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Francis S. Collins
FRANCIS SELLERS COLLINS (born April 14, 1950) is an American physician -geneticist noted for his discoveries of disease genes and his leadership of the Human Genome Project . He is director of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in Bethesda, Maryland, USA. Before being appointed director of the NIH, Collins led the Human Genome Project and other genomics research initiatives as director of the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), one of the 27 institutes and centers at NIH. Before joining NHGRI, he earned a reputation as a gene hunter at the University of Michigan
University of Michigan
. He has been elected to the Institute of Medicine
Institute of Medicine
and the National Academy of Sciences , and has received the Presidential Medal of Freedom
Presidential Medal of Freedom
and the National Medal of Science . Collins also has written a number of books on science, medicine, and religion, including the _ New York Times
New York Times
_ bestseller, _The Language of God: A Scientist Presents Evidence for Belief _
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Francis Collins (other)
FRANCIS COLLINS may refer to: * Francis Collins (born 1950), geneticist * Francis Dolan Collins (1841–1891), American politician * Francis Collins (Borris-Ileigh hurler) on Borris-Ileigh Hurling Team 1987 * Francis Collins (hurler) SEE ALSO * Frank Collins (other) * Francis Collings , BBC journalist * Francis Collin , English footballer * All pages with a title containing Francis Collins This disambiguation page lists articles about people with the same name. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Francis_Collins_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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National Institutes Of Health
The NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH (NIH) is the primary agency of the United States government responsible for biomedical and public health research, founded in the late 1870s. It is part of the United States Department of Health and Human Services with facilities mainly located in Bethesda, Maryland . It conducts its own scientific research through its Intramural Research Program (IRP) and provides major biomedical research funding to non-NIH research facilities through its Extramural Research Program. As of 2013 , the IRP had 1,200 principal investigators and more than 4,000 postdoctoral fellows in basic, translational, and clinical research, being the largest biomedical research institution in the world, while, as of 2003, the extramural arm provided 28% of biomedical research funding spent annually in the U.S., or about US$26.4 billion. The NIH comprises 27 separate institutes and centers of different biomedical disciplines and is responsible for many scientific accomplishments, including the discovery of fluoride to prevent tooth decay , the use of lithium to manage bipolar disorder , and the creation of vaccines against hepatitis , _ Haemophilus influenzae _ (HIB), and human papillomavirus (HPV)
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Incumbent
The INCUMBENT is the current holder of a political office . This term is usually used in reference to elections , in which races can often be defined as being between an incumbent and non-incumbent(s). For example, in the 2012 United States presidential election , Barack Obama was the incumbent, because he had been the president in the previous term while the election sought to determine the president for the current term. A race without an incumbent is referred to as an OPEN SEAT. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Incumbency advantage * 2.1 Sophomore surge * 3 Anti-incumbency * 4 See also * 5 Further reading * 6 References ETYMOLOGYThe word "incumbent" is derived from the Latin verb _incumbere_, literally meaning "to lean or lay upon" with the present participle stem _incumbent-_, "leaning a variant of _encumber,_ while encumber is derived from the root _cumber_, most appropriately defined: "To occupy obstructively or inconveniently; to block fill up with what hinders freedom of motion or action; to burden, load." INCUMBENCY ADVANTAGEIn general, incumbents have structural advantages over challengers during elections . The timing of elections may be determined by the incumbent instead of a set schedule. For most political offices, the incumbent often has more name recognition due to their previous work in the office
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Barack Obama
Illinois State Senator U.S
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Donald Trump
PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES INCUMBENT * Election * Transition * Inauguration * Presidency * timeline * first 100 days * executive actions * trips * opinion polling * protests * Appointments * Cabinet * judges * Supreme Court candidates * Neil Gorsuch * Dismissals * Sally Yates * James Comey -------------------------POLICY POSITIONS * Economy * Environment * withdrawal from Paris Agreement * Foreign policy * as candidate * as president * Immigration * Social issues * marijuana -------------------------INTERNATIONAL TRIPS 2017 summits Saudi Arabia arms deal NATO, Belgium G7,
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Raynard S. Kington
