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Frederica Of Baden
Friederike "Frederica" Dorothea Wilhelmina of Baden (12 March 1781, Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe
– 25 September 1826, Lausanne), was Queen consort
Queen consort
of Sweden
Sweden
from 1797 to 1809 by marriage to king Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden.Contents1 Life1.1 Early life 1.2 Queen 1.3 Coup 1.4 Exile2 Legacy 3 Issue 4 Arms and monogram 5 Ancestors 6 ReferencesLife[edit] Early life[edit] Frederica of Baden
Frederica of Baden
was born in Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe
in the Duchy of Baden on 12 March 1781, as the daughter of Karl Ludwig of Baden
Karl Ludwig of Baden
and Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
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Gustavians
The Gustavians (Swedish: Gustavianerna) were the loyalists of King Gustav III of Sweden, which played a certain role in Swedish politics during the late 18th- and early 19th-century. The name has been used about important personages during the reign of Gustav III. This applied both to artists, such as Johan Henric Kellgren, Carl Gustaf af Leopold, Gustaf Filip Creutz, Johan Gabriel Oxenstierna, Johan Tobias Sergel; as well as to those of the king's closest favorites and political co workers, such as Gustaf Mauritz Armfelt, Johan Christopher Toll, Hans Henric von Essen, Christoffer Bogislaus Zibet and Elis Schröderheim. After the assassination of Gustav III in 1792, the name came to be used as an honorary name for those loyal to the memory and principles of the late king, in opposition to the rule of Gustaf Adolf Reuterholm during the regency of Duke Charles (regency 1792-1796)
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War Of The Fourth Coalition
Fourth Coalition: Prussia Russian Empire  United Kingdom Saxony (until 11 December 1806)  Sweden Sicily French Empire Spanish Empire Confederation of the Rhine Bavaria  Württemberg Saxony (after 11 December 1806) Italy Naples Etruria Holland Switzerland Polish Legions and rebelsCommanders and leaders Frederick William III Queen Louise Charles William † Fredrick Louis Prince Ferdinand † Eugene Fredrick Ernst von Rüchel Von Blücher Count Tauentzien Ludwig Kalckreuth Anton Wilhelm Alexander I Bennigsen Dmitry Golitsyn Mikhail Kutuzov Pyotr Bagration Gustav IV Adolf Hans von Essen Lord Grenville Duke of Portland Napoleon
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Per Procura
This page lists English translations of notable Latin
Latin
phrases, such as veni vidi vici and et cetera. Some of the phrases are themselves translations of Greek phrases, as Greek rhetoric and literature reached its peak centuries before the rise of ancient Rome.This list covers the letter P. See List of Latin
Latin
phrases for the main list.List of Latin
Latin
phrasesA B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z fullReferencesP[edit]Latin Translation Notespace Ablative form of peace "With all due respect to", "with due deference to", "by leave of", "no offence to", or "despite (with respect)". Used to politely acknowledge someone with whom the speaker or writer disagrees or finds irrelevant to the main argument.pace tua with your peace Thus, "with your permission".Pacem in terris Peace on Earthpacta sunt servanda agreements must be kept Also "contracts must be honoured"
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Erfurt
Erfurt
Erfurt
(German pronunciation: [ˈɛʁfʊʁt] ( listen)[2]) is the capital and largest city in the state of Thuringia, central Germany. It lies in the southern part of the Thuringian Basin, within the wide valley of the Gera
Gera
river. It is located 100 km (62 mi) south-west of Leipzig, 300 km (186 mi) south-west of Berlin, 400 km (249 mi) north of Munich
Munich
and 250 km (155 mi) north-east of Frankfurt. Together with neighbouring cities Weimar
Weimar
and Jena
Jena
it forms the central metropolitan area of Thuringia
Thuringia
with approximately 500,000 inhabitants. Erfurt's old town is one of the most intact medieval cities in Germany[citation needed] having survived World War II
World War II
with little damage
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Karlskrona
Karlskrona
Karlskrona
(Swedish pronunciation: [ˌkɑːɭs²kruːna]) is a locality and the seat of Karlskrona
Karlskrona
