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Dzongkha Numerals
Dzongkha , the national language of Bhutan
Bhutan
, has two numeral systems, one vigesimal (base 20), and a modern decimal system. The vigesimal system remains in robust use. Ten is an _auxiliary base_: the teens are formed with ten and the numerals 1–9. VIGESIMAL 1 ciː 11 cu-ci 2 ˈɲiː 12 cu-ɲi 3 sum 13 cu-sum 4 ʑi 14 cu-ʑi 5 ˈŋa 15 ce-ŋa 6 ɖʱuː 16 cu-ɖu 7 dyn 17 cup-dỹ 8 ɡeː 18 cop-ɡe 9 ɡuː 19 cy-ɡu 10 cu-tʰãm* 20 kʰe ciː*When it appears on its own, 'ten' is usually said _cu-tʰãm_ 'a full ten'. In combinations it is simply _cu_. Factors of 20 are formed from _kʰe_. Intermediate factors of ten are formed with _pɟʱe-da_ 'half to': 30 kʰe pɟʱe-da ˈɲiː (a half to two score) 40 kʰe ˈɲiː (two score) 50 kʰe pɟʱe-da sum (a half to three score) 100 kʰe ˈŋa (five score) 200 kʰe cutʰãm (ten score) 300 kʰe ceŋa (fifteen score)400 (20²) _ɲiɕu_ is the next unit: _ɲiɕu ciː_ 400, _ɲiɕu ɲi_ 800, etc. Higher powers are 8000 (20³) _kʰecʰe_ ('a ɡreat score') and _jãːcʰe_ 160,000 (20⁴). DECIMALThe decimal system is the same up to 19. Then decades, however, are formed as _unit–ten_, as in Chinese, and the hundreds similarly. 20 is reported to be _ɲiɕu_, the vigesimal numeral 400; this may be lexical interference for the expected *ɲi-cu
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Dzongkha Language
DZONGKHA, or BHUTANESE (རྫོང་ཁ་ ), is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken by over half a million people in Bhutan; it is the sole official and national language of the Kingdom of Bhutan . The Tibetan alphabet is used to write Dzongkha. The word _dzongkha_ means "the language of the district"; _kha_ is language, and _dzong _ is "district". District-like Dzong architecture characterises monasteries, established throughout Bhutan by its unifier, Ngawang Namgyal , 1st Zhabdrung Rinpoche , in the 17th century. As of 2013, Dzongkha had 171,080 native speakers and about 640,000 total speakers. CONTENTS * 1 Usage * 2 Writing system * 2.1 Romanization * 3 Phonology * 3.1 Vowels * 3.2 Tones * 3.3 Consonants * 4 Classification and related languages * 5 Sample text * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 Bibliography * 9 External links * 9.1 Vocabulary * 9.2 Grammar USAGE Dzongkha and its dialects are the native tongue of eight western districts of Bhutan (_viz. _ Wangdue Phodrang , Punakha , Thimphu , Gasa , Paro , Ha , Dagana and Chukha ). There are also some speakers found near the Indian town of Kalimpong , once part of Bhutan but now in West Bengal . Dzongkha was declared as the national language of Bhutan in 1971
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Bhutan
Coordinates : 27°25′01″N 90°26′06″E / 27.417°N 90.435°E / 27.417; 90.435 Kingdom of Bhutan འབྲུག་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་ ( Dzongkha ) _druk gyal khap_ _ Flag Emblem ANTHEM: Druk tsendhen _ _The Thunder Dragon Kingdom_ Capital and largest city Thimphu 27°28.0′N 89°38.5′E / 27.4667°N 89.6417°E / 27.4667; 89.6417 OFFICIAL LANGUAGES Dzongkha RELIGION Buddhism DEMONYM Bhutanese GOVERNMENT Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy • KING Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck • PRIME MINISTER
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Vigesimal
