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Finnish National Opera
The FINNISH NATIONAL OPERA (Finnish : Suomen Kansallisooppera; Swedish : Finlands Nationalopera) is a Finnish opera company based in Helsinki
Helsinki
. Its home base is the Opera
Opera
House on Töölönlahti bay in Töölö , which opened in 1993, and is state-owned through Senate Properties . The Opera
Opera
House features two auditoriums, the main auditorium with 1,350, seats and a smaller studio auditorium with 300-500 seats. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Personnel * 3 Productions * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYRegular opera performances began in Finland in 1873 with the founding of the Finnish Opera
Opera
by Kaarlo Bergbom . Prior to that, opera had been performed in Finland sporadically by touring companies, and on occasion by Finnish amateurs, the first such production being The Barber of Seville in 1849
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Finnish Language
FINNISH (_ suomi_ (help ·info ), or _suomen kieli_ ) is the language spoken by the majority of the population in Finland and by ethnic Finns outside Finland. It is one of the two official languages of Finland and an official minority language in Sweden . In Sweden, both standard Finnish and Meänkieli , a Finnish dialect, are spoken. The Kven language , a dialect of Finnish, is spoken in Northern Norway by a minority group of Finnish descent. Finnish is the eponymous member of the Finnic language family and is typologically between fusional and agglutinative languages . It modifies and inflects nouns , adjectives , pronouns , numerals and verbs , depending on their roles in the sentence
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Swedish Language
SWEDISH (_ svenska_ (help ·info ) ) is a North Germanic language, spoken natively by more than 9 million people predominantly in Sweden (as sole official language) and parts of Finland , where it has equal legal standing with Finnish . It is largely mutually intelligible with Norwegian and Danish . Swedish is a descendant of Old Norse , the common language of the Germanic peoples living in Scandinavia during the Viking Era . It is currently the largest of the North Germanic languages by number of speakers. Standard Swedish , spoken by most Swedes , is the national language that evolved from the Central Swedish dialects in the 19th century and was well established by the beginning of the 20th century. While distinct regional varieties descended from the older rural dialects still exist, the spoken and written language is uniform and standardized
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Opera House
An OPERA HOUSE is a theatre building used for opera performances that consists of a stage , an orchestra pit , audience seating, and backstage facilities for costumes and set building. While some venues are constructed specifically for operas, other opera houses are part of larger performing arts centers
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Helsinki
HELSINKI (/hɛlˈsɪŋki/ ; Finnish pronunciation: (_ listen ); Swedish : Helsingfors_; Swedish pronunciation: ( listen )) is the capital and largest city of Finland . It is in the region of Uusimaa , in southern Finland, on the shore of the Gulf of Finland . Helsinki has a population of 629,512, an urban population of 1,231,595, and a metropolitan population of over 1.4 million, making it the most populous municipality and urban area in Finland. Helsinki is located some 80 kilometres (50 mi) north of Tallinn , Estonia , 400 km (250 mi) east of Stockholm , Sweden , and 390 km (240 mi) west of Saint Petersburg , Russia . Helsinki has close historical connections with these three cities
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Töölönlahti
TööLö (Swedish : Tölö) is the collective name for the neighbourhoods Etu- Töölö
Töölö
(Swedish : Främre Tölö; lit. Front Töölö) and Taka- Töölö
Töölö
(Swedish : Bortre Tölö; lit. Rear Töölö) in Helsinki
Helsinki
, Finland
Finland
. The neighbourhoods are located next to the city centre, occupying the western side of the Helsinki Peninsula. Etu-Töölö, the southern neighbourhood, borders Kamppi
Kamppi
and is the location of the Finnish Parliament House . Taka-Töölö, the northern neighbourhood, borders Meilahti and Laakso . Contrary to popular belief, Töölö
Töölö
is not the official name of any district or neighbourhood in Helsinki. Töölö
Töölö
was built in 1920–1930 when Helsinki
Helsinki
suffered from rapid population growth and needed more housing
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Töölö
TööLö (Swedish : Tölö) is the collective name for the neighbourhoods Etu- Töölö
Töölö
(Swedish : Främre Tölö; lit. Front Töölö) and Taka- Töölö
Töölö
(Swedish : Bortre Tölö; lit. Rear Töölö) in Helsinki
Helsinki
, Finland
Finland
. The neighbourhoods are located next to the city centre, occupying the western side of the Helsinki Peninsula. Etu-Töölö, the southern neighbourhood, borders Kamppi
Kamppi
and is the location of the Finnish Parliament House . Taka-Töölö, the northern neighbourhood, borders Meilahti and Laakso . Contrary to popular belief, Töölö
Töölö
is not the official name of any district or neighbourhood in Helsinki. Töölö
Töölö
was built in 1920–1930 when Helsinki
Helsinki
suffered from rapid population growth and needed more housing
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Senate Properties
SENATE PROPERTIES (in Finnish : SENAATTI-KIINTEISTöT, in Swedish : SENATFASTIGHETER) is a Finnish unincorporated state-owned enterprise , which manages a major part of the real estate assets owned by the Republic of Finland
Finland
. Declaration made 3 September 1811 by Tsar Alexander I of Russia to establish the Office of the Intendant. Handwriting in Swedish . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Legal status * 3 Finance * 4 Development projects * 5 General information * 6 Gallery of buildings * 7 Notes * 8 References * 9 External links HISTORY Senate Properties
