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Gayageum
The gayageum or kayagum is a traditional Korean zither-like string instrument, with 12 strings, though some more recent variants have 21 or other number of strings. It is probably the best known traditional Korean musical instrument.[1] It is related to other Asian instruments, including the Chinese guzheng, the Japanese koto, the Mongolian yatga, and the Vietnamese đàn tranh
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Hangul
Hangul
Hangul
(/ˈhɑːnˌɡuːl/ HAHN-gool;[1] from Korean hangeul 한글 [ha(ː)n.ɡɯl]) is the Korean alphabet. It has been used to write the Korean language
Korean language
since its creation in the 15th century under Sejong the Great.[2][3] It is the official writing system of South Korea
South Korea
and North Korea. It is a co-official writing system in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Changbai Korean Autonomous County
Changbai Korean Autonomous County
in Jilin
Jilin
Province, China. It is sometimes used to write the Cia-Cia language
Cia-Cia language
spoken near the town of Bau-Bau, Indonesia. The alphabet consists of 19 consonants and 21 vowels. Hangul
Hangul
letters are grouped into syllabic blocks, vertically and horizontally
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Intonation (music)
Intonation, in music, is a musician's realization of pitch accuracy, or the pitch accuracy of a musical instrument. Intonation may be flat, sharp, or both, successively or simultaneously.Contents1 Interval, melody, and harmony 2 Strings 3 Fretted instrument intonation 4 Other instruments 5 Intonation sensitivity 6 Semiotic concept 7 See also 8 Sources 9 External linksInterval, melody, and harmony[edit] The lower or upper pitch of an interval may be sharp or flat, or both pitches of an interval. If the lower pitch is sharp or the upper pitch is flat, the interval may be said to be flat given that as a whole it is too narrow; while if the lower pitch is flat or the upper pitch is sharp, the interval may be said to be sharp given that as a whole it is too wide. Intervals are conventionally measured from the bottom, as such in an interval that is too wide the upper pitch is thus sharp
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Hanja
Hanja
Hanja
(Hangul: 한자; Hanja: 漢字; Korean pronunciation: [ha(ː)nt͈ɕa]) is the Korean name
Korean name
for Chinese characters (Chinese: 漢字; pinyin: hànzì).[1] More specifically, it refers to those Chinese characters
Chinese characters
borrowed from Chinese and incorporated into the Korean language
Korean language
with Korean pronunciation. Hanja-mal or Hanja-eo (the latter is more used) refers to words that can be written with Hanja, and hanmun (한문, 漢文) refers to Classical Chinese
Classical Chinese
writing, although "Hanja" is sometimes used loosely to encompass these other concepts. Because Hanja
Hanja
never underwent major reform, they are almost entirely identical to traditional Chinese and kyūjitai characters, though the stroke orders for some characters are slightly different
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Resonator
A resonator is a device or system that exhibits resonance or resonant behavior, that is, it naturally oscillates at some frequencies, called its resonant frequencies, with greater amplitude than at others. The oscillations in a resonator can be either electromagnetic or mechanical (including acoustic). Resonators are used to either generate waves of specific frequencies or to select specific frequencies from a signal. Musical instruments use acoustic resonators that produce sound waves of specific tones. Another example is quartz crystals used in electronic devices such as radio transmitters and quartz watches to produce oscillations of very precise frequency. A cavity resonator is one in which waves exist in a hollow space inside the device. In electronics and radio, microwave cavities consisting of hollow metal boxes are used in microwave transmitters, receivers and test equipment to control frequency, in place of the tuned circuits which are used at lower frequencies
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Sound Board (music)
A sound board, or soundboard, is the surface of a string instrument that the strings vibrate against, usually via some sort of bridge. Pianos, guitars, banjos, and many other stringed instruments incorporate soundboards. The resonant properties of the sound board and the interior of the instrument greatly increase the loudness of the vibrating strings.[1] The sound board operates by the principle of forced vibration. The string gently vibrates the board, and despite their differences in size and composition, makes the board vibrate at exactly the same frequency. This produces the same sound as the string alone, differing only in timbre. The string would produce the same amount of energy without the board present, but the greater surface area of the sound board moves a greater volume of air, which produces a louder sound. Sound boards are traditionally made of wood (see tonewood), though other materials are used, such as skin or plastic on instruments in the banjo family
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Chestnut
* treated as a synonym of Castanea pumila
Castanea pumila
by many authorsThe chestnut (Castanea) group is a genus of eight or nine species of deciduous trees and shrubs in the beech family Fagaceae, native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. The name also refers to the edible nuts they produce.[1][2][3]Contents1 Species 2 Etymology 3 Description 4 History4.1 Europe 4.2 Asia 4.3 North America 4.4 Australia, New Zealand5 Nutrition 6 Cultivation, pests and diseases6.1 Climate, seasonal germination cycle 6.2 Soil requirements 6.3 Sun exposure 6.4 Watering 6.5 Preservation 6.6 Pests6.6.1 Mammals and birds 6.6.2
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Walnut
A walnut is the nut of any tree of the genus Juglans
