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Dora Stock
Dora (Doris, Dorothea) Stock (6 March 1760 – 30 March 1832) was a German artist of the 18th and 19th centuries who specialized in portraiture. She was at the center of a highly cultivated household in which a great number of artists, musicians, and writers were guests; and her friends and acquaintances included some of the most eminent figures of her day, including Goethe, Schiller and Mozart.Contents1 Life1.1 Childhood 1.2 Goethe 1.3 Training 1.4 Love life 1.5 Stock and the Körners 1.6 Relationship with Schiller 1.7 Artistic life 1.8 Later life2 The Mozart portrait2.1 History of the portrait 2.2 Stock's Mozart anecdote3 Notes 4 ReferencesLife[edit] Childhood[edit] She was born in Nürnberg
Nürnberg
to a copper engraver named Johann Michael Stock (1737–1773)
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Dresden
Dresden
Dresden
(German pronunciation: [ˈdʁeːsdn̩] ( listen); Czech: Drážďany, Polish: Drezno) is the capital city[2] and, after Leipzig, the second-largest city[3] of the Free State of Saxony
Saxony
in Germany. It is situated in a valley on the River Elbe, near the border with the Czech Republic. Dresden
Dresden
has a long history as the capital and royal residence for the Electors and Kings of Saxony, who for centuries furnished the city with cultural and artistic splendor, and was once by personal union the family seat of Polish monarchs. The city was known as the Jewel Box, because of its baroque and rococo city centre. The controversial American and British bombing of Dresden
Dresden
in World War II
World War II
towards the end of the war killed approximately 25,000 people, many of whom were civilians, and destroyed the entire city centre
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Karl Anton Eckert
Karl Anton Florian Eckert (17 December 1820 – 14 October 1879) was a German conductor and composer. Eckert was born in Berlin, Germany, and by the age of five, had already proved himself as a musical child prodigy. After coming to the attention of Sing-Akademie zu Berlin
Berlin
director Carl Friedrich Zelter, he was entered into the academy in 1832, and with Zelter's support had his debut piano concert in the fall of that year. He was later appointed Kapellmeister of Staatsoper Unter den Linden where he remained until the spring of 1848. After the end of the political turmoil of the Revolutions of 1848, Eckert left Berlin
Berlin
for Amsterdam, and later Brussels.Eckert died in Berlin
Berlin
at age 58. Works[edit]Das Fischermädchen. Singspiel Das Käthchen von Nürnberg Der Laborant von Riesengebirge. Oper Scharlatan. Oper Wilhelm von Oranien
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William Tell (play)
William Tell
William Tell
(German: Wilhelm Tell) is a drama written by Friedrich Schiller in 1804. The story focuses on the legendary Swiss marksman William Tell
William Tell
as part of the greater Swiss struggle for independence from the Habsburg Empire
Habsburg Empire
in the early 14th century
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The Maid Of Orleans (play)
The Maid of Orleans (German: Die Jungfrau von Orleans) is a tragedy by Friedrich Schiller, written in 1801 in Leipzig. During his lifetime, it was one of Schiller's most frequently-performed pieces.Contents1 Plot 2 Operatic adaptations 3 References 4 External linksPlot[edit] The play loosely follows the life of Joan of Arc. It contains a prologue introducing the important characters, followed by five acts. Each dramatizes a significant event in Joan's life. Up to act 4 the play departs from history in only secondary details (e.g. by having Joan kill people in battle, and by shifting the reconciliation between the Armagnacs and the Burgundians from 1435 to 1430). Thereafter, however, the plot is entirely free. Joan is about to kill an English knight when, on removing his helmet, she at once falls in love with him, and spares him
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Lützow Free Corps
Lützow Free Corps
Lützow Free Corps
(German: Lützowsches Freikorps
Freikorps
pronounced [ˈlʏtso:vʃəs ˈfraɪˌkɔɒ̯ps]) was a volunteer force of the Prussian army
Prussian army
during the Napoleonic Wars. It was named after its commander, Ludwig Adolf Wilhelm von Lützow. The Corpsmen were also widely known as the “Lützower Jäger“ or “Schwarze Jäger“ (“ Black
Black
Hunters”), sometimes also "Lützower Reiter" ("Lützow Riders").Contents1 Origins 2 Uniforms 3 Combat 4 Theodor Körner 5 Legacy 6 Film 7 ReferencesOrigins[edit] The unit was officially founded in February 1813 as Königlich Preußisches Freikorps
Freikorps
von Lützow (Royal Prussian Free Corps von Lützow)
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Dresden Academy Of Art
The Dresden
Dresden
Academy of Fine Arts (German Hochschule für Bildende Künste Dresden), often abbreviated HfBK Dresden
Dresden
or simply HfBK, is a vocational university of visual arts located in Dresden, Germany
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Napoleonic Wars
The Napoleonic Wars
Napoleonic Wars
(1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon
Napoleon
I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom. The wars stemmed from the unresolved disputes associated with the French Revolution
French Revolution
and its resultant conflict. The wars are often categorised into five conflicts, each termed after the coalition that fought Napoleon; the Third Coalition
Third Coalition
(1805), the Fourth (1806–07), Fifth (1809), Sixth (1813), and the Seventh and final (1815). Napoleon, upon ascending to First Consul of France
France
in 1799, had inherited a chaotic republic; he subsequently created a state with stable finances, a strong bureaucracy, and a well-trained army
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Frederick Augustus I Of Saxony
Frederick Augustus I (full name: Frederick Augustus Joseph Maria Anthony John Nepomuk Aloysius Xavier; German: Friedrich August Josef Maria Anton Johann Nepomuk Alois Xavier; Polish: Fryderyk August Józef Maria Antoni Jan Nepomucen Alojzy Ksawery Wettyn; 23 December 1750 – 5 May 1827) was a member of the House of Wettin
