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Field Elm
Ulmus minor
Ulmus minor
Mill., the field elm, is by far the most polymorphic of the European species, although its taxonomy remains a matter of contention. Its natural range is predominantly south European, extending to Asia Minor
Asia Minor
and Iran; its northern outposts are the Baltic islands of Öland
Öland
and Gotland,[1] although it may have been introduced here by man. The tree's typical habitat is low-lying forest along the main rivers, growing in association with oak and ash, where it tolerates summer floods as well as droughts.[2] Current treatment of the species owes much to Richens,[3] who noted (1983) that several varieties of field elm are distinguishable on the European mainland. Of these, he listed the small-leaved U. minor of France and Spain; the narrow-leaved U. minor of northern and central Italy; the densely hairy leaved U. minor of southern Italy
Italy
and Greece; the U
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Villesèquelande
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once. Villesèquelande
Villesèquelande
is a commune near Carcassonne
Carcassonne
in the Aude
Aude
department in southern France
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Augustine Henry
Augustine Henry
Augustine Henry
(2 July 1857 – 23 March 1930) was an Irish plantsman and sinologist. He is best known for sending over 15,000 dry specimens and seeds and 500 plant samples to Kew Gardens
Kew Gardens
in the United Kingdom. By 1930, he was a recognised authority and was honoured with society membership in Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Finland, France, and Poland. In 1929 the Botanical Institute of Peking dedicated to him the second volume of Icones plantarum Sinicarum, a collection of plant drawings. In 1935, J. W
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Molecular Marker
A molecular marker is a molecule contained within a sample taken from an organism (biological markers) or other matter. It can be used to reveal certain characteristics about the respective source. DNA, for example, is a molecular marker containing information about genetic disorders, genealogy and the evolutionary history of life. Specific regions of the DNA
DNA
(genetic markers) is are used to diagnose the autosomal recessive genetic disorder cystic fibrosis,[1] taxonomic affinity (phylogenetics) and identity ( DNA
DNA
Barcoding)
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Samara (fruit)
A samara is a winged achene, a type of fruit in which a flattened wing of fibrous, papery tissue develops from the ovary wall. A samara is a simple dry fruit and indehiscent (not opening along a seam). The shape of a samara enables the wind to carry the seed farther away than regular seeds from the parent tree,[1] and is thus a form of anemochory. In some cases the seed is in the centre of the wing, as in the elms (genus Ulmus), the hoptree (Ptelea trifoliata), and the bushwillows (genus Combretum)
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MHNT
The Muséum de Toulouse, sometimes known as MHNT or Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle de la ville de Toulouse, is a museum of natural history in Toulouse, France. It is located in the Busca-Montplaisir, and houses a collection of more than 2.5 million items.Contents1 History 2 Permanent exhibitions 3 Collections3.1 Prehistory 3.2 Botany 3.3 Entomology3.3.1 Coleoptera 3.3.2 Lepidoptera 3.3.3 Orthoptera3.4 Mineralogy 3.5 Ornithology 3.6 Osteology 3.7 Paleontology3.7.1 Invertebrates 3.7.2 Vertebrates4 Henri Gaussen
Henri Gaussen
Botanical Garden 5 References 6 External linksHistory[edit]This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (November 2011)The museum was founded in 1796 by the naturalist Philippe-Isidore Picot de Lapeyrouse. It was at that time housed in the old buildings of the monastery of the carmelite friars. It was opened to the public in 1865 in its present location and under the directorship of Édouard Filhol
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Universidad Politėcnica De Madrid
The Technical University of Madrid
Madrid
or sometimes called Polytechnic University of Madrid
Madrid
(Spanish: Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, UPM) is a Spanish university, located in Madrid. It was founded in 1971 as the result of merging different Technical Schools of Engineering and Architecture, originating mainly in the 18th century. Over 35,000 students attend classes during the year. According to the annual university ranking conducted by El Mundo, the Technical University of Madrid
Madrid
ranks as the top technical university in Spain,[1] and second overall
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Ulmus 'Sapporo Autumn Gold'
Ulmus
Ulmus
' Sapporo
Sapporo
Autumn Gold' is one of the most commercially successful hybrid elm cultivars ever marketed, widely planted across North America and western Europe, although it has now been largely supplanted by more recent introductions.[1] Arising from a chance crossing of the Japanese elm (female parent) and Siberian elm, seed was sent in 1958 by Prof
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Elm Yellows
Elm
Elm
yellows is a plant disease of elm trees that is spread by leafhoppers or by root grafts.[1] Elm
