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Ecclesiastical Province
An ECCLESIASTICAL PROVINCE is a general term for one of the basic forms of jurisdiction in Christian
Christian
Churches with traditional hierarchical structure, including Western Christianity
Christianity
and Eastern Christianity
Christianity
. In general, ecclesiastical province is consisted of several dioceses (or eparchies ), one of them being the archdiocese (or archeparchy ), headed by metropolitan bishop or archbishop who has ecclesiastical jurisdiction over all other bishops of the province. In the Greco-Roman world, ecclesia (Greek ἐκκλησίᾱ, ekklēsiā ( Latin
Latin
ecclesia) meaning "congregation, church") was used to refer to a lawful assembly, or a called legislative body. As early as Pythagoras
Pythagoras
, the word took on the additional meaning of a community with shared beliefs
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First Council Of Nicaea
The FIRST COUNCIL OF NICAEA (/naɪˈsiːə/ ; Greek : Νίκαια ) was a council of Christian bishops convened in the Bithynian city of Nicaea
Nicaea
(now Iznik, Bursa province, Turkey) by the Roman Emperor Constantine I in AD 325. Constantine I organized the Council along the lines of the Roman Senate
Roman Senate
and presided over it, but did not cast any official vote. This ecumenical council was the first effort to attain consensus in the Church through an assembly representing all of Christendom
Christendom
. Hosius of Corduba , who was probably one of the Papal legates , may have presided over its deliberations
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Synod Of Antioch
Beginning with three SYNODS convened between 264 and 269 in the matter of Paul of Samosata , more than thirty councils were held in ANTIOCH in ancient times. Most of these dealt with phases of the Arian and of the Christological controversies. For example, the Catholic Encyclopedia article on Paul of Samosata states: It must be regarded as certain that the council which condemned Paul rejected the term homoousios ; but naturally only in a false sense used by Paul; not, it seems because he meant by it a unity of Hypostasis in the Trinity
Trinity
(so St. Hilary ), but because he intended by it a common substance out of which both Father and Son proceeded, or which it divided between them, — so St. Basil and St. Athanasius ; but the question is not clear. The objectors to the Nicene doctrine in the fourth century made copious use of this disapproval of the Nicene word by a famous council
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Bishop Of Carthage
The EPISCOPAL SEE OF CARTHAGE, the city restored to importance by Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar
and Augustus
Augustus
, in which Christianity was firmly established by the 2nd century, was the most important in the whole of Roman Africa and continued as a residential see even after it had fallen to the Muslim conquest , until the start of the second millennium
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Eastern Orthodox Church
The EASTERN ORTHODOX CHURCH, also known as the ORTHODOX CHURCH, or officially as the ORTHODOX CATHOLIC CHURCH, is the second-largest Christian church and one of the oldest extant religious institutions in the world. The Eastern Orthodox
Eastern Orthodox
Church teaches that it is the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church established by Jesus
Jesus
Christ in his Great Commission to the apostles. It practices what it understands to be the original Christian faith and maintains the sacred tradition passed down from the apostles . The Eastern Orthodox
Eastern Orthodox
Church is a communion of autocephalous churches , each typically governed by a Holy Synod
Holy Synod
. It teaches that all bishops are equal by virtue of their ordination , and has no central governing structure analogous to the Papacy in the Roman Catholic Church
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Anglican Communion
The ANGLICAN COMMUNION is an international association of autonomous churches consisting of the Church of England
England
and national and regional Anglican
Anglican
churches ("provinces") in full communion with it. Full participation in the sacramental life of each church is available to all communicant Anglicans. The Archbishop of Canterbury , Primate of All England
England
, has a place of honour among the bishops of the Anglican
Anglican
churches. He is recognised as primus inter pares ("first among equals"). The archbishop does not exercise authority in the provinces outside England, but instead acts as a focus of unity. The churches of the Anglican
Anglican
Communion considers themselves to be part of the one, holy, catholic and apostolic church and to be both Catholic
Catholic
and Reformed
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Orthodoxy
ORTHODOXY (from Greek ὀρθοδοξία, orthodoxia – "right opinion") is adherence to correct or accepted creeds , especially in religion. In the Christian sense the term means "conforming to the Christian faith as represented in the creeds of the early Church". The first seven Ecumenical Councils were held between the years of 325 and 787 with the aim of formalizing accepted doctrines. In some English speaking countries, Jews who adhere to all the traditions and commandments of the Torah
Torah
are often called Orthodox Jews , though the term "orthodox" historically first described Christian beliefs
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Exemption (church)
Corpus Juris Canonici * Decretist * Regulæ Juris * Decretals of Gregory IX * Decretalist * Decretum Gratiani
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Christianity
CHRISTIANITY is a monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus
Jesus
Christ
Christ
, who serves as the focal point of the Christian
Christian
faith . It is the world\'s largest religion , with over 2.4 billion followers, or 33% of the global population, known as Christians
Christians
. Christians
Christians
make up a majority of the population in 158 countries and territories . They believe that Jesus
Jesus
is the Son of God and the savior of humanity whose coming as the Messiah
Messiah
(the Christ
Christ
) was prophesied in the Old Testament . Christian theology is summarized in creeds such as the Apostles\' Creed
Creed
and Nicene Creed
Creed