The VIGESIMAL or BASE 20 numeral system is based on twenty (in the same way in which the decimal numeral system is based on ten ). CONTENTS* 1 Places * 1.1 Converting table * 2 Fractions * 3 Cyclic numbers * 4 Real numbers * 5 Use * 5.1 Africa * 5.2 Americas * 5.3 Asia * 5.4 In Europe * 5.4.1 Origins * 5.4.2 Examples * 5.5 Related observations * 6 Examples in Mesoamerican languages * 6.1 Powers of twenty in Yucatec Maya and Nahuatl * 6.2 Counting in units of twenty * 7 Further reading * 8 Notes PLACESIn a vigesimal place system, twenty individual numerals (or digit symbols) are used, ten more than in the usual decimal system. One modern method of finding the extra needed symbols is to write ten as the letter A20 (the 20 means base 20 ), to write nineteen as J20, and the numbers between with the corresponding letters of the alphabet. This is similar to the common computer-science practice of writing hexadecimal numerals over 9 with the letters "A–F". Another method skips over the letter "I", in order to avoid confusion between I20 as eighteen and one , so that the number eighteen is written as J20, and nineteen is written as K20. The number twenty is written as 1020
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Decimal
The DECIMAL numeral system (also called BASE-TEN and occasionally called DENARY) has ten as its base , which, in decimal, is written 10, as is the base in every positional numeral system. It is the numerical base most widely used by modern civilizations. _ Decimal notation_ often refers to a base-10 positional notation such as the Hindu-Arabic numeral system ; however, it can also be used more generally to refer to non-positional systems such as Roman or Chinese numerals which are also based on powers of ten. A _decimal number_, or just _decimal_, refers to any number written in decimal notation , although it is more commonly used to refer to numbers that have a fractional part separated from the integer part with a decimal separator (e.g. 11.25). A decimal may be a terminating decimal, which has a finite fractional part (e.g. 15.600); a repeating decimal , which has an infinite (non-terminating) fractional part made up of a repeating sequence of digits (e.g. 5.123144 ); or an infinite decimal, which has a fractional part that neither terminates nor has an infinitely repeating pattern (e.g. 3.14159265...). Decimal fractions have terminating decimal representations and other fractions have repeating decimal representations, whereas irrational numbers have infinite non-repeating decimal representations
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * _Special_ (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials , a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on _The Blind Leading the Naked _ * "Special", a song on _ The Documentary _ album by GameFILM AND TELEVISION * Special (lighting) , a stage light that is used for a single, specific purpose * "Special" (Lost) , an episode of the television series _Lost_ * _Special_ (film) * _The Specials_ (film) * Television special , television programming that temporarily replaces scheduled programmingOTHER USES * A special price, a form of discounts and allowances * A kit car or one-off home built vehicle * A euphemi
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Dzongkha Numerals
Dzongkha , the national language of Bhutan
Bhutan
, has two numeral systems, one vigesimal (base 20), and a modern decimal system. The vigesimal system remains in robust use. Ten is an _auxiliary base_: the teens are formed with ten and the numerals 1–9. VIGESIMAL 1 ciː 11 cu-ci 2 ˈɲiː 12 cu-ɲi 3 sum 13 cu-sum 4 ʑi 14 cu-ʑi 5 ˈŋa 15 ce-ŋa 6 ɖʱuː 16 cu-ɖu 7 dyn 17 cup-dỹ 8 ɡeː 18 cop-ɡe 9 ɡuː 19 cy-ɡu 10 cu-tʰãm* 20 kʰe ciː*When it appears on its own, 'ten' is usually said _cu-tʰãm_ 'a full ten'. In combinations it is simply _cu_. Factors of 20 are formed from _kʰe_. Intermediate factors of ten are formed with _pɟʱe-da_ 'half to': 30 kʰe pɟʱe-da ˈɲiː (a half to two score) 40 kʰe ˈɲiː (two score) 50 kʰe pɟʱe-da sum (a half to three score) 100 kʰe ˈŋa (five score) 200 kʰe cutʰãm (ten score) 300 kʰe ceŋa (fifteen score)400 (20²) _ɲiɕu_ is the next unit: _ɲiɕu ciː_ 400, _ɲiɕu ɲi_ 800, etc. Higher powers are 8000 (20³) _kʰecʰe_ ('a ɡreat score') and _jãːcʰe_ 160,000 (20⁴). DECIMALThe decimal system is the same up to 19. Then decades, however, are formed as _unit–ten_, as in Chinese, and the hundreds similarly. 20 is reported to be _ɲiɕu_, the vigesimal numeral 400; this may be lexical interference for the expected *ɲi-cu
