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Flag Of Indonesia
The FLAG OF INDONESIA is a simple bicolour with two equal horizontal bands, red (top) and white (bottom) with an overall ratio of 2:3. It was introduced and hoisted in public at the Indonesian Declaration of Independence on 17 August 1945 in Pegangsaan Timur street in Jakarta
Jakarta
, and again when the Dutch formally transferred sovereignty on 17 August 1950. The design of the flag has remained unchanged since. The flag of Indonesia
Indonesia
is graphically identical to the Flag of Monaco , with a slight difference only in the ratio of its dimensions. The NAVAL JACK OF INDONESIA is reserved for sole use by the Indonesian Navy
Indonesian Navy
. It flies from the mast of every active Indonesian war ship . The design of the jack is described as nine alternating stripes of red and white. It is nicknamed ULAR-ULAR PERANG (War Pennant or literally "War Snakes"), probably due to the stripes' design
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Java War
The JAVA WAR or DIPONEGORO WAR was fought in central Java
Java
from 1825 to 1830, between the colonial Dutch Empire
Dutch Empire
and native Javanese rebels. It started as a rebellion led by Prince Diponegoro
Diponegoro
, a leading member of the Javanese aristocracy who had previously cooperated with the Dutch. The rebel forces were held up by a siege at Yogyakarta
Yogyakarta
, preventing them from gaining a quick victory. This allowed the Dutch to raise and ship in new troops. The rebels adopted guerilla tactics and held out against Dutch forces for several years. The war ended in Dutch victory when Diponegoro
Diponegoro
was invited to a peace conference, then betrayed and captured
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Bali
BALI (Balinese : ᬩᬮᬶ, Indonesian : Pulau Bali, Provinsi Bali) is an island and province of Indonesia
Indonesia
. The province includes the island of Bali
Bali
and a few smaller neighbouring islands, notably Nusa Penida , Nusa Lembongan , and Nusa Ceningan . It is located at the westernmost end of the Lesser Sunda Islands
Lesser Sunda Islands
, between Java
Java
to the west and Lombok to the east. Its capital, Denpasar , is located in the southern part of the island. With a population of 3,890,757 in the 2010 census, and 4,225,000 as of January 2014, the island is home to most of Indonesia\'s Hindu minority
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Diponegoro
Prince DIPONEGORO (born Bendara Raden Mas Mustahar; later Bendara Raden Mas Antawirya) (11 November 1785 – 8 January 1855), also known as DIPANEGARA, was a Javanese prince who opposed the Dutch colonial rule. The eldest son of the Yogyakartan Sultan Hamengkubuwono III , he played an important role in the Java War between 1825 and 1830. After his defeat and capture, he was to Makassar
Makassar
, where he died. His five-year struggle against the Dutch control of Java
Java
has become celebrated by Indonesians throughout the years, acting as a source of inspiration for the fighters in the Indonesian National Revolution
Indonesian National Revolution
and nationalism in modern-day Indonesia
Indonesia
among others. He is a national hero in Indonesia
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Netherlands East Indies
The DUTCH EAST INDIES (or NETHERLANDS EAST-INDIES; Dutch : Nederlands(ch)-Indië; Indonesian : Hindia Belanda) was a Dutch colony . It was formed from the nationalised colonies of the Dutch East India Company , which came under the administration of the Dutch government in 1800. During the 19th century, Dutch possessions and hegemony were expanded, reaching their greatest territorial extent in the early 20th century. This colony was one of the most valuable European colonies under the Dutch Empire
Dutch Empire
's rule, and contributed to Dutch global prominence in spice and cash crop trade in the 19th to early 20th century. The colonial social order was based on rigid racial and social structures with a Dutch elite living separate from but linked to their native subjects. The term Indonesia
Indonesia
came into use for the geographical location after 1880
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Java
JAVA (Indonesian : JAWA; Javanese : ꦗꦮ; Sundanese : ᮏᮝ) is an island of Indonesia
Indonesia
