HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff
[::MainTopicLength::#1500] [::ListTopicLength::#1000] [::ListLength::#15] [::ListAdRepeat::#3]

Fly
True FLIES are insects of the order DIPTERA, the name being derived from the Greek δι- di- "two", and πτερόν pteron "wings". Insects of this order use only a single pair of wings to fly, the hindwings having evolved into advanced mechanosensory organs known as halteres , which act as high speed sensors of rotational movement and allow dipterans to perform advanced aerobatics. Diptera is a large order containing an estimated 1,000,000 species including horse-flies , crane flies , hoverflies and others, although only about 125,000 species have been described
[...More...]

"Fly" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Arthropod
Condylipoda Latreille, 1802 An ARTHROPOD (from Greek ἄρθρον arthron, "joint" and πούς pous, "foot") is an invertebrate animal having an exoskeleton (external skeleton ), a segmented body, and paired jointed appendages . Arthropods form the phylum EUARTHROPODA, which includes insects , arachnids , myriapods , and crustaceans . The term ARTHROPODA as originally proposed refers to a proposed grouping of Euarthropods and the phylum Onychophora . Arthropods are characterized by their jointed limbs and cuticle made of chitin , often mineralised with calcium carbonate . The arthropod body plan consists of segments, each with a pair of appendages. The rigid cuticle inhibits growth, so arthropods replace it periodically by moulting . Their versatility has enabled them to become the most species-rich members of all ecological guilds in most environments
[...More...]

"Arthropod" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Encephalitis
ENCEPHALITIS is a sudden onset inflammation of the brain . Encephalitis
Encephalitis
with meningitis is known as meningoencephalitis . Symptoms include headache , fever , confusion , drowsiness , and fatigue . Further symptoms include seizures or convulsions , tremors , hallucinations , stroke , and memory problems . In 2015, encephalitis was estimated to have affected 4.3 million people and resulted in 150,000 deaths worldwide. The word is from Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
ἐγκέφαλος, enképhalos "brain", composed of ἐν, en, "in" and κεφαλή, kephalé, "head", and the medical suffix -itis "inflammation"
[...More...]

"Encephalitis" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Animal
ANIMALS are eukaryotic , multicellular organisms that form the biological kingdom ANIMALIA. With few exceptions, animals are motile (able to move), heterotrophic (consume organic material), reproduce sexually , and their embryonic development includes a blastula stage. The body plan of the animal derives from this blastula, differentiating specialized tissues and organs as it develops; this plan eventually becomes fixed, although some undergo metamorphosis at some stage in their lives. Zoology is the study of animals. Currently there are over 66 thousand (less than 5% of all animals) vertebrate species, and over 1.3 million (over 95% of all animals) invertebrate species in existence. Classification of animals into groups (taxonomy ) is accomplished using either the hierarchical Linnaean system; or cladistics , which displays diagrams (phylogenetic trees ) called cladograms to show relationships based on the evolutionary principle of the most recent common ancestor
[...More...]

"Animal" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

West Nile Fever
WEST NILE FEVER is a mosquito-borne infection by the West Nile virus. Approximately 80% of West Nile virus
West Nile virus
infections in humans have few or no symptoms . In the cases where symptoms do occur—termed West Nile fever in cases without neurological disease—the time from infection to the appearance of symptoms is typically between 2 and 15 days. Symptoms may include fever , headaches , feeling tired , muscle pain or aches , nausea , loss of appetite , vomiting , and rash . Less than 1% of the cases are severe and result in neurological disease when the central nervous system is affected. People of advanced age, the very young, or those with immunosuppression , either medically induced, such as those taking immunosuppressive drugs , or due to a pre-existing medical condition such as HIV
HIV
infection , are most susceptible
[...More...]

