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Gangdong Bridge
The GANGDONG BRIDGE is a bridge in over the Han River , South Korea
South Korea
, and connects the city of Guri and the Gangdong District of Seoul
Seoul
. This bridge is a part of the Seoul
Seoul
Ring Expressway
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Republic Of Korea Army
The REPUBLIC OF KOREA ARMY (ROKA; Korean : 대한민국 육군; Hanja : 大韓民國 陸軍; Revised Romanization : _Daehanminguk Yuk-gun_), also known as the ROK ARMY, is the army of South Korea , responsible for ground-based warfare. It is the largest of the military branches of the South Korean armed forces with 495,000 members as of 2014. This size is maintained through conscription; South Korean men must complete 21 months of military service between the age of 18 and 35. The army will take the brunt of the personnel reduction planned as part of the Defense Reform 307. Associated with this personnel reduction would be a significant reduction in the ROK Army force structure, in particular decreasing the current force of 47 divisions (active duty/reserve) and 495,000 soldiers down to a force of about 38 divisions (active duty/reserve) and 400,000 soldiers
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Hangul
The KOREAN ALPHABET, 한글 , known as HANGUL in South Korea (also transcribed HANGEUL) and as 조선글(CHOSŏN\'GŭL) /조선문자(CHOSŏN MUNTCHA) in North Korea , is the alphabet that has been used to write the Korean language since the 15th century. It was created in 1443 under King Sejong the Great during the Joseon Dynasty . Now the alphabet is the official script of both South Korea and North Korea, and co-official in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Changbai Korean Autonomous County of China's Jilin Province . In South Korea, primarily Hangul is used to write the Korean language, as using Hanja ( Chinese characters ) in typical Korean writing fell out of common usage during the late 1990s. In its classical and modern forms, the alphabet has 19 consonant and 21 vowel letters. However, instead of being written sequentially like the letters of the Latin script, Hangul letters are grouped into blocks, such as 한 _han_, each of which transcribes a syllable . That is, although the syllable 한 _han_ may look like a single character, it is actually composed of three letters: _h_, _a_, and ㄴ _n_. Each syllabic block consists of two to six letters, including at least one consonant and one vowel . These blocks are then arranged horizontally from left to right or vertically from top to bottom
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Hanja
HANJA ( Hangul : 한자; Hanja: 漢字; Korean pronunciation: ) is the Korean name for Chinese characters (Chinese : 漢字; pinyin : _hànzì_). More specifically, it refers to those Chinese characters borrowed from Chinese and incorporated into the Korean language with Korean pronunciation . _Hanja-mal_ or _hanja-eo _ refers to words that can be written with hanja, and _hanmun_ (한문, 漢文) refers to Classical Chinese writing, although "hanja" is sometimes used loosely to encompass these other concepts. Because hanja never underwent major reform, they are almost entirely identical to traditional Chinese and _kyūjitai _ characters. Only a small number of hanja characters are modified or unique to Korean. By contrast, many of the Chinese characters currently in use in Japan and Mainland China have been simplified, and contain fewer strokes than the corresponding hanja characters. Although a phonetic Korean alphabet, now known as hangul , had been created by a team of scholars commissioned in the 1440s by King Sejong the Great , it did not come into widespread use until the late 19th and early 20th century. Thus, until that time it was necessary to be fluent in reading and writing hanja in order to be literate in Korean, as the vast majority of Korean literature and most other Korean documents were written in hanja
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Revised Romanization Of Korean
The REVISED ROMANIZATION OF KOREAN (국어의 로마자 표기법; _gugeoui romaja pyogibeop_; lit. "Roman-letter notation of the national language") is the official Korean language romanization system in South Korea
South Korea
proclaimed by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism to replace the older McCune–Reischauer
McCune–Reischauer
