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Frederick I, Elector Of Brandenburg
Frederick (Middle High German: Friderich[1], Standard German: Friedrich; 21 September 1371 – 20 September 1440) was the last Burgrave of Nuremberg
Burgrave of Nuremberg
from 1397 to 1427 (as Frederick VI), Margrave
Margrave
of Brandenburg-Ansbach from 1398, Margrave
Margrave
of Brandenburg-Kulmbach from 1420, and Elector of Brandenburg
Elector of Brandenburg
(as Frederick I) from 1415 until his death. He became the first member of the House of Hohenzollern
House of Hohenzollern
to rule the Margraviate of Brandenburg.Contents1 Biography 2 Family and children 3 Ancestry 4 References 5 Sources 6 External linksBiography[edit] Frederick was born in Nuremberg, the second-born son of Burgrave Frederick V (1333–1398) and the Wettin princess Elisabeth of Meissen. He entered early into the service of his brother-in-law, the Habsburg duke Albert III of Austria
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Spandau Citadel
The Spandau
Spandau
Citadel (German: Zitadelle Spandau) is a fortress in Berlin, Germany, one of the best-preserved Renaissance military structures of Europe. Built from 1559–94 atop a medieval fort on an island created by the meeting of the Havel
Havel
and the Spree, it was designed to protect the town of Spandau, which is now part of Berlin. In recent years it has been used as a museum and has become a popular tourist spot. Furthermore, the inner courtyard of the Citadel serves as an open air concert venue in the summertime since 2005.[1].Contents1 History 2 Structure 3 See also 4 Notes 5 References 6 External linksHistory[edit]Count Rochus zu LynarItalian architect Francesco Chiaramella de Gandino started to plan the citadel in 1557 and was replaced by his compatriot Rochus Graf zu Lynar one year later
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House Of Luxembourg
Holy Roman Emperor King of the Romans King of Bohemia King of Hungary King of Poland
King of Poland
(titular) Duke of Luxembourg Duke of Görlitz Margrave of Brandenburg Margrave of Moravia Count of Luxembourg Count of Tyrol Count of Ligny Count of Saint-Pol Count of Conversano Count of Marle Count of Soissons Lord of Beaurevoir Count of BrienneDissolution 1437 (Senior branch); 1415 (Ligny); 1482 (Saint-Pol); 1608–16 (Brienne);[1]Cadet branchesHouse of Ligny House of Saint-Pol House of BrienneThe House of Luxembourg
Luxembourg
(Czech: Lucemburkové) was a late medieval European royal family, whose members between 1308 and 1437 ruled as King of the Romans
King of the Romans
and Holy Roman Emperors as well as Kings of Bohemia (Čeští králové, König von Böhmen) and Hungary
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Jobst Of Moravia
Jobst of Moravia
Moravia
(Czech: Jošt Moravský or Jošt Lucemburský; German: Jo(b)st or Jodokus von Mähren; c. 1354 – 18 January 1411), a member of the House of Luxembourg, was Margrave of Moravia
Moravia
from 1375, Duke of Luxembourg
Duke of Luxembourg
and Elector of Brandenburg
Elector of Brandenburg
from 1388 as well as elected King of Germany (King of the Romans) from 1410 until his death
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Holy Roman Empire
The Holy Roman Empire
Roman Empire
(Latin: Sacrum Romanum Imperium; German: Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages
Middle Ages
and continued until its dissolution in 1806.[6] The largest territory of the empire after 962 was the Kingdom of Germany, though it also came to include the Kingdom of Bohemia, the Kingdom of Burgundy, the Kingdom of Italy, and numerous other territories.[7][8][9] On 25 December 800, Pope Leo III crowned the Frankish king Charlemagne as Emperor, reviving the title in Western Europe, more than three centuries after the fall of the Western Roman Empire
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Rupert, King Of The Germans
