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Five-eighth
FIVE-EIGHTH or STAND-OFF is one of the positions in a rugby league football team. Wearing jersey number 6, this player is one of the two half backs in a team, partnering the scrum half . Sometimes known as the 'pivot' or 'second receiver', in a traditional attacking back-line play the five-eighth would receive the ball from the scrum half, who is the 'first-receiver' of the ball from the dummy-half or hooker following a tackle . The role of the five-eighth is often to pass the ball away from the congested area around the tackle, further out along the backline to the outside backs, the centres and wingers, who have more space to run with it. Furthermore, players in this position typically assume responsibility for kicking the ball for field position in general play. The five-eighth is therefore considered one of the most important positions, often referred to as a 'play maker', assuming a decision-making role on the field. Over time, however, as the game has evolved, the roles of the two halves have grown more aligned and difficult to distinguish. Along with other key positions - fullback , hooker and scrum half - the five-eighth makes up what is known as a team's 'spine'. One book published in 1996 stated that in senior rugby league, the five-eighth and hooker handled the ball more often than any other position. The Rugby League International Federation 's Laws of the Game state that the "Stand-off half or Five-eighth" is to be numbered 6
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Thomas Bosc
THOMAS BOSC (born 5 August 1983 in Perpignan
Perpignan
, Languedoc-Roussillon , France
France
) is a French professional rugby league footballer for the Catalan Dragons of Super League . Having spent his entire professional career with the Dragons, he is the club's all-time leading points scorer and is considered one of the finest French players to have played for the club. PLAYING CAREER Bosc playing for France
France
in the 2013 Rugby League World Cup
2013 Rugby League World Cup
After coming through the ranks at Elite One Championship
Elite One Championship
side Union Treiziste Catalane (the precursor to Catalan Dragons), Bosc was part of the Dragons' inaugural Super League squad and made his Super League debut against Castleford Tigers
Castleford Tigers
on February 26, 2006, in what was only the club's third Super League match. He spent most of 2006 as a fringe player, occasionally called upon to play at full-back. In 2007, with the arrival of Clint Greenshields , he was switched to the wing and enjoyed a successful campaign, albeit one curtailed by injury. With the retirement of Stacey Jones
Stacey Jones
in 2008, Bosc was handed the opportunity to fill his considerable gap in the halves
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Rugby League Positions
A rugby league football team consists of thirteen players on the field, with four substitutes on the bench. Each of the thirteen players is assigned a position based on both the role they are expected to fill within the team and the area they typically occupy on the field. These positions are defined by number and are standardised across all teams and matches, however the same rules apply equally to all players regardless of position and the positions are fluid, meaning players free to interchange between positions or take up a different position at any time. In practice, the positions simply serve as a guideline as to the player's expected role in both attack and defence. Players are divided into two general categories, forwards and backs. Forwards are generally chosen for their size and strength. They are expected to run with the ball, to attack, and to make tackles. Forwards are required to improve the team's field position thus creating space and time for the backs. Backs are usually smaller and faster, though a big, fast player can be of advantage in the backs. Their roles require speed and ball-playing skills, rather than just strength, to take advantage of the field position gained by the forwards. Typically forwards tend to operate in the centre of the field, while backs operate nearer to the touch-lines , where more space can usually be found
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Rugby League Football
RUGBY LEAGUE FOOTBALL, usually called RUGBY LEAGUE or simply LEAGUE, is a full contact sport played by two teams of thirteen players on a rectangular field . One of the two codes of rugby football , it originated in England in 1895 as a split from the Rugby Football Union over the issue of payments to players. Its rules gradually changed with the aim of producing a faster, more entertaining game for spectators. In rugby league, points are scored by carrying the ball and touching it to the ground beyond the opposing team's goal line; this is called a _try _, and is the primary method of scoring. The opposing team attempts to stop the attacking side scoring points by tackling the player carrying the ball. In addition to tries, points can be scored by kicking goals. After each try, the scoring team gains a free kick to _try at goal_ with a conversion for further points. Kicks at goal may also be awarded for penalties, and field goals can be attempted at any time. Rugby league is a popular sport in Northern England , the states of Queensland and New South Wales in Australia , New Zealand , southwest France and is the national sport of Papua New Guinea . The European Super League and Australasian National Rugby League (NRL) are the premier club competitions