Elm
yellows, also known as elm phloem necrosis, is very aggressive, with no known cure. Elm
Elm
yellows occurs in the eastern United States, and southern Ontario
Ontario
in Canada. It is caused by phytoplasmas which infect the phloem (inner bark) of the tree.[2] Similar phytoplasmas, also known confusingly as 'Elm yellows', also occur in Europe.[3] Infection and death of the phloem effectively girdles the tree and stops the flow of water and nutrients. The disease affects both wild-growing and cultivated trees.Contents1 Importance 2 Transmission 3 Symptoms 4 Control 5 References 6 See alsoImportance[edit] Elms are very important to the American landscape, prized for their unique shade characteristics
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Sicily
Sicily
Sicily
(/ˈsɪsɪli/ SISS-i-lee; Italian: Sicilia [siˈtʃiːlja], Sicilian: Sicìlia) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. It is an autonomous region of Italy, in Southern Italy
Italy
along with surrounding minor islands, officially referred to as Regione Siciliana. Sicily
Sicily
is located in the central Mediterranean Sea, south of the Italian Peninsula, from which it is separated by the narrow Strait of Messina. Its most prominent landmark is Mount Etna, the tallest active volcano in Europe,[4] and one of the most active in the world, currently 3,329 m (10,922 ft) high
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Sardinia
Sardinia
Sardinia
(/sɑːrˈdɪniə/ sar-DIN-ee-ə; Italian: Sardegna [sarˈdeɲɲa], Sardinian: Sardìgna/Sardìnnia [sarˈdiɲɲa]/[sarˈdinja], Sassarese: Sardhigna, Gallurese: Saldigna, Catalan: Sardenya, Tabarchino: Sardegna) is the second largest island in the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
(after Sicily
Sicily
and before Cyprus) and an autonomous region of Italy. It is located in the Western Mediterranean, to the immediate south of the French island of Corsica. The region's official name is Regione Autonoma della Sardegna / Regione Autònoma de Sardigna (Autonomous Region of Sardinia),[3] and its capital and largest city is Cagliari. It is divided into four provinces and a metropolitan city
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Paris
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once. Paris
Paris
(French pronunciation: ​[paʁi] ( listen)) is the capital and most populous city in France, with an administrative-limits area of 105 square kilometres (41 square miles) and an official population of 2,206,488 (2015).[5] The city is a commune and department, and the heart of the 12,012-square-kilometre (4
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Metaxades
Metaxades
Metaxades
(Greek: Μεταξάδες, [metaˈksaðes]) is a town and a former municipality in the Evros regional unit, East Macedonia and Thrace, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Didymoteicho, of which it is a municipal unit.[2] The municipal unit has an area of 211.238 km2.[3] In 2011 its population was 687 for the village, 717 for the community and 3,415 for the municipality. Metaxades
Metaxades
is located in the northern part of the Evros regional unit, on the border with Bulgaria
Bulgaria
( Ivaylovgrad
Ivaylovgrad
municipality). The river Erythropotamos
Erythropotamos
flows through the municipal unit. Kyprinos
Kyprinos
lies to the north, and Didymoteicho
Didymoteicho
to the east
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Nièvre
Nièvre
Nièvre
(IPA: [njɛvʁ]) is a department in the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
in the centre of France
France
named after the River Nièvre.[1]Contents1 History 2 Geography 3 Demography 4 Wines 5 Politics 6 Tourism 7 See also 8 References 9 External linksHistory[edit] Nièvre
Nièvre
is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution
French Revolution
on 4 March 1790. It was created from the former province of Nivernais. Geography[edit] Nièvre
Nièvre
is part of the current region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté,[1] although historically it was not part of the province of Burgundy. It is surrounded by the departments of Yonne, Côte-d'Or, Saône-et-Loire, Allier, Cher, and Loiret
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Thrace
Thrace
Thrace
(/θreɪs/; Modern Greek: Θράκη, Thráke; Bulgarian: Тракия, Trakiya; Turkish: Trakya) is a geographical and historical area in southeast Europe, now split between Bulgaria, Greece
Greece
and Turkey, which is bounded by the Balkan Mountains
Balkan Mountains
to the north, the Aegean Sea
Aegean Sea
to the south and the Black Sea
Black Sea
to the east
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Siatista
Siatista
Siatista
(Greek: Σιάτιστα) is a town and a former municipality in Kozani
Kozani
regional unit, West Macedonia, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Voio, of which it is the seat and a municipal unit.[2] It lies 28 kilometres (17 miles) southwest of Kozani. The municipal unit has an area of 158.524 km2, the community 94.426 km2.[3] The 2011 census recorded 5,490 residents in the town and 6,247 in the municipal unit.[1] It was built on the austral slope of the Velia mountain on an (average) height of 930 metres (3,051 feet). The first name of the city was Kalyvia, because the city was known for its huts
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