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Flag Of The United States Bureau Of Indian Affairs
An AFFAIR is a sexual relationship , romantic friendship , or passionate attachment between two people without the attached person's significant other knowing
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Agape
AGAPE ( Ancient Greek ἀγάπη, agápē) is a Greco - Christian term referring to "love; the highest form of love, charity", and "the love of God for man and of man for God". Not be confused with philia , brotherly love , it embraces a universal, unconditional love that transcends, that persists regardless of circumstance. The noun form first occurs in the Septuagint , but the verb form goes as far back as Homer , translated literally as affection , as in "greet with affection" and "show affection for the dead". Other ancient authors have used forms of the word to denote love of a spouse or family, or affection for a particular activity, in contrast to philia (an affection that could denote friendship, brotherhood, or generally non-sexual affection) and eros (an affection of a sexual nature). Within Christianity, agape is considered to be the love originating from God or Christ for mankind
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Greek Words For Love
The Greek language distinguishes at least four different ways as to how the word love is used. Ancient Greek has four distinct words for love : agápe, éros, philía, and storgē. However, as with other languages, it has been historically difficult to separate the meanings of these words when used outside of their respective contexts. Nonetheless, the senses in which these words were generally used are as follows: * Agápe (ἀγάπη agápē ) means "love: esp. charity; the love of God for man and of man for God." Agape is used in ancient texts to denote feelings for one's children and the feelings for a spouse, and it was also used to refer to a love feast . Agape is used by Christians to express the unconditional love of God for his children
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Eros (concept)
EROS (/ˈɪrɒs/ or /ˈɛrɒs/ ; Ancient Greek : ἔρως érōs "love" or "desire") is one of the four ancient Greco-Christian terms which can be rendered into English as "love ". The other three are storge , philia , and agape . Eros refers to "passionate love" or romantic love; storge to familial love; philia to friendship as a kind of love; and agape refers to "selfless love", or "charity " as it is translated in the Christian scriptures (from the Latin caritas, dearness). The term erotic is derived from eros. Eros has also been used in philosophy and psychology in a much wider sense, almost as an equivalent to "life energy"
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Philia
PHILIA (/ˈfɪljə/ or /ˈfɪliə/ ; Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
: φιλία), often translated "BROTHERLY LOVE", is one of the four ancient Greek words for love : philia, storge , agape and eros . In Aristotle
Aristotle
's Nicomachean Ethics , philia is usually translated as "friendship " or affection . The complete opposite is called a phobia
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Platonic Love
PLATONIC LOVE (often lower-cased as PLATONIC ) is a term used for a type of love that is non-sexual. It is named after Plato , who actually described a kind of love centered on same-gender relations and included sex which underwent a transformation during Renaissance (15th–16th centuries) to get its contemporary sense of nonsexual heterosexual love. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 See also * 3 Notes * 4 References * 5 External links OVERVIEW Platonic love in the original sense of the term (love centered on same-gender relations) is examined in Plato's dialogue, the Symposium , which has as its topic the subject of love or Eros generally. It explains the possibilities of how the feeling of love began and how it has evolved—both sexually and non-sexually
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Greek Love
GREEK LOVE is a term originally used by classicists to describe the sexual, primarily homoerotic , customs, practices and attitudes of the ancient Greeks . It was frequently used as a euphemism for homosexuality and pederasty . The phrase is a product of the enormous impact of the reception of classical Greek culture on historical attitudes toward sexuality, and its influence on art and various intellectual movements. :xi, 91–92 'Greece' as the historical memory of a treasured past was romanticised and idealised as a time and a culture when love between males was not only tolerated but actually encouraged, and expressed as the high ideal of same-sex camaraderie. ..