"West Nile Fever" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Eye
EYES are organs of the visual system . They provide organisms vision , the ability to process visual detail, as well as enabling several photo response functions that are independent of vision. Eyes detect light and convert it into electro-chemical impulses in neurons . In higher organisms, the eye is a complex optical system which collects light from the surrounding environment, regulates its intensity through a diaphragm , focuses it through an adjustable assembly of lenses to form an image, converts this image into a set of electrical signals, and transmits these signals to the brain through complex neural pathways that connect the eye via the optic nerve to the visual cortex and other areas of the brain. Eyes with resolving power have come in ten fundamentally different forms, and 96% of animal species possess a complex optical system. Image-resolving eyes are present in molluscs , chordates and arthropods
[...More...]

"Eye" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Antenna (biology)
ANTENNAE (singular: ANTENNA), sometimes referred to as "feelers," are paired appendages used for sensing in arthropods . Antennae are connected to the first one or two segments of the arthropod head. They vary widely in form, but are always made of one or more jointed segments. While they are typically sensory organs , the exact nature of what they sense and how they sense it is not the same in all groups. Functions may variously include sensing touch , air motion, heat, vibration (sound), and especially smell or taste . Antennae are sometimes modified for other purposes, such as mating, brooding, swimming, and even anchoring the arthropod to a substrate. Larval arthropods have antennae that differ from those of the adult. Many crustaceans, for example, have free-swimming larval forms that use their antennae for swimming
[...More...]

"Antenna (biology)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Carl Linnaeus
CARL LINNAEUS (/lɪˈniːəs, lɪˈneɪəs/ ; 23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as CARL VON LINNé (Swedish pronunciation: ( listen )), was a Swedish botanist , physician and zoologist , who formalised the modern system of naming organisms called binomial nomenclature . He is known by the epithet "father of modern taxonomy". Many of his writings were in Latin and his name is rendered in Latin as CAROLUS LINNæUS (after 1761 CAROLUS A LINNé). Linnaeus
Linnaeus
was born in the countryside of Småland , in southern Sweden . He received most of his higher education at Uppsala University and began giving lectures in botany there in 1730. He lived abroad between 1735 and 1738, where he studied and also published a first edition of his Systema Naturae in the Netherlands
[...More...]

"Carl Linnaeus" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Yellow Fever
YELLOW FEVER is a viral disease of typically short duration . In most cases, symptoms include fever , chills , loss of appetite , nausea , muscle pains particularly in the back, and headaches. Symptoms typically improve within five days. In about 15% of people within a day of improving, the fever comes back, abdominal pain occurs, and liver damage begins causing yellow skin . If this occurs, the risk of bleeding and kidney problems is also increased. The disease is caused by the yellow fever virus and is spread by the bite of an infected female mosquito . It infects only humans, other primates , and several species of mosquitoes. In cities, it is spread primarily by Aedes aegypti
Aedes aegypti
, a type of mosquito found throughout the tropics and subtropics . The virus is an RNA virus of the genus Flavivirus . The disease may be difficult to tell apart from other illnesses, especially in the early stages
[...More...]

"Yellow Fever" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Malaria
MALARIA is a mosquito-borne infectious disease affecting humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans (a group of single-celled microorganisms ) belonging to the Plasmodium
Plasmodium
type . Malaria
Malaria
causes symptoms that typically include fever , feeling tired , vomiting , and headaches . In severe cases it can cause yellow skin , seizures , coma , or death . Symptoms usually begin ten to fifteen days after being bitten. If not properly treated, people may have recurrences of the disease months later. In those who have recently survived an infection , reinfection usually causes milder symptoms. This partial resistance disappears over months to years if the person has no continuing exposure to malaria. The disease is most commonly transmitted by an infected female Anopheles
Anopheles
mosquito
[...More...]

"Malaria" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Dengue Fever
DENGUE FEVER is a mosquito-borne tropical disease caused by the dengue virus . Symptoms typically begin three to fourteen days after infection. This may include a high fever , headache , vomiting, muscle and joint pains , and a characteristic skin rash . Recovery generally takes two to seven days. In a small proportion of cases, the disease develops into the life-threatening DENGUE HEMORRHAGIC FEVER, resulting in bleeding , low levels of blood platelets and blood plasma leakage, or into DENGUE SHOCK SYNDROME, where dangerously low blood pressure occurs. Dengue is spread by several species of mosquito of the Aedes
Aedes
type , principally A. aegypti . The virus has five different types; infection with one type usually gives lifelong immunity to that type, but only short-term immunity to the others. Subsequent infection with a different type increases the risk of severe complications
[...More...]

