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Falacrina
FALACRINE (Latin : Falacrīnum or vīcus Phalacrīnae; Italian : Falacrine) was a village of Ancient Rome
Rome
that was the birthplace of the emperor Vespasian
Vespasian
(9-79AD). LOCATIONThe location of Falacrine has been the subject of debate. The village is described as lying just beyond Reate (modern Rieti
Rieti
), in the Sabine hill country northeast of Rome
Rome
. According to local tradition before the 16th century, it was on the site of the castle of Alatri
Alatri
, between Greccio and Contigliano. However local historian Vittori believed that Falacrine lay near Cittareale , in the province of Rieti
Rieti
. Latini found ruins in Collicelle, a frazione of Cittareale that he thought were Falacrine. However, in Amatrice it's believed that Falacrine lies in the frazione of Torrita, above the valley of the same name. Others have suggested that it lies in Antrodoco , Rieti
Rieti
or Paganico Sabino
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Latin Language
LATIN (Latin: _lingua latīna_, IPA: ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages . The Latin alphabet
Latin alphabet
is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets , and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet . Latin
Latin
was originally spoken in Latium , in the Italian Peninsula . Through the power of the Roman Republic , it became the dominant language, initially in Italy and subsequently throughout the Roman Empire . Vulgar Latin developed into the Romance languages , such as Italian , Portuguese , Spanish , French , and Romanian . Latin
Latin
and French have contributed many words to the English language . Latin
Latin
and Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
roots are used in theology , biology , and medicine . By the late Roman Republic (75 BC), Old Latin had been standardised into Classical Latin . Vulgar Latin was the colloquial form spoken during the same time and attested in inscriptions and the works of comic playwrights like Plautus
Plautus
and Terence
Terence

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Italian Language
ITALIAN (_ italiano_ (help ·info ) or _lingua italiana_ ) is a Romance language . By most measures, Italian, together with Sardinian, is the closest to Latin of the Romance languages. Italian is an official language in Italy , Switzerland , San Marino , Vatican City and western Istria (in Slovenia and Croatia ). It used to have official status in Albania , Malta and Monaco , where it is still widely spoken, as well as in former Italian East Africa and Italian North Africa regions where it plays a significant role in various sectors. Italian is also spoken by large expatriate communities in the Americas and Australia . It has official minority status in Bosnia and Herzegovina , Croatia , Slovenia and Romania . Many speakers are native bilinguals of both standardized Italian and other regional languages . Italian is a major European language, being one of the official languages of the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe and one of the working languages of the Council of Europe . It is the third most widely spoken first language in the European Union with 65 million native speakers (13% of the EU population) and it is spoken as a second language by 14 million EU citizens (3%)
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Vespasian
VESPASIAN (/vɛsˈpeɪʒiən, vɛsˈpeɪziən/ ; Latin : _Titus Flāvius Caesar Vespasiānus Augustus_; 17 November AD 9 – 23 June AD 79 ) was Roman emperor
Roman emperor
from AD 69 to AD 79. Vespasian
Vespasian
founded the Flavian dynastythat ruled the Empire for twenty-seven years. Vespasian
Vespasian
was from an equestrian family that rose into the senatorial rank under the Julio–Claudian emperors. Although he fulfilled the standard succession of public offices and held the consulship in AD 51, Vespasian's renown came from his military success: he was legate of Legio II _Augusta_ during the Roman invasion of Britainin 43 and subjugated Judaea during the Jewish rebellion of 66. While Vespasian
Vespasian
besieged Jerusalem
Jerusalem
during the Jewish rebellion, emperor Nero
Nero
committed suicide and plunged Rome into a year of civil war known as the Year of the Four Emperors
Year of the Four Emperors
. After Galba
Galba
and Otho perished in quick succession, Vitellius
Vitellius
became the third emperor in April 69. The Roman legions of Roman Egypt
Egypt
and Judaea reacted by declaring Vespasian, their commander, emperor on 1 July 69
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Rieti
RIETI (Italian: ; Latin : Rĕā́tĕ) is a city and comune in Lazio , central Italy, with a population of 47,700. It is the capital of province of Rieti
Rieti
and see of the diocese of Rieti
Rieti
, as well as the modern capital of the Sabina region. The town centre stands on a small hilltop, commanding from the southern edge the wide Rieti valley , at the bottom of Sabine mountains and of monti Reatini , including mount Terminillo
Terminillo
. The plain was once a large lake, drained by the ancient Romans, and is now the fertile basin of the Velino River . Only the small Ripasottile and Lungo lakes remain of the larger original. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Prehistory * 1.2 Ancient era * 1.3 Middle Ages * 1.4 Late Middle Ages and modern era * 2 Climate * 3 Main sights * 4 Notable people * 5 Twin cities * 6 Transportation * 7 Sport * 8 References * 9 External links HISTORY This section DOES NOT CITE ANY SOURCES . Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed . (August 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message ) Map showing the extension of the ancient lake which once occupied the Rieti valley ; in darker blue, modern date rivers and lakes