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Talk
TALK may refer to: * Conversation , interactive communication between two or more people * Speech , the production of a spoken language * Interaction , face to face conversations * Compulsive talking , beyond the bounds of what is considered to be a socially acceptable amount of talking * Communication , the encoding and decoding of exchanged messages between peopleCONTENTS * 1 Software * 2 Books * 3 Film and TV * 4 Music * 4.1 Albums * 4.2 Songs SOFTWARE * Google Talk , a Windows- and web-based instant messaging program * talk (software) , a Unix messaging program * AppleTalk , an early networking protocol designed by Apple for their Macintosh computersBOOKS * _Talk_ (play) , a play by Carl Hancock Rux * _Talk_ (magazine) , an American magazineFILM AND TV * _Talk_ (film) , a 1994 Australian film * Talk show , a broadcast program format * Talk radio , a radio formatMUSIC * Talk Talk , a British rock group active from 1981 to 1991ALBUMS * _Talk_ (Yes album) , 1994 * _Talk_ (Paul Kelly album) , 1981SONGS * "Talk" (Coldplay song) * "Talk" (DJ Snake song) * "Talk", by Kreesha Turner on the album _Passion _ * "Talk", by Tracy Bonham on the album _ The Liverpool Sessions _ * "Talk", by M.I.A
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picture info

Main Page
The 1983 ATLANTIC HURRICANE SEASON was the least active Atlantic hurricane season in 53 years. Although the season begins by convention on June 1, there were no tropical depressions until July 23, and only four of the season's seven depressions became tropical storms . Tropical Depression Three became Hurricane Alicia_(satellite image pictured)_ on August 17 and made landfall in Texas the next day, breaking thousands of glass windows in Houston's skyscrapers, killing 22 people and causing $1.7 billion in damage. The storm that became Hurricane Barry formed on August 25, crossed Florida, and made landfall near Brownsville, Texas
Brownsville, Texas
, dissipating five days later. Hurricane Chantal stayed out at sea, and was absorbed by a front on September 15. Tropical Depression Six formed on September 19 and caused heavy rains in the Caribbean
Caribbean
. Tropical Storm Dean, the final storm of the season, attained peak winds of 65 mph (105 km/h), and made landfall on the Delmarva Peninsula
Delmarva Peninsula
on September 29. (FULL ARTICLE... ) Recently featured: * 2012 Tour de France
2012 Tour de France
* Murder of Dwayne Jones * Audioslave * ARCHIVE * BY EMAIL * MORE FEATURED ARTICLES... DID YOU KNOW... _ Tjele helmet fragment
Tjele helmet fragment
* ..
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Portal
PORTAL may refer to: * Portal (architecture) , a monumental gate or door, or the extremities (ends) of a tunnel * Portals in fiction , magical or technological doorways that connect two locations, dimensions, or points in time * _ Portal _, a video game series developed by Valve Corporation CONTENTS* 1 Computing * 1.1 Gateways to information * 1.2 Other computing * 2 Art, entertainment, and media * 2.1 Games * 2.2 Music * 2.2.1 Groups * 2.2.2 Albums * 2.3 Other art, entertainment, and media * 3 Places * 4 Other uses * 5 People with the surname * 6 Construction methods and structures * 7 Drainage systems * 8 See also COMPUTINGGATEWAYS TO INFORMATION * Captive portal , controlling conne
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