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Friar
A FRIAR is a member of one of the mendicant orders founded since the twelfth or thirteenth century; the term distinguishes the mendicants' itinerant apostolic character, exercised broadly under the jurisdiction of a superior general , from the older monastic orders ' allegiance to a single monastery formalized by their vow of stability. The most significant orders of friars are the Dominicans , Franciscans , Augustinians and Carmelites . CONTENTS * 1 Definition * 2 Etymology * 3 Orders * 3.1 Major Orders * 3.2 Lesser orders * 4 Uses by other Christian traditions * 5 Other usage of the name * 6 See also * 7 References DEFINITIONFriars are different from monks in that they are called to live the evangelical counsels (vows of poverty, chastity and obedience) in service to society, rather than through cloistered asceticism and devotion
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Fryar
The surname “FRYAR” has its earliest origins in medieval England , first appearing in the 14th century. The name was also found in Lothian
Lothian
where they were seated from early recorded times and their first records appear on the census rolls taken by the early Kings to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects. The name was given to a person who was a friar . The surname Fryar was derived from the old French word "frère", which means "brother" in English and dates from the 13th century. The French word "frère" in turn comes from the Latin
Latin
word "frater", which also means "brother". One reason for the variation in spelling is that medieval English lacked definite spelling rules. Names were rarely spelled consistently during these times when most people were illiterate
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Amauris
AMAURIS is a genus of nymphalid butterflies in the Danainae subfamily. Amauris niavius niavius, Amauris echeria
Amauris echeria
jacksoni, and Amauris
Amauris
dominicanus are mimicked by Papilio dardanus
Papilio dardanus
females. Other mimics of Amauris
Amauris
are found among other Papilio
Papilio
s, the nymphaline genus Pseudacraea , and Hypolimnas anthedon
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Providence Friars
The PROVIDENCE FRIARS is the name of the athletic teams of Providence College . They compete in the Big East Conference
Big East Conference
( NCAA Division I
NCAA Division I
) for every sport except for ice hockey , where they compete in Hockey East . The Big East Conference
Big East Conference
was founded in 1979 by former athletic director and men's basketball coach Dave Gavitt . On December 15, 2012, Providence and the other seven Catholic, non-FBS schools announced that they were departing the Big East for a new conference; on March 7, 2013, it was officially confirmed that Providence's new conference would operate under the Big East name . The women's volleyball team, which had been an associate member of the America East Conference before the Big East split, remained in that conference for one more season before joining the Big East for the 2014 season
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Fray (other)
FRAY or FRAYS or THE FRAY may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Literature and comics * 2 Music * 3 Video games * 4 Other * 5 See also LITERATURE AND COMICS * Fray, a phenomenon in Terry Pratchett's The Carpet People * Fray (comics) , a comic book series by Joss Whedon * Melaka Fray , title character of the comic book seriesMUSIC * Race the Fray , an Australian rock band, origin
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FRA (other)
FRA
FRA
is a title of a friar
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First Order (Star Wars)
The FIRST ORDER is a rump state and military dictatorship in the Star Wars franchise, introduced in the 2015 film Star Wars: The Force Awakens . Formed following the fall of the Galactic Empire after the events of Return of the Jedi
Return of the Jedi
(1983), the organization has amassed its power in secret over three decades. In The Force Awakens, the First Order is commanded by Supreme Leader Snoke and has begun executing its plan to depose the New Republic and Luke Skywalker
Luke Skywalker
to reclaim control of the galaxy. The KNIGHTS OF REN are a mysterious group of elite warriors within their ranks, led by Kylo Ren
Kylo Ren

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Augustinian Recollects
The ORDER OF AUGUSTINIAN RECOLLECTS (O.A.R.), whose members are known as AUGUSTINIAN RECOLLECTS, is a mendicant Catholic religious order
Catholic religious order
of friars and nuns . It is a reformist offshoot from the Augustinian hermit friars and follows the same Rule of St. Augustine
Rule of St. Augustine
. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Global Recollect presence * 3 OAR Missions * 3.1 Augustinian
Augustinian
Recollects in the Philippines
Philippines
* 3.1.1 OAR learning institutions * 3.2 Augustinian
Augustinian
Recollects in China * 3.3 Cardinal * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORYThe Order was founded in 16th-century Spain
Spain
as a separate province of the Augustinian
Augustinian
friars, under their own Vicar General
Vicar General

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Navarre
NAVARRE (English: /nəˈvɑːr/ ; Spanish : _Navarra_, Basque : _Nafarroa_; officially the CHARTERED COMMUNITY OF NAVARRE Spanish : _Comunidad Foral de Navarra_ ; (Basque : _Nafarroako Foru Komunitatea_ ; is an autonomous community and province in northern Spain , bordering the Basque Autonomous Community , La Rioja , and Aragon in Spain and Nouvelle-Aquitaine in France . The capital city is Pamplona (or _Iruñea_ in Basque )
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Mendicant Orders