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Sabine
Timeline Italy
Italy
portal * v * t * e The SABINES (/ˈseɪbaɪn/ ; Latin
Latin
: Sabini; Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
: Σαβῖνοι Sabĩnoi; Italian : Sabini, all exonyms ) were an Italic tribe which lived in the central Apennines
Apennines
of ancient Italy
Italy
, also inhabiting Latium
Latium
north of the Anio before the founding of Rome
Rome
. The Sabines
Sabines
divided into two populations just after the founding of Rome, which is described by Roman legend. The division, however it came about, is not legendary. The population closer to Rome transplanted itself to the new city and united with the pre-existing citizenry, beginning a new heritage that descended from the Sabines but was also Latinized . The second population remained a mountain tribal state, coming finally to war against Rome
Rome
for its independence along with all the other Italic tribes. After losing, it became assimilated into the Roman Republic
Roman Republic

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Rome
ROME (/ˈroʊm/ _ROHM_ ; Italian : _Roma_ (_ listen ), Latin : Rōma_) is the capital of Italy and a special comune (named _ Comune di Roma Capitale_). Rome also serves as the capital of the Lazio region . With 2,877,215 residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi), it is also the country's most populated comune. It is the fourth-most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. It is the center of the Metropolitan City of Rome , which has a population of 4.3 million residents. Rome is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula , within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber . The Vatican City is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city: for this reason Rome has been often defined as capital of two states. Rome\'s history spans more than 2,500 years. While Roman mythology dates the founding of Rome at around 753 BC, the site has been inhabited for much longer, making it one of the oldest continuously occupied sites in Europe. The city's early population originated from a mix of Latins , Etruscans and Sabines
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Alatri
ALATRI (Latin : Aletrium) is a town and comune of province of Frosinone
Frosinone
in the Italian region of the Lazio
Lazio
, with c. 30,000 inhabitants. A part of the traditional region of Ciociaria , it is known for its megalithic acropolis . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Main sights * 2.1 Ancient remains * 2.2 Other * 3 Subdivisions * 3.1 Rioni * 3.2 Frazioni * 4 International relations * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORYThe area of the modern city was settled as early as the 2nd millennium BC. ALETRIUM was a town of the Hernici
Hernici
which, together with Veroli , Anagni
Anagni
and Ferentino
Ferentino
, formed a defensive league against the Volsci and the Samnites around 550 BC. In 530 they allied with Tarquinius Superbus ' Rome, confirming the Etruscan influence in the area attested also by archaeological findings. Alatri
Alatri
was defeated by Rome in 306 BC and forced to accept the citizenship. In Cicero
Cicero
's time it was a municipium (an ancient coat of arms can be seen with the write "S.P.Q.A."), and continued in this position throughout the imperial period
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Cittareale
CITTAREALE is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Rieti in the Italian region Latium
Latium
. It is located about 100 kilometres (62 mi) northeast of Rome
Rome
and 35 kilometres (22 mi) northeast of Rieti
Rieti
. Cittareale
Cittareale
borders the following municipalities: Accumoli
Accumoli
, Amatrice , Borbona , Cascia , Leonessa , Montereale , Norcia
Norcia
, Posta . The source of the Velino river are in the communal territory. Cittareal is home to a large Rocca (castle), which had a strategical importance due to its position between the Kingdom of Naples and the Papal States
Papal States
. Its current appearance date to the reconstruction by the Aragonese in 1479. The church of St. Peter in Vetozza was built over a pre-existing temple dedicated to Vacuna
Vacuna
, and later was owned by the Abbey of Farfa
Abbey of Farfa
. The Roman emperor Vespasian was born nearby
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Province Of Rieti
The PROVINCE OF RIETI (Italian : Provincia di Rieti) is a province in the Lazio
Lazio
region of Italy
Italy
. Its capital is the city of Rieti
Rieti
. Established in 1927, it has an area of 2,749 square kilometres (1,061 sq mi) with a total population of 159,670 people as of 2013. There are 73 comuni in the province. GEOGRAPHYLocated in the northeast of the Lazio
Lazio
region in the heart of Italy, it is bordered to the west, along the Tiber
Tiber
, with the Province of Viterbo and the Province of Rome , to the north by the Umbrian provinces of Perugia and Terni , and to the east by Province of Ascoli Piceno in the Marche
Marche
region, and with the provinces of L\'Aquila and Teramo in the Abruzzo region. The territory is mostly mountainous with the Monti della Duchessa and the Monti del Cicolano ranges in the south with Monte Nuria and Monte Giano , the Monti Reatini range with Monte Terminillo (2217 m) in the north in part of the Abruzzese Apennines
Apennines