"Dengue Fever" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Vector (epidemiology)
In epidemiology , a DISEASE VECTOR is any agent that carries and transmits an infectious pathogen into another living organism; most agents regarded as vectors are organisms, such as intermediate parasites or microbes , but it could be an inanimate medium of infection such as dust particles. CONTENTS * 1 Arthropods * 2 Plants and fungi * 3 World Health Organization
World Health Organization
and vector-borne disease * 4 Vector-borne zoonotic disease and human activity * 5 See also * 6 Notes * 7 References * 8 Bibliography * 9 External links ARTHROPODS The deer tick , a vector for Lyme disease pathogens. Arthropods form a major group of pathogen vectors with mosquitoes, flies, sand flies, lice, fleas, ticks, and mites transmitting a huge number of pathogens. Many such vectors are haematophagous , which feed on blood at some or all stages of their lives
[...More...]

"Vector (epidemiology)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Ecology
ECOLOGY (from Greek : οἶκος, "house", or "environment"; -λογία, "study of") is the scientific analysis and study of interactions among organisms and their environment. It is an interdisciplinary field that includes biology , geography , and Earth science . Ecology
Ecology
includes the study of interactions that organisms have with each other, other organisms, and with abiotic components of their environment . Topics of interest to ecologists include the diversity , distribution, amount (biomass ), and number (population ) of particular organisms, as well as cooperation and competition between organisms, both within and among ecosystems. Ecosystems
Ecosystems
are composed of dynamically interacting parts including organisms , the communities they make up, and the non-living components of their environment
[...More...]

"Ecology" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Species Description
A SPECIES DESCRIPTION is a formal description of a newly discovered species , usually in the form of a scientific paper . Its purpose is to give a clear description of a new species of organism and explain how it differs from species which have been described previously, or are related. The species description often contains photographs or other illustrations of the type material and states in which museums it has been deposited. The publication in which the species is described gives the new species a formal scientific name . Today, some 1.9 million species have been described and named, out of some 8.7 million that may actually exist on Earth. Millions more have become extinct . It is customary for scientists to introduce all relevant new findings and research in a scientific manuscript, which is sent to other scientists for peer review
[...More...]

"Species Description" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Metamorphosis
METAMORPHOSIS is a biological process by which an animal physically develops after birth or hatching, involving a conspicuous and relatively abrupt change in the animal's body structure through cell growth and differentiation . Metamorphosis
Metamorphosis
is iodothyronine-induced and an ancestral feature of all chordates . Some insects , fishes , amphibians , mollusks , crustaceans , cnidarians , echinoderms , and tunicates undergo metamorphosis, which is often accompanied by a change of nutrition source or behavior . Animals that go through metamorphosis are called metamorphoses. Animals can be divided into species that undergo complete metamorphosis ("holometaboly "), incomplete metamorphosis ("hemimetaboly "), or no metamorphosis ("ametaboly "). Scientific usage of the term is technically precise, and it is not applied to general aspects of cell growth , including rapid growth spurts
[...More...]

"Metamorphosis" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Neogene
The NEOGENE ( /ˈniːəˌdʒiːn/ ) (informally UPPER TERTIARY or LATE TERTIARY) is a geologic period and system that spans 20.45 million years from the end of the Paleogene Period 23.03 million years ago (Mya ) to the beginning of the present Quaternary Period 2.58 Mya. The Neogene
Neogene
is sub-divided into two epochs , the earlier Miocene
Miocene
and the later Pliocene
Pliocene
. Some geologists assert that the Neogene
Neogene
cannot be clearly delineated from the modern geological period, the Quaternary . During this period, mammals and birds continued to evolve into roughly modern forms, while other groups of life remained relatively unchanged. Early hominids , the ancestors of humans, appeared in Africa
Africa
near the end of the period
[...More...]

"Neogene" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo
.