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Francisco De Almeida
Dom Francisco de Almeida
Francisco de Almeida
(Portuguese pronunciation: [fɾɐ̃ˈsiʃku dɨ aɫˈmɐjðɐ]), also known as "the Great Dom Francisco" (c. 1450–1 March 1510), was a Portuguese nobleman, soldier and explorer. He distinguished himself as a counsellor to King John II of Portugal
Portugal
and later in the wars against the Moors
Moors
and in the conquest of Granada
Granada
in 1492. In 1505 he was appointed as the first governor and viceroy of the Portuguese State of India (Estado da Índia). Almeida is credited with establishing Portuguese hegemony in the Indian Ocean, with his victory at the naval Battle of Diu
Battle of Diu
in 1509. Before Almeida could return to Portugal, he lost his life in 1510
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Senhor
Senhor (Portuguese pronunciation: [sɨˈɲoɾ, seˈɲoʁ], abb. Sr.; plural: senhores, abb. Sr.es or Srs.), from the Latin
Latin
Senior (comparative of Senex, "old man"), is the Portuguese word for lord, sir or mister. Its feminine form is senhora (pronounced [sɨˈɲoɾɐ, seˈɲoɾɐ], abb. Sr.a or Sra.; plural: senhoras, abb. Sr.as or Sras.). The term is related to Spanish señor, Catalan senyor, Occitan sénher, French seigneur, and Italian signore. Originally it was only used to designate a feudal lord or sire, as well as being one of the names of God
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Cochin
Kochi
Kochi
([koˈtʃːi ] ( listen)), also known as Cochin (/ˈkoʊtʃɪn/ KOH-chin), is a major port city on the south-west coast of India
India
bordering the Laccadive Sea. It is part of the district of Ernakulam
Ernakulam
in the state of Kerala
Kerala
and is often referred to as Ernakulam. The city has a corporation limit population of 612,343,[8] and a metropolitan population of 2.1 million, making it the largest urban agglomeration in Kerala. Kochi
Kochi
city is also part of the Greater Cochin region[9][10] and is classified as a Tier-II city by the Government of India
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Flagship
A flagship is a vessel used by the commanding officer of a group of naval ships, characteristically a flag officer entitled by custom to fly a distinguishing flag. Used more loosely, it is the lead ship in a fleet of vessels, typically the first, largest, fastest, most heavily armed, or best known. Over the years, the term "flagship" has become a metaphor used in industries such as broadcasting, automobiles, airlines, and retailing to refer to their highest profile or most expensive products and locations.Contents1 Naval use 2 Flagship
Flagship
as metaphor2.1 Colleges and universities in the United States 2.2 Retailing 2.3 Broadcasting 2.4 Automobiles 2.5 Conservation3 ReferencesNaval use[edit] In common naval use, the term flagship is fundamentally a temporary designation; the flagship is wherever the admiral's flag is being flown
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Sofala
Sofala, at present known as Nova Sofala, used to be the chief seaport of the Mwenemutapa
Mwenemutapa
Kingdom, whose capital was at Mount Fura. It is located on the Sofala Bank in Sofala Province
Sofala Province
of Mozambique. It was founded by Somali merchants and seafarers. Sofala
Sofala
in Somali literally means “Go dig”. This name was given because the area is rich with resources.[1]Contents1 History1.1 Portuguese arrival 1.2 Aftermath2 Citations 3 ReferencesHistory[edit] One of the oldest harbours documented in Southern Africa, medieval Sofala
Sofala
was erected on the edge of a wide estuary formed by the Buzi River (called Rio de Sofala
Sofala
in older maps)
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Island Of Mozambique
Coordinates: 18°15′S 35°00′E / 18.250°S 35.000°E / -18.250; 35.000 Republic
Republic
of MozambiqueRepública de Moçambique  (Portuguese)FlagEmblemAnthem: Pátria Amada  (Portuguese) "Beloved Homeland"Location of  Mozambique  (dark blue) in the African Union  (light blue)Capital and largest city Maputo 25°57′S 32°35′E / 25.950°S 32.583°E / -25.950; 32.583Official languages PortugueseDemonym MozambicanGovernment Unitary dominant-party semi-president
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Kilwa (district)
Kilwa one of the 6 districts of the Lindi Region
