , phonology and syntax . If a narrow definition of language based on mutual intelligibility is used, many _German dialects_ are considered to be separate languages (for example, in the view of Ethnologue ). However, such a point of view is unusual in German linguistics. * The _varieties of standard German_ refer to the different local varieties of the pluricentric language standard German
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Alsatian Language
ALSATIAN (ALSATIAN and Alemannic German : Elsässerditsch, literally "Alsatian German"; French : Alsacien; German : Elsässisch or Elsässerdeutsch) is a Low Alemannic German dialect spoken in most of Alsace
Alsace
, a region in eastern France
France
which has passed between French and German control five times since 1681. A dialect of Alsatian German is spoken in the United States by so-called Swiss Amish , who migrated to the U.S. in the middle of the 19th century. The approximately 7,000 speakers are mainly located in Allen County, Indiana but also in daughter settlements elsewhere. CONTENTS * 1 Language family
Language family
* 2 Orthography * 3 Phonology * 3.1 Consonants * 3.2 Vowels * 3.3 Diphthongs * 4 Comparative vocabulary list * 5 Status of Alsatian in France
France
* 6 References * 7 External links * 8 Notes LANGUAGE FAMILY A bilingual (French and Alsatian) sign in Mulhouse
Mulhouse
. Alsatian is closely related to other nearby Alemannic dialects , such as Swiss German , Swabian , and Markgräflerisch as well as Kaiserstühlerisch . It is often confused with Lorraine Franconian , a more distantly related Franconian dialect spoken in the northwest corner of Alsace
Alsace
and in neighbouring Lorraine
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