Rupert of the Palatinate (German: Ruprecht von der Pfalz; 5 May 1352 – 18 May 1410), a member of the House of Wittelsbach, was Elector Palatine from 1398 (as Rupert III) and King of Germany (rex Romanorum) from 1400 until his death.Contents1 Life 2 Family and children 3 Legacy 4 Ancestors 5 See also 6 ReferencesLife[edit] Rupert was born at Amberg in the Upper Palatinate, the son of Elector Palatine Rupert II and Beatrice of Aragon, daughter of King Peter II of Sicily. Rupert's great-granduncle was the Wittelsbach emperor Louis IV. He was raised at the Dominican Liebenau monastery near Worms, where his widowed grandmother Irmengard of Oettingen lived as a nun.King Rupert, Nuremberg Chronicle, 1493From his early years Rupert took part in the government of the Electoral Palatinate to which he succeeded on his father's death in 1398
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King Of The Romans
King of the Romans
King of the Romans
(Latin: Rex Romanorum; German: König der Römer) was a title used by Syagrius, then by the German king following his election by the princes from the time of Emperor Henry II (1014–1024) onward. The title was predominantly a claim to become Holy Roman Emperor
Holy Roman Emperor
and was dependent upon coronation by the Pope. The title originally referred to any elected king who had not yet been granted the Imperial Regalia
Imperial Regalia
and title of "Emperor" at the hands of the Pope. Later it came to be used solely for the heir apparent to the Imperial throne between his election (during the lifetime of a sitting Emperor) and his succession upon the death of the Emperor. Their actual title varied over time
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Elisabeth Of Nuremberg
Elisabeth of Nuremberg
Elisabeth of Nuremberg
(1358 – 26 July 1411) was the daughter of Frederick V, Burgrave of Nuremberg and Elisabeth of Meissen. She was a member of the House of Hohenzollern, and the wife of Rupert of Germany. In 1398, she became the Electress of the Palatinate of the Rhine, and in 1400 she became Queen of the Romans. Marriage and children[edit] She was born in 1358, and on 27 June 1374 married Rupert, then heir to the Elector Palatine, Rupert II. Elisabeth became Electress of the Palatinate when Rupert succeeded to his father's estate 6 January 1398, and Queen of the Romans when Rupert was elected King of the Romans on 21 August 1400
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Rupert, King Of Germany
Rupert of the Palatinate (German: Ruprecht von der Pfalz; 5 May 1352 – 18 May 1410), a member of the House of Wittelsbach, was Elector Palatine from 1398 (as Rupert III) and King of Germany
King of Germany
(rex Romanorum) from 1400 until his death.Contents1 Life 2 Family and children 3 Legacy 4 Ancestors 5 See also 6 ReferencesLife[edit] Rupert was born at Amberg
Amberg
in the Upper Palatinate, the son of Elector Palatine Rupert II and Beatrice of Aragon, daughter of King Peter II of Sicily. Rupert's great-granduncle was the Wittelsbach emperor Louis IV
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Wenceslaus Of Bohemia
Wenceslaus and Wenceslas (and other similar) are Latinized forms of the Slavic name (in different forms) Czech: Václav, Polish: Wacław, Więcesław, Russian: Vyacheslav, Croatian: Vjenceslav, among others. It originated as a Latin spelling for West Slavic rulers. It is a Slavic dithematic name (of two lexemes), derived from the Slavic words veli/vyache/więce/više ("great(er), large(r)"), and slava ("glory, fame"), both very common in Slavic names. It roughly means "greater glory". It may refer to:PeopleSaint Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia (907–935 or 929), and subject of a Christmas carol Wenceslaus II, Duke of Bohemia (died 1192) Wenceslaus I of Bohemia (c. 1205–1253), King of Bohemia Wenceslaus II of Bohemia (1271–1305), King of Bohemia and Poland Wenceslaus III of Bohemia (1289–1306), King of Hungary, Bohemia, and Poland Wenceslaus IV of Bohemia (1361–1419), King of Bohemia, and German King Wenceslaus I of Legnica (ca
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Quitzow
The von Quitzow family is a noble family of Brandenburg, whose power in the late fourteenth and early fifteenth century was so great that this period of Brandenburg
Brandenburg
history is sometimes called the "Age of the von Quitzows." Its most famous sons were the robber barons, the brothers Dietrich (born 1366) and Hans (born 1370).Authority controlWorldCat Identities VIAF: 3316931 GND: 121025047This article about a member of the German nobility is a stub