Lindi Region
of Tanzania. It is bordered to the North by the Pwani Region, to the East by the Indian Ocean, to the South by the Lindi Rural District and to the West by the Liwale District. The district includes the island of Kilwa Kisiwani
Kilwa Kisiwani
in the Indian Ocean. According to the 2002 Tanzania
Tanzania
National Census, the population of the Kilwa District was 171,850. [1] Recent (2003 through to at least 2007) developments in the area include the development of a significant natural gas field underlying the Songo Songo Island
Songo Songo Island
group in the Indian Ocean, and continuing efforts to locate hydrocarbon reserves (oil and/or gas) along structural trends sround the Songo Songo group at least as far north as the island of Nyuni
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Mombasa
City 1,200,000[1] Metro 2,000,000Demonym(s) MombasiteTime zone EAT (UTC+3)Area code(s) 020Website mombasa.go.keAn aerial view of Mombasa
Mombasa
skyline at sunset from the old town Mombasa
Mombasa
(/məmˈbɑːsə/; Kenyan
Kenyan
English: [mɔmˈbɑːsə]) is a city on the coast of Kenya. It is the country's second-largest city,[2] after the capital Nairobi, with an estimated population of about 1.2 million people in 2016.[1] Its metropolitan region is the second largest in the country and has a population of approximately two million people.[2] Administratively, Mombasa
Mombasa
is the county seat of Mombasa
Mombasa
County. A regional cultural and economic hub, Mombasa
Mombasa
has an extra-large port and an international airport, and is an important regional tourism centre
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Malindi
Malindi
Malindi
(once known as Melinde) is a town on Malindi
Malindi
Bay at the mouth of the Galana River, lying on the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
coast of Kenya. It is 120 kilometres northeast of Mombasa. The population of Malindi
Malindi
was 207,253 as of the 2009 census.[1] It is the largest urban centre in Kilifi
Kilifi
County.Contents1 Overview 2 History 3 Climate 4 Local governance 5 Image gallery 6 References 7 External linksOverview[edit] Tourism is the major industry in Malindi. The city is popular among Italian tourists. Malindi
Malindi
is served with a domestic airport and a highway between Mombasa
Mombasa
and Lamu. The nearby Watamu
Watamu
resort and Gedi Ruins (also known as Gede) are south of Malindi. The mouth of the Sabaki River lies in northern Malindi
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Zanzibar
Zanzibar
Zanzibar
(/ˈzænzɪbɑːr/; Swahili: Zanzibar; Arabic: زنجبار‎, translit. Zanjibār) is a semi-autonomous region of Tanzania
Tanzania
in East Africa. It is composed of the Zanzibar
Zanzibar
Archipelago in the Indian Ocean, 25–50 kilometres (16–31 mi) off the coast of the mainland, and consists of many small islands and two large ones: Unguja
Unguja
(the main island, referred to informally as Zanzibar) and Pemba Island. The capital is Zanzibar
Zanzibar
City, located on the island of Unguja. Its historic centre is Stone Town, which is a World Heritage Site. The name Zanzibar
Zanzibar
is derived from the Persian zang-bâr signifying "black coast".[5] Zanzibar's main industries are spices, raffia, and tourism.[6] In particular, the islands produce cloves, nutmeg, cinnamon, and black pepper
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Quilon
Kollam
Kollam
(IPA: [koɭɭəm]) or Quilon
Quilon
(Coulão), formerly Desinganadu, is an old seaport and city on the Laccadive Sea
Laccadive Sea
coast of the Indian state of Kerala. The city is on the banks Ashtamudi Lake.[7][8][9] Kollam
Kollam
has had a strong commercial reputation since the days of the Phoenicians
Phoenicians
and Romans.[10] Fed by the Chinese trade, it was mentioned by Ibn Battuta
Ibn Battuta
in the 14th century as one of the five Indian ports he had seen during the course of his twenty-four year travels.[11] Desinganadu's rajas exchanged embassies with Chinese rulers while there was a flourishing Chinese settlement at Kollam
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Carrack