system. The new system eliminates diacritics in favor of digraphs and adheres more closely to Korean phonology than to a suggestive rendition of Korean phonetics for non-native speakers. The Revised Romanization limits itself to the ISO basic Latin alphabet , apart from limited, often optional use of the hyphen . It was developed by the National Academy of the Korean Language from 1995 and was released to the public on 7 July 2000 by South Korea's Ministry of Culture and Tourism in Proclamation No
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Mccune–reischauer
MCCUNE–REISCHAUER ROMANIZATION ( /məˈkuːn ˈraɪ.ʃaʊ.ər/ ) is one of the two most widely used Korean language romanization systems. A modified version of McCune–Reischauer
McCune–Reischauer
was the official romanization system in South Korea
South Korea
until 2000, when it was replaced by the Revised Romanization of Korean system. A variant of McCune–Reischauer
McCune–Reischauer
is still used as the official system in North Korea . The system was created in 1937 by George M. McCune and Edwin O. Reischauer . With a few exceptions, it attempts not to transliterate Korean hangul but to represent the phonetic pronunciation. McCune–Reischauer
McCune–Reischauer
is widely used outside Korea. CONTENTS * 1 Characteristics and criticism * 2 Guide * 2.1 Vowels * 2.2 Consonants * 2.3 Examples * 2.3.1 Exceptions that do not exactly follow pronunciation * 3 North Korean variant * 4 South Korean variant * 5 Other systems * 6 See also * 7 Footnotes * 8 External links CHARACTERISTICS AND CRITICISMKorean has phonologically no distinction between voiced and voiceless consonants, but it phonetically distinguishes them
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Han River (Korea)
The HAN RIVER or HANGANG (Korean pronunciation: ) is a major river in South Korea
South Korea
and the fourth longest river on the Korean peninsula after the Amnok (Yalu), Tuman (Tumen), and Nakdong rivers. The river begins as two smaller rivers in the eastern mountains of the Korean peninsula, which then converge near Seoul
Seoul
, the capital of the country. The Han River and its surrounding area have played an important role in Korean history. The Three Kingdoms of Korea strove to take control of this land, where the river was used as a trade route to China (via the Yellow Sea). However, the river is no longer actively used for navigation, because its estuary is located at the borders of the two Koreas , barred for entrance by any civilian. The river serves as a water source for over 12 million Koreans. In July 2000, the US military
US military
admitted to having dumped toxic chemicals in the river; causing protests. Currently, the lower stretches of the Han river are lined with pedestrian walkways, bicycle paths, public parks and restaurants, particularly in Seoul. In a 2011 survey conducted by Seoul
Seoul
Development Institute of 800 residents and 103 urban planning and architectural experts, 51.3 percent of residents and 68.9 percent of experts voted the river the second most scenic location in the city, following Mount Namsan in the top spot
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South Korea
Coordinates : 36°N 128°E / 36°N 128°E / 36; 128 Republic
Republic
of Korea 대한민국 大韓民國 _DAEHAN MINGUK_ _ Flag Emblem MOTTO: "홍익인간 (弘益人間) " (Korean ) (de facto _) "Benefit broadly in the human world/Devotion to the Welfare of Humanity" ANTHEM: Aegukga "애국가 (愛國歌)" (Korean ) (_de facto _) "Patriotic Song" GOVERNMENT EMBLEM 대한민국정부 상징문양 (Korean) Government Emblem of South Korea
Korea
Area controlled by the Republic
Republic
of Korea
Korea
shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green
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Guri
GURI (Korean pronunciation: ) is a city in Gyeonggi
Gyeonggi
Province, South Korea . It is located immediately to the east of Seoul, in the heart of the Capital Metropolitan Area . The Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasty (dong-gu-reung) are located in the city. The low mountain of Achasan is also located here, site of the Baekje
Baekje
-era Acha Mountain Fortress and numerous hiking trails. It also has pleasant walking paths along Wang-suk-cheon, a small creek separating Guri
Guri
from Namyangju. The traditional town market in Doldari (Guri's downtown around what used to be a "stone bridge") provides a cheap alternative to department stores. Guri
