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Esterwegen Concentration Camp
The Esterwegen
Esterwegen
concentration camp near Esterwegen
Esterwegen
was an early Nazi concentration camp within a series of camps first established in the Emsland
Emsland
district of Germany. It was established in the summer of 1933 as a concentration camp for 2000 so-called political "Schutzhäftlinge" (protective custody prisoners) and was for a time the second largest concentration camp after Dachau. The camp was closed in summer of 1936. Until 1945 the camp was used as a prison camp. Political prisoners and so called "Nacht und Nebel"-prisoners were also held here. Then Esterwegen
Esterwegen
served as a British internment camp, as a prison, and, until 2000, as a depot for the German Army. The most famous prisoner was writer and editor of the weekly antifascist magazine, Die Weltbühne, Carl von Ossietzky, who won the Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize
in 1935
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Rudolf Diels
Rudolf Diels
Rudolf Diels
(16 December 1900 – 18 November 1957) was a German civil servant and head of the Gestapo
Gestapo
in 1933–34.[2] He obtained the rank of SS- Oberführer
Oberführer
and was a protégé of Hermann Göring.Contents1 Early life 2 Gestapo
Gestapo
chief 3 Post-war 4 References 5 SourcesEarly life[edit] Diels was born in Berghausen in the Taunus, the son of a farmer.[3] He served in the army during World War I
World War I
and afterwards studied law at the University of Marburg
University of Marburg
from 1919. At university he had a reputation as a drinker and philanderer.[4] While there he also received a number of dueling scars resulting from the academic fencing once practised by young upper-class Austrians and Germans in trying to prove their manhood
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Hauptscharführer
Hauptscharführer
Hauptscharführer
([ˈhaʊ̯pt.ʃaːɐ̯.fyːʀɐ] was a Nazi paramilitary rank which was used by the Schutzstaffel
Schutzstaffel
(SS) between the years of 1934 and 1945
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List Of Nazi Ideologues
This is a list of people whose ideas became part of Nazi ideology. The ideas, writings, and speeches of these thinkers were incorporated into what became Nazism, including antisemitism, eugenics, racial hygiene, the concept of the master race, and Lebensraum. The list includes people whose ideas were incorporated, even if they did not live in the Nazi era.Contents1 Philosophers and sociologists 2 Scientists and physicians 3 Theologians and spiritual leaders 4 Others 5 Intellectuals indirectly associated with Nazism 6 ReferencesPhilosophers and sociologists[edit] Alfred Baeumler (1887–1968), German philosopher in Nazi Germany. He was a leading interpreter of Friedrich Nietzsche's philosophy as legitimizing Nazism
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List Of Survivors Of Sobibór
This is a list of survivors of the Sobibór extermination camp. The list is divided into two groups: the first comprises the 58 known survivors of those selected to perform forced labour for the camp's daily operation; the second comprises those deported to Sobibór but selected there for forced labor in other camps. In contrast, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum states that at least 167,000 people were murdered in the Sobibór extermination camp. The Dutch Sobibor Foundation lists a calculated total of 170,165 people and cites the Höfle Telegram among its sources while noting that other estimates range up to 300,000.[1][2]Contents1 Survivors among Sobibór's forced labourers 2 Survivors among those selected at Sobibór for forced labour in other camps 3 Aftermath 4 Victims of Sobibór 5 Notes 6 References 7 External linksSurvivors among Sobibór's forced labourers[edit] This list might be incomplete, but it is as complete as current records allow
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The Holocaust In Belgium
The Holocaust, also referred to as the Shoah,[b] was a genocide during World War II
World War II
in which Adolf Hitler's Nazi Germany, aided by its collaborators, systematically murdered some six million European Jews, around two-thirds of the Jewish population of Europe, between 1941 and 1945.[c] Jews
Jews
were targeted for extermination as part of a larger event involving the persecution and murder of other groups, including in particular the Roma, ethnic Poles, and "incurably sick",[6] as well as political opponents, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, and Soviet prisoners of war.[7] Germany implemented the persecution in stages. Following Hitler's rise to power in 1933, the government passed laws to exclude Jews
Jews
from civil society, most prominently the Nuremberg Laws
Nuremberg Laws
in 1935
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International Standard Book Number
"ISBN" redirects here. For other uses, see ISBN (other).International Standard Book
Book