MENDICANT ORDERS refers primarily to certain Christian religious orders that have adopted a lifestyle of poverty, traveling, and living in urban areas for purposes of preaching, evangelization, and ministry, especially to the poor. At their foundation these orders rejected the previously established monastic model of living in one stable, isolated community where members worked at a trade and owned property in common, including land, buildings and other wealth. By contrast, the mendicants avoided owning property, did not work at a trade, and embraced a poor, often itinerant lifestyle. They depended for their survival on the goodwill of the people to whom they preached. The term "mendicant" is also used with reference to some non-Christian religions to denote holy persons committed to an ascetic lifestyle, which may include members of religious orders and individual holy persons
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Superior General
A SUPERIOR GENERAL or GENERAL SUPERIOR is the leader or head of a religious institute in the Roman Catholic Church
Catholic Church
. The Superior General usually holds supreme executive authority in the religious order, while the general chapter has legislative authority. The figure of Superior General first emerged in the thirteenth century with the development of the centralized government of the Mendicant Orders . The Friars Minor ( Franciscans
Franciscans
) organized their community under a Minister General, and the Order of Preachers (Dominicans ) appointed a Master General. Due to restrictions on women religious, especially the obligation of cloister for nuns , congregations of women were not initially able to organize with their own Superior General. In 1609, Mary Ward was the superior general of a religious institute that imitated the Jesuit model, but the institute was not accepted by the Roman Curia
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Monastic Orders
MONASTICISM (from Greek μοναχός, monachos, derived from μόνος, monos, "alone") or MONKHOOD is a religious way of life in which one renounces worldly pursuits to devote oneself fully to spiritual work. Monastic life plays an important role in many Christian
Christian
churches, especially in the Catholic and Orthodox traditions. Similar forms of religious life also exist in other faiths, most notably in Buddhism
Buddhism
, but also in Hinduism
Hinduism
and Jainism
Jainism
, although the expressions differ considerably. By contrast, in other religions monasticism is criticized and not practiced, as in Islam
Islam
and Zoroastrianism
Zoroastrianism
, or plays a marginal role, as in Judaism
Judaism
. Males pursuing a monastic life are generally called monks while female monastics are called nuns
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Monastery
A MONASTERY is a building or complex of buildings comprising the domestic quarters and workplaces of monastics , monks or nuns , whether living in communities or alone (hermits ). A monastery generally includes a place reserved for prayer which may be a chapel, church or temple, and may also serve as an oratory . Monasteries vary greatly in size, comprising a small dwelling accommodating only a hermit, or in the case of communities anything from a single building housing only one senior and two or three junior monks or nuns, to vast complexes and estates housing tens or hundreds. A monastery complex typically comprises a number of buildings which include a church, dormitory , cloister , refectory , library , balneary and infirmary . Depending on the location, the monastic order and the occupation of its inhabitants, the complex may also include a wide range of buildings that facilitate self-sufficiency and service to the community
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Dominican Order
The ORDER OF PREACHERS ( Latin : _Ordo Praedicatorum_, postnominal abbreviation O.P.), also known as the DOMINICAN ORDER, is a mendicant Catholic religious order founded by the Spanish priest Dominic of Caleruega in France , approved by Pope Honorius III via the papal bull _ Religiosam vitam _ on 22 December 1216. Members of the order, who are referred to as _Dominicans_, generally carry the letters O.P. after their names, standing for _Ordinis Praedicatorum_, meaning _of the Order of Preachers_. Membership in the order includes friars , nuns , active sisters, and affiliated lay or secular Dominicans (formerly known as tertiaries , though recently there has been a growing number of associates who are unrelated to the tertiaries )
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Franciscans
The FRANCISCANS are a group of related mendicant religious orders within the Catholic Church , founded in 1209 by Francis of Assisi . These orders include the ORDER OF FRIARS MINOR , the ORDER OF SAINT CLARE , and the THIRD ORDER OF SAINT FRANCIS . These orders adhere to the teachings and spiritual disciplines of the founder and of his main associates and followers, such as Clare of Assisi , Anthony of Padua , and Elizabeth of Hungary , among many others. Francis began preaching around 1207 and traveled to Rome to seek approval from Pope Innocent III in 1209 to form a new religious order. The original Rule of Saint Francis approved by the Pope disallowed ownership of property, requiring members of the order to beg for food while preaching. The austerity was meant to emulate the life and ministry of Jesus Christ
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Augustinians
Catholicism portal Philosophy portal The term AUGUSTINIANS, named after Augustine of Hippo
Augustine of Hippo
(354–430), applies to two distinct types of Catholic religious orders and some Anglican religious orders . Within Anglicanism the Rule of St. Augustine is followed only by women, who form several different communities of Augustinian nuns in the Anglican Communion. Within Roman Catholicism Augustinians
Augustinians
may be members of either one of two separate and distinct types of Order: * Several mendicant Orders of friars , who lived a mixed religious life of contemplation and apos