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Flamenco
FLAMENCO (Spanish pronunciation: ), in its strictest sense, is a professionalized art-form based on the various folkloric music traditions of Southern Spain
Spain
in the autonomous communities of Andalusia
Andalusia
, Extremadura and Murcia . In a wider sense, it refers to these musical traditions and more modern musical styles which have themselves been deeply influenced by and become blurred with the development of flamenco over the past two centuries. It includes _cante _ (singing), _toque _ (guitar playing), _baile_ (dance), _jaleo_ (vocalizations), _palmas _ (handclapping) and _pitos_ (finger snapping). The oldest record of flamenco dates to 1774 in the book _Las Cartas Marruecas_ by José Cadalso . The genre originated in the music and dance styles of Andalusia
Andalusia
, of much older origin
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Flamenco (other)
FLAMENCO is a variety of accompanied dance native to Spain. See FLAMENCO GUITAR for the musical instrument and style. FLAMENCO may also refer to: FILMS * Flamenco
Flamenco
(1952 film) , a 1952 Spanish documentary film * Flamenco
Flamenco
(1995 film) , a 1995 Spanish documentary filmOTHER USES * "Flamenco" (song) , a song by Canadian rock band The Tragically Hip * New Flamenco
Flamenco
, a derivative style of music and dance * Ocean Dream (1972 ship) , a cruise ship known by Flamenco
Flamenco
and New FlamencoSEE ALSO * Nouveau Flamenco
Flamenco
(other) * Flamengo (other) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title FLAMENCO. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article
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Andalusia
ANDALUSIA (/ˌændəˈluːsiəˌ -ziəˌ -ʒə/ ; Spanish : _Andalucía_ ) is an autonomous community in southern Spain . It is the most populated and the second largest in area of the autonomous communities in the country. The Andalusian autonomous community is officially recognised as "historical nationality" . The territory is divided into eight provinces : Almería , Cádiz , Córdoba , Granada , Huelva , Jaén , Málaga and Seville . Its capital is the city of Seville (Spanish: _Sevilla_)
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Spain
Coordinates : 40°N 4°W / 40°N 4°W / 40; -4 Kingdom of Spain _Reino de España_ (Spanish ) Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: "Plus Ultra " (Latin ) "Further Beyond" ANTHEM: " Marcha Real
Marcha Real
" (Spanish ) "Royal March" Location of Spain (dark green) – in Europe
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Flamenco Guitar
A FLAMENCO GUITAR is a guitar similar to a classical guitar but with thinner tops and less internal bracing. It is used in toque, the guitar-playing part of the art of flamenco . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Construction * 2.1 Materials * 2.2 Sound * 3 Techniques * 4 See also * 5 References HISTORYTraditionally, luthiers made guitars to sell at a wide ranges of prices, largely based on the materials used and the amount of decorations, to cater to the popularity of the instrument across all classes of people in Spain. The cheapest guitars were often simple, basic instruments made from the less expensive woods such as cypress. Antonio de Torres , one of the most renowned luthiers, did not differentiate between flamenco and classical guitars. Only after Andrés Segovia
Andrés Segovia
and others popularized classical guitar music, did this distinction emerge
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Classical Guitar
The CLASSICAL GUITAR (also known as CONCERT GUITAR, CLASSICAL ACOUSTIC, NYLON-STRING GUITAR, or SPANISH GUITAR) is the member of the guitar family used in classical music . It is an acoustical wooden guitar with strings made of nylon, rather than the metal strings used in acoustic and electric guitars . The traditional classical guitar has twelve frets clear of the body and is held on the left leg, so that the hand that plucks or strums the strings does so near the back of the soundhole (this is called the classical position). The modern steel string guitar, on the other hand, usually has fourteen frets clear of the body (see Dreadnought ) and is commonly played off the hip
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Castanets
CASTANETS are a percussion instrument (idiophone ), used in Kalo, Moorish
Moorish
, Ottoman , ancient Roman , Italian , Spanish , Sephardic
Sephardic
, Swiss , and Portuguese music. The instrument consists of a pair of concave shells joined on one edge by a string. They are held in the hand and used to produce clicks for rhythmic accents or a ripping or rattling sound consisting of a rapid series of clicks. They are traditionally made of hardwood (chestnut; Spanish: castaño), although fibreglass is becoming increasingly popular. In practice a player usually uses two pairs of castanets. One pair is held in each hand, with the string hooked over the thumb and the castanets resting on the palm with the fingers bent over to support the other side. Each pair will make a sound of a slightly different pitch . The origins of the instrument are not known
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Palmas (music)
PALMAS is a style of handclapping used in Flamenco
Flamenco
music as an essential form of percussion to help punctuate and accentuate the song and dance . Good palmas can be a substitute for music, such as in the corrillo at the end of a show. Good palmistas can assist the musicians by keeping a strong tempo, or the dancer by accentuating the end or beginning of a phrase. In any case, an understanding of palos is essential. CONTENTS* 1 The hands * 1.1 Fuertes * 1.2 Sordas * 2 Accentuation in compás * 3 Contra-tiempo * 4 References THE HANDSIt is important to be able to make two distinct types of hand claps. These are hard (fuertes) and soft (sordas). Each has a particular sound and is used at a particular time. FUERTESUsed during furious and loud footwork or during loud musical pieces such as bulerias. The first three fingers of one hand are held firm and clapped into the outstretched palm of the other
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Cajón
A CAJóN (Spanish pronunciation: ka-HON , "box", "crate" or "drawer") is nominally a box-shaped percussion instrument originally from Peru
Peru
, played by slapping the front or rear faces (generally thin plywood ) with the hands, fingers, or sometimes various implements such as brushes, mallets, or sticks. Cajones are primarily played in Afro-Peruvian music , as well as contemporary styles of flamenco and jazz among other genres. The term cajón is also applied to other unrelated box drums used in Latin American music such as the cajón de rumba used in Cuban rumba
