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Fairy Tale
A FAIRY TALE is a type of short story that typically features folkloric fantasy characters, such as dwarfs , dragons , elves , fairies , giants , gnomes , goblins , griffins , mermaids , talking animals , trolls , unicorns , or witches , and usually magic or enchantments . Fairy tales may be distinguished from other folk narratives such as legends (which generally involve belief in the veracity of the events described) and explicitly moral tales, including beast fables . The term is mainly used for stories with origins in European tradition and, at least in recent centuries, mostly relates to children\'s literature . In less technical contexts, the term is also used to describe something blessed with unusual happiness, as in "fairy tale ending" (a happy ending ) or "fairy tale romance ", though not all fairy tales end happily
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Fairy Tale (other)
A FAIRY TALE is a story featuring folkloric characters. FAIRY TALE(S) or FAIRYTALE(S) may also refer to: CONTENTS* 1 Art, entertainment, and media * 1.1 Dance * 1.2 Films * 1.3 Games * 1.4 Literature and manga * 1.5 Music * 1.5.1 Albums * 1.5.2 Songs * 1.6 Television * 2 Other uses * 3 See also ART, ENTERTAINMENT, AND MEDIADANCE * A Fairy Tale , a ballet by Marius Petipa and RichterFILMS * Fairy Tales (film) , a 1978 sex comedy * FairyTale: A True Story , a 1997 film based on the story of the Cottingley FairiesGAMES * Fairy Tale (game) , a card game * A Fairy Tale (video game) , a 2009 puzzle video game created by Reflexive Entertainment * The Faery Tale Adventure , a 1987 adventure video gameLITERATURE AND MANGA * Faerie Tale , a 1988 fantasy novel by Raymond E
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Traditional Story
TRADITIONAL STORIES, or stories about traditions , differ from both fiction and nonfiction in that the importance of transmitting the story's worldview is generally understood to transcend an immediate need to establish its categorization as imaginary or factual . In the academic circles of literature, religion, history, and anthropology, categories of traditional story are important terminology to identify and interpret stories more precisely. Some stories belong in multiple categories and some stories do not fit into any category
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Hop-o'-My-Thumb
HOP-O\'-MY-THUMB (Hop-on-My-Thumb), or HOP O\' MY THUMB, also known as LITTLE THUMBLING, LITTLE THUMB, or LITTLE POUCET (French : Le petit Poucet), is one of the eight fairytales published by Charles Perrault in Histoires ou Contes du temps passé
Histoires ou Contes du temps passé
(1697), now world-renowned. It is Aarne-Thompson type 327B, the small boy defeats the ogre . This type of fairytale, in the French oral tradition, is often combined with motifs from the type 327A, similar to Hansel and Gretel ; one such tale is The Lost Children . The story was first published in English as Little Poucet in Robert Samber 's 1729 translation of Perrault's book, "Histories, or Tales of Past Times". In 1764, the name of the hero was changed to Little Thumb. In 1804, William Godwin , in "Tabart's Collection of Popular Stories for the Nursery", retitled it Hop o' my Thumb, a term that was common in the 16th century, referring to a tiny person
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Ogre
An OGRE (feminine OGRESS) is a term used in myth and folk tales for a variety of abominable and brutish hominid monsters, informally large, unpleasant, grotesque, predatory, and typically cannibalistic towards normal human beings, infants, and children. Ogres and similar creatures feature in mythology , folklore , and fiction around the world, appearing in many classic works of literature and fairy tales . Ogres vary in size depending on the depiction, ranging from moderately large and heavyset by human standards to inhuman and disproportionate giants. Common features include oversized heads and mouths, animal-like bodily hair, discolored skin, extreme physical strength, a voracious appetite, and a generally hideous appearance, odor, and manner. Ogres overlap heavily with giants in mythology and may be considered a subtype thereof; they also overlap with human cannibals in fiction
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Folklore
FOLKLORE is expressive body of culture shared by a particular group of people; it encompasses the traditions common to that culture, subculture or group. These include oral traditions such as tales , proverbs and jokes . They include material culture , ranging from traditional building styles to handmade toys common to the group. Folklore also includes customary lore , the forms and rituals of celebrations such as Christmas and weddings, folk dances and initiation rites. Each one of these, either singly or in combination, is considered a folklore artifact . Just as essential as the form, folklore also encompasses the transmission of these artifacts from one region to another or from one generation to the next. For folklore is not taught in a formal school curriculum or studied in the fine arts . Instead these traditions are passed along informally from one individual to another either through verbal instruction or demonstration
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Fantasy
FANTASY is a fiction genre set in an imaginary universe , often (but not always) without any locations, events, or people from the real world. Its roots are in oral traditions, which then developed into literature and drama . From the twentieth century it has expanded further into various media, including film, television, graphic novels, and video games. Most fantasy uses magic or other supernatural elements as a main plot element, theme , or setting . Magic and magical creatures are common in many of these imaginary worlds. Fantasy is a subgenre of speculative fiction and is distinguished from the genres of science fiction and horror by the absence of scientific or macabre themes respectively, though these genres overlap. In popular culture , the fantasy genre is predominantly of the medievalist form
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Dwarf (Germanic Mythology)
In Germanic mythology , a DWARF is a human -shaped entity that dwells in mountains and in the earth, and is variously associated with wisdom, smithing , mining, and crafting. Dwarfs are sometimes described as short and ugly, although some scholars have questioned whether this is a later development stemming from comical portrayals of the beings. Dwarfs continue to be depicted in modern popular culture in a variety of media. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology and usage * 2 Norse mythology and folklore * 3 Anglo-Saxon medicine * 4 Scholarly interpretations * 5 Modern influence * 6 See also * 7 Notes * 8 References ETYMOLOGY AND USAGEThe modern English noun dwarf descends from the Old English dweorg. It has a variety of cognates in other Germanic languages
