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Fandène
FANDèNE (Serer : FANđAN, or FANDANE or MBEL FANDANE) is a small village in Senegal
Senegal
about 7 km from Thiès . It is inhabited by the Serer people . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Population * 3 Geography * 4 Activities * 5 See also * 6 Notes * 7 Bibliography * 8 External links HISTORY Fandène
Fandène
or Fandane was one of the villages of the precolonial Serer Kingdom of Sine
Kingdom of Sine

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Muslim
65–75% Sunni Islam 10–13% Shia Islam
Shia Islam
15–20% Non-denominational Islam ~1% Ahmadiyya ~1% Other Muslim
Muslim
traditions, e.g
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Serer Prehistory
The prehistoric and ancient history of the Serer people of modern-day Senegambia
Senegambia
has been extensively studied and documented over the years. Much of it comes from archaeological discoveries and Serer tradition rooted in the Serer religion
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Marabouts
A MARABOUT ( Arabic
Arabic
: مُرابِط‎, translit. murābiṭ, lit. 'one who is attached/garrisoned') is a Muslim religious leader and teacher in West Africa
West Africa
, and (historically) in the Maghreb
Maghreb
. The marabout is often a scholar of the Qur\'an , or religious teacher. Others may be wandering holy men who survive on alms, Sufi
Sufi
Murshids ("Guides"), or leaders of religious communities
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Senegambia
SENEGAMBIA, officially the SENEGAMBIA CONFEDERATION, was a loose confederation in the late 20th century between the West African countries of Senegal
Senegal
and its neighbour The Gambia
The Gambia
, which is almost completely surrounded by Senegal. The confederation was founded on 1 February 1982 following an agreement between the two countries signed on 12 December 1981. It was intended to promote cooperation between the two countries, but was dissolved by Senegal
Senegal
on 30 September 1989 after The Gambia
The Gambia
refused to move closer toward union. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Problems with Senegambia\'s border * 3 Birth of the Confederation
Confederation
* 4 End of the Confederation
Confederation
* 5 References HISTORYAs a political unit, Senegambia was created by dueling French and English colonial forces in the region
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Thies
THIèS (pronounced chess in Noon language , French pronunciation: ​ ) is the third largest city in Senegal
Senegal
with a population officially estimated at 320,000 in 2005. It lies 72 km east of Dakar
Dakar
on the N2 road and at the junction of railway lines to Dakar
Dakar
, Bamako
Bamako
and St-Louis . It is the capital of Thiès Region
Thiès Region
and is a major industrial city. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Transport * 3 Economy * 4 Education * 5 International relations * 5.1 Twin towns – Sister cities * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORYBefore colonization , the Thiès Plateau was a wooded frontier between the kingdoms of Cayor and Baol
Baol
inhabited by the Serer-Noon , an ethnic sub-group of the Serer people
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Jihad
JIHAD (English: /dʒɪˈhɑːd/ ; Arabic
Arabic
: جهاد‎‎ jihād ) is an Arabic
Arabic
word which literally means striving or struggling, especially with a praiseworthy aim. It can have many shades of meaning in an Islamic context, such as struggle against one's evil inclinations, an exertion to convert unbelievers, or efforts toward the moral betterment of society, though it is most frequently associated with war. In classical Islamic law , the term refers to armed struggle against unbelievers, while modernist Islamic scholars generally equate military jihad with defensive warfare. In Sufi
Sufi
and pious circles, spiritual and moral jihad has been traditionally emphasized under the name of greater jihad. The term has gained additional attention in recent decades through its use by terrorist groups
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Serer People
Senegal
Senegal
(1.84 million), Gambia
Gambia
(31,900), Mauritania and expats. LANGUAGES Serer proper , Cangin languages , Wolof French ( Senegal
Senegal
and Mauritania), English (Gambia), RELIGION Senegal
Senegal
2002: 90% Islam , 9% Christianity and Serer religion (ƭat Roog) RELATED ETHNIC GROUPS Wolof people , Toucouleur people
Toucouleur people
and Lebou people The SERER PEOPLE are a West African
West African
ethnoreligious group . They are the third largest ethnic group in Senegal
Senegal
making up 15% of the Senegalese population. They are also found in northern Gambia
Gambia
and southern Mauritania
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Timeline Of Serer History
This is a TIMELINE of the history and development of SERER RELIGION and the SERER PEOPLE of Senegal
Senegal
, The Gambia and Mauritania
Mauritania