RAYNARD S. KINGTON is the president of Grinnell College . He was most recently deputy director of the National Institutes of Health , and officially became the 13th president of Grinnell College on August 1, 2010. Kington entered a combined B.S./M.D. program at the University of Michigan at age 16, earning his bachelor's degree when he was 19 and the M.D. at 21. He earned an M.B.A. and a Ph.D. in health policy and economics at The Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania . He served as deputy director of the National Institutes of Health after his appointment by director Elias Zerhouni in 2003. He briefly served as acting director of NIH from October 2008 to August 2009, until the appointment of director Francis Collins . He is renowned for being the first openly gay president of Grinnell College, as well as the first black president. FAMILYKington (49), his husband, and two young sons moved with him to Grinnell, Iowa , during the summer of 2010
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Staunton, Virginia
STAUNTON (/ˈstæntən/ STAN-tən ) is an independent city in the U.S. Commonwealth of Virginia
Virginia
. As of the 2010 census , the population was 23,746. In Virginia, independent cities are separate jurisdictions from the counties that surround them, so the government offices of Augusta County
County
are in Verona, which is contiguous to Staunton. Staunton is a principal city of the Staunton-Waynesboro Metropolitan Statistical Area , which had a 2010 population of 118,502. Staunton is known for being the birthplace of Woodrow Wilson
Woodrow Wilson
, the 28th U.S. president , and the home of Mary Baldwin University , historically a women's college. The city is also home to Stuart Hall , a private co-ed preparatory school , as well as the Virginia
Virginia
School for the Deaf and Blind
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Alma Mater
ALMA MATER ( Latin : _alma_ "nourishing/kind", _mater_ "mother"; pl. _almae matres_) is an allegorical Latin phrase for a university or college . In modern usage, it is a school or university which an individual has attended, or a song or hymn associated with a school . The phrase is variously translated as "nourishing mother", "nursing mother", or "fostering mother", suggesting that a school provides intellectual nourishment to its students. Fine arts will often depict educational institutions using a robed woman as a visual metaphor. Before its modern usage, _Alma mater_ was an honorific title for various Latin mother goddesses , especially Ceres or Cybele , and later in Catholicism for the Virgin Mary . It entered academic usage when the University of Bologna adopted the motto "_Alma Mater Studiorum_" ("nurturing mother of studies"), which describes its heritage as the oldest operating university in the Western world . It is related to _alumnus _, a term used for a university graduate that literally means a "nursling" or "one who is nourished"
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University Of Virginia
Coordinates : 38°02′06″N 78°30′18″W / 38.035°N 78.505°W / 38.035; -78.505 University of Virginia TYPE Public Flagship ESTABLISHED 1819 ENDOWMENT $5.852 billion (2016) BUDGET $1.39 billion PRESIDENT Teresa A. Sullivan ACADEMIC STAFF 2,102 STUDENTS 22,391 UNDERGRADUATES 15,891 POSTGRADUATES 6,500 LOCATION Charlottesville , Virginia , United States CAMPUS Small city (Rural /Suburban) 1,682 acres (6.81 km2) World Heritage Site FOUNDER Thomas Jefferson COLORS Orange, Blue NICKNAME Cavaliers Wahoos SPORTING AFFILIATIONS NCAA Division I – ACC MASCOT Cavalier WEBSITE www.virginia.edu UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITE OFFICIAL NAME Monticello and the UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA in Charlottesville TYPE Cultural CRITERIA i, iv, vi DESIGNATED 1987 (11th session ) REFERENCE NO. 442 REGION Europe and North America The UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA (U.VA. or UVA), frequently referred to simply as VIRGINIA, is a public research university and the flagship for the Commonwealth of Virginia. Founded in 1819 by Declaration of Independence author Thomas Jefferson , UVA is known for its historic foundations , student-run honor code , and secret societies . UNESCO designated UVA as America's first and only collegiate World Heritage Site in 1987, an honor shared with nearby Monticello
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Yale University
YALE UNIVERSITY is an American private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut . Founded in 1701, it is the third-oldest institution of higher education in the United States and one of the nine Colonial Colleges chartered before the American Revolution . Chartered by Connecticut Colony , the "Collegiate School" was established by clergy in Saybrook Colony to educate Congregational ministers. It moved to New Haven in 1716, and shortly after was renamed Yale College in recognition of a gift from British East India Company governor Elihu Yale . Originally restricted to theology and sacred languages , the curriculum began to incorporate humanities and sciences by the time of the American Revolution . In the 19th century the school introduced graduate and professional instruction, awarding the first Ph.D. in the United States in 1861 and organizing as a university in 1887. Its faculty and student populations grew rapidly after 1890 with rapid expansion of the physical campus and scientific research. Yale is organized into fourteen constituent schools: the original undergraduate college , the Yale Graduate School of Arts and Sciences , and twelve professional schools. While the university is governed by the Yale Corporation , each school's faculty oversees its curriculum and degree programs
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University Of North Carolina School Of Medicine
The UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA SCHOOL OF MEDICINE is a professional school within the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill . It offers a Doctor of Medicine degree along with combined Doctor of Medicine / Doctor of Philosophy or Doctor of Medicine / Master of Public Health degrees. It is one of the top ranked medical schools in the country: the 2013 U.S. News each block covers the physiology, pathology, diagnosis, and treatment of that organ system. Each semester ends with a capstone "Clinical Cases" course, which allows students to fully exercise their knowledge of diagnosis and therapy
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Thesis
A THESIS or DISSERTATION is a document submitted in support of candidature for an academic degree or professional qualification presenting the author's research and findings. In some contexts, the word "thesis" or a cognate is used for part of a bachelor\'s or master\'s course, while "dissertation" is normally applied to a doctorate, while in other contexts, the reverse is true. The term _GRADUATE THESIS_ is sometimes used to refer to both master's theses and doctoral dissertations. The required complexity or quality of research of a thesis or dissertation can vary by country, university, or program, and the required minimum study period may thus vary significantly in duration. The word "dissertation" can at times be used to describe a treatise without relation to obtaining an academic degree. The term "thesis" is also used to refer to the general claim of an essay or similar work
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Doctoral Advisor
A DOCTORAL ADVISOR (also DISSERTATION DIRECTOR or DISSERTATION ADVISOR) is a member of a university faculty whose role is to guide graduate students who are candidates for a doctorate , helping them select coursework, as well as shaping, refining and directing the students' choice of sub-discipline in which they will be examined or on which they will write a dissertation . Students generally choose advisors based on their areas of interest within their discipline, their desire to work closely with particular graduate faculty, and the willingness and availability of those faculty to work with them. In some countries, the student's advisor serves as the chair of the doctoral examination or dissertation committees. In some cases, though, the person who serves those roles may be different from the faculty member who has most closely advised the student. For instance, in the Dutch academic system , only full professors (_hoogleraren_) may chair doctoral examinations, so students who have been advised by lower-ranked faculty members will have a full professor as their official advisor (or _promotor_) and their actual advisor as _co-promotor_. In other countries, such as Spain, the doctoral advisor has the role of a mentor, but is not allowed to form part of the examination committee. This is a body of 5 experts independently selected by the rectorate among 10 candidates proposed by the university's department
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Physician
A PHYSICIAN, MEDICAL PRACTITIONER, MEDICAL DOCTOR, or simply DOCTOR is a professional who practises medicine , which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study, diagnosis , and treatment of disease , injury , and other physical and mental impairments. Physicians may focus their practice on certain disease categories, types of patients and methods of treatment—known as specialities —or they may assume responsibility for the provision of continuing and comprehensive medical care to individuals, families, and communities—known as general practice . Medical practice properly requires both a detailed knowledge of the academic disciplines (such as anatomy and physiology ) underlying diseases and their treatment—the _science _ of medicine—and also a decent competence in its applied practice—the art or _craft _ of medicine. Both the role of the physician and the meaning of the word itself vary around the world. Degrees and other qualifications vary widely, but there are some common elements, such as medical ethics requiring that physicians show consideration, compassion, and benevolence for their patients
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Geneticist
A GENETICIST is a biologist who studies genetics , the science of genes , heredity , and variation of organisms . DESCRIPTIONA geneticist can be employed as a scientist or lecturer . Some geneticists perform experiments in model organisms such as Drosophila , C. elegans , Zebrafish , rodents or Humans and analyze data to interpret the inheritance of biological traits. A geneticist can be a scientist who has earned a Ph.D in Genetics or a physician (who has earned any of the following medical degrees: MBBS/MBChB (non-U.S.), D.O. (U.S.-only), or M.D. ) who has been trained in genetics as a specialization. They evaluate, diagnose, and manage patients with hereditary conditions or congenital malformations , genetic risk calculations , and mutation analysis as well as refer patients to other medical specialties. The geneticist carries out studies, tests and counsels patients with genetic disorders. Geneticists participate in courses from many areas, such as biology , chemistry , physics , microbiology , cell biology , bioinformatics , and mathematics . They also participate in more specific genetics courses such as molecular genetics , transmission genetics, population genetics , quantitative genetics , ecological genetics , and genomics . Geneticists can work in many different fields, doing a variety of jobs. There are many careers for geneticists in medicine , agriculture , wildlife , general sciences, or many other fields
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