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Energy Transition
Energy transition
Energy transition
is generally defined as a long-term structural change in energy systems.[1] These have occurred in the past, and still occur worldwide. Historic energy transitions are most broadly described by Vaclav Smil.[2] Contemporary energy transitions differ in terms of motivation and objectives, drivers and governance. The layout of the world’s energy systems have changed significantly over time. Until the 1950s, the economic mechanism behind energy systems was local rather than global.[3] As development progressed, different national systems became more and more integrated becoming the large, international systems seen today
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Rheinland-Pfalz
Rhineland-Palatinate
Rhineland-Palatinate
(German: Rheinland-Pfalz, pronounced [ˈʁaɪ̯nlant ˈp͡falt͡s]; French: Rhénanie-Palatinat; Dutch: Rijnland-Palts) is one of the 16 states (German: Bundesländer) of the Federal Republic of Germany. It has an area of 19,846 square kilometres (7,663 sq mi) and about four million inhabitants. Its state capital and largest city is Mainz.[4] Rhineland-Palatinate
Rhineland-Palatinate
is located in western Germany
Germany
and was formed after World War II
World War II
by the French military government from parts of regions that were historically separate
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Anti-nuclear Movement
The anti-nuclear movement is a social movement that opposes various nuclear technologies. Some direct action groups, environmental movements, and professional organisations have identified themselves with the movement at the local, national, or international level.[2][3] Major anti-nuclear groups include Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, Friends of the Earth, Greenpeace, International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, and the Nuclear Information and Resource Service. The initial objective of the movement was nuclear disarmament, though since the late 1960s opposition has included the use of nuclear power. Many anti-nuclear groups oppose both nuclear power and nuclear weapons
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Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840. This transition included going from hand production methods to machines, new chemical manufacturing and iron production processes, the increasing use of steam power, the development of machine tools and the rise of the factory system. Textiles were the dominant industry of the Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
in terms of employment, value of output and capital invested
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Resource Depletion
Resource
Resource
depletion is the consumption of a resource faster than it can be replenished. Natural resources are commonly divided between renewable resources and non-renewable resources (see also mineral resource classification)
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Whaling
Whaling
Whaling
is the hunting of whales for scientific research and their usable products like meat, oil and blubber. Its earliest forms date to at least circa 3000 BC.[1] Various coastal communities have long histories of subsistence whaling and harvesting beached whales. Industrial whaling emerged with organized fleets in the 17th century; competitive national whaling industries in the 18th and 19th centuries; and the introduction of factory ships along with the concept of whale harvesting in the first half of the 20th century. By the late 1930s more than 50,000 whales were killed annually[2] In 1986, the International Whaling Commission
International Whaling Commission
(IWC) banned commercial whaling because of the extreme depletion of most of the whale stocks.[3] Contemporary whaling is subject to intense debate
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Kerosene
Kerosene, also known as paraffin, lamp oil, and coal oil (an obsolete term), is a combustible hydrocarbon liquid which is derived from petroleum, widely used as a fuel in industry as well as households. Its name derives from Greek: κηρός (keros) meaning wax, and was registered as a trademark by Canadian geologist and inventor Abraham Gesner in 1854 before evolving into a genericized trademark. It is sometimes spelled kerosine in scientific and industrial usage.[1] The term kerosene is common in much of Argentina, Australia, Canada, India, New Zealand, and the United States,[2][3] while the term paraffin (or a closely related variant) is used in Chile, eastern Africa, South Africa, and in the United Kingdom,[4] and (a variant of) the term petroleum in Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Latvian, Serbian, Slovak and Slovenian
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Technology
Technology
Technology
("science of craft", from Greek τέχνη, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -λογία, -logia[2]) is the collection of techniques, skills, methods, and processes used in the production of goods or services or in the accomplishment of objectives, such as scientific investigation. Technology
Technology
can be the knowledge of techniques, processes, and the like, or it can be embedded in machines to allow for operation without detailed knowledge of their workings. The simplest form of technology is the development and use of basic tools. The prehistoric discovery of how to control fire and the later Neolithic Revolution
Neolithic Revolution