Germanic languages
, including Old Norse dvergr and Old High German twerg
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Dragons
A DRAGON is a legendary creature , typically scaled or fire-spewing and with serpentine , reptilian or avian traits, that features in the myths of many cultures around world. The two most well-known cultural traditions of dragon are * The European dragon , derived from European folk traditions and ultimately related to Balkans and Western Asian mythologies. Most are depicted as reptilian creatures with animal-level intelligence, and are uniquely six-limbed (four legs and a separate set of wings). * The Chinese dragon , with counterparts in Japan (namely the Japanese dragon
Japanese dragon
), Korea and other East Asian
East Asian
and South Asian countries
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Elf
An ELF (plural: elves) is a type of supernatural being in Germanic mythology and folklore . Reconstructing the early concept of an elf depends almost entirely on texts in Old English
Old English
or relating to Norse mythology . Later evidence for elves appears in diverse sources such as medical texts, prayers, ballads, and folktales. Recent scholars have emphasised, in the words of Ármann Jakobsson, that: the time has come to resist reviewing information about álfar en masse and trying to impose generalizations on a tradition of a thousand years. Legends of álfar may have been constantly changing and were perhaps always heterogeneous so it might be argued that any particular source will only reflect the state of affairs at one given time. However, some generalisations are possible
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Fairy
A FAIRY (also _fay_, _fae_, _fair folk_; from _faery_, _faerie_, "realm of the _fays_") is a type of mythical being or legendary creature in European folklore , a form of spirit , often described as metaphysical , supernatural , or preternatural . CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Historical development * 3 Description * 4 Origin * 4.1 Christian mythology * 4.2 Demoted pagan deities * 4.3 Spirits of the dead * 4.4 A hidden people * 4.5 Elementals * 5 Tuatha Dé Danann * 5.1 Aos Sí * 6 Characteristics * 7 Classifications * 8 Changelings * 9 Protective charms * 10 Legends * 11 Literature * 12 In art * 13 Cottingley Fairies * 14 See also * 15 Bibliography * 16 References * 17 External links ETYMOLOGY _ This section NEEDS ADDITIONAL CITATIONS FOR VERIFICATION
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Giant (mythology)
GIANTS are monsters of human appearance but prodigious size and strength common in the mythology and legends of many different cultures . The word giant, coined in 1297, was derived from the Gigantes (Greek : Γίγαντες, Gígantes ) of Greek mythology . In various Indo-European mythologies , gigantic peoples are featured as primeval creatures associated with chaos and the wild nature, and they are frequently in conflict with the gods, be they Olympian , Celtic , Hindu or Norse . Giants also often play similar roles in the mythologies and folklore of other, non Indo-European peoples, such as in the Nartian traditions. There are also accounts of giants in the Old Testament . Some of these are called Nephilim , a word often translated as giant although this translation is not universally accepted
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Gnome
A GNOME /ˈnoʊm/ is a diminutive spirit in Renaissance magic and alchemy , first introduced by Paracelsus in the 16th century and later adopted by more recent authors including those of modern fantasy literature. Its characteristics have been reinterpreted to suit the needs of various story tellers, but it is typically said to be a small humanoid that lives underground
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Goblin
A GOBLIN is a monstrous creature from European folklore , first attested in stories from the Middle Ages . They are ascribed various and conflicting abilities, temperaments and appearances depending on the story and country of origin. They are almost always small and grotesque , mischievous or outright evil, and greedy, especially for gold and jewelry. They often have magical abilities similar to a fairy or demon . Similar creatures include brownies , dwarves , duendes , gnomes , imps , and kobolds . CONTENTS * 1 Name * 2 European folklore and collected folk stories * 3 Goblin-like creatures in other cultures * 4 Goblin-related place names * 5 In popular culture * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 Further reading NAMEAlternative spellings include gobblin, gobeline, gobling, goblyn, and gobbelin
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Griffins
The GRIFFIN, GRIFFON, or GRYPHON (Greek : γρύφων, grýphōn, or γρύπων, grýpōn, early form γρύψ, grýps; Latin : gryphus) is a legendary creature with the body, tail, and back legs of a lion ; the head and wings of an eagle ; and an eagle's talons as its front feet. Because the lion was traditionally considered the king of the beasts and the eagle the king of birds, the griffin was thought to be an especially powerful and majestic creature. The griffin was also thought of as king of all creatures. Griffins are known for guarding treasure and priceless possessions. In Greek and Roman texts, griffins and Arimaspians were associated with gold. Indeed, in later accounts, "griffins were said to lay eggs in burrows on the grounds and these nests contained gold nuggets"
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Mermaid
A MERMAID is a legendary aquatic creature with the head and upper body of a female human and the tail of a fish . Mermaids appear in the folklore of many cultures worldwide, including the Near East, Europe, Africa and Asia. The first stories appeared in ancient Assyria , in which the goddess Atargatis transformed herself into a mermaid out of shame for accidentally killing her human lover. Mermaids are sometimes associated with perilous events such as floods, storms, shipwrecks and drownings. In other folk traditions (or sometimes within the same tradition), they can be benevolent or beneficent, bestowing boons or falling in love with humans. The male equivalent of the mermaid is the merman , also a familiar figure in folklore and heraldry. Although traditions about and sightings of mermen are less common than those of mermaids, they are generally assumed to co-exist with their female counterparts
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