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Flag Of Indonesia
The FLAG OF INDONESIA is a simple bicolour with two equal horizontal bands, red (top) and white (bottom) with an overall ratio of 2:3. It was introduced and hoisted in public at the Indonesian Declaration of Independence on 17 August 1945 in Pegangsaan Timur street in Jakarta
Jakarta
, and again when the Dutch formally transferred sovereignty on 17 August 1950. The design of the flag has remained unchanged since. The flag of Indonesia
Indonesia
is graphically identical to the Flag of Monaco , with a slight difference only in the ratio of its dimensions. The NAVAL JACK OF INDONESIA is reserved for sole use by the Indonesian Navy
Indonesian Navy
. It flies from the mast of every active Indonesian war ship . The design of the jack is described as nine alternating stripes of red and white. It is nicknamed ULAR-ULAR PERANG (War Pennant or literally "War Snakes"), probably due to the stripes' design
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List Of Flag Names
This is an incomplete list of the names and nicknames of flags, organized in alphabetical order by flag name. Very few flags have any truly official names, but some unofficial names are so widely used that they are accepted as a flag's universal name
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Glossary Of Vexillology
FLAG TERMINOLOGY is the nomenclature , or system of terms, used in vexillology , the study of flags , to describe precisely the parts, patterns, and other attributes of flags and their display. CONTENTS * 1 Flag types * 2 Flag elements * 3 Basic patterns * 4 Techniques in flag display * 4.1 Illustrations * 5 Flag identification symbols * 5.1 National flag variants by use * 5.2 Other symbols * 6 References * 7 External links FLAG TYPES Banderole or bannerol A small flag or streamer carried on the lance of a knight; or a long narrow flag flying from the mast-head of a ship. Banner Generically, a synonym for a flag of any kind. In heraldry, a flag whose design is the same as the shield in a coat of arms , but usually in a square or rectangular shape; also known as a banner of arms . Burgee A distinguishing flag of a recreational boating organisation
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National Flag
A NATIONAL FLAG is a flag that symbolizes a country . The flag is flown by the government, but usually can also be flown by citizens of the country. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Process of adoption * 3 Usage * 3.1 On land * 3.2 At sea * 3.3 Protocol * 3.3.1 Hanging a flag vertically * 4 Design * 4.1 Colours * 4.2 Similarities * 5 See also * 5.1 Lists of flags * 5.2 Other * 6 References * 7 External links HISTORY See also: Timeline of national flags Historically, flags originate as military standards , used as field signs . The practice of flying flags indicating the country of origin outside of the context of warfare became common with the maritime flag , introduced during the age of sail , in the early 17th century
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National Ensign
An ENSIGN is the national flag flown on a vessel to indicate nationality. The ensign is the largest flag, generally flown at the stern (rear) of the ship. The naval ensign (also known as war ensign), used on warships, may be different from the civil ensign (merchant ships) or the yacht ensign (recreational boats). Large versions of naval ensigns called battle ensigns are used when a warship goes into battle. The ensign differs from the jack which is flown from a jackstaff at the bow of a vessel. In its widest sense, an ensign is just a flag or other standard. The European military rank of ensign , once responsible for bearing a unit's standard (whether national or regimental) derives from it (in the cavalry the equivalent rank was cornet , named after a type of flag). In contrast, the Arab rank of ensign, _liwa _, derives from the command of a unit or units with an ensign, not the carrier of such a unit's ensign, and is a general officer
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Bicolour (flag)
This is a list of flags , arranged by design, serving as a navigational aid for identifying a given flag
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Naval Ensign
NAVAL ENSIGN is the ensign used by Navy vessels to denote nationality. It can be the same or different from the civil ensign and the state ensign . It's also known as the WAR ENSIGN. A large version of the naval ensign which is flown on a warship 's mast just before going into battle is called a battle ensign . The ensign differs from the jack which is flown from a jackstaff at the bow of a vessel. Most countries have only one national flag and ensign for all purposes. In other countries, a distinction is made between the land flag and the civil, state and naval ensigns. The elaborate British ensigns , for example, differ from the flag used on land, the Union Flag , and have different versions of plain and defaced Red and Blue ensigns for civilian and state use, besides the naval ensign (White Ensign ). Some naval ensign differ in shape from the national flag, such as the Nordic naval ensigns which have tongues
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Indonesian Declaration Of Independence
The PROCLAMATION OF INDONESIAN INDEPENDENCE (Indonesian : Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Indonesia, or simply Proklamasi) was read at 10.00 a.m. on Friday, 17 August 1945. The declaration marked the start of the diplomatic and armed resistance of the Indonesian National Revolution , fighting against the forces of the Netherlands
Netherlands
and pro-Dutch civilians, until the latter officially acknowledged Indonesia's independence in 1949. In 2005, the Netherlands
Netherlands
declared that they had decided to accept de facto 17 August 1945 as Indonesia
Indonesia
's independence date. In a 2013 interview the Indonesian historian Sukotjo , amongst others, asked the Dutch government to formally acknowledge the date of independence as 17 August 1945. The United Nations, who mediated in the conflict, formally acknowledge the date of independence as 27 December 1949
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Jakarta