Senate Properties
descends from the Office of the Intendant (corresponding names in Finnish and Swedish are listed in the table below), established 3 September 1811, the goal of which was to supervise the planning of government buildings
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Opera
OPERA (Italian: ; English plural: _operas_; Italian plural: _opere_ ) is an art form in which singers and musicians perform a dramatic work combining text (libretto ) and musical score , usually in a theatrical setting . In traditional opera, singers do two types of singing: recitative , a speech-inflected style and arias , a more melodic style, in which notes are sung in a sustained fashion. Opera incorporates many of the elements of spoken theatre , such as acting , scenery , and costumes and sometimes includes dance . The performance is typically given in an opera house , accompanied by an orchestra or smaller musical ensemble , which since the early 19th century has been led by a conductor . Opera is a key part of the Western classical music tradition
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Kaarlo Bergbom
KAARLO BERGBOM (2 October 1843, Viipuri – 17 January 1906) was a Finnish theatre director. He was the founder of the Finnish National Theatre , the first Finnish language
Finnish language
theatre company. Though he wrote very little as a playwright, he was responsible for introducing a number of important Finnish dramatists, particularly Minna Canth , and Finnish translations of William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
and other foreign writers. Bergbom also founded the magazine Kirjallinen Kuukausilehti. He was the brother of senator Ossian Wuorenheimo and Emilie Bergbom . He is buried in the Hietaniemi Cemetery
Hietaniemi Cemetery
in Helsinki. NOTES * ^ "Hietaniemen hautausmaa – merkittäviä vainajia" (PDF). Helsingin seurakuntayhtymä
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The Barber Of Seville
_THE BARBER OF SEVILLE, OR THE FUTILE PRECAUTION_ (Italian : _IL BARBIERE DI SIVIGLIA, OSSIA L\'INUTILE PRECAUZIONE_ ) is an opera buffa in two acts by Gioachino Rossini with an Italian libretto by Cesare Sterbini . The libretto was based on Pierre Beaumarchais 's French comedy _Le Barbier de Séville _ (1775). The première of Rossini's opera (under the title _Almaviva, o sia L'inutile precauzione_) took place on 20 February 1816 at the Teatro Argentina , Rome. Rossini's _Barber_ has proven to be one of the greatest masterpieces of comedy within music, and has been described as the opera buffa of all "opere buffe". Even after two hundred years, it remains a popular work
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Finnish National Theatre
The FINNISH NATIONAL THEATRE (Finnish : Suomen Kansallisteatteri), established in 1872, is a theatre located in central Helsinki
Helsinki
on the northern side of the Helsinki
Helsinki
Central Railway Station Square . The Finnish National Theatre
Finnish National Theatre
is the oldest Finnish speaking professional theatre in Finland. It was known as the FINNISH THEATRE until 1902, when it was renamed the Finnish National Theatre. For the first thirty years of its existence, the theatre functioned primarily as a touring company. The theatre did not acquire a permanent home until 1902, when a purpose-built structure was erected in the heart of Helsinki, adjacent to the city's main railway station. The building hosting the Finnish National Theatre
Finnish National Theatre
today was completed in 1902 and designed by architect Onni Tarjanne in the National Romantic style , inspired by romantic nationalism
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Soprano
A SOPRANO is a type of classical female singing voice and has the highest vocal range of all voice types . The soprano's vocal range (using scientific pitch notation ) is from approximately middle C (C4) = 261 Hz to "high A" (A5) =880 Hz in choral music , or to "soprano C" (C6, two octaves above middle C) =1046 Hz or higher in operatic music. In four-part chorale style harmony, the soprano takes the highest part, which usually encompasses the melody . The soprano voice type is generally divided into the coloratura , soubrette , lyric , spinto , and dramatic soprano. The lyric soprano is the most common female singing voice
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Aino Ackté
AINO ACKTé (originally ACHTE; 23 April 1876 – 8 August 1944) was a Finnish soprano . She was the first international star of the Finnish opera scene after Alma Fohström , and a groundbreaker for the domestic field. Ackté was born in Helsinki
Helsinki
. Her parents were mezzo-soprano Emmy Achté (née Strömer) and the conductor-composer Lorenz Nikolai Achté . Aino Ackté
Aino Ackté
married a doctor, Heikki Renvall, in 1901 and gave birth to a daughter, Glory Leppänen, the same year. Their son, Mies Reenkola, was born in 1908. The young Ackté studied singing under her mother's tutelage until 1894 when she entered the Paris Conservatory, studying under Edmond Duvernoy and Alfred Girodet. Her debut at the Paris Grand Opera was in 1897 in Faust and she was signed on for six years as a result. In 1904 Ackté was engaged by the New York Metropolitan Opera where she remained until 1906
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Aleksanterin Teatteri
ALEXANDER THEATRE (Finnish : ALEKSANTERIN TEATTERI, Swedish : ALEXANDERSTEATERN) is a Finnish theatre in the city of Helsinki
Helsinki
at Bulevardi 23-27, also known as RUSSIAN THEATER. HISTORYIn the summer of 1875, the Governor-General of Russian Finland in 1866–1881, Count Nikolay Adlerberg
Nikolay Adlerberg
, who was a frequent theatregoer, received Alexander II of Russia 's permission to build a theatre for Russians living in Helsinki
Helsinki
. The building was designed by the engineer Colonel Pjotr Petrovitš Benard, though probably on the basis of standardized drawings
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