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Factory
A FACTORY (previously MANUFACTORY) or MANUFACTURING PLANT is an industrial site, usually consisting of buildings and machinery, or more commonly a complex having several buildings, where workers manufacture goods or operate machines processing one product into another. Factories arose with the introduction of machinery during the Industrial Revolution when the capital and space requirements became too great for cottage industryor workshops. Early factories that contained small amounts of machinery, such as one or two spinning mules , and fewer than a dozen workers have been called "glorified workshops". Most modern factories have large warehouses or warehouse -like facilities that contain heavy equipment used for assembly line production. Large factories tend to be located with access to multiple modes of transportation, with some having rail, highway and water loading and unloading facilities
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Volkswagen
VOLKSWAGEN (German pronunciation: - listen (help ·info )), shortened to VW, is a German automaker founded on May 28, 1937 by the German Labour Front and headquartered in Wolfsburg . It is the flagship marque of the Volkswagen Group , the largest automaker by worldwide sales in 2016. _Volkswagen_ is German for "people's car", and the company's current international advertising slogan is just "Volkswagen". American English pronunciation is approximately "volks wagon" (_ listen (help ·info ))
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Wolfsburg
WOLFSBURG (German pronunciation: ( listen )) is the fifth largest city in the German state of Lower Saxony . Located on the River Aller . It lies about 75 km (47 mi) east of Hanover and 230 km (143 mi) west of Berlin
Berlin
. The Volkswagen Arena In 2013, Wolfsburg ranked as the richest city in Germany with a GDP per capita of $128,000, due to its thriving auto industry. Wolfsburg is famous as the location of Volkswagen AG 's headquarters and the world's biggest car plant. The Autostadt is a visitor attraction next to the Volkswagen factory that features the company's model range: Audi , Bentley , Bugatti , Ducati , Lamborghini , MAN , Neoplan , Porsche , Scania , SEAT , Škoda Auto and Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles
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Manufacturing
MANUFACTURING is the production of merchandise for use or sale using labour and machines , tools , chemical and biological processing, or formulation. The term may refer to a range of human activity, from handicraft to high tech , but is most commonly applied to industrial production, in which raw materials are transformed into finished goods on a large scale. Such finished goods may be sold to other manufacturers for the production of other, more complex products, such as aircraft , household appliances , furniture , sports equipment or automobiles , or sold to wholesalers , who in turn sell them to retailers , who then sell them to end users and consumers . Manufacturing engineering or MANUFACTURING PROCESS are the steps through which raw materials are transformed into a final product. The manufacturing process begins with the product design, and materials specification from which the product is made
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Good (economics)
In economics , GOODS are materials that satisfy human wants and provide utility , for example, to a consumer making a purchase of a satisfying product . A common distinction is made between goods that are tangible property , and services , which are non-Physical. A good may be a consumable item that is useful to people but scarce in relation to its demand, so that human effort is required to obtain it. In contrast, free goods, such as air, are naturally in abundant supply and need no conscious effort to obtain them. Personal goods are things such as televisions, living room furniture, wallets, cellular telephones, almost anything owned or used on a daily basis that is not food related. Commercial goods are construed as any tangible product that is manufactured and then made available for supply to be used in an industry of commerce. Commercial goods could be tractors, commercial vehicles, mobile structures, airplanes and even roofing materials
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Machine
A MACHINE is a tool containing one or more parts that transforms energy . Machines are usually powered by chemical, thermal , or electrical means, and are often motorized . Historically, a power tool also required moving parts to classify as a machine. However, the advent of electronics has led to the development of power tools without moving parts that are considered machines. A simple machine is a device that simply transforms the direction or magnitude of a force , but a large number of more complex machines exist. Examples include vehicles , electronic systems , molecular machines , computers , television , and radio
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Process Manufacturing
PROCESS MANUFACTURING is the branch of manufacturing that is associated with formulas and manufacturing recipes, and can be contrasted with discrete manufacturing , which is concerned with discrete units, bills of materials and the assembly of components. Process manufacturing is common in the food, beverage, chemical, pharmaceutical, consumer packaged goods, and biotechnology industries. In process manufacturing, the relevant factors are ingredients, not parts; formulas, not bills of materials; and bulk materials rather than individual units. Although there is invariably cross-over between the two branches of manufacturing, the major contents of the finished product and the majority of the resource intensity of the production process generally allow manufacturing systems to be classified as one or the other. For example, a bottle of juice is a discrete item, but juice is process manufactured
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Industrial Revolution
The INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840. This transition included going from hand production methods to machines , new chemical manufacturing and iron production processes, improved efficiency of water power , the increasing use of steam power , the development of machine tools and the rise of the factory system . Textiles were the dominant industry of the Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