JAKARTA (/dʒəˈkɑːrtə/ ), officially the SPECIAL CAPITAL REGION OF JAKARTA, is the capital and most populous city of Indonesia . Located on the northwest coast of the world's most populous island of Java , the city is the center of economics, culture and politics of Indonesia, with a population of 10,075,310 as of 2014 . Greater Jakarta metropolitan area, which is known as Jabodetabek (a name formed by combining the initial syllables of Jakarta, Bogor , Depok , Tangerang and Bekasi ), is the second largest urban agglomeration in the world, with population of 30,214,303 inhabitants as of 2010 census. Jakarta's business opportunities, as well as its potential to offer a higher standard of living, attract migrants from all over Indonesian archipelago, making the city a melting pot of many communities and cultures
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United States Of Indonesia
The REPUBLIC OF THE UNITED STATES OF INDONESIA (Indonesian : Republik Indonesia
Indonesia
Serikat, RIS), abbreviated as RUSI, was a federal state to which the Netherlands formally transferred sovereignty of the Dutch East Indies (minus Netherlands New Guinea
Netherlands New Guinea
) on 27 December 1949 following the Dutch-Indonesian Round Table Conference . This transfer ended the four-year conflict between Indonesian nationalists and the Netherlands that was fought over for control of Indonesia. It lasted less than a year, before being replaced by the unitary Republic of Indonesia
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Flag Of Monaco
The national FLAG OF MONACO (French : Drapeau de Monaco) has two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white, both of which have been the heraldic colors of the House of Grimaldi since at least 1339. The present bicolor design was adopted on April 4, 1881, under Prince Charles III . Monaco's original flag, which was similar to its current state flag but bore an older version of its coat of arms , was in use from the principality's early days (except during its annexation to France
France
from 1793 to 1814) until the present, simpler design was adopted in 1881. It is identical with the flag of Indonesia , albeit accidentally. Another design (below), the banner of the state arms (lozenges in the Grimaldi family colors, in heraldic terms "lozengy argent and gules "), was used at various times, particularly in the 17th century, as an unofficial flag, and still appears in some royal photographs
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Naval Jack
A MARITIME FLAG is a flag designated for use on ships , boats , and other watercraft. Naval flags are considered important at sea and the rules and regulations for the flying of flags are strictly enforced. The flag flown is related to the country of registration : so much so that the word "flag" is often used symbolically as a synonym for "country of registration". CONTENTS* 1 Types of flag * 1.1 Ensigns * 1.2 Jacks * 1.3 Distinguishing marks * 1.4 Rank flags * 1.5 Pennants * 1.6 House flag * 1.7 Private signal * 1.8 Yacht club
Yacht club
burgee * 1.9 Unit citations * 1.10 Signal flags * 1.11 Courtesy flag * 2 Flag
Flag
etiquette * 2.1 Dressing overall * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links TYPES OF FLAGENSIGNS The Red Ensign
Red Ensign
, as currently used by the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
's Merchant Navy
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Indonesian Navy
The INDONESIAN NAVY (Indonesian : Tentara Nasional Indonesia-Angkatan Laut, TNI–AL) was founded on 10 September 1945. Its role is to patrol Indonesia
Indonesia
's lengthy coastline , to enforce and patrol the territorial waters and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of Indonesia, to protect Indonesia's maritime strategic interests, to protect the islands surrounding Indonesia, and to defend against seaborne threats. The Indonesian Navy
Navy
is the largest navy in South East Asia
South East Asia
based on the number of active personnel and ships. As of 2009, the Indonesian Navy
Navy
had about 75,000 active personnel and more than 150 vessels in active service. The Indonesian Navy
Navy
is one of a few navies in the region backed by a substantial domestic defence industry, marine corps , and armed with supersonic missiles and attack submarines
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List Of Current Ships Of The Indonesian Navy
INDONESIAN is anything of, from, or related to Indonesia
Indonesia
, an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia
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War Ship
A WARSHIP is a naval ship that is built and primarily intended for naval warfare . Usually they belong to the armed forces of a state. As well as being armed, warships are designed to withstand damage and are usually faster and more maneuverable than merchant ships . Unlike a merchant ship, which carries cargo, a warship typically carries only weapons, ammunition and supplies for its crew. Warships usually belong to a navy , though they have also been operated by individuals, cooperatives and corporations. In wartime, the distinction between warships and merchant ships is often blurred. In war, merchant ships are often armed and used as auxiliary warships , such as the Q-ships of the First World War
First World War
and the armed merchant cruisers of the Second World War
Second World War

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Pennon
A PENNON or PENNANT is a flag that is larger at the hoist than at the fly . It can have several shapes, such as triangular, tapering or triangular and swallow-tailed. It was one of the principal three varieties of flags carried during the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
(the other two were the banner and the standard ). PENNONCELLS and STREAMERS or PENDANTS are minor varieties of this style of flag. The pennon is a flag resembling the guidon in shape, but only half the size. It does not contain any coat of arms, but only crests , mottos and heraldic and ornamental devices. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Description * 3 Usage * 4 Variant types * 5 The Dutch Pennon
Pennon
* 6 See also * 7 Notes * 8 References ETYMOLOGY Pennon
Pennon
comes from the Latin penna meaning "a wing " or "a feather ". DESCRIPTIONThe pennon was sometimes pointed, but more generally forked or swallow-tailed at the end
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