. With a population of over 141 million (the island itself) or 145 million (the administrative region), Java
Java
is home to 56.7 percent of the Indonesian population and is the most populous island on Earth
Earth
. The Indonesian capital city, Jakarta
Jakarta
, is located on western Java
Java
. Much of Indonesian history took place on Java. It was the center of powerful Hindu-Buddhist empires, the Islamic sultanates, and the core of the colonial Dutch East Indies . Java
Java
was also the center of the Indonesian struggle for independence during the 1930s and 1940s. Java
Java
dominates Indonesia
Indonesia
politically, economically and culturally
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South Sulawesi
SOUTH SULAWESI (Indonesian : Sulawesi Selatan) is a province in the southern peninsula of Sulawesi . The Selayar Islands archipelago is also part of the province. The 2010 census estimated the population as 8,032,551 which makes South Sulawesi the most populous province on the island (46% of the population of Sulawesi is in South Sulawesi), and the sixth most populous province in Indonesia
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Quranic
The QURAN (/kɔːrˈɑːn/ kor-AHN ; Arabic : القرآن‎‎ al-Qurʾān, literally meaning "the recitation"; also romanized QUR\'AN or KORAN ) is the central religious text of Islam , which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God (Allah ). It is widely regarded as the finest work in classical Arabic literature . The Quran is divided into chapters (surah in Arabic), which are then divided into verses (ayah ). Muslims believe that the Quran was verbally revealed by God to Muhammad through the angel Gabriel (Jibril ), gradually over a period of approximately 23 years, beginning on 22 December 609 CE , when Muhammad was 40, and concluding in 632, the year of his death. Muslims regard the Quran as the most important miracle of Muhammad, a proof of his prophethood, and the culmination of a series of divine messages that started with the messages revealed to Adam and ended with Muhammad
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Averrhoa Bilimbi
AVERRHOA BILIMBI (commonly known as BILIMBI, CUCUMBER TREE, or TREE SORREL ) is a fruit-bearing tree of the genus Averrhoa , family Oxalidaceae . It is a close relative of carambola tree. CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 Distribution and habitat * 3 Nutritional value for 100 g of edible portion * 4 Culinary interest * 5 Medical interest * 6 Other uses * 7 Gallery * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links DESCRIPTIONThe bilimbi tree reaches 5–10 m in height. Its trunk is short and quickly divides up into ramifications . Bilimbi leaves, 3–6 cm long, are alternate, imparipinnate and cluster at branch extremities. There are around 11 to 37 alternate or subopposite oblong leaflets . The leaves are quite similar to those of the Otaheite gooseberry . The trunk and branches of tree has to be exposed to sunlight for fruits to form (traditional knowledge), which is achieved by removing leaves except from branch end
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Mangosteen
The PURPLE MANGOSTEEN ( Garcinia mangostana), known simply as MANGOSTEEN, is a tropical evergreen tree believed to have originated in the Sunda Islands
Sunda Islands
of the Malay archipelago
Malay archipelago
and the Moluccas of Indonesia
Indonesia
. It grows mainly in Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
, southwest India
India
and other tropical areas such as Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
and Florida
Florida
, where the tree has been introduced. The tree grows from 6 to 25 m (19.7 to 82.0 ft) tall. The fruit of the mangosteen is sweet and tangy, juicy, somewhat fibrous, with fluid-filled vesicles (like the flesh of citrus fruit s), with an inedible, deep reddish-purple colored rind (exocarp ) when ripe
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Batak People