. This timeline merely gives an overview of their history, consisting of calibrated archaeological discoveries in Serer countries , Serer religion, politics , royalty , etc. Dates are given according to the Common Era . For a background to these events, see Roog , Serer religion , Serer creation myth , Serer prehistory , Lamane , States headed by Serer Lamanes , Serer history and Serer people
Serer people
. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries
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Serer Language
SERER, often broken into differing regional dialects such as SERER-SINE and SERER SALOUM, is a language of the Senegambian branch of Niger–Congo spoken by 1.2 million people in Senegal
Senegal
and 30,000 in the Gambia . It is the principal language of the Serer people
Serer people
. CONTENTS * 1 Classification * 2 Phonology * 2.1 Consonants * 3 Serer greetings * 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 Bibliography CLASSIFICATIONSerer is one of the Senegambian languages , which are characterized by consonant mutation . The traditional classification of Atlantic is that of Sapir (1971), which found that Serer was closest to Fulani . However, a widely cited misreading of the data by Wilson (1989) inadvertently exchanged Serer for Wolof . Dialects of Serer are Serer Sine (the prestige dialect ), Segum, Fadyut-Palmerin, Dyegueme (Gyegem), and Niominka
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Serer History
The medieval history of the Serer people of Senegambia
Senegambia
is partly characterised by resisting Islamization
Islamization
from perhaps the 11th century during the Almoravid movement (which would later result in the Serers of Takrur migration to the south), to the 19th century Marabout movement of Senegambia
Senegambia
and continuation of the old Serer paternal dynasties
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Issa Laye Thiaw
"La femme Seereer", "La religiosité Seereer, avant et pendant leur Islamisation." ISSA LAYE THIAW (born 1943 at Sangué, Thies region
Thies region
of Senegal
Senegal
, died 10th September 2017, Senegal
Senegal
) is a Senegalese historian , theologian , and author on Serer religion , Serer tradition and history. Born into a Serer family, himself the son of a Serer High Priest (Saltigue ), Thiaw is a specialist in the Serer religion. He was a former researcher at the Centre d’études des civilisations (CEC) de Dakar (Centre for Studies in Civilizations of Dakar). Some of Thiaw's works include: * Issa Laye Thiaw. La femme Seereer, Sénégal, 2005, Sociétés africaines et diaspora. Edition L'harmattan, ISBN 2-7475-8907-2 * Issa Laye Thiaw. La religiosité Seereer, avant et pendant leur Islamisation." Dans: Ethiopiques, No
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Senegal
Coordinates : 14°N 14°W / 14°N 14°W / 14; -14 Republic of Senegal République du Sénégal (French ) Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: "Un Peuple, Un But, Une Foi" (French ) "One People, One Goal, One Faith" ANTHEM: Pincez Tous vos Koras, Frappez les Balafons Everyone strum your koras , strike the balafons Location of Senegal
Senegal
(dark blue) in the
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Thiès
THIèS (pronounced chess in Noon language , French pronunciation: ​ ) is the third largest city in Senegal
Senegal
with a population officially estimated at 320,000 in 2005. It lies 72 km east of Dakar
Dakar
on the N2 road and at the junction of railway lines to Dakar
Dakar
, Bamako and St-Louis . It is the capital of Thiès Region and is a major industrial city. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Transport * 3 Economy * 4 Education * 5 International relations * 5.1 Twin towns – Sister cities * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORYBefore colonization , the Thiès
Thiès
Plateau was a wooded frontier between the kingdoms of Cayor and Baol inhabited by the Serer-Noon , an ethnic sub-group of the Serer people
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Point Of Sangomar
The POINT OF SANGOMAR is a sand spit located on the Atlantic Ocean at the mouth of the Saloum Delta
Saloum Delta
, which marks the end of the Petite Côte west of Senegal
Senegal
. This narrow sandbar extends south about twenty kilometers from Palmarin Diakhanor. Long threatened by coastal erosion , the fragile cord was again broken by a tidal wave in 1987, giving birth to the island of Sangomar. The gap between this new island and the point where the village of Djiffer continues to widen. CONTENTS * 1 Geomorphology and environmental * 2 History * 3 Toponymy * 4 Religious significance * 5 Notes * 6 External links GEOMORPHOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTALThe rupture in Sangomar is the result of a natural process for the past few thousand years, which has also been noticed by sailors. In 1891, it was found that the gap had widened from 25 to 30m since 1886
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Tassili N'Ajjer
TASS