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Scrum-half (rugby League)
A rugby league football team consists of thirteen players on the field, with four substitutes on the bench. Each of the thirteen players is assigned a position based on both the role they are expected to fill within the team and the area they typically occupy on the field. These positions are defined by number and are standardised across all teams and matches, however the same rules apply equally to all players regardless of position and the positions are fluid, meaning players free to interchange between positions or take up a different position at any time. In practice, the positions simply serve as a guideline as to the player's expected role in both attack and defence. Players are divided into two general categories, forwards and backs. Forwards are generally chosen for their size and strength. They are expected to run with the ball, to attack, and to make tackles. Forwards are required to improve the team's field position thus creating space and time for the backs. Backs are usually smaller and faster, though a big, fast player can be of advantage in the backs. Their roles require speed and ball-playing skills, rather than just strength, to take advantage of the field position gained by the forwards. Typically forwards tend to operate in the centre of the field, while backs operate nearer to the touch-lines , where more space can usually be found
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Hooker (rugby League)
HOOKER is one of the positions in a rugby league football team. Usually wearing jersey number 9, the hooker is one of the team's forwards. During scrums the hooker plays in the front row, and the position's name comes from their role of 'hooking' or 'raking' the ball back with the foot. For this reason the hooker is sometimes referred to as the RAKE. Hookers such as Anthony Mitchell usually perform the role of "dummy half", picking the ball up to start play following a play-the-ball. Hookers have a great deal of contact with the ball, as they usually play the role of acting halfback or DUMMY HALF , picking the ball up from the play-the-ball that follows a tackle . Hookers therefore have a lot of responsibility in that they then decide what to do with the ball, whether that be to pass it (and to whom), run with it, or occasionally to kick it. Therefore, together with the two half backs and fullback , hooker is one of the four key positions that make up what is sometimes called a team's 'spine'. A trend of scrum half backs converting into hookers followed the introduction of the 10 metre rule, and many players have switched between these positions in their careers such as Geoff Toovey
Geoff Toovey
, Andrew Johns
Andrew Johns
, Craig Gower and Peter Wallace . The laws of rugby league state that the hooker is to be numbered 9
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Tackle (football Move)
Most forms of football have a move known as a TACKLE. The primary and important purposes of tackling are to dispossess an opponent of the ball, to stop the player from gaining ground towards goal or to stop them from carrying out what they intend. The word is used in some contact variations of football to describe the act of physically holding or wrestling a player to the ground. In others, it simply describes one or more methods of contesting for possession of the ball. It can therefore be used as both a defensive or attacking move. CONTENTS * 1 Name origin * 2 American and Canadian football * 3 Association football
Association football
* 4 Australian rules football
Australian rules football
* 4.1 Types of tackles in Australian rules * 4.2 Other tackling methods * 5 Gaelic football * 6 International rules football * 7 Rugby league
Rugby league
* 8 Rugby union
Rugby union
* 9 Other uses * 10 Allowable tackle types * 11 Controversial techniques * 12 References NAME ORIGINIn Middle Dutch, the verb tacken meant to grab or to handle. By the 14th century, this had come to be used for the equipment used for fishing, referring to the rod and reel, etc., and also for that used in sailing, referring to rigging, equipment, or gear used on ships. By the 18th century, a similar use was applied to harnesses or equipment used with horses
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Fullback (rugby League)