Municipality, Blekinge
Blekinge
County, Sweden
Sweden
with 35,212 inhabitants in 2010.[1] It is also the capital of Blekinge
Blekinge
County
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Duchess Louise Charlotte Of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Duchess Louise Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Duchess Louise Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
(19 November 1779 – 4 January 1801) was the maternal grandmother of Prince Albert, husband of Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria
of the United Kingdom. Louise Charlotte was born Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, her father being Friedrich Franz I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Her mother was Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg; her sister Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1784–1840) married King Christian VIII of Denmark.Contents1 Life 2 Titles and styles 3 Ancestry 4 ReferencesLife[edit] On 1 November 1795, Louise Charlotte was engaged to King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden. The engagement was arranged by Gustaf Adolf Reuterholm, the de facto regent of Sweden, who wished to keep his influence after the monarch was declared of legal majority by having a queen indebted to him for her position
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Natalia Alexeievna (Wilhelmina Louisa Of Hesse-Darmstadt)
Tsesarevna Natalia Alexeievna of Russia
Russia
(25 June 1755 – 15 April 1776) was the first wife of the future Tsar Paul I of Russia, son of the Empress Catherine II. She was born as Princess Wilhelmina Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt in Prenzlau, Uckermark, Brandenburg, Prussia
Prussia
as the fifth child of Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
and his spouse Caroline of Zweibrücken, Countess Palatine.Contents1 Journey to Russia 2 Tsesarevna 3 Death 4 Ancestry 5 BibliographyJourney to Russia[edit] In 1773, the Empress Catherine II
Empress Catherine II
of Russia
Russia
was looking for a suitable wife for her son Paul and turned to King Frederick II of Prussia
Prussia
for "recommendations". The King thought about the remaining three unmarried daughters of the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
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Norrköping
Norrköping
Norrköping
(Swedish pronunciation: [²nɔrːɕøːpɪŋ]) is a city in the province of Östergötland
Östergötland
in eastern Sweden
Sweden
and the seat of Norrköping
Norrköping
Municipality, Östergötland
Östergötland
County, about 160 km southwest of the national capital Stockholm. The city has a population of 95,618 inhabitants in 2016,[2] out of a municipal total of 130,050,[3] making it Sweden's tenth largest city and eighth largest municipality. The city is situated by the mouth of the river Motala
Motala
ström, at Bråviken, an inlet of the Baltic Sea
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Haga Palace
Coordinates: 59°21′49″N 18°02′22″E / 59.36361°N 18.03944°E / 59.36361; 18.03944 Haga Palace
Haga Palace
(Swedish: Haga slott), formerly known as the Queen's Pavilion (Swedish: Drottningens paviljong), is located in the Haga Park, Solna Municipality
Solna Municipality
in Metropolitan Stockholm, Sweden. The palace, built in 1802 – 1805, was modelled after ballet-master Gallodiers Italian villa in Drottningholm
Drottningholm
by architect Carl Christoffer Gjörwell on appointment by King Gustaf IV Adolf for the royal children. It has been the home or summerhouse for several members of the Swedish royal family – most notably it was the birthplace of the present King – until 1966 when King Gustaf VI Adolf transferred its disposal to the government and it was turned into a guesthouse for distinguished foreign official visitors
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Sweden
Coordinates: 63°N 16°E / 63°N 16°E / 63; 16Kingdom of Sweden Konungariket Sverige[a]FlagGreater coat of armsMotto: (royal) "För Sverige – i tiden"[a] "For Sweden
Sweden
– With the Times"[1]Anthem: Du gamla, Du fria[b] Thou ancient, thou freeRoyal anthem: Kungssången Song of the KingLocation of  Sweden  (dark green) – in Europe  (green & dark grey) – in the European Union &
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Queen Consort