A carrack was a three- or four-masted ocean-going sailing ship that was developed in the 14th and 15th centuries in Europe. Developed from the single-masted cog, the carrack was first used for European trade from the Mediterranean to the Baltic and quickly found use with the newly found wealth and status of the trans-Atlantic slave trade. In its most advanced forms, it was used by the Portuguese for trade along the African coast and finally with Asia and America from the 15th century before evolving into the galleon of the 16th and 17th centuries. In its most developed form, the carrack was a carvel-built ocean-going ship: large enough to be stable in heavy seas, and for a large cargo and the provisions needed for very long voyages. The later carracks were square-rigged on the foremast and mainmast and lateen-rigged on the mizzenmast. They had a high rounded stern with large aftcastle, forecastle and bowsprit at the stem
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Kōlattiri
Maritime contacts Sangam period Tamilakam Cheras Ays Ezhil Malai Confluence of religions Venad - Kingdom of Quilon Calicut Kolattunadu Cochin Minor principalities Portuguese period Dutch period Rise of Travancore Mysorean interlude British Period Battle of Quilon Communism in Kerala Unification of KeralaOther topics Geography Economy Architecture Fortsv t eMain article: Mushika Kingdom Kolattunādu (Kola Swarupam, as Kingdom of Cannanore in foreign accounts, Chirakkal (Chericul) in later times) was one of the three most powerful feudal kingdoms on the Malabar Coast during the arrival Portuguese Armadas to India, the others being Zamorin's Calicut and Quilon
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Fort Kochi
Fort Kochi
Kochi
is a region in the city of Kochi
Kochi
in the state of Kerala, India.[1] This is part of a handful of water-bound regions toward the south-west of the mainland Kochi, and collectively known as Old Kochi or West Kochi. Adjacent to this is Mattancherry. In 1967, these three municipalities, along with a few adjoining areas, were amalgamated to form the Corporation of Cochin. inbasekharan IAS is the subcollector and SDM of Fort Kochi.[2] Contents1 Scientific theory 2 Connectivity 3 History3.1 First sources 3.2 Around 600 AD 3.3 Around 1341 3.4 Around 1500 3.5 Around 1653 3.6 Around 1760 3.7 Around 1790 3.8 1947 3.9 19564 Main Tourist Attractions 5 References 6 External linksScientific theory[edit] In the BC period, the region that is today known as Kerala
Kerala
was covered by mangrove woods
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Kozhikode
Kozhikode
Kozhikode
([koːɻikːoːɖ] ( listen)), or Calicut, is a city in the state of Kerala
Kerala
in southern India
India
on the Malabar Coast. Calicut is the largest urban area in the state and 192nd largest urban area in the world.[4] The city lies about 275 kilometres (171 mi) west of Bangalore. During classical antiquity and the Middle Ages, Kozhikode
Kozhikode
was dubbed the "City of Spices" for its role as the major trading point of eastern spices.[9] It was the capital of an independent kingdom ruled by the Samoothiris (Zamorins) in the Middle Ages and later of the erstwhile Malabar District
Malabar District
under British rule. Arab merchants traded with the region as early as 7th century, and Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama landed at Kozhikode
Kozhikode
on 20 May 1498, thus opening a trade route between Europe and Malabar
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Battle Of Cannanore (1506)
 India (Kingdom of Calicut) Gujarat Sultanate  Ottoman EmpireCommanders and leadersLourenço de Almeida SamorinStrength3 naus 1 caravel several foists[1] Over 200 vessels[2]Casualties and lossesNone A few dozen shipsv t ePortuguese battles in the Indian OceanCannanore (1501) Calicut (1502) Pandarane (1504) Cochin (1504) Cannanore (1506) Anjadiva (1506) Ormuz (1507) Cannanore (1507) Chaul (1508) Dabul (1508) Diu (1509) Goa (1510) Malacca (1511) Calicut (1526) Diu (1531) Diu (1538) Suez Expedition (1541) Diu (1546) Aden (1548) Hormuz campaignMuscat Strait of Hormuz Gulf of OmanMalacca (1568) Aceh (1569) Malacca (1606) Cape Rachado (1606) Swally (1612) Ceylon (1612-13) Persia–Portugal war (1615-1622) Ormuz (1622) Action of one February (1625) River Duyon (1629) Goa (1638) Mombasa (1696-98) Calicut (1752)The Battle of Cannanore took place in 1506 off the harbour of Cannanore in India, between t
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