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Dutch Language
DUTCH (_ Nederlands_ (help ·info )) is a West Germanic language that is spoken by around 23 million people as a first language—including most of the population of the Netherlands and about sixty percent of Belgium —and by another 5 million as a second language. It is the third most widely spoken Germanic language , after English and German. Outside of the Low Countries , it is the native language of the majority of the population of Suriname , and also holds official status in Aruba , Curaçao and Sint Maarten , which are constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands . Historical minorities on the verge of extinction remain in parts of France and Germany , and in Indonesia , while up to half a million native speakers may reside in the United States , Canada and Australia combined
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Dutch (other)
DUTCH may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Related to the country * 2 People * 3 Sports and games * 4 Arts and entertainment * 5 Other uses * 6 See also RELATED TO THE COUNTRY * Something from or related to the Netherlands
Netherlands
* Dutch people , people from the Netherlands, the Kingdom, or their descendants *
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Netherlands
The NETHERLANDS (/ˈnɛðərləndz/ (_ listen ); Dutch : Nederland_ (_ listen ); Frisian : Nederlân_), also known informally as HOLLAND, is a densely populated country in Western Europe , also incorporating three island territories in the Caribbean . It is the main constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands . The European portion of the Netherlands borders Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, sharing maritime borders in the North Sea with Belgium, the United Kingdom , and Germany. The four largest cities in the Netherlands are Amsterdam , Rotterdam , The Hague and Utrecht . Amsterdam is the country\'s capital , while The Hague holds the Dutch seat of parliament and government
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Belgium
Coordinates : 50°50′N 4°00′E / 50.833°N 4.000°E / 50.833; 4.000 Kingdom of Belgium * _Koninkrijk België_ (Dutch ) * _Royaume de Belgique_ (French ) * _Königreich Belgien_ (German ) Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: "Eendracht maakt macht" (Dutch ) "L'union fait la force" (French ) "Einigkeit macht stark" (German ) "Unity makes Strength" ANTHEM: " La Brabançonne " Location of Belgium (dark green) – in Europe (green "> (green) Capital and largest city
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Suriname
Coordinates : 4°N 56°W / 4°N 56°W / 4; -56 Republic
Republic
of Suriname _Republiek Suriname_ (Dutch ) Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: " Justitia Pietas
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Aruba
ARUBA (/əˈruːbə/ _ə-ROO-bə_ ; Dutch: ) is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the southern Caribbean Sea , located about 1,600 kilometres (990 mi) west of the main part of the Lesser Antilles and 29 kilometres (18 mi) north of the coast of Venezuela . It measures 32 kilometres (20 mi) long from its northwestern to its southeastern end and 10 kilometres (6 mi) across at its widest point. Together with Bonaire and Curaçao , Aruba forms a group referred to as the ABC islands . Collectively, Aruba and the other Dutch islands in the Caribbean are often called the Dutch Caribbean . Aruba is one of the four countries that form the Kingdom of the Netherlands , along with the Netherlands , Curaçao , and Sint Maarten . The citizens of these countries all share a single nationality: Dutch
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Curaçao
CURAçAO (/ˈkʊrəsaʊ/ KUR-ə-sow or /ˈkjʊərəsaʊ/ KEWR-ə-sow ; Dutch : Curaçao, pronounced ; Papiamento : Kòrsou) is a Lesser Antilles island country in the southern Caribbean
Caribbean
Sea and the Dutch Caribbean
Caribbean
region, about 65 km (40 mi) north of the Venezuelan coast. It is a constituent country (Dutch : land) of the Kingdom of the Netherlands . It was formerly called Curaçao and Dependencies (1815–1954) and the COUNTRY OF CURAçAO (Dutch: Land Curaçao; Papiamento: Pais Kòrsou); it includes the main island of Curaçao
Curaçao
and the uninhabited island of Klein Curaçao
Klein Curaçao
("Little Curaçao"). It has a population over 160,000 in an area of 444 km2 (171 sq mi ), and its capital is Willemstad
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Sint Maarten
SINT MAARTEN (Dutch pronunciation: ) is an island country in the Caribbean
Caribbean
. It is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Netherlands
. With a population of 33,609 on an area of 34 km2 (13 sq mi), it encompasses the southern 40% of the divided island of Saint Martin , while the northern 60% of the island constitutes the French overseas collectivity of Saint-Martin . Its capital is Philipsburg . Before 10 October 2010, Sint Maarten
Sint Maarten
was known as the Island Territory of Sint Maarten
Sint Maarten
(Dutch : _Eilandgebied Sint Maarten_), and was one of five island territories (_eilandgebieden_) that constituted the Netherlands Antilles
Netherlands Antilles

