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Duke Of Florence
Il Duca di Firenze, rendered in English as The Duke of Florence, was a title created in 1532 by Pope Clement VII
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Pazzi Conspiracy
The Pazzi
Pazzi
conspiracy was a plot by members of the Pazzi
Pazzi
family and others to displace the de' Medici
Medici
family as rulers of Renaissance Florence. On 26 April 1478 there was an attempt to assassinate Lorenzo de' Medici
Medici
and his brother Giuliano de' Medici. Lorenzo was wounded but survived; Giuliano was killed. The failure of the plot served to strengthen the position of the Medici. The Pazzi
Pazzi
were banished from Florence.Contents1 The conspiracy1.1 Background 1.2 Plot 1.3 Attack2 Aftermath 3 In culture 4 ReferencesThe conspiracy[edit]This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed
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Holy Roman Emperor
The Holy Roman Emperor
Emperor
(historically Romanorum Imperator " Emperor
Emperor
of the Romans") was the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
(800-1806 CE, from Charlemagne
Charlemagne
to Francis II). The title was almost without interruption held in conjunction with the rule of the Kingdom of Germany.[1][2][3] From an autocracy in Carolingian
Carolingian
times the title evolved into an elected monarchy chosen by the prince-electors. The Holy Roman Emperor was widely perceived to rule by divine right by Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
rulers in Europe, and he often contradicted or rivaled the Pope, most notably during the Investiture controversy. In theory, the Holy Roman Emperor was primus inter pares (first among equals) among other Catholic monarchs
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Philip II Of Spain
Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II; 21 May 1527 – 13 September 1598), called "the Prudent" (el Prudente), was King of Spain[a] (1556–98), King of Portugal
King of Portugal
(1581–98, as Philip I, Filipe I),[1] King of Naples and Sicily (both from 1554), and jure uxoris King of England
King of England
and Ireland (during his marriage to Queen Mary I
Queen Mary I
from 1554–58).[2] He was also Duke of Milan.[3] From 1555 he was lord of the Seventeen Provinces of the Netherlands. Known in Spain as "Felipe el Prudente" ('"Philip the Prudent'"), his empire included territories on every continent then known to Europeans, including his namesake the Philippines. During his reign, Spain reached the height of its influence and power. This is sometimes called the Golden Age
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Elba
Elba
Elba
(Italian: isola d'Elba, pronounced [ˈiːzola ˈdelba]; Latin: Ilva; Ancient Greek: Αἰθαλία, Aithalia) is a Mediterranean island in Tuscany, Italy, 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from the coastal town of Piombino, and the largest island of the Tuscan Archipelago. It is also part of the Arcipelago Toscano National Park,[2] and the third largest island in Italy, after Sicily
Sicily
and Sardinia. It is located in the Tyrrhenian Sea
Tyrrhenian Sea
about 50 kilometres (30 mi) east of the French island of Corsica. The island is part of the province of Livorno
Livorno
and is divided into eight municipalities, with a total population of about 30,000 inhabitants which increases considerably during the summer
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Pazzi
The Pazzi
Pazzi
were a noble Florentine family in the Middle Ages. In 1342 they gave up their titles of nobility so that members could be elected to public office.[citation needed] Their main trade during the 15th century was banking
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Lorenzo II De' Medici, Duke Of Urbino
Lorenzo
Lorenzo
may refer to: Lorenzo
Lorenzo
(name),Contents1 Places1.1 United States2 Art, entertainment, and media 3 Other uses 4 See alsoPlaces[edit]San
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Sack Of Rome (1527)
Empire of Charles V: Holy Roman Empire Spain Duchy of GuastallaCommanders and leaders Clement VII (POW) Kaspar Röist † Renzo da Ceri Ferrante Gonzaga Charles de Bourbon † Philibert of Châlon (WIA)Strength5,000 Condottieri
Condottieri
militia, 189 Swiss Guards 20,000 (mutinous)Casualties and losses500 dead, wounded, or captured Unknown45,000 civilians dead, wounded, or exiledv t eWar of the League of CognacNorth Italy
Italy
'27 Rome South Italy
Italy
'28 Naples Capo d'Orso Landriano Florence Gavinanav t eItalian Wars1494–98 1499–1504 League of Cambrai Urbino 1521–26 League of Cognac 1536–38 1542–46 1551–1559Full list of battlesThe Sack of Rome
Rome
on 6 May 1527 was a military event carried out in Rome
Rome
(then part of the Papal States) by the mutinous troops of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
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Republic Of Genoa
The Republic
Republic
of Genoa
Genoa
(Ligurian: Repúbrica de Zêna, pronounced [reˈpybrika de ˈze:na]; Latin: Res Publica Ianuensis; Italian: Repubblica di Genova) was an independent state from 1005 to 1797 in Liguria
Liguria
on the northwestern Italian coast, incorporating Corsica
Corsica
from 1347 to 1768, and numerous other territories throughout the Mediterranean. It began when Genoa
Genoa
became a self-governing commune within the imperial Kingdom of Italy, and ended when it was conquered by the French First Republic
French First Republic
under Napoleon
Napoleon
and replaced with the Ligurian Republic. Corsica
Corsica
was ceded to France
France
in the Treaty of Versailles of 1768
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Alberti (family)