FULLBACK (or FULL-BACK) is one of the positions in a rugby league football team. Typically wearing jersey number 1, the fullback is a member of the team's 'back-line' (1-7). The position's name comes from their duty of standing the furthest back in defence, behind the forwards (8-13), half backs (6 and 7) and the three-quarter backs (2-5). Fullbacks are therefore the last line of defence, having to tackle any opposition players and regather the ball from any kicks that make it through their teammates. It is for this reason that the fullback is also referred to as the SWEEPER or CUSTODIAN. Being able to secure high bomb kicks is a sought after quality in fullbacks. Fullback is also one of the most important positions in attack, handling the ball nearly every set of six and often running into open space on the field . Therefore, together with the two half backs and hooker , fullback is one of the four key positions that make up what is referred to as a team's 'spine'. Because the fullback makes the most support runs, players in the role complete more very high-intensity running than any other position. The Rugby League International Federation 's Laws of the Game state that the 'fullback' is to be numbered 1. However, traditionally players' jersey numbers have varied, and in the modern Super League
Super League
, each squad's players are assigned individual numbers regardless of position
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Rugby League International Federation
The RUGBY LEAGUE INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION (RLIF) is the global governing body for the sport of rugby league football . The RLIF is responsible for the _Laws of the Game _, the development, organisation and governance of rugby leagues internationally, and for the sport's major international tournaments; most notably the Rugby League World Cup and the Four Nations . There are two regional associations affiliated to the RLIF; the Rugby League European Federation (RLEF) and the Asia-Pacific Rugby League Confederation (APRLC)
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Laws Of Rugby League
The LAWS OF RUGBY LEAGUE, officially the LAWS OF THE GAME, are the laws governing the game of rugby league football . The Laws apply to the play, officiating, equipment and procedures of the sport. The Laws are the responsibility of the Rugby League International Federation . Rugby league governing bodies are permitted to vary the Laws for use in their own competitions. This allows countries to cater for their own "priorities, competitors and opportunities", while avoiding the hindrance to progress that a necessity for international agreement might cause. In the past, "pre-tour agreements" between opponents have been employed to deal with differences. International rugby competitions, including the World Cup , are often played under rules that differ from the official Laws. The Laws have undergone significant changes since pioneers of the sport broke away from the Rugby football establishment in 1895. Sean Fagan , a rugby league historian, describes the sport as a "constantly evolving animal, particularly with professional coaches, the rules have to keep pace"
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Super League
SUPER LEAGUE (currently known as the BETFRED SUPER LEAGUE for sponsorship reasons) is the top-level professional rugby league club competition in the Northern hemisphere. The league has twelve teams: eleven from England and one from France. Canadian and Welsh clubs that also compete in the Rugby Football League can also qualify. Colloquially known in the UK as the SUPER LEAGUE it is referred to internationally as the EUROPEAN SUPER LEAGUE (ESL). The current champions are Wigan Warriors . Super League began in 1996, replacing the RFL Championship and switching from a winter to a summer season. Each team plays 23 games between February and July: 11 home games, 11 away games and a Magic Weekend game at a neutral venue. After 23 games, teams enter a SUPER 8 stage, the top eight play each other once more. The top four then enter the play-off series leading to the Grand Final (formerly the Championship Final ) which determines the champions. The bottom four teams go on to play the top four Championship teams in The Qualifiers to determine who will play in Super League the following season. Leeds Rhinos are the most successful club in the Super League era, having won 7 titles. However, Wigan Warriors are the most successful club overall, having won 21 British Championships
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Wally Lewis
WALTER JAMES "WALLY" LEWIS AM (born 1 December 1959) is an Australian former professional rugby league footballer and coach of the 1970s, 80s, and 90s, who has become a commentator for television coverage of the sport. A highly decorated Australian national captain, Lewis is widely regarded as one of the greatest ever players of rugby league. His time as a player and coach was followed by a career as a newsreader for the Nine Network . Nicknamed THE KING and also THE EMPEROR OF LANG PARK , Lewis represented Queensland
Queensland
in thirty-one State of Origin games from 1980 to 1991, and was captain for thirty of them. He also represented Australia
Australia
in thirty-three international matches from 1981 to 1991 and was national team captain from 1984 to 1989. Lewis is perhaps best known for his State of Origin performances, spearheading Queensland's dominance in that competition throughout the 1980s. He captained at State of Origin level 30 times, winning a record 8 man of the match awards. Lewis has since been inducted into the Australian Rugby League Hall of Fame and in 1999 he became the sixth member of 'The Immortals '. In 2000, he was awarded the Australian Sports Medal for his contribution to Australia's international standing in the sport of rugby league