Guri
first became a separate city in 1986. Previously, it had been considered part of Yangju
Yangju
from antiquity until 1980, and part of Namyangju from 1980 to 1986. The name "Guri" was first used in 1914, at which time it was a myeon in Yangju. Guri
Guri
is connected to Seoul
Seoul
via a commuter railway ( Gyeongui-Jungang Line ), as well as numerous city transit and intercity buses
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Gangdong-gu
GANGDONG DISTRICT (GANGDONG-GU) is one of the 25 gu which make up the city of Seoul , South Korea . Gangdong is literally "east of the (Han) River". It is located on the east side of the city. Jungbu (literally "Central Part") Express Motorway starts in and passes through Sangil-dong , which is located in the east end of this district. In Amsa-dong , there is a Pre-historic heritage site which is about six thousands years old. At this site, there are many kinds of pottery and houses. The pottery which has been found was made of ceramic and is circular and shaped into a point similar to corn. CONTENTS * 1 Administrative divisions * 2 Education * 3 Transportation * 3.1 Railroad * 4 Sister cities * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS Administrative divisions * Gangil-dong (강일동 江一洞) * Godeok-dong (고덕동 高德洞) * Gil-dong (길동 吉洞) * Dunchon-dong (둔촌동 遁村洞) * Myeongil-dong (명일동 明逸洞) * Sangil-dong (상일동 上一洞) * Seongnae-dong (성내동 城內洞) * Amsa-dong (암사동 岩寺洞) * Cheonho-dong (천호동 千戶洞)EDUCATIONGangdong District is home to 25 elementary schools, 17 junior high schools and 12 senior high schools, including a specialized high school (Hanyoung Foreign Language High School ), and a special education school (Jumong School)
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Seoul
SEOUL (/soʊl/ ; 서울; Korean: ( listen )), officially the SEOUL SPECIAL CITY – is the capital and largest metropolis of the Republic of Korea
Korea
(commonly known as South Korea). Seoul
Seoul
is the world's 16th largest city , and forms the heart of the Seoul Capital Area , which includes the surrounding Incheon
Incheon
metropolis and Gyeonggi province. The Seoul Capital Area houses about half of the country's population of 51.44 million people with 678,102 international residents. Situated on the Han River , Seoul's history stretches back more than two thousand years when it was founded in 18 BCE by Baekje
Baekje
, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea . It continued as the capital of Korea under the Joseon Dynasty . The Seoul Capital Area contains five UNESCO World Heritage
World Heritage
Sites : Changdeok Palace
Palace
, Hwaseong Fortress , Jongmyo Shrine , Namhansanseong and the Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasty . Seoul
Seoul
is surrounded by mountains, the tallest being Mt. Bukhan , the world's most visited national park per square foot
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Seoul Ring Expressway
HIGHWAY SYSTEMS OF SOUTH KOREA * Expressways * National * Local Seoul
Seoul
Ring Expressway HANGUL 서울외곽순환고속도로 HANJA 서울外廓循環高速道路 REVISED ROMANIZATION Seoul
Seoul
oegwaksunhwan gosokdoro MCCUNE–REISCHAUER Sŏul oegwaksunhwan kosoktoro Seoun Junction, 2008 Jonam Junction, 2009 Gimpo Tollgate, 2008 The SEOUL RING EXPRESSWAY (EXPRESSWAY NO.100)( Hangul
Hangul
: 서울외곽순환고속도로; RR : Seoul
Seoul
Oegwak Sunhwan Gosok Doro) is an expressway , circular beltway or ring road around Seoul
Seoul
, South Korea . It connects satellite cities around Seoul, Ilsan , Namyangju, Hanam , Pyeongchon, Jungdong, Bundang , Pangyo , Sanbon and Gimpo
Gimpo
. The expressway runs 127.6 km. Seoul
Seoul
Ring Expressway is currently under construction to widen the expressway between Anhyeon Junction to Seongnam which is expected to be finished in 2016. Since 2010, Gyeonggi Loop Bus connect the many Satellite town to each other through this Expressway
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List Of Korea-related Topics
This is a LIST OF ARTICLES ON KOREA -RELATED people, places, things, and concepts. For help on how to use this list, see the introduction below. QUICK INDEXINDEX OF KOREA-RELATED ARTICLES * 0–9 * A * B * C * D * E * F * G * H * I * J * K * L * M * N * O * P * Q * R * S * T * U * V * W * X * Y * Z INTRODUCTIONYou can help keep this list up to date by adding titles of new or existing articles which are not yet listed here. (Before you add an article, however, please consult the Korean naming conventions .) This is an alphabetical list. For a categorical organization of Korean topics, please see the Categories section below. For help, please see Naming conventions at the bottom of this page
