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Gadag District
GADAG DISTRICT is a district in the state of Karnataka, India . The district formed in 1997, when it was split from the Dharwad District . As of 2011, the Gadag
Gadag
District had a population of 971,952 (of which 35.21 percent was urban as of 2001). The overall population increased by 13.14 percent from 1991 to 2001. The Gadag
Gadag
District borders the Bagalkot District
Bagalkot District
on the north, the Koppal District
Koppal District
on the east, the Bellary District
Bellary District
on the southeast, the Haveri District on the southwest, the Dharwad District on the west and the Belgaum District on the northwest. The district features monuments (primarily Jain
Jain
and Hindu temples) from the Western Chalukya Empire
Western Chalukya Empire

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Precipitation (meteorology)
In meteorology , PRECIPITATION is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity . The main forms of precipitation include drizzle , rain , sleet , snow , graupel and hail . Precipitation
Precipitation
occurs when a portion of the atmosphere becomes saturated with water vapor, so that the water condenses and "precipitates". Thus, fog and mist are not precipitation but suspensions, because the water vapor does not condense sufficiently to precipitate. Two processes, possibly acting together, can lead to air becoming saturated: cooling the air or adding water vapor to the air. Precipitation
Precipitation
forms as smaller droplets coalesce via collision with other rain drops or ice crystals within a cloud
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Köppen Climate Classification
KöPPEN CLIMATE CLASSIFICATION is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. It was first published by Russian German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1884, with several later modifications by Köppen, notably in 1918 and 1936. Later, German climatologist Rudolf Geiger (1954, 1961) collaborated with Köppen on changes to the classification system, which is thus sometimes called the KöPPEN–GEIGER CLIMATE CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM. The Köppen climate classification
Köppen climate classification
system has been further modified, within the Trewartha climate classification system in the middle 1960s (revised in 1980). The Trewartha system sought to create a more refined middle latitude climate zone, which was one of the criticisms of the Köppen system (the C climate group was too broad)
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Maratha
The MARATHA (IPA: ; archaically transliterated as MARHATTA or MAHRATTA) is a group of castes in India found predominantly in the state of Maharashtra . According to the Encyclopædia Britannica , "Marathas are people of India, famed in history as yeoman warriors and champions of Hinduism." They reside primarily in the Indian state of Maharashtra. Territory under Maratha
Maratha
control in 1760 (yellow), without its vassals
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Climate Of India
The climate of India
India
comprises a wide range of weather conditions across a vast geographic scale and varied topography, making generalisations difficult. Based on the Köppen system , India
India
hosts six major climatic subtypes, ranging from arid desert in the west, alpine tundra and glaciers in the north, and humid tropical regions supporting rainforests in the southwest and the island territories. Many regions have starkly different microclimates . The nation has four seasons: winter (December, January and February), summer (March, April and May), a monsoon rainy season (June to September), and a post-monsoon period (October to November). India's geography and geology are climatically pivotal: the Thar Desert in the northwest and the Himalayas
Himalayas
in the north work in tandem to effect a culturally and economically important monsoonal regime
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Mahavira
MAHAVIRA (Mahāvīra), also known as VARDHAMāNA, was the twenty-fourth Tirthankara
Tirthankara
(ford maker) of Jainism . In the Jain tradition, it is believed that Mahavira
Mahavira
was born in early part of the 6th-century BC into a royal family in what is now Bihar , India
India
. At the age of 30, he left his home in pursuit of spiritual awakening , abandoned all worldly possessions, and became an ascetic . For the next twelve-and-a-half years, Mahavira
Mahavira
practiced intense meditation and severe austerities, after which he is believed to have attained Kevala Jnana (omniscience). He preached for 30 years, and is believed by Jains to have died in the 6th-century BC
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Saraswati
SARASWATI ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: सरस्वती, Sarasvatī) is the Hindu goddess of knowledge, music, arts, wisdom, and learning worshipped throughout Nepal
Nepal
and India
India
. She is a part of the trinity ( Tridevi
Tridevi
) of Saraswati, Lakshmi
Lakshmi
and Parvati
Parvati
. All the three forms help the trinity of Brahma
Brahma
, Vishnu
Vishnu
and Shiva
Shiva
to create, maintain and regenerate-recycle the Universe respectively. The earliest known mention of Saraswati
Saraswati
as a goddess is in the Rigveda
Rigveda
. She has remained significant as a goddess from the Vedic period through modern times of Hindu
Hindu
traditions
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Shiva
SHIVA (/ˈʃivə/ ; IAST : Śiva, lit. the auspicious one) is one of the principal deities of Hinduism
Hinduism
. He is the Supreme Being within Shaivism
Shaivism
, one of the major traditions within contemporary Hinduism. Shiva
Shiva
is the "destroyer and transformer" within the Trimurti
Trimurti
, the Hindu
Hindu
trinity that includes Brahma
Brahma
and Vishnu . In Shaivism tradition, Shiva
Shiva
is the Supreme being who creates, protects and transforms the universe. In the goddess tradition of Hinduism called Shaktism
Shaktism
, the goddess is described as supreme, yet Shiva
Shiva
is revered along with Vishnu and Brahma. A goddess is stated to be the energy and creative power (Shakti) of each, with Parvati the equal complementary partner of Shiva
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Nandi (bull)
Om Mahaakaalyam Mahaaveeryam Shiva Vahanam Outatmama Ganaanamtwa Pratham Vande Nandishwaram Mahabalam CONSORT Suyasha NANDI ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: नन्दि) is depicted as a bull, who serves as the mount ( Vahana ) and gana of Lord Shiva and is a gate-guardian deity of Kailashagiri , the abode of Shiva in Hinduism . According to Shaiva tradition, he is considered as the chief guru of eight disciples of Nandinatha Sampradaya - Sanaka, Sanatana, Sanandana , Sanatkumara , Tirumular , Vyagrapada , Patanjali