in terms of employment, value of output and capital invested; the textile industry was also the first to use modern production methods. The Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
began in Great Britain
Great Britain
and most of the important technological innovations were British. Laws also shaped the revolution, such as courts ruling in favor of property rights
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Putting-out System
The PUTTING-OUT SYSTEM is a means of subcontracting work. Historically, it was also known as the WORKSHOP SYSTEM and the DOMESTIC SYSTEM. In putting-out, work is contracted by a central agent to subcontractors who complete the work in off-site facilities, either in their own homes or in workshops with multiple craftsmen. It was used in the English and American textile industries, in shoemaking, lock -making trades, and making parts for small firearms from the Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
until the mid-19th century; however, after the invention of the sewing machine in 1846, the system lingered on for the making of ready-made men's clothing. The domestic system was suited to pre-urban times because workers did not have to travel from home to work, which was quite impracticable due to the state of roads and footpaths, and members of the household spent many hours in farm or household tasks
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Spinning Mule
The SPINNING MULE is a machine used to spin cotton and other fibres. They were used extensively from the late 18th to the early 20th century in the mills of Lancashire and elsewhere. Mules were worked in pairs by a minder, with the help of two boys: the little piecer and the big or side piecer. The carriage carried up to 1,320 spindles and could be 150 feet (46 m) long, and would move forward and back a distance of 5 feet (1.5 m) four times a minute. It was invented between 1775 and 1779 by Samuel Crompton . The self-acting (automatic) mule was patented by Richard Roberts in 1825. At its peak there were 50,000,000 mule spindles in Lancashire alone. Modern versions are still in niche production and are used to spin woollen yarns from noble fibres such as cashmere , ultra-fine merino and alpaca for the knitware market. The spinning mule spins textile fibres into yarn by an intermittent process
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Warehouse
A WAREHOUSE is a commercial building for storage of goods . Warehouses are used by manufacturers , importers , exporters , wholesalers , transport businesses, customs , etc. They are usually large plain buildings in industrial areas of cities, towns and villages. They usually have loading docks to load and unload goods from trucks. Sometimes warehouses are designed for the loading and unloading of goods directly from railways , airports , or seaports . They often have cranes and forklifts for moving goods, which are usually placed on ISO standard pallets loaded into pallet racks . Stored goods can include any raw materials, packing materials, spare parts , components, or finished goods associated with agriculture, manufacturing and production. In Indian English a warehouse may be referred to as a godown
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Tool
A TOOL is any physical item that can be used to achieve a goal , especially if the item is not consumed in the process. Tool use by humans dates back millions of years, and other animals are also known to employ simple tools. Tools that are used in particular fields or activities may have different designations such as "instrument", "utensil", "implement", "machine", "device," or "apparatus". The set of tools needed to achieve a goal is "equipment". The knowledge of constructing, obtaining and using tools is technology
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Assembly Line
An ASSEMBLY LINE is a manufacturing process (most of the time called a progressive assembly) in which parts (usually interchangeable parts ) are added as the semi-finished assembly moves from workstation to workstation where the parts are added in sequence until the final assembly is produced. By mechanically moving the parts to the assembly work and moving the semi-finished assembly from work station to work station, a finished product can be assembled faster and with less labor than by having workers carry parts to a stationary piece for assembly. Assembly lines are common methods of assembling complex items such as automobiles and other transportation equipment, household appliances and electronic goods
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Continuous Production
CONTINUOUS PRODUCTION is a flow production method used to manufacture , produce, or process materials without interruption. Continuous production is called a CONTINUOUS PROCESS or a CONTINUOUS FLOW PROCESS because the materials, either dry bulk or fluids that are being processed are continuously in motion, undergoing chemical reactions or subject to mechanical or heat treatment. Continuous processing is contrasted with batch production . Continuous usually means operating 24 hours per day, seven days per week with infrequent maintenance shutdowns, such as semi-annual or annual. Some chemical plants can operate for more than one or two years without a shutdown. Blast furnaces can run four to ten years without stopping
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Chemical
A CHEMICAL SUBSTANCE also known as a PURE SUBSTANCE is a form of matter that has constant chemical composition and characteristic properties. It cannot be separated into components by physical separation methods, i.e., without breaking chemical bonds. Chemical substances can be chemical elements , chemical compounds , ions or alloys . Chemical substances are often called 'pure' to set them apart from mixtures . A common example of a chemical substance is pure water ; it has the same properties and the same ratio of hydrogen to oxygen whether it is isolated from a river or made in a laboratory . Other chemical substances commonly encountered in pure form are diamond (carbon), gold , table salt (sodium chloride ) and refined sugar (sucrose ). However, in practice, no substance is entirely pure, and chemical purity is specified according to the intended use of the chemical
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