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List Of Han River Bridges
The HAN RIVER or HANGANG (Korean pronunciation: ) is a major river in South Korea and the fourth longest river on the Korean peninsula after the Amnok (Yalu), Tuman (Tumen), and Nakdong rivers. The river begins as two smaller rivers in the eastern mountains of the Korean peninsula, which then converge near Seoul , the capital of the country. The Han River and its surrounding area have played an important role in Korean history. The Three Kingdoms of Korea strove to take control of this land, where the river was used as a trade route to China (via the Yellow Sea). However, the river is no longer actively used for navigation, because its estuary is located at the borders of the two Koreas , barred for entrance by any civilian. The river serves as a water source for over 12 million Koreans. In July 2000, the US military admitted to having dumped toxic chemicals in the river; causing protests. Currently, the lower stretches of the Han river are lined with pedestrian walkways, bicycle paths, public parks and restaurants, particularly in Seoul. In a 2011 survey conducted by Seoul Development Institute of 800 residents and 103 urban planning and architectural experts, 51.3 percent of residents and 68.9 percent of experts voted the river the second most scenic location in the city, following Mount Namsan in the top spot
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Banghwa Bridge
The BANGHWA BRIDGE crosses the Han River in South Korea
South Korea
and connects the Gangseo-gu in Seoul
Seoul
and Goyang in Gyeonggi Province . The bridge is a part of the Incheon International Airport Expressway . At over 2.5 km in length, it is the longest bridge to cross the Han River. Though mostly a girder bridge , the middle 540m section is an arch truss , resembling the shape of an airplane taking off. REFERENCES * ^ A B C 방화대교. DOOPEDIA (IN KOREAN). NAVER. RETRIEVED 20 JANUARY 2014. * ^ "Banghwa Bridge". Poong Lim Industrial. Retrieved 20 January 2014. * ^ 방화대교. Naver / Encyclopedia of Korean Culture (in Korean). Naver. Retrieved 20 January 2014. * v * t * e Bridges over the Han River * Banghwa * Banpo * Cheongdam * Cheonho * Dangsan Railway * Dongho * Dongjak * Gangdong * Gayang * Gimpo * Gwangjin * Haengju * Hangang Railway * Hangang * Hannam * Ilsan * Jamsil * Jamsil Railway * Jamsu * Magok Railway * Mapo * Misa * Olympic * Paldang * Seogang * Seongsan * Seongsu * Wonhyo * Yanghwa * Yeongdong Coordinates : 37°35′17″N 126°49′35″E / 37.58806°N 126.82639°E / 37.58806; 126.82639 This article about a specific bridge or group of bridges in South Korea is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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Banpo Bridge
The BANPO BRIDGE (Korean : 반포대교; Hanja : 盤浦大橋) is a major bridge in downtown Seoul
Seoul
over the Han River , South Korea
South Korea
, connecting the Seocho and Yongsan districts. The bridge is on top of Jamsu Bridge
Bridge
, forming the upper half of a double-deck bridge; it is the first double deck bridge built in South Korea. During periods of high rainfall, the Jamsu Bridge
Bridge
is designed to submerge as the water level of the river rises, as the lower deck lies close to the waterline. The bridge was built as a girder bridge and was completed in 1982. MOONLIGHT RAINBOW FOUNTAINThe MOONLIGHT RAINBOW FOUNTAIN (Korean : 달빛무지개 분수) is the world's longest bridge fountain that set a Guinness World Record with nearly 10,000 LED
LED
nozzles that run along both sides that is 1,140m long, shooting out 190 tons of water per minute. Installed in September 2009 on the Banpo Bridge, former mayor of Seoul
Seoul
Oh Se-hoon declared that the bridge will further beautify the city and showcase Seoul's eco-friendliness, as the water is pumped directly from the river itself and continuously recycled. The bridge has 38 water pumps and 380 nozzles on either side, which draw 190 tons of water per minute from the river 20 meters below the deck, and shoots as far as 43 meters horizontally. REFERENCES * ^ A B 반포대교
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