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Emilio Aguinaldo
Philippine Revolution  • Kawit revolt  • Battle of Imus  • Battle of Talisay  • Battle of Binakayan  • Battle of Pateros  • Battle of Zapote Bridge  • Battle of Silang  • Battle of Perez Dasmariñas  • Battle of Naic  • Retreat to Montalban  • Battle of Aliaga  • Battle of Alapan Spanish–American War  • Battle of Manila
Manila
(1898) Philippine-American war  • Battle of
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Spanish Naming Customs
Spanish naming customs
Spanish naming customs
are historical traditions for naming children practised in Spain. According to these customs, a person's name consists of a given name (simple or composite) followed by two family names (surnames). The first surname is usually the father's first surname, and the second the mother's first surname. In recent years, the order of the surnames can be decided at birth. Often, the practice is to use one given name and the first surname only (e.g. Miguel de Unamuno), with the full name being used in legal, formal, and documentary matters, or for disambiguation when the first surname is very common (e.g. Federico García Lorca). [1]. In these cases, it is common to use only the second surname, as in “Lorca” or “Zapatero”
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Surname
A surname, family name, or last name is the portion of a personal name that indicates a person's family (or tribe or community, depending on the culture).[1] Depending on the culture all members of a family unit may have identical surnames or there may be variations based on the cultural rules. In the English-speaking world, a surname is commonly referred to as a last name because it is usually placed at the end of a person's full name, after any given names. In many parts of Asia, as well as some parts of Europe
Europe
and Africa, the family name is placed before a person's given name. In most Spanish-speaking and Portuguese-speaking countries, two surnames are commonly used and in some families that claim a connection to nobility even three are used. Surnames have not always existed and today are not universal in all cultures. This tradition has arisen separately in different cultures around the world
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Caudillo
A caudillo (Spanish pronunciation: [kauˈdiʎo], American Spanish: [kauˈdiʝo]; Old Spanish: cabdillo, from Latin capitellum, diminutive of caput "head") was a type of personalist leader wielding military and political power. There is no precise definition of caudillo, which is often used interchangeably with "dictator" and "strongman". The term is historically associated with Spain, and with Spanish America after virtually all of that region won independence in the early nineteenth century. The term is often used pejoratively by critics of a regime. However, Spain's General Francisco Franco
Francisco Franco
(1936–1975) proudly took the title as his own[1] during and after his military overthrow of the Second Spanish Republic in the Spanish Civil War
Spanish Civil War
(1936–39), in parallel to the German and Italian equivalents of the same period: Führer
Führer
and Duce
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Roman Catholicism
GodTrinity Pater Filius Spiritus Sanctus Consubstantialitas Filioque Divinum illud munusDivine Law Decalogus Ex Cathedra DeificatioRealms beyond the States of the Church Heaven Purgatory Limbo HellMysterium Fidei Passion of Jesus Crucifixion
Crucifixion
of Jesus Harrowing of Hell Resurrection AscensionBeatæ Mariæ Semper Virginis Mariology Veneration Immaculate Conception Mater Dei Perpetual virginity Assumption TitlesOther teachings Josephology Morality Body Lectures Sexuality Apologetics Divine grace Salvation Original sin Saints DogmaTexts Biblia Sacra S
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Alma Mater
Alma mater
Alma mater
(Latin: alma "nourishing/kind", mater "mother"; pl. [rarely used] almae matres) is an allegorical Latin
Latin
phrase for a university or college. In English, this is largely a U.S. usage referring to a school or university from which an individual has graduated or to a song or hymn associated with a school.[1] The phrase is variously translated as "nourishing mother", "nursing mother", or "fostering mother", suggesting that a school provides intellectual nourishment to its students.[2] Fine arts will often depict educational institutions using a robed woman as a visual metaphor. Before its current usage, Alma mater
Alma mater
was an honorific title for various Latin
Latin
mother goddesses, especially Ceres or Cybele,[3] and later in Catholicism for the Virgin Mary
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Excellency
Excellency
Excellency
is an honorific style given to certain high-level officers of a sovereign state, officials of an international organization, or members of an aristocracy. Once entitled to the title "Excellency", the holder usually[citation needed] retains the right to that courtesy throughout his or her lifetime, although in some cases the title is attached to a particular office, and is held only for the duration of that office.[1] Generally people addressed as Excellency
Excellency
are heads of state, heads of government, governors, ambassadors, certain ecclesiastics, royalty, and others holding equivalent rank (e.g., heads of international organizations).[citation needed] It is sometimes misinterpreted as a title of office in itself, but in fact is an honorific that precedes various titles (such as Mr. President, and so on), both in speech and in writing
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Quezon City
Quezon
Quezon
City (/ˈkɛzɒn/ KEZ-on;[5] Filipino: Lungsod Quezon, Tagalog pronunciation: [luŋˈsod ˈkɛːson]; Spanish: Ciudad Quezón [sjuˈðað keˈson]; also known as QC or Kyusi[6]) is the most populous city in the Philippines. It was founded by and named after Manuel L. Quezon, the 2nd President of the Philippines, to replace Manila
