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Fatick
FATICK is a town in Senegal
Senegal
, located between M\'bour and Kaolack
Kaolack
and inhabited by the Serer people . Its 2005 population was estimated at 24,243. It is the capital of the Fatick Region
Fatick Region
. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Administration * 3 Geography * 4 Climate * 5 Population * 6 Economy * 7 Notable people from Fatick
Fatick
* 8 References HISTORY Main articles: Serer ancient history and Serer religion The city has several ancient sites classified as historical monuments and added to the World heritage
World heritage
list. There is also the site of Mind Ngo Mindiss where libations and offerings are made, located in the Sine River . These holy sites including Ndiobaye where traditional ceremonies takes place; Ndeb Jab, which houses a sacred tree at Ndiaye-Ndiaye etc., are all sacred places in Serer religion . The Xoy ceremony (or Khoy) performed by the Serer high priests and priestesses (the Saltigues ) takes place at Fatick
Fatick
once a year. ADMINISTRATIONIt is the capital of the Fatick Region
Fatick Region
and the Fatick Department . GEOGRAPHYThe nearest towns are Nerane, Pourham, Mbirk Pourham and Tok. Dakar
Dakar
, the capital of Senegal
Senegal
is located 155 km away
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Senegal
Coordinates : 14°N 14°W / 14°N 14°W / 14; -14 Republic of Senegal _République du Sénégal_ (French ) Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: "Un Peuple, Un But, Une Foi" (French ) "One People, One Goal, One Faith" ANTHEM: _ Pincez Tous vos Koras, Frappez les Balafons _ _Everyone strum your koras , strike the balafons _ Location of Senegal (dark blue) in the African Union (light blue) Capital and largest city Dakar 14°40′N 17°25′W / 14.667°N 17.417°W / 14.667; -17.417 OFFICIAL LANGUAGES French NATIONAL LANGUAGES * Balanta-Ganja * Hassaniya Arabic * Jola-Fonyi * Mandinka * Mandjak * Mankanya * Noon *
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Regions Of Senegal
Senegal
Senegal
is subdivided into 14 regions (French: régions, singular – région), each of which is administered by a Conseil Régional (pl.: Conseils Régionaux) elected by population weight at the arrondissement level. Senegal
Senegal
is further subdivided into 45 departments, 103 arrondissements (neither of which have administrative function) and by collectivités locales (the 14 regions, 110 communes, and 320 communautés rurales) which elect administrative officers. Three of these regions were created on 10 September 2008, when Kaffrine Region was split from Kaolack, Kédougou region was split from Tambacounda, and Sédhiou region was split from Kolda. To date, all regions take their name from their regional capitals
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Fatick Region
FATICK is the southwest region of the northern outcrop of Senegal
Senegal
. Its alternative name is Jinnak Bolon. The region is named for its capital city, Fatick . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Departments * 3 References * 4 External links HISTORY Main articles: Serer ancient history , Timeline of Serer history , Serer religion , and Serer creation myth The area is rich with Serer ancient and medieval history . Many of the ancient Serer sites are found within this region. It is also one of the holy places in the Serer religion . The Xoy Ceremony (or Khoy), a divination festival by the Serer priestly class (the Saltigues ) is held within this region once a year. The population is overrun by the Serer people . Historically, it was part of the Serer pre-colonial Kingdom of Sine . In 1859, the Battle of Logandème took place within this region. It was a battle of resistance by the Siin-Siin ( Serer people of Sine) against French colonialism . It is called in some French scholarly works as the Battle of Fatick
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Time Zone
A TIME ZONE is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial, and social purposes. Timezones tend to follow the boundaries of countries and their subdivisions because it is convenient for areas in close commercial or other communication to keep the same time. Most of the time zones on land are offset from Coordinated Universal Time(UTC) by a whole number of hours ( UTC−12to UTC+14), but a few zones are offset by 30 or 45 minutes (for example Newfoundland Standard Timeis UTC−03:30, NepalStandard Timeis UTC+05:45, and Indian Standard Timeis UTC+05:30). Some higher latitude and temperate zone countries use daylight saving time for part of the year, typically by adjusting local clock time by an hour. Many land time zones are skewed toward the west of the corresponding nautical time zones . This also creates a permanent daylight saving time effect
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Greenwich Mean Time
