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French Revolutionary Wars
 Holy Roman Empire Austria[note 1]  Prussia
Prussia
(1792–95)[note 2]   Great Britain
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Ottoman Empire
The Ottoman Empire (/ˈɒtəmən/; Devlet-i ʿAlīye-i ʿOsmānīye[dn 5]), also historically known in Western Europe
Europe
as the Turkish Empire[8] or simply Turkey,[9] was a state that controlled much of southeastern Europe, western Asia and northern Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries. It was founded at the end of the 13th century in northwestern Anatolia
Anatolia
in the town of Söğüt (modern-day Bilecik Province) by the Oghuz Turkish tribal leader Osman.[10] After 1354, the Ottomans crossed into Europe, and with the conquest of the Balkans, the Ottoman Beylik was transformed into a transcontinental empire
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Kingdom Of France
La Parisienne (1830–1848) "The Parisian"The Kingdom of France
France
in 1789.Capital Paris
Paris
(987–1682) Versailles (1682–1789)
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Archduchy Of Austria
The Archduchy of Austria
Austria
(German: Erzherzogtum Österreich) was a major principality of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
and the nucleus of the Habsburg Monarchy. With its capital at Vienna, the archduchy was centered at the Empire's southeastern periphery. The Archduchy developed out of the Bavarian Margraviate of Austria, elevated to the Duchy of Austria
Duchy of Austria
according to the 1156 Privilegium Minus by Emperor Frederick Barbarossa. The House of Habsburg
House of Habsburg
came to the Austrian throne in Vienna
Vienna
in 1282 and in 1453 Emperor Frederick III, also Austrian ruler, officially adopted the archducal title
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Habsburg Monarchy
The Habsburg Monarchy
Monarchy
(German: Habsburgermonarchie), also Austrian Monarchy
Monarchy
or Danube Monarchy, is an unofficial umbrella term among historians for the kingdoms and countries in personal union with the Habsburg Archduchy of Austria
Archduchy of Austria
between 1526 and 1804, when it was succeeded by the Austrian Empire. The Monarchy
Monarchy
was a composite state of territories within and outside the Holy Roman Empire, united only in the person of the monarch. (The dynastic composite states were the most common / dominant form of states on the European continent in the early modern era.[2]) The dynastic capital was Vienna, except from 1583 to 1611,[3] when it was moved to Prague
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Ceylon
Coordinates: 7°N 81°E / 7°N 81°E / 7; 81Democratic Socialist Republic
Republic
of Sri Lanka ශ්‍රී ලංකා ප්‍රජාතාන්ත්‍රික සමාජවාදී ජනරජය (Sinhalese) Srī Lankā prajātāntrika samājavādī janarajaya இலங்கை ஜனநாயக சோசலிச குடியரசு (Tamil) Ilaṅkai jaṉanāyaka sōsalisa kuṭiyarasuFlagEmblemAnthem: "Sri
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Kingdom Of Ireland
The Kingdom of Ireland
Ireland
(Classical Irish: Ríoghacht Éireann; Modern Irish: Ríocht Éireann) was a nominal state ruled by the King of England
England
and later the King of Great Britain
Great Britain
that existed on Ireland from 1542 until 1800. While ruled by the King of England
King of England
in personal union with his other realms, it had its own legislature (Parliament of Ireland), its own nobility (Peerage of Ireland) and its own legal system and codes until it was merged into the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Ireland
Ireland
in 1800. It came into being when the Parliament of Ireland
Ireland
passed the Crown of Ireland Act 1542
Crown of Ireland Act 1542
and proclaimed King Henry VIII of England
England
as King of Ireland
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Europe
Europe
Europe
(Europa) is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean
Arctic Ocean
to the north, the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
to the west, Asia
Asia
to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia. Europe
Europe
is most commonly considered to be separated from Asia
Asia
by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus
Caucasus
Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits.[7] Although the term "continent" implies physical geography, the land border is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several times since its first conception in classical antiquity
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Trinidad
English, Trinidadian Creole, Tobagonian Creole, Trinidadian Hindustani, Spanish, Antillean French Creole, Chinese, Yoruba, Arabic, Portuguese, indigenous languagesCurrency Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad and Tobago
Dollar (TTD)Religions Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Spiritual-Shouter Baptist, Bahá'í, Yoruba (Orisha), Rastafarianism, Amerindian
Amerindian
religions, Buddhism, Chinese folk religion, Sikhism, JudaismEthnic groups Indian, African, Multiracial
Multiracial
(non-Dougla), Dougla (Indian-African), Amerindian, European, Chinese, Arab, Hispanic
Hispanic
or LatinoAdditional informationTime zoneUTC −4 ( Trinidad