NumberA 13-digit ISBN, 978-3-16-148410-0, as represented by an EAN-13 bar codeAcronym ISBNIntroduced 1970; 48 years ago (1970)Managing organisation International ISBN AgencyNo. of digits 13 (formerly 10)Check digit Weighted sumExample 978-3-16-148410-0Website www.isbn-international.orgThe International Standard Book
Book
Number (ISBN) is a unique[a][b] numeric commercial book identifier. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.[1] An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation (except reprintings) of a book. For example, an e-book, a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, and 10 digits long if assigned before 2007
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World War II
Allied victoryCollapse of Nazi Germany Fall of Japanese and Italian Empires Dissolution of the League of Nations Creation of the United Nations Emergence of the United States
United States
and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
as superpowers Beginning of the Cold War
Cold War
(more...)ParticipantsAllied Powers Axis PowersCommanders and leadersMain Allied leaders Joseph Stalin Franklin D
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Nazi Songs
National Socialist songs were written for the National Socialist German Worker's Party (NSDAP) in Germany. Some songs which are much older than the post-World War I National-Socialist movement, and which were used by the NSDAP, are often confused with songs written by them; this observation applies above all to Das Lied der Deutschen, which was written in 1841. It was made the national anthem of democratic Germany
Germany
in 1922, but after 1930 the NSDAP commonly appended the Horst-Wessel-Lied
Horst-Wessel-Lied
to it
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List Of Concentration And Internment Camps
This is a list of internment and concentration camps, organized by country. In general, a camp or group of camps is designed to the country whose government was responsible for the establishment and/or operation of the camp regardless of the camp's location, but this principle can be, or it can appear to be, departed from in such cases as where a country's borders or name has changed or it was occupied by a foreign power. Certain types of camps are excluded from this list, particularly refugee camps set up to house refugees who have fled across the border from another country in fear of persecution, or have been set up by an international non-governmental organization
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List Of Books About Nazi Germany
This is a list of books about Nazi Germany, the state that existed in Germany
Germany
during the period from 1933 to 1945, when its government was controlled by Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
and his National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP; Nazi Party)
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The Holocaust
The Holocaust, also referred to as the Shoah,[b] was a genocide during World War II
World War II
in which Adolf Hitler's Nazi Germany, aided by its collaborators, systematically murdered some six million European Jews, around two-thirds of the Jewish population of Europe, between 1941 and 1945.[c] Jews
Jews
were targeted for extermination as part of a larger event involving the persecution and murder of other groups, including in particular the Roma, ethnic Poles, and "incurably sick",[6] as well as political opponents, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, and Soviet prisoners of war.[7] Germany implemented the persecution in stages. Following Hitler's rise to power in 1933, the government passed laws to exclude Jews
Jews
from civil society, most prominently the Nuremberg Laws
Nuremberg Laws
in 1935
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Glossary Of Nazi Germany
This is a list of words, terms, concepts and slogans of Nazi Germany used in the historiography covering the Nazi regime. Some words were coined by Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
and other Nazi Party
Nazi Party
members. Other words and concepts were borrowed and appropriated, and other terms were already in use during the Weimar Republic
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Special
Special
Special
or specials may refer to:Contents1 Music 2 Film and television 3 Other uses 4 See alsoMusic[edit] Special
Special
(album), a 1992
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List Of Villages And Towns Depopulated Of Jews During The Holocaust
Below is a partial list of selected villages and towns (shtetls) depopulated of Jews during the Holocaust. The liquidation actions were carried out mostly by the Nazi Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
and Orpo police as well as auxiliary battalions through mass killings. The German "pacification" units of the Einsatzkommando
Einsatzkommando
were paramilitary forces within the Schutzstaffel, under the high command of the Obergruppenführer
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United Kingdom
The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country in western Europe
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