A queen consort is the wife of a reigning king (or an empress consort in the case of an emperor). A queen consort usually shares her husband's social rank and status. She holds the feminine equivalent of the king's monarchical titles, but historically, she does not share the king's political and military powers. A queen regnant is a queen in her own right with all the powers of a monarch, who (usually) has become queen by inheriting the throne upon the death of the previous monarch. In Brunei, the wife of the Sultan
Sultan
is known as a Raja Isteri with prefix Pengiran Anak, equivalent to queen consort in English, as were the consorts of tsars when Bulgaria
Bulgaria
was still a monarchy.[clarification needed]Contents1 Titles 2 Role 3 Examples of queens and empresses consort 4 See alsoTitles[edit] The title of king consort for the husband of a reigning queen is rare, but not unheard of
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Swedish Pomerania
Swedish Pomerania (Swedish: Svenska Pommern; German: Schwedisch-Pommern) was a Dominion under the Swedish Crown from 1630 to 1815, situated on what is now the Baltic coast of Germany and Poland. Following the Polish War and the Thirty Years' War, Sweden held extensive control over the lands on the southern Baltic coast, including Pomerania and parts of Livonia and Prussia (dominium maris baltici). Sweden, present in Pomerania with a garrison at Stralsund since 1628, had gained effective control of the Duchy of Pomerania with the Treaty of Stettin in 1630. At the Peace of Westphalia in 1648 and the Treaty of Stettin in 1653, Sweden received Western Pomerania (German Vorpommern), with the islands of Rügen, Usedom, and Wolin, and a strip of Farther Pomerania (Hinterpommern). The peace treaties were negotiated while the Swedish queen Christina was a minor, and the Swedish Empire was governed by members of the high aristocracy
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Clavichord
The clavichord is a European stringed keyboard instrument that was used largely in the late Medieval, through the Renaissance, Baroque and Classical eras. Historically, it was mostly used as a practice instrument and as an aid to composition, not being loud enough for larger performances. The clavichord produces sound by striking brass or iron strings with small metal blades called tangents. Vibrations are transmitted through the bridge(s) to the soundboard.Contents1 Name 2 History and use2.1 Modern music3 Structure and action 4 Fretting 5 Pedal clavichord 6 Repertoire 7 References 8 External linksName[edit] The name is derived from the Latin
Latin
word clavis, meaning "key" (associated with more common clavus, meaning "nail, rod, etc.") and chorda (from Greek χορδή) meaning "string, especially of a musical instrument". An analogous name is used in other European languages (It. clavicordio, clavicordo; Fr. clavicorde; Germ. Klavichord; Lat
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House Of Zähringen
Zähringen is an old German noble family in Swabia, which founded a large number of cities in the area that is today Switzerland
Switzerland
and the German state of Baden-Württemberg. The name is derived from Zähringen castle
Zähringen castle
near Freiburg im Breisgau, now in ruins, which the family founded in 1120. While the junior line which first assumed the title of Duke of Zähringen became extinct in 1218, the senior line (known as the House of Baden) persists and currently uses the title of " Margrave
Margrave
of Baden, Duke of Zähringen"
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Dynasty
A dynasty (UK: /ˈdɪnəsti/, US: /ˈdaɪnəsti/) is a sequence of rulers from the same family,[1] usually in the context of a feudal or monarchical system, but sometimes also appearing in elective republics. The dynastic family or lineage may be known as a "house",[2] which may be styled as "royal", "princely", "ducal", "comital", etc., depending upon the chief or present title borne by its members. Historians periodize the histories of many sovereign states, such as Ancient Egypt, the Carolingian Empire
Carolingian Empire
and Imperial China, using a framework of successive dynasties. As such, the term "dynasty" may be used to delimit the era during which the family reigned and to describe events, trends, and artifacts of that period ("a Ming-dynasty vase")
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