Trinidad
does not observe DST) Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad and Tobago
on a world map Moruga
Moruga
Christopher Columbus
Christopher Columbus
monument
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Dalmatia
^ Dalmatia
Dalmatia
is not an official subdivision of the Republic of Croatia; it constitutes a historical region only.^ The figures are an approximation based on statistical data for the four southernmost Croatian Counties ( Zadar
Zadar
without Gračac, Šibenik-Knin, Split-Dalmatia, Dubrovnik-Neretva).[1][2] Dalmatia
Dalmatia
(Croatian: Dalmacija, [dǎlmaːt͡sija]; see names in other languages) is one of the four historical regions of Croatia,[3] alongside Croatia
Croatia
proper, Slavonia
Slavonia
and Istria. Dalmatia
Dalmatia
is a narrow belt of the east shore of the Adriatic Sea, stretching from island of Rab
Rab
in the north to the Bay of Kotor
Bay of Kotor
in the south
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Republic Of Venice
The Republic of Venice
Venice
(Italian: Repubblica di Venezia, later: Repubblica Veneta; Venetian: Repùblica de Venèsia, later: Repùblica Vèneta), traditionally known as La Serenissima (Most Serene Republic of Venice) (Italian: Serenissima Repubblica di Venezia; Venetian: Serenìsima Repùblica Vèneta), was a sovereign state and maritime republic in northeastern Italy, which existed for a millennium between the 8th century and the 18th century. It was based in the lagoon communities of the historically prosperous city of Venice, and was a leading European economic and trading power during the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
and the Renaissance. The Venetian city state was founded as a safe haven for the people escaping persecution in mainland Europe after the decline of the Roman Empire. In its early years, it prospered on the salt trade. In subsequent centuries, the city state established a thalassocracy
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Russian Empire
The Russian Empire[a] was an empire that extended across Eurasia
Eurasia
and North America
North America
from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution
February Revolution
of 1917.[4] The third-largest empire in world history, at its greatest extent stretching over three continents, Europe, Asia, and North America, the Russian Empire
Empire
was surpassed in size only by the British and Mongol empires. The rise of the Russian Empire
Empire
coincided with the decline of neighboring rival powers: the Swedish Empire, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Persia and the Ottoman Empire
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Corsica
Corsica
Corsica
(/ˈkɔːrsɪkə/; French: Corse [kɔʁs]; Corsica
Corsica
in Corsican and Italian, pronounced [ˈkorsiga] and [ˈkɔrsika] respectively) is an island in the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
and one of the 18 regions of France. It is located southeast of the French mainland and west of the Italian Peninsula, with the nearest land mass being the Italian island of Sardinia
Sardinia
to the immediate south. A single chain of mountains makes up two-thirds of the island. While being part of Metropolitan France, Corsica
Corsica
is also designated as a territorial collectivity (collectivité territoriale) by law
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Piedmont
Piedmont
Piedmont
(/ˈpiːdmɒnt/ PEED-mont; Italian: Piemonte, pronounced [pjeˈmonte]; Piedmontese, Occitan and Arpitan: Piemont; French: Piémont) is a region in northwest Italy, one of the 20 regions of the country.[3] It borders the Liguria
Liguria
region to the south, the Lombardy
Lombardy
and Emilia-Romagna
Emilia-Romagna
regions to the east and the Aosta Valley
Aosta Valley
region to the northwest; it also borders France
France
to the west and Switzerland
Switzerland
to the northeast. It has an area of 25,402 square kilometres (9,808 sq mi) and a population of 4,396,293 as of 31 July 2016
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Rhine
The Rhine
Rhine
(Latin: Rhenus, Romansh: Rein, German: Rhein, French: le Rhin,[1] Italian: Reno, Spanish: Rin, Dutch: Rijn, Alemannic German: Rhi(n) including Alsatian) is one of the major European rivers, which has its sources in Switzerland
Switzerland
and flows in a mostly northerly direction through Germany
Germany
and the Netherlands, emptying into the North Sea. The river begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden
Graubünden
in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland
Rhineland
and the Netherlands
Netherlands
and eventually empties into the North Sea. The largest city on the Rhine
Rhine
is Cologne, Germany, with a population of more than 1,050,000 people
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Catholic And Royal Army
The Catholic and Royal Armies (in French : Armées catholique et royale) is the name given to the royalist armies in western France composed of insurgents during the war in the Vendée
Vendée
and the Chouannerie, who opposed the French revolution, hence they were counterrevolutionary by definition
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