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Franconia
Franconia
Franconia
(German: Franken, also called Frankenland) is a region in Germany, characterised by its culture and language, and may be roughly associated with the areas in which the East Franconian
East Franconian
dialect group, locally referred to as fränkisch, is spoken.[1] It commonly refers to the eastern part of the historical Franconian stem duchy, mainly represented by the modern Bavarian administrative districts of Lower, Middle, and Upper Franconia, the adjacent northeastern parts of Heilbronn-Franken in Baden-Württemberg, parts of Thuringia
Thuringia
south of the Rennsteig
Rennsteig
ridge, and small parts of Hesse. Sometimes Vogtland
Vogtland
is also regarded as part of Franconia
Franconia
(because the Vogtländisch dialect is often regarded as sub-group of East Franconian) but this is disputed
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Battle Of Nicopolis
After 1291Smyrniote 1343–1351 Alexandrian 1365 Savoyard 1366 Barbary 1390 Nicopolis 1396 Varna 1443 Portuguese 1481Northern Crusades
Crusades
(1147–1410)Wendish 1147 Swedish1150 1249 1293Livonian 1198–1290 Prussian 1217–1274 Lithuanian 1283–1410Popular crusadesPeople's 1096 Children's 1212 Shepherds' 1251 Poor 1309 Shepherds' 1320Against ChristiansBosnian 1235–1241 Albigensian 1209–1229 Aragonese 1284/5 Despenser's 1382/3 Hussite 1419–1434
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Margaret Of Bohemia, Burgravine Of Nuremberg
Margaret of Bohemia (29 September 1373 – 4 June 1410) was the younger daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV and his fourth wife Elizabeth of Pomerania. Her siblings included Anne of Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund. Biography[edit] In 1381, Margaret married John III, Burgrave of Nuremberg. The marriage only produced one child:Elizabeth of Nuremberg (1391–1429), who married Eberhard III, Count of Württemberg, and had issue.Margaret died in 1410, aged thirty-six, and her husband died ten years later in 1420; he did not remarry after Margaret's premature death. Her daughter Elizabeth gave birth to a granddaughter, also called Elizabeth
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John III, Burgrave Of Nuremberg
John III of Nuremberg (c. 1369 – 11 June 1420 in Plassenburg), Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
from the House of Hohenzollern. He was elder son of Frederick V of Nuremberg and Elisabeth of Meissen. Family and children[edit] He was married c. 1381 Margaret of Luxemburg, daughter of Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor and Elizabeth of Pomerania. They had only daughter, Elisabeth (1391–1429), who married Eberhard III, Count of Württemberg.Ancestors of John III, Burgrave of Nuremberg16. Frederick III, Burgrave of Nuremberg8. Frederick IV, Burgrave of Nuremberg17. Helene of Saxony4. John II, Burgrave of Nuremberg18. Albert of Carinthia9. Margaret of Carinthia19. Agnes, Countess of Hohenberg2. Frederick V, Burgrave of Nuremberg20. Berthold V, Count of Henneberg-Schleusingen10. Berthold VII, Count of Henneberg-Schleusingen21. Sophie of Schwarzburg5. Elisabeth of Henneberg-Schleusingen22
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Ottoman Wars In Europe
The Ottoman wars in Europe
Ottoman wars in Europe
were a series of military conflicts between the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
and various European states dating from the Late Middle Ages up through the early 20th century. The earliest conflicts began during the Byzantine–Ottoman wars
Byzantine–Ottoman wars
in the 13th century, followed by the Bulgarian–Ottoman wars
Bulgarian–Ottoman wars
and the Serbian–Ottoman wars in the 14th century. Much of this period was characterized by Ottoman expansion into the Balkans. The Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
made further inroads into Central Europe in the 15th and 16th centuries, culminating in the peak of Ottoman territorial claims in Europe. The Ottoman–Venetian Wars
Ottoman–Venetian Wars
spanned four centuries, starting in 1423 and lasting until 1718
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