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Flag Of The Gambia
The national flag of the Gambia consists of three horizontal red, blue and green bands separated by two thin white fimbriations. Adopted in 1965 to replace the British Blue Ensign
Blue Ensign
defaced with the arms of the Gambia Colony and Protectorate, it has been the flag of the Republic of the Gambia since the country gained independence that year. It remained unchanged throughout the Gambia's seven-year confederation with Senegal.Contents1 History 2 Design2.1 Symbolism 2.2 Similarities3 Other uses 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksHistory[edit]Flag of the Gambia Colony and Protectorate
Gambia Colony and Protectorate
(1889–1965).The British first arrived in what is now modern-day Gambia in 1661, when they conquered James Island. They proceeded to construct forts around the confluence of the Gambia River
Gambia River
with the Atlantic Ocean, and gradually expanded their control upstream
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Glossary Of Vexillology
Flag
Flag
terminology is the nomenclature, or system of terms, used in vexillology, the study of flags, to describe precisely the parts, patterns, and other attributes of flags and their display.Contents1 Flag
Flag
types 2 Flag
Flag
elements 3 Basic patterns 4 Techniques in flag display4.1 Illustrations5 Flag
Flag
identification symbols5.1 National flag
National flag
variants by use 5.2 Other symbols 5.3 In Unicode6 References 7 External links Flag
Flag
types[edit] Banderole
Banderole
or bannerol A small flag or streamer carried on the lance of a knight; or a long narrow flag flying from the mast-head of a ship. Banner Generically, a synonym for a flag of any kind
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British Empire
The British Empire
Empire
comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states. It originated with the overseas possessions and trading posts established by England
England
between the late 16th and early 18th centuries. At its height, it was the largest empire in history and, for over a century, was the foremost global power.[1] By 1913, the British Empire
Empire
held sway over 412 million people, 7001230000000000000♠23% of the world population at the time,[2] and by 1920, it covered 35,500,000 km2 (13,700,000 sq mi),[3] 7001240000000000000♠24% of the Earth's total land area.[4] As a result, its political, legal, linguistic and cultural legacy is widespread
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The Greens (Luxembourg)
The Greens (Luxembourgish: Déi Gréng, French: Les Verts, German: Die Grünen) is a green political party in Luxembourg.Contents1 Party history1.1 1983–93 1.2 1994–2003 1.3 2004-now2 Ideology and issues 3 Representation3.1 Seats in the Chamber of Deputies 3.2 Seats in the European Parliament 3.3 Communal government4 Organisation4.1 Organisational structure 4.2 International organisations5 See also 6 Notes 7 External linksParty history[edit] 1983–93[edit] The Greens were founded on 23 June 1983. In the 1984 elections, the party got two seats in the Chamber of Deputies. In 1985, however the party split into two separate parties called 'GLEI' (Green List, Ecological Initiative) 'GAP' (Green Alternative Party)
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Democratic Party (Luxembourg)
The Democratic Party (Luxembourgish: Demokratesch Partei, French: Parti Démocratique, German: Demokratische Partei), abbreviated to DP, is the major liberal[7][8] political party in Luxembourg. One of the three major parties, the DP sits on the centre-right,[9] holding moderate market liberal views combined with a strong emphasis on civil liberties, human rights, and internationalism.[10] Founded in 1955, the party is currently led by Xavier Bettel, who has been the Prime Minister of Luxembourg
Luxembourg
since 2013, leading the Bettel-Schneider government in coalition with the Luxembourg
Luxembourg
Socialist Workers' Party (LSAP) and The Greens. It is the joint second-largest party in the Chamber of Deputies, with thirteen seats out of sixty, having won 18% of the vote at the 2013 general election, and has one seat in the European Parliament
European Parliament
out of six
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National Flag
A national flag is a flag that represents and symbolizes a country. The national flag is flown by the government of a country, but can usually also be flown by citizens of the country. A national flag is designed with specific meanings for its colors and symbols. The colors of the national flag may be worn by the people of a nation to show their patriotism, or related paraphernalia that show the symbols or colors of the flag may be used for those purposes. The design of a national flag may be altered after the occurrence of important historical events. The burning or destruction of a national flag is a greatly symbolic act.Contents1 History 2 Process of adoption 3 Usage3.1 On land 3.2 At sea 3.3 Protocol3.3.1 Hanging a flag vertically4 Design4.1 Colours 4.2 Similarities5 See also5.1 Lists of flags 5.2 Other6 References 7 External linksHistory[edit] See also: Timeline of national flags Historically, flags originate as military standards, used as field signs
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Luxembourg
Luxembourg
Luxembourg
(/ˈlʌksəmbɜːrɡ/ (listen) LUK-səm-burg;[5] Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuerg [ˈlətsəbuə̯ɕ] (listen); French: Luxembourg; German: Luxemburg), officially the Grand Duchy
Grand Duchy
of Luxembourg,[c] is a landlocked microstate in western Europe. It is bordered by Belgium
Belgium
to the west and north, Germany
Germany
to the east, and France
France
to the south. Its capital, Luxembourg
Luxembourg
City, is one of the four official capitals of the European Union[6] (together with Brussels, Frankfurt, and Strasbourg) and the seat of the European Court of Justice, the highest judicial authority in the EU
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Coat Of Arms Of The Gambia
The coat of arms of The Gambia
The Gambia