Cuban rumba
and the cajón de tapeo used in Mexican folk music . CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 Origins and evolution * 3 Contemporary music * 4 Playing styles * 5 Gallery * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links DESCRIPTIONSheets of 0.5 to 0.75 inches (1.3 to 1.9 cm) thick wood are generally used for five sides of the box
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New Flamenco
NEW FLAMENCO (or NUEVO FLAMENCO) is synonymous with modern flamenco and is a derivative of traditional flamenco. It combines flamenco guitar virtuosity with musical fusion . Jazz, rumba, bossa nova, Gypsy, Latin, Middle Eastern, rock, Cuban swing, tango, salsa and especially blues have all been fused into flamenco by different artists to produce its sound. Traditional flamenco had been displaced in Spain in the 1950s and 1960s by rock-and-roll . Artists such as Camarón de la Isla worked with the music during that period, infusing it with new sound. However it was during the 1980s that revival really took off, by artists such as Paco de Lucia
Paco de Lucia
, Nina Corti , Pata Negra , Ketama , and later more mainstream stylists, such as the Gipsy Kings
Gipsy Kings
. The artists fused it with other forms, including jazz and salsa
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Chill-out Music
CHILL-OUT MUSIC (sometimes also CHILLOUT, CHILL OUT or simply CHILL) is a subgenre of electronic music and an umbrella term for several styles of electronic music characterized by their mellow style and mid-tempo beats, "chill" being derived from a slang word for "relax". Chill-out music
Chill-out music
emerged in the early and mid-1990s in "chill rooms" at dance clubs , where relaxing music was played to allow dancers a chance to "chill out" from the more emphatic and fast-tempo music played on the main dance floor. Some notable chill-out artists include: Moby
Moby
, Air , Paul Kalkbrenner , and Moonbootica
Moonbootica
. The genres associated with chill-out are mostly ambient , trip hop , nu jazz , ambient house and downtempo . Sometimes, the easy listening subgenre lounge is considered to belong to the chill-out collection as well
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Downtempo
DOWNTEMPO (sometimes called "trip hop " ) is a genre of electronic music similar to ambient , but with a greater emphasis on rhythm , and is not as "earthy" as trip hop. HISTORY See also: Ambient music , Chill-out music , Electronic dance music , and Trip hop The 1990s brought on a wave of slower paced music which was played throughout chillout rooms—the relaxation sections of the clubs or dedicated sections at electronic music events. Downtempo music started to surface around Ibiza , when DJs and promoters would bring down the vibe with slower rhythm and gentler electronic music upon approaching sunrise. In the late 1980s, trip hop emerged from Bristol , which combined elements of hip hop beats, drum and bass breaks, and ambient atmospheres at a lower tempo
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Music Of Spain
The MUSIC OF SPAIN has a long history and has played an important role in the development of Western music and has greatly influenced Latin American music . Spanish music is often associated with traditional styles such as flamenco and classical guitar . While these forms of music are common, there are many different traditional musical and dance styles across the regions. For example, music from the north-west regions is heavily reliant on bagpipes , the jota is widespread in the centre and north of the country, and flamenco originated in the south. Spanish music played a notable part in the early developments of western classical music , from the 15th through the early 17th century. The breadth of musical innovation can be seen in composers like Tomás Luis de Victoria , styles like the zarzuela of Spanish opera , the ballet of Manuel de Falla , and the classical guitar music of Francisco Tárrega
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Music Of Andalusia
The MUSIC OF ANDALUSIA encompasses a range of traditional musical genres which originate in the territory of Andalusia in southern Spain. The most famous are copla and flamenco, the latter being sometimes used as a portmanteau term for various regional musical traditions within Andalusia. Andalusia has a rich and thriving musical scene which draws from its own musical traditions as well as from external influences such as salsa and blues rock music. CONTENTS * 1 Influence of Andalusian music * 2 Structure * 3 History * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links * 7 Bibliography INFLUENCE OF ANDALUSIAN MUSIC Andalusia was probably the main route of transmission of a number of Near-Eastern musical instruments used in classical music ; the rebec (ancestor of violin ) from the rebab , the guitar from qitara and naker from naqareh
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Cante Chico
The CANTE FLAMENCO (Spanish pronunciation: ), meaning "flamenco singing", is one of the three main components of flamenco , along with toque (playing the guitar) and baile (dance). Because the dancer is front and center in a flamenco performance, foreigners often assume the dance is the most important aspect of the art form - but in fact, it is the cante which is the heart and soul of the genre. A cante singer is a cantaor. The cante flamenco is part of musical tradition in the Andalusian region of Spain
Spain

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Cante Jondo
CANTE JONDO (Andalusian Spanish: ) is a vocal style in flamenco , an unspoiled form of Andalusian folk music. The name means "deep song" in Spanish , with hondo ("deep") spelled with J (Spanish pronunciation: ) as a form of eye dialect , because traditional Andalusian pronunciation has retained an aspirated H lost in other forms of Spanish. It is generally considered that the common traditional classification of flamenco music is divided into three groups of which the deepest, most serious forms are known as cante jondo . CULTURAL REFERENCES TO CANTE JONDOIn 1922 the Spanish composer Manuel de Falla led in the organization of the Concurso de Cante Jondo
Concurso de Cante Jondo
for Granada
Granada
. Many classical musicians, cultural and literary figures, including the young poet Federico García Lorca , participated in the program
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