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France
FRANCE (locally ), officially the FRENCH REPUBLIC (_République française_ ), is a country with territory status in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories . The European, or metropolitan, area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea , and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean . The republic also includes French Guiana on the South American continent and several islands in the Atlantic , Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions (5 of which are situated overseas) span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) which, as of January 2017, has a total population of almost 67 million people. France is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris , the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre
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French Flanders
FRENCH FLANDERS (French : La Flandre française; Dutch : Frans-Vlaanderen) is a part of the historical County of Flanders
County of Flanders
in present-day France
France
. The region lies in the modern-day region of Hauts-de- France
France
and roughly corresponds to the arrondissements of Lille
Lille
, Douai and Dunkirk on the southern border of the present Kingdom of Belgium
Belgium
. Together with French Hainaut and the Cambrésis , it makes up the French Department of Nord . CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 History * 3 Language * 4 Culture * 5 See also * 6 Sources and references * 7 External links GEOGRAPHYFrench Flanders
Flanders
is mostly flat marshlands in the coal-rich area just south of the North Sea
North Sea

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Western Europe
WESTERN EUROPE is the region comprising the western part of Europe
Europe
. Below, some different geographic, geopolitical and cultural definitions of the term are outlined. For centuries, Western Europe
Europe
was defined as the countries with dominant Catholic and Protestant churches, while Eastern Europe
Europe
was dominated by the Eastern Orthodox Church . A more contemporary definition subdivides Western Europe
Europe
into several other regions like Central Europe
Europe
or Northern Europe
Europe

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Africa
AFRICA is the world's second-largest and second-most-populous continent (the first being Asia
Asia
). At about 30.3 million km2 (11.7 million square miles) including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth\'s total surface area and 20.4% of its total land area. With 1.2 billion people as of 2016, it accounts for about 16% of the world's human population . The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, both the Suez Canal
Suez Canal
and the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula to the northeast, the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
to the west. The continent includes Madagascar
Madagascar
and various archipelagos . It contains 54 fully recognised sovereign states (countries ), nine territories and two _de facto _ independent states with limited or no recognition
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South America
SOUTH AMERICA is a continent located in the western hemisphere , mostly in the southern hemisphere , with a relatively small portion in the northern hemisphere . It may also be considered a subcontinent of the Americas
Americas
, which is the model used in nations that speak Romance languages . The reference to South America
South America
instead of other regions (like Latin America
Latin America
or the Southern Cone) has increased in the last decades due to changing geopolitical dynamics (in particular, the rise of Brazil). It is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
and on the north and east by the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
; North America
North America
and the Caribbean Sea
Caribbean Sea
lie to the northwest
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Caribbean
The CARIBBEAN (/ˌkærᵻˈbiːən/ or /kəˈrɪbiən/ ) is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea , its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean ) and the surrounding coasts. The region is southeast of the Gulf of Mexico and the North American mainland, east of Central America , and north of South America . Situated largely on the Caribbean Plate , the region comprises more than 700 islands, islets , reefs and cays . (See the list .) These islands generally form island arcs that delineate the eastern and northern edges of the Caribbean Sea
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First Language
A FIRST LANGUAGE, NATIVE LANGUAGE or MOTHER TONGUE (also known as FATHER TONGUE, ARTERIAL LANGUAGE or L1) is a language that a person has been exposed to from birth or within the critical period . In some countries, the term _native language_ or _mother tongue_ refers to the language of one's ethnic group rather than one's first language. Children brought up speaking more than one language can have more than one native language, and be bilingual or multilingual . By contrast, a _second language _ is any language that one speaks other than one's first language. CONTENTS* 1 Terminology * 1.1 Mother tongue * 2 Significance * 3 Multilingualism * 3.1 Defining native language * 3.2 Defining "native speaker" * 4 See also * 5 References TERMINOLOGY A lesson at Kituwah Academy on the Qualla Boundary in North Carolina
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Second Language
A person's SECOND LANGUAGE or L2, is a language that is not the native language of the speaker, but that is used in the locale of that person. In contrast, a foreign language is a language that is learned in an area where that language is not generally spoken. Some languages, often called auxiliary languages , are used primarily as second languages or lingua francas . More informally, a second language can be said to be any language learned in addition to one's native language, especially in the context of second language acquisition , (that is, learning a new foreign language). A person's first language is not necessarily their dominant language, the one they use most or are most comfortable with. For example, the Canadian census defines _first language_ for its purposes as "the first language learned in childhood and still spoken", recognizing that for some, the earliest language may be lost, a process known as language attrition
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