has been in use since 18 November 1964. It depicts two lions holding an axe and hoe, supporting a shield that depicts another pair of hoe and axe, crossed. Atop the shield is set the heraldic helmet and an oil palm as a crest. At the bottom is the national motto: Progress – Peace – Prosperity.Contents1 Overview 2 See also 3 References 4 External linksOverview[edit] The two lions represent the colonial history of The Gambia
The Gambia
as part of the British Empire. The crossed axe and hoe represent the importance of agriculture to The Gambia. They are also considered to represent the two major ethnic groups of The Gambia: the Mandinka and the Fulani
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Savanna
A savanna or savannah is a mixed woodland grassland ecosystem characterised by the trees being sufficiently widely spaced so that the canopy does not close. The open canopy allows sufficient light to reach the ground to support an unbroken herbaceous layer consisting primarily of grasses.[1][2][3] Savannas maintain an open canopy despite a high tree density.[4] It is often believed that savannas feature widely spaced, scattered trees. However, in many savannas, tree densities are higher and trees are more regularly spaced than in forests.[5][6][7][8] The South American savanna types cerrado sensu stricto and cerrado dense typically have densities of trees similar to or higher than that found in South American tropical forests,[5][7][8] with savanna ranging from 800–3300 trees per hectare (trees/ha) and adjacent forests with 800–2000 trees/ha
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Equator
An equator is the intersection of the surface of a rotating sphere (such as a planet) with the plane perpendicular to the axis of rotation and midway between its poles. On Earth, the Equator
Equator
is an imaginary line on the surface, equidistant from the North and South Poles, dividing the Earth
Earth
into Northern and Southern Hemispheres
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Political Party
A political party is an organized group of people who have the same ideology, or who otherwise have the same political positions, and who field candidates for elections, in an attempt to get them elected and thereby implement the party's agenda. While there is some international commonality in the way political parties are recognized and in how they operate, there are often many differences, and some are significant. Many political parties have an ideological core, but some do not, and many represent ideologies very different from their ideology at the time the party was founded. Many countries, such as Germany
Germany
and India, have several significant political parties, and some nations have one-party systems, such as China and Cuba
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Africa
Africa
Africa
is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (the first being Asia
Asia
in both categories). At about 30.3 million km2 (11.7 million square miles) including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth's total surface area and 20% of its total land area.[3] With 1.2 billion[1] people as of 2016, it accounts for about 16% of the world's human population. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
to the north, both the Suez Canal and the Red Sea
Red Sea
along the Sinai Peninsula
Sinai Peninsula
to the northeast, the Indian Ocean
Ocean
to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
to the west. The continent includes Madagascar
Madagascar
and various archipelagos
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Arecaceae
The Arecaceae
Arecaceae
are a botanical family of perennial climbers, shrubs, acaules and trees commonly known as palm trees (owing to historical usage, the family is alternatively called Palmae).[3] They are flowering plants, a family in the monocot order Arecales. Currently 181 genera with around 2600 species are known,[4] most of them restricted to tropical and subtropical climates. Most palms are distinguished by their large, compound, evergreen leaves, known as fronds, arranged at the top of an unbranched stem. However, palms exhibit an enormous diversity in physical characteristics and inhabit nearly every type of habitat within their range, from rainforests to deserts. Palms are among the best known and most extensively cultivated plant families. They have been important to humans throughout much of history
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Elephant
Elephants are large mammals of the family Elephantidae
Elephantidae
and the order Proboscidea. Three species are currently recognised: the African bush elephant ( Loxodonta
Loxodonta
africana), the African forest elephant
African forest elephant
(L. cyclotis), and the Asian elephant
Asian elephant
( Elephas
Elephas
maximus). Elephants are scattered throughout sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, and Southeast Asia
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Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party
The Luxembourg
Luxembourg
Socialist Workers' Party (Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuerger Sozialistesch Aarbechterpartei, French: Parti Ouvrier Socialiste Luxembourgeois, German: Luxemburger Sozialistische Arbeiterpartei), abbreviated to LSAP or POSL,[3] is a social-democratic[2][4][5] political party in Luxembourg. The LSAP is the second-largest party in the Chamber of Deputies, having won 13 of 60 seats at the 2013 general election, and has one seat in the European Parliament. The LSAP is currently part of the Bettel-Schneider government, with Etienne Schneider of the LSAP serving as Deputy Prime Minister
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United Kingdom
The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(UK or U.K.)[15] or Britain,[note 11] is a sovereign country located off the north­western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north­eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands.[16] Northern Ireland
Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland
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