increased the available sources of food, and the invention of the wheel helped humans to travel in and control their environment
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Sustainability
Sustainability
Sustainability
is the ability to exist constantly. In the 21st century, it refers generally to the capacity for the biosphere and human civilisation to coexist
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Güssing
Güssing
Güssing
(Hungarian: Németújvár, Német-Újvár, Croatian: Novi Grad) is a town in Burgenland, Austria. It is located at 47°4′N 16°19′E / 47.067°N 16.317°E / 47.067; 16.317, with a population of 3,811 (2011), and is the administrative center of the Güssing
Güssing
district.Contents1 Overview 2 Notable people 3 Renewable energy 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksOverview[edit] The Güssing
Güssing
Castle, built in 1157, is the oldest castle in Burgenland and a regional landmark. The lords of Güssing
Güssing
(in Hungarian: Kőszeg, in Slovak: Kysak) were a noble family in the frontier region of Austria
Austria
and the Kingdom of Hungary
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1973 Oil Crisis
The 1973 oil crisis
1973 oil crisis
began in October 1973 when the members of the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries
Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries
proclaimed an oil embargo. The embargo was targeted at nations perceived as supporting Israel
Israel
during the Yom Kippur
Yom Kippur
War.[1] The initial nations targeted were Canada, Japan, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and the United States with the embargo also later extended to Portugal, Rhodesia
Rhodesia
and South Africa. By the end of the embargo in March 1974,[2] the price of oil had risen from US$3 per barrel to nearly $12 globally; US prices were significantly higher
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Wind
Wind
Wind
is the flow of gases on a large scale. On the surface of the Earth, wind consists of the bulk movement of air. In outer space, solar wind is the movement of gases or charged particles from the Sun through space, while planetary wind is the outgassing of light chemical elements from a planet's atmosphere into space. Winds are commonly classified by their spatial scale, their speed, the types of forces that cause them, the regions in which they occur, and their effect. The strongest observed winds on a planet in the Solar System occur on Neptune
Neptune
and Saturn. Winds have various aspects, an important one being its velocity (wind speed); another the density of the gas involved; another its energy content or wind energy
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Kramer Junction, California
Kramer Junction (also known as "Four Corners" or "Sludge Junction") is an unincorporated community in San Bernardino County, California. Kramer Junction is located in the Mojave Desert
Mojave Desert
at the intersection of U.S. Route 395 and State Route 58, 2.3 miles (3.7 km) east of Kramer.[1] As of the 2000 census, Kramer Junction had a total population of 2,231.[2] Solar Energy Generating Systems
Solar Energy Generating Systems
sites SEGS III-VII are located less than a mile to the northwest. The United States Air Force
United States Air Force
once maintained a communications relay station east of Kramer Junction at Hawes airfield, known as the Hawes Radio Tower, that had an antenna tower in excess of 1,200 feet tall. This tower was removed in the 1980s. References[edit]^ "Kramer Junction". Geographic Names Information System
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Thorning-Schmidt I Cabinet
The cabinet of Prime Minister Helle Thorning-Schmidt
Helle Thorning-Schmidt
was the cabinet government of Denmark
Denmark
from 3 October 2011[1] to 3 February 2014. It was a coalition between the Social Democrats, the Danish Social Liberal Party and the Socialist People's Party. On 9 August 2013, Helle Thorning-Schmidt
Helle Thorning-Schmidt
made a cabinet reshuffle and on 12 December 2013, she made a second cabinet reshuffle. The cabinet resigned on 3 February 2014, following the Socialist People's Party left the government on 30 January 2014
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Delphine Batho
Delphine Batho
Delphine Batho
(born 23 March 1973 in Paris) is a French Socialist Party politician. She was France's minister of ecology, sustainable development, and energy between 21 June 2012 and 2 July 2013. She had to leave the government because she openly criticized the government and the budget restrictions for her own ministry.[1] She was previously named ministre délégué at the French Ministry of Justice. She was elected to the National Assembly of France
France
from the 2nd constituency of Deux-Sèvres
Deux-Sèvres
on behalf of the Socialist, Radical, Citizen, and Miscellaneous Left grouping
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Smart Grid
A smart grid is an electrical grid which includes a variety of operational and energy measures including smart meters, smart appliances, renewable energy resources, and energy efficient resources.[1][2] Electronic power conditioning and control of the production and distribution of electricity are important aspects of the smart grid.[3] Smart grid
Smart grid
policy is organized in Europe as Smart Grid
Smart Grid
European Technology Platform.[4] Policy in the United States
United States
is described in 42 U.S.C. ch. 152, subch
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