Juglans
(Family Juglandaceae), particularly the Persian or English walnut, Juglans regia. Technically a walnut is the seed of a drupe or drupaceous nut, and thus not a true botanical nut. It is used for food after being processed while green for pickled walnuts or after full ripening for its nutmeat. Nutmeat of the eastern black walnut from the Juglans nigra is less commercially available, as are butternut nutmeats from Juglans
Juglans
cinerea
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Sounding Board
A sounding board, also known as a tester and abat-voix is a structure placed above and sometimes also behind a pulpit or other speaking platform which helps to project the sound of the speaker. It is usually made of wood. The structure may be specially shaped to assist the projection, for example, being formed as a parabolic reflector. In the typical setting of a church building, the sounding board may be ornately carved or constructed.[1] The term abat-voix, from the French word for the same thing (abattre (“to beat down”) + voix (“voice”)) is also used in English. Sounding board
Sounding board
may also be used figuratively to describe a person who listens to a speech or proposal in order that the speaker may rehearse or explore the proposition more fully.[2] The term is also used inter-personally to describe one person listening to another, and especially to their ideas
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Bridge (instrument)
A bridge is a device that supports the strings on a stringed musical instrument and transmits the vibration of those strings to another structural component of the instrument—typically a soundboard, such as the top of a guitar or violin—which transfers the sound to the surrounding air. Depending on the instrument, the bridge may be made of carved wood (violin family instruments, acoustic guitars and some jazz guitars), metal (electric guitars such as the Fender Telecaster) or other materials
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Musical Tuning
In music, there are two common meanings for tuning:Tuning practice, the act of tuning an instrument or voice. Tuning systems, the various systems of pitches used to tune an instrument, and their theoretical bases.Contents1 Tuning practice1.1 Open strings 1.2 Altered tunings 1.3 Tuning of unpitched percussion instruments2 Tuning systems2.1 Theoretical comparison 2.2 Systems for the twelve-note chromatic scale 2.3 Other scale systems3 See also 4 References 5 Further readingTuning practice[edit]Man turning tuning pegs to tune guitarTuning of Sébastien Érard
Sébastien Érard
harp using Korg OT-120 Wide 8 Octave Orchestral Digital TunerTuning is the process of adjusting the pitch of one or many tones from musical instruments to establish typical intervals between these tones. Tuning is usually based on a fixed reference, such as A = 440 Hz
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Gagok
Gagok is a genre of Korean vocal music for mixed female and male voices. Accompaniments and interludes are played by a small ensemble of traditional Korean musical instruments. Gagok is 30th Important Intangible Cultural Property of Korea. External links[edit]This site features an image of a kagok ensemble. http://www.asianinfo.org/asianinfo/korea/perform/distinguishing_features_of_korea.htm [1] Coralie Rockwell: kagok a traditional Korean vocal formv t eUNESCO Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity: musicAka polyphony Albanian folk iso-polyphony Angklung Aqyn Arabic maqam Arirang Ashik Ashiqs of Azerbaijan Azerbaijani tar Baul music Bećarac Bigwala Biyelgee Bistritsa Babi Dainichido Bugaku Bei
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Brass
Brass
Brass
is a metallic alloy that is made of copper and zinc. The proportions of zinc and copper can vary to create different types of brass alloys with varying mechanical and electrical properties.[1] It is a substitutional alloy: atoms of the two constituents may replace each other within the same crystal structure. In contrast, bronze is an alloy of copper and tin.[2] Both bronze and brass may include small proportions of a range of other elements including arsenic, lead, phosphorus, aluminium, manganese, and silicon
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Yeomillak
Yeominrak (Hangul: 여민락, Hanja: 與民樂) is a court song in Hyangak style, composed by Sejong the Great (1418-1450) during the Joseon Dynasty period in Korea. Origins[edit] Yeominrak, which means Enjoyment with the People, was created based on Korean court music that the king shared to his people to be enjoyed together. This song was created during his 29th year of reign (1447) and actually had lyrics from the Yongbi eocheonga, but only the melodic component is existent today
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Korean Culture
The traditional culture of Korea
Korea
refers to the shared cultural heritage of the Korean Peninsula
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Kacapi
The kacapi is a zither-like Sundanese musical instrument played as the main accompanying instrument in the Tembang Sunda or Mamaos Cianjuran, kacapi suling (tembang Sunda without vocal accompaniment) genre (called kecapi seruling in Indonesian), pantun stories recitation or an additional instrument in Gamelan Degung performance. The word kacapi in Sundanese also refers to santol tree, from which initially the wood is believed to be used for building the zither instrument.Contents1 Form 2 Functions 3 Tuning and Notation 4 Physical dimensions 5 Kacapi and recitation of pantun stories 6 NotesForm[edit]Details of tuner elements of a Kacapi ParahuAccording to its form or physical appearance, there are two kinds of kacapis:Kacapi Parahu (=Boat Kacapi) or Kacapi Gelung ; and Kacapi SiterThe Kacapi Parahu is a resonance box with an uncovered underside to allow the sound out
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