The Alberti family was a major political family in Florence. The Alberti originated from the castle of Catenaia in Valdarno Casentinese, whence the presence of two chains (Italian: catena) in their coat of arms. They became established in Florence during the 13th century with judge Rustico Alberti and divided into different lines, who owned several houses and towers near the modern Ponte alle Grazie. Due to their Guelph allegiance, they were exiled after the Battle of Montaperti, but returned after Manfred of Sicily's defeat in the battle of Benevento (1266). They subsequently sided for the Black Guelph faction, and established a flourishing trade company with agencies at Bologna, Genoa, Venice, Barcelona, Paris, Ghent, Brussels, Bruges and London, as well as in Syria and Greece. In 1378, the Alberti were again banned for their support of the Ciompi revolt. Some of them were admitted in the Venetian nobility late in the century
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Lorenzino De' Medici
Lorenzino de' Medici (March 23, 1514 – February 26, 1548), also known as Lorenzaccio, was an Italian politician, writer and dramatist, and a member of the Medici family. He became famous for the assassination of his cousin, Alessandro de' Medici, duke and ruler of Florence.Contents1 Biography1.1 Childhood and youth 1.2 Relationship with Alessandro de' Medici 1.3 Assassination of Alessandro 1.4 Exile 1.5 Death2 Works 3 References 4 Bibliography 5 External linksBiography[edit] Childhood and youth[edit] Son of Pierfrancesco and Maria Soderini, Lorenzino lost his father when he was only eleven (1525). He was then raised by his mother at the Villa del Trebbio along with his younger brother Giuliano and his two sisters Laudomia and Maddalena. In 1526 his mother decided to move to Venice with Giuliano and the future Cosimo I de' Medici to escape the arrival of the Landsknechts
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Republic Of Venice
The Republic of Venice
Venice
(Italian: Repubblica di Venezia, later: Repubblica Veneta; Venetian: Repùblica de Venèsia, later: Repùblica Vèneta), traditionally known as La Serenissima (Most Serene Republic of Venice) (Italian: Serenissima Repubblica di Venezia; Venetian: Serenìsima Repùblica Vèneta), was a sovereign state and maritime republic in northeastern Italy, which existed for a millennium between the 8th century and the 18th century. It was based in the lagoon communities of the historically prosperous city of Venice, and was a leading European economic and trading power during the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
and the Renaissance. The Venetian city state was founded as a safe haven for the people escaping persecution in mainland Europe after the decline of the Roman Empire. In its early years, it prospered on the salt trade. In subsequent centuries, the city state established a thalassocracy
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Palazzo Pitti
The Palazzo
Palazzo
Pitti (Italian pronunciation: [paˈlattso ˈpitti]), in English sometimes called the Pitti Palace, is a vast, mainly Renaissance, palace in Florence, Italy. It is situated on the south side of the River Arno, a short distance from the Ponte Vecchio. The core of the present palazzo dates from 1458 and was originally the town residence of Luca Pitti, an ambitious Florentine banker. The palace was bought by the Medici family in 1549 and became the chief residence of the ruling families of the Grand Duchy
Grand Duchy
of Tuscany. It grew as a great treasure house as later generations amassed paintings, plates, jewelry and luxurious possessions. In the late 18th century, the palazzo was used as a power base by Napoleon
Napoleon
and later served for a brief period as the principal royal palace of the newly united Italy
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Coat Of Arms
A coat of arms is an heraldic visual design on an escutcheon (i.e., shield), surcoat, or tabard. The coat of arms on an escutcheon forms the central element of the full heraldic achievement which in its whole consists of shield, supporters, crest, and motto
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Uffizi
The Uffizi
Uffizi
Gallery (Italian: Galleria degli Uffizi, pronounced [ɡalleˈriːa deʎʎ ufˈfittsi]) is a prominent art museum located adjacent to the Piazza della Signoria
Piazza della Signoria
in the Historic Centre of Florence
Florence
in the region of Tuscany, Italy. One of the most important Italian museums, and the most visited, it is also one of the largest and best known in the world, and holds a collection of priceless works, particularly from the period of the Italian Renaissance. After the ruling house of Medici died out, their art collections were gifted to the city of Florence
Florence
under the famous Patto di famiglia negotiated by Anna Maria Luisa, the last Medici heiress. The Uffizi
Uffizi
is one of the first modern museums
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Pope Pius V
Pope
Pope
Saint
Saint
Pius V (17 January 1504 – 1 May 1572), born Antonio Ghislieri (from 1518 called Michele Ghislieri, O.P.), was head of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
and ruler of the Papal States
Papal States
from 8 January 1566 to his death in 1572. He is venerated as a saint of the Catholic Church.[2] He is chiefly notable for his role in the Council of Trent, the Counter-Reformation, and the standardization of the Roman rite within the Latin Church. Pius V declared Thomas Aquinas
Thomas Aquinas
a Doctor of the Church.[3][4] As a cardinal, Ghislieri gained a reputation for putting orthodoxy before personalities, prosecuting eight French bishops for heresy
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