TIME IN AFRICA UTC−01:00 Cape Verde Time UTC±00:00 Greenwich Mean Time UTC±00:00 UTC+01:00 Greenwich Mean Time Greenwich Mean Time+1 UTC+01:00 West Africa Time / Central European Time UTC+01:00 UTC+02:00 West Africa Time West Africa Summer Time UTC+02:00 Central Africa Time / South African Standard Time / Eastern European Time UTC+03:00 East Africa Time UTC+04:00 Mauritius Time / Seychelles Time Light colors indicate where standard time is observed all year; dark colors indicate where daylight savings is observed. NOTE: The islands of Cape Verde are to the west of the African mainland. GREENWICH MEAN TIME (GMT) is the mean solar time at the Royal Observatory in Greenwich , London . GMT was formerly used as the international civil time standard, now superseded in that function by Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) . Today GMT is considered equivalent to UTC for UK civil purposes (but this is not formalised) and for navigation is considered equivalent to UT1 (the modern form of mean solar time at 0° longitude); these two meanings can differ by up to 0.9 s. Consequently, the term GMT should not be used for precise purposes
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UTC+0
UTC±00:00 is the following time: * Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), the basis for the world's civil time. * Western European Time (Ireland , Portugal
Portugal
and UK ).CONTENTS * 1 Western European Time (Northern Hemisphere winter only) * 2 Summer Time (Northern Hemisphere summer only) * 3 As standard time (all year round) * 3.1 West Africa * 3.2 Atlantic islands * 3.3 Antarctica * 4 Notes * 5 References WESTERN EUROPEAN TIME (NORTHERN HEMISPHERE WINTER ONLY) Main article:
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M'bour
M\'BOUR or MBOUR is a city in the Thiès Region
Thiès Region
of Senegal
Senegal
. It lies on the Petite Côte , approximately eighty kilometers south of Dakar
Dakar
. It is home to a population of nearly 233,000 (2013 census). The city's major industries are tourism, fishing and peanut processing. M'Bour
M'Bour
is the most important place of tourism in Senegal because of its situation on the "Little Coast" and its easy connection to Dakar
Dakar
via the N1 road . It is also noteworthy for the orphanage and nursery for children run by the international NGO Vivre Ensemble, and for the African Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Senegal
Senegal
. NOTEWORTHY PEOPLE BORN IN M\'BOUR * Viviane N\'Dour , Singer * Youssou Diagne , Politician * Ousmane Kane , Lawyer and politicianSEE ALSO * Students without Borders: Afrique 2007 * Mbour Sign Language GALLERY* Port of M'Bour
M'Bour
in Senegal
Senegal
* Port of M'Bour, Senegal
Senegal
* Streets near the port of M'Bour, Senegal
Senegal
Coordinates : 14°25′N 16°58′W / 14.417°N 16.967°W / 14.417; -16.967 AUTHORITY CONTROL * WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 149745491 This Senegal
Senegal
location article is a stub
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Kaolack
KAOLACK (KAWLAX in Wolof ) is a town of 172,305 people (2002 census) on the north bank of the Saloum River and the N1 road in Senegal
Senegal
. It is the capital of the Kaolack Region , which borders The Gambia
Gambia
to the south. Kaolack
Kaolack
is an important regional market town and is Senegal's main peanut trading and processing center. As the center of Ibrahimiyya branch of the Tijaniyyah
Tijaniyyah
Sufi
Sufi
order founded by Ibrayima Ñas , it is also a major center of Islamic education. The leona niassene mosque (right) in Kaolack
Kaolack
is one of the largest and best known in Senegal. Central Kaolack
Kaolack
Kaolack
Kaolack
is situated on the Saloum River about 100 kilometers from its mouth. It is the successor city to Kahone, historic capital of the kingdom of Saloum. Kahone, originally a place marked by a sacred tree on the right bank of the Saloum River facing the island of Kouyong, became capital of the mostly Sereer kingdom of Saloum in the early 16th century. In the 17th and 18th centuries it consisted of a number of distinct neighborhoods separated by open fields, each of which was under the jurisdiction of a different dignitary or official
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Serer People
Senegal (1.84 million), Gambia (31,900), Mauritania and expats. LANGUAGES Serer proper , Cangin languages , Wolof French ( Senegal and Mauritania), English (Gambia), RELIGION Senegal 2002: 90% Islam , 9% Christianity and Serer religion (ƭat Roog) RELATED ETHNIC GROUPS Wolof people , Toucouleur people and Lebou people The SERER PEOPLE are a West African ethnoreligious group . They are the third largest ethnic group in Senegal making up 15% of the Senegalese population. They are also found in northern Gambia and southern Mauritania. The Serer people originated in the Senegal River valley at the border of Senegal and Mauritania, moved south in the 11th and 12th century, then again in the 15th and 16th centuries as their villages were invaded and they were subjected to religious pressures. They have had a sedentary settled culture and have been known for their farming expertise. The Serer people have been historically noted as a matrilineal ethnic group that long resisted the expansion of Islam, fought against jihads in the 19th century, then opposed the French colonial rule