, and Monti della Laga (2458 m) to the east on the border with Abruzzo. Of particular importance are the two artificial lakes in the Valle del Salto : Lago del Salto
Lago del Salto
and Lago del Turano , which were both created during the Fascist period
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Frazione
A _FRAZIONE_ ( ; pl. _frazioni_ ) is the Italian name given in administrative law to a type of territorial subdivision of a _comune _; for other administrative divisions , see _municipio _, _circoscrizione _, _quartiere _. It is cognate to the English word _fraction_, but in practice is roughly equivalent to "parishes " or "wards " in other countries. CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 History * 3 Countries using the term * 4 Officers * 5 See also DESCRIPTIONTypically the term _frazioni_ applies to the villages surrounding the principal town (the _capoluogo _) of a _comune_. Subdivision of a _comune_ is optional; some _comuni_ have no _frazioni_, but others have several dozen. The _comune_ usually has the same name of the _capoluogo_, but not always. In practice, most _frazioni_ are small villages or hamlets , occasionally a clump of houses. Not every hamlet is classified as a _frazione_; those that are not are often referred to as _località _, for example, in the telephone book. On some occasions, _frazioni_ can be more populated than the _capoluogo_ of the _comune_. Due to unusual circumstances or to the depopulation of the _capoluogo_, the town hall and its administrative functions can move to one of the _frazioni_: the _comune_ still retains the name of the _capoluogo_. HISTORYHistorically, many _frazioni_ came into being during the Fascist era, when a major effort was made to consolidate and rationalize the territorial subdivisions of the country
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Amatrice
AMATRICE is a town and comune in the province of Rieti , in northern Lazio
Lazio
(central Italy
Italy
), and the center of the food-agricultural area of Gran Sasso e Monti della Laga National Park . The town was devastated by a powerful earthquake on 24 August 2016. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 The medieval and early modern periods * 1.2 The modern period * 2 Historical buildings * 3 Cuisine * 4 People * 5 Frazioni * 6 References HISTORYArchaeological discoveries show a human presence in the area of Amatrice
Amatrice
since prehistoric times, and the remains of Roman buildings and tombs have also been found. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire , the area became part of the Lombard Duchy of Spoleto
Duchy of Spoleto
, included in the comitatus of Ascoli . The town of MATRICE is mentioned in the papers of the Abbey of Farfa in 1012 as commanding the confluence of the Tronto
Tronto
and Castellano rivers. In the year 900 the Pope was from Amatrice. THE MEDIEVAL AND EARLY MODERN PERIODS Church of Sant\'Agostino in May 2011 In 1265, during the reign of Manfred of Sicily , Amatrice
Amatrice
became part of the Kingdom of Naples
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Antrodoco
ANTRODOCO is a town and comune in the province of Rieti
Rieti
, in the Lazio
Lazio
region of central Italy
Italy
. The name derives from the Latin Interocrea (between the mountains). CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 Main sights * 3 Transport * 4 External links GEOGRAPHY Monte Giano with the "DVX " inscription Antrodoco
Antrodoco
is located along the Velino river , in the confluence point of two apennine valleys: the Velino valley, at North, and the Rio creek valley (a tributary of Velino) at East. Both are highly suggestive valleys, so narrow that they form canyons with sheer rock over the river: the first canyon is known as Gole del Velino, the latter as Gole di Antrodoco. Monte Giano, the mountain where Gole di Antrodoco
Antrodoco
is located, is known for a pine tree forest with the shape of the word "DVX" (Latin for duce ) which was planted in 1939 and is visible from miles of distance. MAIN SIGHTS Piazza del Popolo square * Church of Santa Maria Assunta * Santa Maria della NaveTRANSPORTThanks to its position, Antrodoco
Antrodoco
has been an important transportation hub since the time of the Roman Civilization. Antrodoco
Antrodoco
was crossed by the ancient Roman road
Roman road
, Via Salaria , and was the starting point of Via Caecilia
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Paganico Sabino
PAGANICO SABINO is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Rieti in the Italian region Latium
Latium
, located about 50 kilometres (31 mi) northeast of Rome
Rome
and about 25 kilometres (16 mi) southeast of Rieti
Rieti
. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 196 and an area of 9.2 square kilometres (3.6 sq mi). Paganico Sabino
Paganico Sabino
borders the following municipalities: Ascrea , Collegiove , Marcetelli , Pozzaglia Sabina , Varco Sabino
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * _Special_ (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials , a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on _The Blind Leading the Naked _ * "Special", a song on _ The Documentary _ album by GameFILM AND TELEVISION * Special (lighting) , a stage light that is used for a single, specific purpose * "Special" (Lost) , an episode of the television series _Lost_ * _Special_ (film) * _The Specials_ (film) * Television special , television programming that temporarily replaces scheduled programmingOTHER USES * A special price, a form of discounts and allowances * A kit car or one-off home built vehicle * A euphemi
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