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Rugby Football
RUGBY is a game similar to football developed at Rugby School in Rugby, Warwickshire , one of many versions of football played at English public schools in the 19th century. The two main types (known as _codes_) of rugby are rugby league and rugby union . Although rugby league initially used rugby union rules, they are now wholly separate sports. Rugby School , where Rugby football began. Rugby union : A scrum between the Crusaders and Brumbies (May 2006). CONTENTS * 1 Forms * 2 History * 3 Global status of rugby codes * 4 Rules * 5 Culture * 5.1 Home countries * 5.2 Internationally * 6 Rugby ball * 7 World Cups * 8 Rugby shirt * 9 Rugby betting * 10 References * 11 External links FORMSFollowing the 1895 split in rugby football, the two forms rugby league and rugby union differed in administration only. Soon the rules of rugby league were modified, resulting in two distinctly different forms of rugby. After 100 years, in 1995 rugby union joined rugby league and most other forms of football as an openly professional sport . See also: Comparison of rugby league and rugby union HISTORY See also: History of rugby union and History of rugby league _ Ancient Greek episkyros_ player on an Attic _lekythos _
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Scrum (rugby)
A SCRUM (short for SCRUMMAGE) is a method of restarting play in rugby that involves players packing closely together with their heads down and attempting to gain possession of the ball. Depending on whether it is in rugby union or rugby league , the scrum is utilized either after an accidental infringement or when the ball has gone out of play. Scrums occur more often, and are now of greater importance, in union than in league. Starting play from the line of scrimmage in gridiron football is derived from the scrum. In both sports, a scrum is formed by the players who are designated forwards binding together in three rows. The scrum then 'engages' with the opposition team so that the players' heads are interlocked with those of the other side's front row. In rugby union the initiation of the process is verbally coordinated by the referee who calls 'crouch, bind, set' as of 2013 (formerly 'crouch, touch, pause, engage', 'crouch and hold, engage' before 2007). The scrum-half from the team that did not infringe then throws the ball into the tunnel created in the space between the two sets of front rowers' legs. Both teams may then try to compete for the ball by trying to hook the ball backwards with their feet. A key difference between the two sports is that in rugby union both sets of forwards try to push the opposition backwards whilst competing for the ball and thus the team that did not throw the ball into the scrum have some minimal chance of winning the possession
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Australian English
AUSTRALIAN ENGLISH (AUE, EN-AU ) is a major variety of the English language , used throughout Australia
Australia
. Although English has no official status in the Constitution , Australian English is the country's national and _de facto _ official language as it is the first language of the majority of the population . Australian English began to diverge from British English after the founding of the Colony of New South Wales in 1788 and was recognised as being different from British English by 1820. It arose from the intermingling of early settlers from a great variety of mutually intelligible dialectal regions of the British Isles and quickly developed into a distinct variety of English. As a distinct dialect, Australian English differs considerably from other varieties of English in vocabulary , accent , pronunciation , register , grammar and spelling
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Roger Millward
ROGER MILLWARD MBE
MBE
(16 September 1947 – 2 May 2016) was an English rugby league footballer and coach of the mid to late 20th century. A goal-kicking Stand-off , he gained a high level of prominence in the sport in England
England
by playing for Hull Kingston Rovers and Castleford
Castleford
, as well as representing Great Britain . Millward was inducted into the Rugby League Hall of Fame . Millward was awarded the Order of the British Empire
Order of the British Empire
(MBE) in 1983. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Domestic career * 3 International career * 4 Testimonial match * 5 Coaching * 6 Genealogical information * 7 Legacy * 8 Accolades * 8.1 Open Rugby inaugural World XIII * 8.2 Honoured by Arriva Yorkshire
Arriva Yorkshire
* 9 Footnotes * 10 External links EARLY LIFEMillward was born in Castleford
Castleford
, West Riding of Yorkshire , England. DOMESTIC CAREERMillward began his professional career in September 1964, signing for his home town club Castleford
Castleford
. He made his début on 3 October 1964 against Dewsbury Celtic and won his first domestic honours in 1965 with Castleford
Castleford
picking up the Floodlit Trophy
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