BATAK is a collective term used to identify a number of ethnic groups predominantly found in North Sumatra , Indonesia . The term is used to include the Karo , Pakpak , Simalungun , Toba , Angkola , and Mandailing which are related groups with distinct languages and customs (adat). CONTENTS * 1 Prehistory * 2 Language * 3 Profession * 4 Society * 4.1 Dalihan Na Tolu * 4.2 Ritual cannibalism * 4.3 Tarombo * 5 Geography * 6 Traditional Batak religion * 6.1 Creation myths * 6.2 The tendi cult * 6.3 Death cult * 6.4 Burial traditions * 6.5 Reburial * 6.6 Traditional Batak medicine * 6.7 Malim * 7 Religions * 7.1 Christianity * 7.1.1 Batak churches * 7.2 Islam * 8 Notable people * 9 See also * 10 References * 11 External links PREHISTORY A traditional Toba Batak house (see Batak architecture )
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Aceh War
Dutch victory * Imposition of Dutch rule over Aceh
Aceh
Territorial changes Aceh
Aceh
is annexed into the Dutch East Indies
Dutch East Indies
BELLIGERENTS Kingdom of the Netherlands
Kingdom of the Netherlands
* Royal Netherlands East Indies Army * Royal Netherlands Navy Aceh
Aceh
Sultanate Acehnese religious ulama COMMANDERS AND LEADERS Major General J.H.R. Köhler † General Jan van Swieten Major General J.L.J.H. Pel † Major General Karel van der Heijden (WIA ) Major General Henry Demmeni (DOW) Major General Jan Jacob Karel de Moulin † General J.B. van Heutsz (1898–1904) Lieutenant General J.C. van der Wijck (1904–05) G.C.E van Daalen (1905–08) H.N.A
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Flag Of The Netherlands
The FLAG OF THE NETHERLANDS (Dutch : Vlag van Nederland) is a horizontal tricolor of red , white , and blue . The tricolor flag is almost identical to that of Luxembourg , except that it is shorter and its blue stripe is a darker shade. It originates as a variant of the older orange-white-blue Prinsenvlag ("Prince's Flag"), introduced in the 17th century as the Statenvlag ("States Flag"), the naval flag of the States-General of the Dutch Republic . Its official status as the national flag of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Netherlands
was formalized in 1937
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Hotel Majapahit
The HOTEL MAJAPAHIT is a historic luxury hotel in Surabaya
Surabaya
, Indonesia
Indonesia
. Located at 65 Jalan Tunjungan, Surabaya. The hotel was founded in 1910 as the HOTEL ORANJE by Lucas Martin Sarkies who commissioned Regent Alfred John Bidwell
Regent Alfred John Bidwell
to design the hotel. The hotel opened in 1911. A new art deco style lobby extension was opened in 1936. The opening was celebrated with a royal party attended by Crown Prince Leopold III from Belgium, Princess Astrid from Sweden and Charlie Chaplin. During the Japanese occupation of Indonesia
Indonesia
from 1942 to 1945 during WWII, the hotel's name was changed to HOTEL YAMATO and was used as the headquarters of the Japanese forces in East Java
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Palace
A PALACE is a grand residence, especially a royal residence, or the home of a head of state or some other high-ranking dignitary , such as a bishop or archbishop . The word is derived from the Latin
Latin
name Palātium, for Palatine Hill in Rome
Rome
which housed the Imperial residences. In many parts of Europe , the term is also applied to ambitious private mansions of the aristocracy . Many historic palaces are now put to other uses such as parliaments , museums , hotels , or office buildings . The word is also sometimes used to describe a lavishly ornate building used for public entertainment or exhibitions
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Fatmawati
FATMAWATI (5 February 1923 – 14 May 1980) is a National Hero of Indonesia (Indonesian : Pahlawan Nasional Indonesia). As the first Indonesian First Lady, She was the third wife of Sukarno , the first president of Indonesia , and the mother of Indonesia's first female president, Megawati Sukarnoputri . She constructed the first flag flown by Indonesia. CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Polygamy * 3 Death * 4 Legacy * 5 References LIFE Fatmawati constructed the first flag of Indonesia. The picture shows the first time the Indonesian flag was raised Fatmawati was born on 5 February 1923 in Bengkulu to Hasan Din and Chadijah. One of her ancestors was a princess of a Minangkabau kingdom, Sultanate of Inderapura . When she met Sukarno she was a teenager and he was married to a 53-year-old woman named Inggit. Unsurprisingly, Sukarno's wife was unwilling to release her husband but, after two years, Inggit agreed to a divorce
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