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Ernő Rubik
ERNő RUBIK (Hungarian: ; born 13 July 1944) is a Hungarian inventor, architect and professor of architecture. He is best known for the invention of mechanical puzzles including Rubik\'s Cube (1974), Rubik\'s Magic , Rubik\'s Magic: Master Edition , and Rubik\'s Snake . While Rubik became famous for inventing the Rubik's Cube and his other puzzles, much of his recent work involves the promotion of science in education. Rubik is involved with several organizations such as Beyond Rubik's Cube, the Rubik Learning Initiative and the Judit Polgar Foundation all of whose aim is to engage students in science, mathematics, and problem solving at a young age
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Stendhal
MARIE-HENRI BEYLE (French: ; 23 January 1783 – 23 March 1842), better known by his pen name STENDHAL (French: or ; in English , /stɛnˈdɑːl/ , or /stænˈdɑːl/ ), was a 19th-century French writer. Best known for the novels Le Rouge et le Noir (The Red and the Black , 1830) and La Chartreuse de Parme ( The Charterhouse of Parma , 1839), he is highly regarded for the acute analysis of his characters' psychology and considered one of the earliest and foremost practitioners of realism
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Thomas Mann
PAUL THOMAS MANN (German: ; 6 June 1875 – 12 August 1955) was a German novelist, short story writer, social critic, philanthropist, essayist, and the 1929 Nobel Prize in Literature
Nobel Prize in Literature
laureate. His highly symbolic and ironic epic novels and novellas are noted for their insight into the psychology of the artist and the intellectual. His analysis and critique of the European and German soul used modernized German and Biblical stories, as well as the ideas of Goethe , Nietzsche and Schopenhauer . Mann was a member of the Hanseatic Mann family and portrayed his family and class in his first novel, Buddenbrooks
Buddenbrooks
. His older brother was the radical writer Heinrich Mann and three of his six children, Erika Mann
Erika Mann
, Klaus Mann
Klaus Mann
and Golo Mann , also became important German writers
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Jean-Paul Sartre
JEAN-PAUL CHARLES AYMARD SARTRE (/ˈsɑːrtrə/ ; French: ; 21 June 1905 – 15 April 1980) was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, political activist, biographer, and literary critic . He was one of the key figures in the philosophy of existentialism and phenomenology , and one of the leading figures in 20th-century French philosophy and Marxism
Marxism
. His work has also influenced sociology , critical theory , post-colonial theory , and literary studies , and continues to influence these disciplines. Sartre was also noted for his open relationship with prominent feminist and fellow existentialist philosopher and writer Simone de Beauvoir . Together, Sartre and de Beauvoir challenged the cultural and social assumptions and expectations of their upbringings, which they considered bourgeois , in both lifestyle and thought
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Infinity
INFINITY (symbol: ∞) is an abstract concept describing something without any bound or larger than any number. Philosophers have speculated about the nature of the infinite, such as Zeno of Elea
Zeno of Elea
, who proposed many paradoxes involving infinity, and Eudoxus of Cnidus , who used the idea of infinitely small quantities in his method of exhaustion . Modern mathematics uses the general concept of infinity in the solution of many practical and theoretical problems, such as in calculus and set theory , and the idea also is used in physics and the other sciences. In mathematics, "infinity" is often treated as a number (i.e., it counts or measures things: "an infinite number of terms") but it is not the same sort of number as either a natural or a real number. Georg Cantor
Georg Cantor
formalized many ideas related to infinity and infinite sets during the late 19th and early 20th centuries
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M.C. Escher
MAURITS CORNELIS ESCHER (Dutch pronunciation: ; 17 June 1898 – 27 March 1972), or commonly M. C. ESCHER, was a Dutch graphic artist who made mathematically inspired woodcuts , lithographs , and mezzotints . His work features mathematical objects and operations including impossible objects , explorations of infinity , reflection , symmetry , perspective , truncated and stellated polyhedra , hyperbolic geometry , and tessellations . Although Escher believed he had no mathematical ability, he interacted with the mathematicians George Pólya , Roger Penrose
Roger Penrose
, Harold Coxeter and crystallographer Friedrich Haag , and conducted his own research into tessellation. Early in his career, he drew inspiration from nature , making studies of insects, landscapes , and plants such as lichens , all of which he used as details in his artworks
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Renaissance Man
A POLYMATH (Greek : πολυμαθής, polymathēs, "having learned much") is a person whose expertise spans a significant number of different subject areas; such a person is known to draw on complex bodies of knowledge to solve specific problems. In Western Europe, the first work to use polymathy in its title (De Polymathia tractatio: integri operis de studiis veterum) was published by Johann von Wower, a Hamburg philosopher. Wower defined polymathy as "knowledge of various matters, drawn from all kinds of studies ... ranging freely through all the fields of the disciplines, as far as the human mind, with unwearied industry, is able to pursue them". Wower lists erudition, literature, philology, philomathy, and polyhistory as synonyms. The related term, POLYHISTOR, is an ancient term with similar meaning
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Michelangelo
MICHELANGELO DI LODOVICO BUONARROTI SIMONI (/ˌmaɪkəlˈændʒəloʊ/ ; Italian: ; 6 March 1475 – 18 February 1564) was an Italian sculptor, painter, architect, and poet of the High Renaissance born in the Republic of Florence
Republic of Florence
, who exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of Western art . Considered to be the greatest living artist during his lifetime, he has since been described as one of the greatest artists of all time. Despite making few forays beyond the arts, his versatility in the disciplines he took up was of such a high order that he is often considered a contender for the title of the archetypal Renaissance man , along with his rival and fellow Florentine Medici