House of Wettin
who reigned as Elector of Saxony
Saxony
from 1763 to 1806 (as Frederick Augustus III) and as King of Saxony
Saxony
from 1806 to 1827. He also served as Duke of Warsaw from 1807 to 1813. Succeeding his father in 1763 as the elector Frederick Augustus III, he brought order and efficiency to his country's finances and administration
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Berlin
Berlin
Berlin
(/bɜːrˈlɪn/, German: [bɛɐ̯ˈliːn] ( listen)) is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states. With a steadily growing population of approximately 3.7 million,[4] Berlin
Berlin
is the second most populous city proper in the European Union
European Union
behind London
London
and the seventh most populous urban area in the European Union.[5] Located in northeastern Germany
Germany
on the banks of the rivers Spree
Spree
and Havel, it is the centre of the Berlin- Brandenburg
Brandenburg
Metropolitan Region, which has roughly 6 million residents from more than 180 nations.[6][7][8][9] Due to its location in the European Plain, Berlin
Berlin
is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate
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Ivory Board
Ivory is a hard, white material from the tusks (traditionally elephants') and teeth of animals, that can be used in art or manufacturing. It consists mainly of dentine (inorganic formula Ca10(PO4)6(CO3)·H2O)), one of the physical structures of teeth and tusks. The chemical structure of the teeth and tusks of mammals is the same, regardless of the species of origin
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Edition Peters
Edition Peters is a classical music publisher founded in Leipzig, Germany in 1800. History[edit] The company came into being on 1 December 1800 when the Viennese composer Franz Anton Hoffmeister (1754–1812) and the local organist Ambrosius Kühnel (1770–1813) opened a concern in Leipzig known as the "Bureau de Musique." Along with publishing, the new firm included an engraving and printing works and a retail shop for selling printed music and instruments. The first music published included chamber music works by Haydn and Mozart, plus a 14-volume collected edition of keyboard works by J. S. Bach, who had lived and worked in Leipzig from 1723 to 1750, but who was nearly forgotten by that time.[citation needed] When Hoffmeister departed for Vienna in 1805, the firm had already issued several works by the then new Viennese composer, Ludwig van Beethoven (Opp. 19-22; 39-42)
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Karl Zelter
Carl Friedrich Zelter (11 December 1758  – 15 May 1832)[1] was a German composer, conductor and teacher of music. Working in his father's bricklaying business, Zelter attained mastership in that profession, and was a musical autodidact. Zelter was born and died in Berlin. He became friendly with Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, and his works include settings of Goethe's poems. During his career, he composed about two hundred lieder, as well as cantatas, a viola concerto (performed as early as 1779)[2] and piano music. Amongst Zelter's pupils (at different times) were Felix Mendelssohn,[3][4] Fanny Mendelssohn,[5] Giacomo Meyerbeer, Eduard Grell, Otto Nicolai, Johann Friedrich Naue, and Heinrich Dorn.[6] See: List of music students by teacher: T to Z#Carl Friedrich Zelter. Felix Mendelssohn was perhaps Zelter's favorite pupil and Zelter wrote to Goethe boasting of the 12-year old's abilities. Zelter communicated his strong love of the music of J. S
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Auschwitz
The Auschwitz
Auschwitz
concentration camp was a network of concentration and extermination camps built and operated by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
in occupied Poland during World War II. It consisted of Auschwitz
Auschwitz
I (the original concentration camp), Auschwitz
Auschwitz
II–Birkenau (a combination concentration/extermination camp), Auschwitz
Auschwitz
III– Monowitz
Monowitz
(a labor camp to staff an IG Farben
IG Farben
factory), and 45 satellite camps. Auschwitz
Auschwitz
I was first constructed to hold Polish political prisoners, who began to arrive in May 1940. The first extermination of prisoners took place in September 1941
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Mozarteum
The Mozarteum University Salzburg
Salzburg
(German: Universität Mozarteum Salzburg), also known simply as Mozarteum Salzburg, is a university in Salzburg
Salzburg
city, Austria, which specializes in music and the dramatic arts. It was named after Salzburg
Salzburg
native Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.Contents1 History 2 Grand concert hall organ 3 Small concert hall organ 4 Notable alumni 5 Notable teachers 6 References 7 External linksHistory[edit]Exterior of MozarteumThe interior of the Mozarteum in Salzburg.The predecessor of the Mozarteum Orchestra of Salzburg
Salzburg
was the "Cathedral Music Association and Mozarteum", founded in 1841 through the energies of Mozart's widow Constanze Weber Mozart. Its purpose was the "refinement of musical taste with regard to sacred music as well as concerts"
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Salzburg
Salzburg
Salzburg
(German pronunciation: [ˈzaltsbʊɐ̯k] ( listen);[note 1] Austro-Bavarian: Såizburg; literally: "Salt Fortress") is the fourth-largest city in Austria
Austria
and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg. Salzburg's "Old Town" (Altstadt) is internationally renowned for its baroque architecture and is one of the best-preserved city centers north of the Alps. It was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
in 1997. The city has three universities and a large population of students. Tourists also visit Salzburg
Salzburg
to tour the historic center and the scenic Alpine surroundings. Salzburg
Salzburg
was the birthplace of 18th-century composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
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