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Catholic Church
The CATHOLIC CHURCH, also known as the ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH, is the largest Christian Church , with more than 1.29 billion members worldwide. As one of the oldest religious institutions in the world, it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation . Headed by the Bishop of Rome
Rome
, known as the Pope
Pope
, the church's doctrines are summarised in the Nicene Creed . Its central administration, the Holy See , is in the Vatican City
Vatican City
, enclaved within Rome
Rome
, Italy
Italy

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First Ecumenical Council
The FIRST COUNCIL OF NICAEA (/naɪˈsiːə/ ; Greek : Νίκαια ) was a council of Christian bishops convened in the Bithynian city of Nicaea
Nicaea
(now İznik , Bursa province, Turkey) by the Roman Emperor Constantine I
Constantine I
in AD 325. Constantine I
Constantine I
organized the Council along the lines of the Roman Senate
Roman Senate
and presided over it, but did not cast any official vote. This ecumenical council was the first effort to attain consensus in the Church through an assembly representing all of Christendom
Christendom
. Hosius of Corduba , who was probably one of the Papal legates , may have presided over its deliberations
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Fourth Ecumenical Council
The COUNCIL OF CHALCEDON (/kælˈsiːdən/ or /ˈkælsɪdɒn/ ) was a church council held from October 8 to November 1, AD 451, at Chalcedon
Chalcedon
. The Council is numbered as the fourth ecumenical council by the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
, the Eastern Orthodox Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
, and most Protestants . A minority of Christians, subsequently known as Oriental Orthodoxy
Orthodoxy
, do not agree with the council's teachings. Its most important achievement was to issue the Chalcedonian Definition , stating that Jesus
Jesus
is "perfect both in deity and in humanness; this selfsame one is also actually God and actually man." The Council's judgments and definitions regarding the divine marked a significant turning point in the Christological debates
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Delimitation
BOUNDARY DELIMITATION (or simply DELIMITATION) is the drawing of boundaries, particularly of electoral precincts , states , counties or other municipalities. In the context of elections, it can be called redistribution and is used to prevent unbalance of population across districts. Unbalanced or discriminatory delimitation is called "gerrymandering ." Though there are no internationally agreed processes that guarantee fair delimitation, several organizations, such as the Commonwealth Secretariat , the European Union
European Union
and the International Foundation for Electoral Systems have proposed guidelines for effective delimitation. In international law, the related NATIONAL DELIMITATION is the process of legally establishing the outer limits ("borders") of a state within which full territorial or functional sovereignty is exercised
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Latin Church
The LATIN CHURCH, sometimes called the Western Church, is the largest part of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
, governed directly by the Pope
Pope
, tracing its history to the earliest days of Christianity . It represents the largest particular church sui iuris in full communion with the Catholic Church. Employing the Latin liturgical rites
Latin liturgical rites
, with 1.197 billion members (2011), the Latin Church
Latin Church
is considered to form the original and still major part of Western Christianity . It is headquartered in the Vatican City
Vatican City
, enclaved in Rome
Rome
, Italy
Italy

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Holy See
The HOLY SEE, also referred to as the SEE OF ROME, (Italian : Santa Sede; Latin
Latin
: Sancta Sedes; Ecclesiastical Latin: ) is the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
in Rome
Rome
, the episcopal see of the Pope
Pope
, and an independent sovereign entity . It serves as the central point of reference for the Catholic Church everywhere and the focal point of communion due to its position as the pre-eminent episcopal see of the universal church. Today, it is responsible for the governance of all Catholics, organised in their Partic