Medici
client, Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci
. A number of Michelangelo's works of painting, sculpture, and architecture rank among the most famous in existence
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Polymath
A POLYMATH (Greek : πολυμαθής, polymathēs, "having learned much") is a person whose expertise spans a significant number of different subject areas; such a person is known to draw on complex bodies of knowledge to solve specific problems. The term was first used in the 17th century; the related term, POLYHISTOR, is an ancient term with similar meaning. Polymaths include the great thinkers of the Renaissance
Renaissance
and the Enlightenment who excelled at several fields in science and the arts. In the Italian Renaissance
Renaissance
, the idea of the polymath was expressed by Leon Battista Alberti
Leon Battista Alberti
(1404–1472), in the statement that "a man can do all things if he will"
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Attila József
ATTILA JóZSEF (Hungarian: ; 11 April 1905 – 3 December 1937) was a Hungarian poet of the 20th century. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Poetry
Poetry
* 2.1 Publications * 2.1.1 Original works * 2.1.2 Published posthumously * 2.1.3 English translations * 3 Tributes * 4 References * 5 External links BIOGRAPHY Well, in the end I have found my home,the land where flawless chiselled letters guard my name above the grave where I'm buried, if I have buriers. Ime, hát megleltem hazámat (first stanza ), translated by Edwin Morgan , Attila József
Attila József
The son of Áron József - a soap factory worker of Székely and Romanian origin from Banat
Banat
- and a Hungarian peasant girl with Cuman ancestry - Borbála Pőcze - was born in Ferencváros , a poor district of Budapest
Budapest
. He had two elder sisters: Eta and Jolán
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Jules Verne
JULES GABRIEL VERNE (/dʒuːlz/ /vɜːrn/ ; French: ; 8 February 1828 – 24 March 1905) was a French novelist , poet , and playwright . Verne was born to bourgeois parents in the seaport of Nantes
Nantes
, where he was trained to follow in his father's footsteps as a lawyer, but quit the profession early in life to write for magazines and the stage. His collaboration with the publisher Pierre-Jules Hetzel
Pierre-Jules Hetzel
led to the creation of the Voyages extraordinaires , a widely popular series of scrupulously researched adventure novels including Journey to the Center of the Earth (1864), Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea (1870), and Around the World in Eighty Days
Around the World in Eighty Days
(1873). Verne is generally considered a major literary author in France and most of Europe, where he has had a wide influence on the literary avant-garde and on surrealism
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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Wayback Machine
The WAYBACK MACHINE is a digital archive of the World Wide Web and other information on the Internet
Internet
created by the Internet Archive
Internet Archive
, a nonprofit organization , based in San Francisco
San Francisco
, California
California
, United States . The Internet Archive
Internet Archive
launched the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
in October 2001. It was set up by Brewster Kahle and Bruce Gilliat , and is maintained with content from Alexa Internet . The service enables users to see archived versions of web pages across time, which the archive calls a "three dimensional index". Since 1996, the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
has been archiving cached pages of websites onto its large cluster of Linux
Linux
nodes
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Panagiotis Verdes
PANAGIOTIS VERDES is the Greek inventor of the 6x6x6 , 7x7x7 , 8x8x8 and 9x9x9 Twisty Puzzles . He has also worked on new designs of every Twisty Puzzle from 2x2x2 to 11x11x11. INVENTIONS The V-Cube 6 in solved state The V-Cube 7 in solved state Prior to Verdes's invention, the 6x6x6 cube was thought to be impossible due to geometry constraints. Verdes's invention uses a completely different mechanism than the smaller Rubik's cubes; his mechanism is based on concentric, right-angle conical surfaces whose axes of rotation coincide with the semi-axes of the cube. The patents for the cubes were awarded in 2004, and mass-production began in 2008. Verdes's mechanism allows cubes of up to size 11x11x11, as larger cubes have geometrical constraints. REFERENCES * ^ A B C Slocum, Jerry (2009). The Cube: The Ultimate Guide to the World's Bestselling Puzzle. United States: Black Dog & Leventhal
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International Standard Book Number
The INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER (ISBN) is a unique numeric commercial book identifier. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation (except reprintings) of a book. For example, an e-book , a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, and 10 digits long if assigned before 2007. The method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 based upon the 9-digit STANDARD BOOK NUMBERING (SBN) created in 1966. The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO 2108 (the SBN code can be converted to a ten digit ISBN by prefixing it with a zero)
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Lake Balaton
LAKE BALATON (German : Plattensee) is a freshwater lake in the Transdanubian region of Hungary
Hungary
. It is the largest lake in Central Europe , and one of the region's foremost tourist destinations. The Zala River provides the largest inflow of water to the lake, and the canalised Sió is the only outflow. The mountainous region of the northern shore is known both for its historic character and as a major wine region , while the flat southern shore is known for its resort towns . Balatonfüred and Hévíz developed early as resorts for the wealthy, but it was not until the late 19th century when landowners, ruined by Phylloxera attacking their grape vines , began building summer homes to rent out to the burgeoning middle classes
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