Patanjali
and Sivayoga Muni who were send to eight directions to spread the wisdom of Shaivam
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Tehsil
A TEHSIL (also known as a MANDAL, TALUK, TALUQ or TALUKA) is an administrative division of some countries of South Asia . It is an area of land with a city or town that serves as its administrative centre, with possible additional towns , and usually a number of villages . The terms in India
India
have replaced earlier geographical terms, such as pargana , pergunnah and thannah, used under the Delhi Sultanate and the British Raj . As an entity of local government , the tehsil office (Panchayat Samiti ) exercises certain fiscal and administrative power over the villages and municipalities within its jurisdiction. It is the ultimate executive agency for land records and related administrative matters. The chief official is called the tahsildar or, less officially, the talukdar or taluka muktiarkar or Tehsildar. Taluk or Tehsil can be said sub districts in Indian (Bharat) context
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Stepwell
STEPWELLS are wells or ponds in which the water is reached by descending a set of steps. They may be multi-storied with a bullock turning a water wheel to raise the well water to the first or second floor. They are most common in western India
India
and are also found in the other more arid regions of the Indian subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
, extending into Pakistan
Pakistan
. The construction of stepwells is mainly utilitarian, though they may include embellishments of architectural significance, and be temple tanks . Stepwells are examples of the many types of storage and irrigation tanks that were developed in India, mainly to cope with seasonal fluctuations in water availability. A basic difference between stepwells on the one hand, and tanks and wells on the other, is to make it easier for people to reach the ground water and to maintain and manage the well
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Female
FEMALE (♀) is the sex of an organism , or a part of an organism, that produces non-mobile ova (egg cells). Barring rare medical conditions, most female mammals , including female humans , have two X chromosomes . CONTENTS * 1 Defining characteristics * 2 Etymology and usage * 3 Mammalian female * 4 Symbol * 5 Sex
Sex
determination * 5.1 Genetic determination * 5.2 Environmental determination * 6 See also * 7 Sources * 8 References DEFINING CHARACTERISTICSThe ova are defined as the larger gametes in a heterogamous reproduction system , while the smaller, usually motile gamete, the spermatozoon , is produced by the male . A female individual cannot reproduce sexually without access to the gametes of a male, or vice versa (an exception is parthenogenesis ). Some organisms can reproduce both sexually and asexually
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Climatic Regions Of India
India
India
has a large variation in climate from region to region, due to its vast size. India
India
experiences climate from four major climate groups. These can be further subdivided into seven climatic types. For ecological regions, see Ecoregions of India
India
, for Regions see List of regions of India
India
. CONTENTS * 1 Tropical wet (humid) climate group * 2 Dry climate group * 3 Sub-tropical humid climate group * 4 Citations TROPICAL WET (HUMID) CLIMATE GROUPThe regions belonging to this group experience persistent high temperatures which normally do not go below 18 °C even in the coolest month. Tropical wet (dry, humid) The west coastal lowlands, the Western Ghats , and southern parts of Assam
Assam
have this climate type. It is characterised by high temperatures throughout the year, even in the hills
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Archaeological Survey Of India
The ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF INDIA is an Indian government agency attached to the Ministry of Culture that is responsible for archaeological research and the conservation and preservation of cultural monuments in the country. It was founded in 1861 by Alexander Cunningham who also became its first Director-General. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Formation of the ASI * 1.2 1885–1901 * 1.3 1901–1947 * 1.4 1947–1956 * 2 Organisation * 2.1 Circles * 2.2 Directors-General * 3 Museums * 4 Library * 5 Publications * 6 State government archaeological departments * 7 In popular culture * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links HISTORYThe first systematic research into India\'s history was conducted by the Asiatic Society
Asiatic Society
, which was founded by the British Indologist William Jones on January 15, 1784
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Male
A MALE ( ) organism is the physiological sex that produces sperm . Each spermatozoon can fuse with a larger female gamete, or ovum , in the process of fertilization . A male cannot reproduce sexually without access to at least one ovum from a female, but some organisms can reproduce both sexually and asexually. Most male mammals , including male humans, have a Y chromosome
Y chromosome
, which codes for the production of larger amounts of testosterone to develop male reproductive organs . Not all species share a common sex-determination system . In most animals , including humans , sex is determined genetically , but in some species it can be determined due to social, environmental, or other factors. For example, Cymothoa exigua
Cymothoa exigua
changes sex depending on the number of females present in the vicinity
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Time Zone
A TIME ZONE is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial, and social purposes. Time
Time
zones tend to follow the boundaries of countries and their subdivisions because it is convenient for areas in close commercial or other communication to keep the same time. Most of the time zones on land are offset from Coordinated Universal Time
Time
(UTC) by a whole number of hours ( UTC−12 to UTC+14), but a few zones are offset by 30 or 45 minutes (for example Newfoundland Standard Time
Time
is UTC−03:30, Nepal
Nepal
Standard Time
Time
is UTC+05:45, and Indian Standard Time is UTC+05:30). Some higher latitude and temperate zone countries use daylight saving time for part of the year, typically by adjusting local clock time by an hour. Many land time zones are skewed toward the west of the corresponding nautical time zones
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