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Ren (Confucianism)
HERMENEUTIC SCHOOLS: * Old Texts * New Text Confucianism Confucianism by country * Confucianism in Indonesia * Korean Confucianism * Japanese
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Self-love
SELF-LOVE has often been seen as a moral flaw, akin to vanity and selfishness . The Merriam-Webster dictionary later describes self-love as to "love of self" or "regard for one's own happiness or advantage". Synonyms of this concept are: amour propre , bighead, complacency, conceit, conceitedness, ego, egotism , pomposity and many more. However, throughout the centuries this definition has adopted a more positive connotation through self-love protests, the Hippie era, the new age feminist movement as well as the increase in mental health awareness that promotes self-love
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Amour De Soi
AMOUR DE SOI (French , "love of self") is a concept in the philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau that refers to the kind of self-love that humans share with brute animals and predates the appearance of society. Acts committed out of amour de soi tend to be for individual well-being. They are naturally good and not malicious because amour de soi as self-love does not involve pursuing one's self-interest at the expense of others. The sentiment does not compare oneself with others, but is concerned solely with regarding oneself as an absolute and valuable existence. It is related to an awareness of one's future and can restrain present impulse. Rousseau contrasts it with amour-propre , that kind of self-love, found in Thomas Hobbes ' philosophy, in which one's opinion of oneself is dependent on what other people think and which arises only with society
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Unconditional Love
UNCONDITIONAL LOVE is known as affection without any limitations or love without conditions. This term is sometimes associated with other terms such as true altruism or complete love. Each area of expertise has a certain way of describing unconditional love, but most will agree that it is that type of love which has no bounds and is unchanging. It is a concept comparable to true love, a term which is more frequently used to describe love between lovers. By contrast, unconditional love is frequently used to describe love between family members, comrades in arms and between others in highly committed relationships. An example of this is a parent's love for their child; no matter a test score, a life changing decision, an argument, or a strong belief, the amount of love that remains between this bond is seen as unchanging and unconditional. In Christianity , unconditional love is thought to be part of the Four Loves ; affection, friendship, eros, and charity
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Unrequited Love
UNREQUITED LOVE or ONE-SIDED LOVE is love that is not openly reciprocated or understood as such by the beloved. The beloved may not be aware of the admirer's deep and strong romantic affection , or may consciously reject it. The Merriam Webster Online Dictionary defines unrequited as "not reciprocated or returned in kind." Psychiatrist Eric Berne states in his book Sex in Human Loving that "Some say that one-sided love is better than none, but like half a loaf of bread, it is likely to grow hard and moldy sooner." Others, however, like the philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche , considered that "indispensable...to the lover is his unrequited love, which he would at no price relinquish for a state of indifference." It can also be contrasted with redamancy or the act of reciprocal love
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Storge
STORGE (/ˈstɔːrɡɪ/ , from the Ancient Greek word στοργή storgē ) or FAMILIAL LOVE refers to natural or instinctual affection, such as the love of a parent towards offspring and vice versa. In social psychology, another term for love between good friends is philia . CONTENTS * 1 Extensiveness * 2 Storge love * 3 Advantages * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Further reading EXTENSIVENESS Storge or affection is a wide-ranging force which can apply between family members, friends, pets and owners, companions or colleagues; it can also blend with and help underpin other types of tie such as passionate love or friendship. Thus storge may be used as a general term to describe the love between exceptional friends, and the desire for them to care compassionately for one another
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Xenia (Greek)
XENIA (Greek : ξενία, xenía, trans. "guest-friendship") is the ancient Greek concept of hospitality , the generosity and courtesy shown to those who are far from home and/or associates of the person bestowing guest-friendship. The rituals of hospitality created and expressed a reciprocal relationship between guest and host expressed in both material benefits (such as the giving of gifts to each party) as well as non-material ones (such as protection, shelter, favors, or certain normative rights). The Greek god Zeus is sometimes called Zeus Xenios in his role as a protector of guests. He thus embodied the religious obligation to be hospitable to travelers
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Romance (love)
ROMANCE is the expressive and pleasurable feeling from an emotional attraction towards another person. This feeling is often associated with sexual attraction . It is eros rather than agape , philia , or storge . In the context of romantic love relationships, romance usually implies an expression of one's strong romantic love, or one's deep and strong emotional desires to connect with another person intimately or romantically. Historically, the term "romance" originates with the medieval ideal of chivalry as set out in its chivalric romance literature. Humans have a natural inclination to form bonds with one another through social interactions, be it through verbal communication or nonverbal gestures
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Charity (virtue)
In Christian theology CHARITY, Latin CARITAS, is understood by Thomas Aquinas as "the friendship of man for God", which "unites us to God". He holds it as "the most excellent of the virtues ". Further, Aquinas holds that "the habit of charity extends not only to the love of God, but also to the love of our neighbor". Some delineate charity to mean only benevolent giving, while others, such as Roman Catholics , have multiple interrelated meanings (i.e. charity is the theological virtue by which we love God above all things for his own sake, and our neighbor as ourselves for the love of God ). CONTENTS * 1 Caritas: altruistic love * 2 See also * 3 Notes * 4 References * 5 External links CARITAS: ALTRUISTIC LOVE This section NEEDS ADDITIONAL CITATIONS FOR VERIFICATION . Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed
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