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Garuda Pancasila
The national emblem of Indonesia
Indonesia
is called Garuda
Garuda
Pancasila.[1] The main part of Indonesian national emblem is the Garuda
Garuda
with a heraldic shield on its chest and a scroll gripped by its legs. The shield's five emblems represent Pancasila, the five principles of Indonesia's national ideology
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Armiger
Heraldry
Heraldry
portalv t eIn heraldry, an armiger is a person entitled to use a heraldic achievement (e.g., bear arms, an "armour-bearer") either by hereditary right, grant, matriculation, or assumption of arms. Such a person is said to be armigerous.Contents1 Etymology 2 Modern period 3 See also 4 References 5 Further readingEtymology[edit] The Latin word armiger literally means "arms-bearer". In high and late medieval England, the word referred to an esquire attendant upon a knight, but bearing his own unique armorial device
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Jatayu (Ramayana)
In the Indian epic Ramayana, Jatayu is the youngest son of Aruṇa. His brother, Sampaati, is a demi-god who has the form of a vulture and was an old friend of Dasharatha (Rama's father).Contents1 History of Jatayu 2 Places related to Jatayu 3 Jatayu Nature Park 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 External linksHistory of Jatayu[edit]This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)Killing of Jatayu Bird Painting by Balasaheb Pant PratinidhiIn the epic Ramayana when Jatayu sees Ravana abducting Sita, he tries to rescue Sita from Ravana
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Mendut
Mendut
Mendut
is a ninth-century Buddhist temple, located in Mendut
Mendut
village, Mungkid sub-district, Magelang
Magelang
Regency, Central Java, Indonesia. The temple is located about three kilometres east from Borobudur. Mendut, Borobudur
Borobudur
and Pawon, all of which are Buddhist temples, are located in one straight line. There is a mutual religious relationship between the three temples, although the exact ritual process is unknown.[1]Contents1 History 2 Architecture 3 Rituals 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksHistory[edit]The ruins of Mendut
Mendut
temple before restoration, 1880.Built around early ninth century AD, Mendut
Mendut
is the oldest of the three temples including Pawon
Pawon
and Borobudur
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Borobudur
Borobudur, or Barabudur (Indonesian: Candi Borobudur, Javanese: ꦕꦤ꧀ꦣꦶꦧꦫꦧꦸꦣꦸꦂ, translit. Candhi Barabudhur) is a 9th-century Mahayana
Mahayana
Buddhist temple
Buddhist temple
in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia, and the world's largest Buddhist temple.[1][2][3] The temple consists of nine stacked platforms, six square and three circular, topped by a central dome. It is decorated with 2,672 relief panels and 504 Buddha
Buddha
statues
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Sajiwan
Coordinates: 7°45′39″S 110°29′45″E / 7.76083°S 110.49583°E / -7.76083; 110.49583 Sojiwan
Sojiwan
temple in 2014, after reconstruction Sojiwan
Sojiwan
(Javanese orthography: Såjiwan, or sometimes spelled Sajiwan) is a 9th-century Mahayana
Mahayana
Buddhist temple
Buddhist temple
located in Kebon Dalem Kidul village, Prambanan, Klaten Regency, Central Java. The temple is located nearly two kilometres southeast of Prambanan
Prambanan
temple
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Kidal Temple
Kidal (Indonesian: Candi Kidal) is a Hindu temple
Hindu temple
built under the Singhasari
Singhasari
dynasty.[1] It is situated in the Rejokidal village in the Tumpang district of East Java, approximately 20 km east of Malang. The temple was built around 1248 and restored in the 1990s. The temple is composed of three levels that are situated on a raised platform. At the foot of the temple, three Javanese masks depict the story of Garuda. The temple may have encased an image of Shiva depicted by the portrait of the Singhasari
Singhasari
king, Anusapati.[2][3]:188 References[edit]^ Nedi Putra AW, 'Seeking purity, reviving a tradition at Kidal temple', The Jakarta Post, 31 July 2013. ^ Michell, George, (1977) The Hindu Temple: An Introduction to its Meaning and Forms". pp. 160–161. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-53230-1 ^ Cœdès, George (1968)
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Candi Penataran
Coordinates: 8°0′58″S 112°12′33″E / 8.01611°S 112.20917°E / -8.01611; 112.20917The main temple of the Penataran complex took the form of a stepped pyramid.Penataran or Panataran (Indonesian: Candi Penataran) is one of the largest Hindu temple ruins complex in East Java, Indonesia.[1] It is located roughly 12 km northeast of Blitar, with the closest airport being farther away at Malang. Believed to have been constructed between the 12th century to the 15th century, the temple played a significant role in the Majapahit Kingdom, especially under King Hayam Wuruk.[1][2] He considered his favorite sanctuary.[3]:241 Penataran dates from the Kediri era. Candi Panataran is a Shiva (Siwa) temple. It is notable for including one the largest Indonesian collection of reliefs showing life stories of Hindu god Vishnu in different avatars
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Candi Sukuh
Coordinates: 7°37′38″S 111°7′52″E / 7.62722°S 111.13111°E / -7.62722; 111.13111The main monument of Sukuh
Sukuh
temple. Sukuh
Sukuh
(Indonesian: Candi Sukuh
Sukuh
Indonesian pronunciation: [ˈtʃandi ˈsukʊh]) is a 15th-century Javanese- Hindu
Hindu
temple (candi) that is located on the western slope of Mount Lawu
Mount Lawu
(elevation 910 metres (2,990 ft)) on the border between Central and East Java
East Java