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Serer Ancient History
The prehistoric and ancient history of the Serer people of modern-day Senegambia
Senegambia
has been extensively studied and documented over the years. Much of it comes from archaeological discoveries and Serer tradition rooted in the Serer religion . The archaeologist Henri Lhote next to rock art in modern-day Mauritania
Mauritania
CONTENTS * 1 Ancient history * 2 Archaeological
Archaeological
sites * 3 See also * 4 Notes ANCIENT HISTORYIn Charles Becker’s paper titled "Vestiges historiques, trémoins matériels du passé clans les pays Sereer", two types of Serer relics were noted: "the non-material remains which are cultural in nature" and "material remains, which are many revealed through products or artefacts ." The historical vestiges of Serer country in modern-day Senegambia
Senegambia
, the diversity of Serer culture manifested across dialects, family and social organisation which reflect different historical territories were observed. Although many Serer artefacts remain unknown, unlisted and preserved despite the efforts in the 1960s and 1970s to collect, archive and document them all, many material relics were found in different Serer countries, most of which refer to the past origins of Serer families, villages and Serer Kingdoms. Some of these Serer relics included gold , silver and metals
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Serer Religion
The SERER RELIGION, or _A ƭAT ROOG_ ("the way of the Divine"), is the original religious beliefs, practices, and teachings of the Serer people of Senegal in western Africa . The Serer people believe in a universal supreme deity called Roog (or _Rog_). In the Cangin languages , Roog is referred to as _Koox_ (var : _Kooh_ ), Kopé Tiatie Cac , Kokh Kox , etc. The Serer people are found throughout the Senegambia region . Serer religious practices encompass ancient chants and poems, veneration of and offerings to deities as well as spirits (pangool ), astronomy , Initiation rites, medicine , cosmology and the history of the Serer people
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World Heritage
A WORLD HERITAGE SITE is a landmark or area which has been officially recognized by the United Nations
United Nations
, specifically by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO
UNESCO
). Sites are selected on the basis of having cultural, historical, scientific or some other form of significance, and they are legally protected by international treaties. UNESCO
UNESCO
regards these sites as being important to the collective interests of humanity. More specifically, a World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
is an already classified landmark, which by way of being unique in some respect as a geographically and historically identifiable piece is of special cultural or physical significance (such as either due to hosting an ancient ruins or some historical structure, building, city, complex, desert, forest, island, lake, monument, or mountain) and symbolizes a remarkable footprint of extreme human endeavour often coupled with some act of indisputable accomplishment of humanity which then serves as a surviving evidence of its intellectual existence on the planet
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Sine River
Coordinates : 13°54′N 16°45′W / 13.9°N 16.75°W / 13.9; -16.75 THE RIVER SINE or Sine River
Sine River
(SIIN in Serer language ) is a river in Senegal . It flows into the Atlantic Ocean with the River Saloum in the delta of Sine-Saloum
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Saltigue
SALTIGUE, sometimes spelt Saltigué or wrongly Saltigui, are Serer high priests and priestesses who preside over the religious ceremonies and affairs of the Serer people, such as the Xoy ceremony, the biggest event in the Serer religious calendar. They usually come from ancient Serer paternal families. Such a title is usually inherited by birthright. The term "Saltigi" is also adopted by the Fula people . They were the leaders of the Fulas in some Fula areas, belonging to the Denianke Dynasty of the Empire of Great Fulo founded by Koli Tengella Bâ in the 16th century. It is proposed that the word "Saltigi", used in reference to the Fulas, comes from the Mandinka language , in which it means "master of the road", used in reference to their neighbors who are Fulani herders and tenders of the flock, the traditional activity of Fulani leaders. In Serer country, Saltigue, not to be confused with Saltigi, are always diviners . In Wolof areas, they were the assistant chiefs. The scope of this article deals only with Saltigue
Saltigue
or Saltigué - "diviners" (the high priests and priestesses) and termed by some scholars as "the ministers of the religious cult"; "pastors of the people" or within the remits of these definitions
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