Manila
as the national capital. The city eventually became the capital of the Philippines
Philippines
from 1948 until 1976.[7] It is the largest city in terms of population and land area in Metro Manila, the National Capital Region of the Philippines
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Spanish East Indies
Neolithic
Neolithic
ageCallao and Tabon peoples Arrival of the Negritos Austronesian expansion Angono Petroglyphs Lal-lo and Gattaran Shell Middens Jade cultureIron ageSa Huyun Culture Society of the Igorot Ancient barangaysEvents/ArtifactsBalangay grave goods Manunggul Jar Prehistoric gems Sa Huyun-Kalanay Complex Maitum Anthropomorphic PotteryArchaic epoch (900–1565) Historically documented city-states/polities (by geography from North to South)Samtoy chieftaincy Caboloan Tondo Namayan Rajahnate
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Dictator
A dictator is a political leader who possesses absolute power. A state of which is ruled by a dictator is called a dictatorship. The word originated as the title of a magistrate in the Roman Republic appointed by the Senate to rule the republic in times of emergency (see Roman dictator
Roman dictator
and justitium).[2] Like the term "tyrant" (which was originally a respectable Ancient Greek title), and to a lesser degree "autocrat", "dictator" came to be used almost exclusively as a non-titular term for oppressive, even abusive rule, yet it had rare modern titular use. In modern usage, the term "dictator" is generally used to describe a leader who holds and/or abuses an extraordinary amount of personal power
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Quezon Service Cross
The Quezon Service Cross
Quezon Service Cross
(Filipino: Krus ng Serbisyo ni Quezon) is the highest national recognition of the Republic of the Philippines. It has been awarded to only five Filipinos since its creation in 1946.[1]Contents1 Background 2 Awardees 3 Nominated Awardees 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksBackground[edit] Quezon Service Cross
Quezon Service Cross
diagramThe award was created by Joint Resolution No. 4 dated October 21, 1946 of the 1st Congress of the Philippines.[2] A joint resolution of the Congress of the Philippines
Congress of the Philippines
has the force of law
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Battle Of Pateros
VisayasAklan Capiz Cebu Balisong Batan Lincud Iloilo Negros Antique Oton Pilar Sara Jaro Visayas ExpeditionMindanaoCalaganan Zamboanga Misamis DavaoThe Battle of Pateros refers to a series of skirmishes between Spanish troops and revolutionary forces in the towns of Las Piñas, Taguig
Taguig
and Pateros in Manila. These skirmishes occurred shortly after the execution of José Rizal
José Rizal
and are considered the renewal of hostilities in Luzon
Luzon
after a period of ceasefire from the Battle of Binakayan
Battle of Binakayan
to the Rizal execution.Contents1 Background 2 Advance on Pateros2.1 First Battle 2.2 Spanish reinforcements arrive 2.3 Final assault on Pateros3 Aftermath 4 ReferencesBackground[edit] Main article: Battle of Binakayan After the failed Spanish attempt to recapture several towns in Cavite, a short period of desperate fighting occurred
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Field Marshal Of The Philippines
Field Marshal
Field Marshal
of the Philippines was a rank created in 1936 to be held by Douglas MacArthur. Douglas MacArthur[edit] US Army General Douglas MacArthur
Douglas MacArthur
was the first and only field marshal in the history of the Philippine Army, a position he held while also acting as the Military Advisor to the Commonwealth Government of the Philippines with a rank of major general
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Kawit Revolt
Katipunan Magdalo Kingdom of SpainGuardia CivilCommanders and leaders Emilio Aguinaldo Ramón Blanco y Erenas
Ramón Blanco y Erenas
(indirectly)Strength400 men Civil Guards (numbers not defined)Casualties and lossesNone None, Several capturedv t ePhilippine RevolutionLuzonPugad Lawin 1st Manila Laguna Bulacan Tarlac Pasong Tamo San Juan del Monte Morong San Rafael Camarines Motin de Manila Bataan Agdangan Pasong Kalabaw Noveleta Kawit – Nueva Ecija Bacoor Calero Bridge Imus San Francisco
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Philippine Legion Of Honor
The Philippine Legion of Honor[1] (Filipino: Lehiyong Pandangal ng Pilipinas) was established by President Manuel Roxas, through Philippine Army
Philippine Army
Circular No. 60 dated July 3, 1947. The Philippine Legion of Honor was patterned after the Legion of Merit
Legion of Merit
of the United States of America, and was meant to honor both civilians and members of the military, Filipino or foreign. Originally, like the U.S. Legion of Merit, the Philippine Legion of Honor
Philippine Legion of Honor
only had four classes, known as Degrees, with Legionnaire being the basic rank, and Chief Commander being the highest
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Battle Of Talisay
VisayasAklan Capiz Cebu Balisong Batan Lincud Iloilo Negros Antique Oton Pilar Sara Jaro Visayas ExpeditionMindanaoCalaganan Zamboanga Misamis DavaoThe Battle of Talisay in Batangas province, Philippines, was fought during the Philippine Revolution
Philippine Revolution
in October 12, 1896, that led to Filipino victory.Contents1 Background 2 Battle 3 Aftermath 4 ReferencesBackground[edit] By the time the revolution began, Batangas was already a hotspot for revolutionary activities, and as a consequent result it was one of the first provinces that declared independence from Spain
Spain
and joined the Katipunan
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