provinces. Sukuh
Sukuh
temple has a distinctive thematic reliefs from other candi where life before birth and sexual education are its main theme. Its main monument is a simple pyramid structure with reliefs and statues in front of it, including three tortoises with flattened shells and a male figure grasping his penis
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Temple
A temple (from the Latin
Latin
word templum) is a structure reserved for religious or spiritual rituals and activities such as prayer and sacrifice. It is typically used for such buildings belonging to all faiths where a more specific term such as church, mosque or synagogue is not generally used in English. These include Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism
Jainism
among religions with many modern followers, as well as other ancient religions such as Ancient Egyptian religion. The form and function of temples is thus very variable, though they are often considered by believers to be in some sense the "house" of one or more deities. Typically offerings of some sort are made to the deity, and other rituals enacted, and a special group of clergy maintain, and operate the temple
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Ramayana
ArtsBharatanatyam Kathak Kathakali Kuchipudi Manipuri Mohiniyattam Odissi Sattriya Bhagavata Mela Yakshagana Dandiya Raas Carnatic musicRites of passageGarbhadhana Pumsavana Simantonayana Jatakarma Namakarana Nishkramana Annaprashana Chudakarana Karnavedha Vidyarambha Upanayana Keshanta Ritushuddhi Samavartana Vivaha AntyeshtiAshrama DharmaAshrama: Brahmacharya Grihastha Vanaprastha SannyasaFestivalsDiwali Holi Shivaratri Navaratri Durga
Durga
Puja Ramlila Vijayadashami-Dussehra


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Sita
Sita
Sita
(pronounced [ˈsiː t̪aː]  listen (help·info), Sanskrit: सीता, IAST: Sītā) or Seeta, is the consort of Lord Rama
Rama
(incarnation of Vishnu) and an avatar of Sri Lakshmi, the Hindu goddess that denotes good sign, good fortune, prosperity, success, and happiness. She is esteemed as the paragon of spousal and feminine virtues for all women.[6] Sita
Sita
is the central female character and one of the central figures in the Hindu
Hindu
epic, the Ramayana. She is described as the daughter of the earth goddess, Bhūmi
Bhūmi
and the adopted daughter of King Janaka
Janaka
of Videha
Videha
and his wife, Queen Sunaina
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Vahana
Vahana
Vahana
(Sanskrit: वाहन, Vāhana, literally "that which carries, that which pulls") denotes the being, typically an animal or mythical entity, a particular Hindu deity is said to use as a vehicle. In this capacity, the vahana is often called the deity's "mount". Upon the partnership between the deity and his vahana is woven much iconography and mythology. Deities are often depicted riding (or simply mounted upon) the vahana. Other times, the vahana is depicted at the deity's side or symbolically represented as a divine attribute. The vahana may be considered an accoutrement[1] of the deity: though the vahana may act independently, they are still functionally emblematic or even syntagmatic of their "rider". The deity may be seen sitting or standing on the vahana
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Ravana
Ravana
Ravana
(IAST: Rāvaṇa; /ˈrɑːvənə/;[1] Telugu: రావణ, Sanskrit: रावण, Tamil: இராவணன், Malayalam: രാവണൻ),Sinhala: මහා රාවණා), is the primary antagonist in the ancient Hindu epic Ramayana
Ramayana
where he is depicted as a Rakshasa, the Great king of Lanka.[a][2][3] Ravana
Ravana
is the son of Visravas Muni and Kaikesi
Kaikesi
and grandson of Pulastya Muni. Ravana, a devotee of Shiva, is depicted and described as a great scholar, a Brahmin, a capable ruler and a maestro of the veena (plucked stringed instrument). He is also described as extremely powerful king and has ten heads. His paramount ambition was to overpower and dominate the devas. His ten heads represent his knowledge of the six shastras and the four Vedas
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King
King is the title given to a male monarch in a variety of contexts. The female equivalent is queen regnant,[1] while the title of queen on its own usually refers to the consort of a king.In the context of prehistory, antiquity and contemporary indigenous peoples, the title may refer to tribal kingship. Germanic kingship is cognate with Indo-European traditions of tribal rulership (c.f. Indic rājan, Gothic reiks, and Old Irish rí, etc.). In the context of classical antiquity, king may translate in Latin as rex and in Greek as archon or basileus. In classical European feudalism, the title of king as the ruler of a kingdom is understood to be the highest rank in the feudal order, potentially subject, at least nominally, only to an emperor (harking back to the client kings of the Roman Empire).[2] In a modern context, the title may refer to the ruler of one of a number of modern monarchies (either absolute or constitutional)
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Trowulan Museum
The Trowulan
Trowulan
Museum is an archaeological museum located in Trowulan, Mojokerto, in East Java, Indonesia. The museum was built in order to house the artifacts and archaeological findings discovered around Trowulan
Trowulan
and its vicinity. The location is one of the more important in Indonesia
Indonesia
in relation to tracing the history of Majapahit[1] Most of the museum collections is originated from the Majapahit
Majapahit
era, however the collections also covered the era of Kahuripan, Kediri, and Singhasari
Singhasari
kingdoms in East Java. The museum is located on the western side of the kolam Segaran
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