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Dionaea Muscipula
The VENUS FLYTRAP (also referred to as VENUS\'S FLYTRAP or VENUS\' FLYTRAP), DIONAEA MUSCIPULA, is a carnivorous plant native to subtropical wetlands on the East Coast of the United States in North Carolina and South Carolina . It catches its prey—chiefly insects and arachnids —with a trapping structure formed by the terminal portion of each of the plant's leaves, which is triggered by tiny hairs on their inner surfaces. When an insect or spider crawling along the leaves contacts a hair, the trap prepares to close, snapping shut only if another contact occurs within approximately twenty seconds of the first strike. The requirement of redundant triggering in this mechanism serves as a safeguard against wasting energy by trapping objects with no nutritional value, and the plant will only begin digestion after five more stimuli to ensure it has caught a live bug worthy of consumption. Dionaea is a monotypic genus closely related to the waterwheel plant ( Aldrovanda vesiculosa
Aldrovanda vesiculosa
) and sundews ( Drosera
Drosera
), all of which belong to the family Droseraceae
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Venus Flytrap (other)
The VENUS FLYTRAP (Dionaea muscipula) is a carnivorous plant. VENUS FLYTRAP or VENUS FLY TRAP may also refer to: * Venus Fly Trap (band) , a British alternative rock group (late 1980s–1997) * Venus Flytrap (group) , a Thai pop music group made up of five kathoey (ladyboys) * Venus Flytrap (rock band) , a Dutch indie rock band from Den Haag, The Netherlands * Venus Flytrap (WKRP in Cincinnati) , a character on the television situation comedy WKRP in Cincinnati * Venus flytrap
Venus flytrap
sea anemone , a large sea anemone resembling a Venus flytrap * Venus Flytrap (film) (aka Body of the Prey and The Revenge of Doctor X), an American sci-fi/horror film * Venus The Flytrap , a 1990 video game for Amiga and Atari ST * Piranha Plant (or Venus Firetrap, the fireball-spitting Piranha Plants), a Venus flytrap-like enemy of Mario which appear in the Super Mario video game series * "Venus Flytrap", a 2011 song by Philippine rock duo Turbo Goth This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title VENUS FLYTRAP. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Venus_Flytrap_(other) additional terms may apply
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Conservation Status
The CONSERVATION STATUS of a group of organisms (for instance, a species ) indicates whether the group still exists and how likely the group is to become extinct in the near future. Many factors are taken into account when assessing conservation status: not simply the number of individuals remaining, but the overall increase or decrease in the population over time, breeding success rates, and known threats. Various systems of conservation status exist and are in use at international, multi-country, national and local levels as well as for consumer use. CONTENTS* 1 International systems * 1.1 IUCN Red List
IUCN Red List
of Threatened Species
Species
* 1.2 The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species
Species
of Wild Fauna and Flora * 2 Multi-country systems * 3 National systems * 4 Consumer guides * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links INTERNATIONAL SYSTEMSIUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIESThe IUCN Red List
IUCN Red List
of Threatened Species
Species
is the best known worldwide conservation status listing and ranking system. Species
Species
are classified by the IUCN Red List
IUCN Red List
into nine groups set through criteria such as rate of decline, population size, area of geographic distribution, and degree of population and distribution fragmentation
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Vulnerable Species
A VULNERABLE species is one which has been categorized by the International Union for Conservation of Nature as likely to become endangered unless the circumstances threatening its survival and reproduction improve. Vulnerability is mainly caused by habitat loss or destruction of the species home. Vulnerable habitat or species are monitored and can become increasingly threatened. Some species listed as "vulnerable" may be common in captivity , an example being the military macaw . There are currently 5196 animals and 6789 plants classified as vulnerable, compared with 1998 levels of 2815 and 3222, respectively. Practices such as Cryoconservation of animal genetic resources have been enforced in efforts to conserve vulnerable breeds of livestock specifically. CONTENTS * 1 Criteria * 2 See also * 3 Notes and references * 4 External links CRITERIAThe International Union for Conservation of Nature uses several criteria to enter species in this category
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IUCN Red List
The IUCN RED LIST OF THREATENED SPECIES (also known as the IUCN RED LIST or RED DATA LIST), founded in 1964, is the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species . The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is the world's main authority on the conservation status of species. A series of Regional Red Lists are produced by countries or organizations, which assess the risk of extinction to species within a political management unit. The IUCN Red List is set upon precise criteria to evaluate the extinction risk of thousands of species and subspecies. These criteria are relevant to all species and all regions of the world. The aim is to convey the urgency of conservation issues to the public and policy makers, as well as help the international community to try to reduce species extinction. According to IUCN (1996), the formally stated goals of the Red List are (1) to provide scientifically based information on the status of species and subspecies at a global level, (2) to draw attention to the magnitude and importance of threatened biodiversity, (3) to influence national and international policy and decision-making, and (4) to provide information to guide actions to conserve biological diversity
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Taxonomy (biology)
TAXONOMY (from Ancient Greek τάξις (taxis ), meaning 'arrangement', and -νομία (-nomia), meaning 'method ') is the science of defining and naming groups of biological organisms on the basis of shared characteristics. Organisms are grouped together into taxa (singular: taxon) and these groups are given a taxonomic rank ; groups of a given rank can be aggregated to form a super group of higher rank, thus creating a taxonomic hierarchy. The principal ranks in modern use are kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus and species. The Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus is regarded as the father of taxonomy, as he developed a system known as Linnaean taxonomy for categorization of organisms and binomial nomenclature for naming organisms. With the advent of such fields of study as phylogenetics , cladistics , and systematics , the Linnaean system
Linnaean system
has progressed to a system of modern biological classification based on the evolutionary relationships between organisms, both living and extinct
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Plant
PLANTS are mainly multicellular , predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom PLANTAE. The term is today generally limited to the GREEN PLANTS, which form an unranked clade VIRIDIPLANTAE (Latin for "green plants"). This includes the flowering plants , conifers and other gymnosperms , ferns , clubmosses , hornworts , liverworts , mosses and the green algae , and excludes the red and brown algae . Historically, plants formed one of two kingdoms covering all living things that were not animals , and both algae and fungi were treated as plants; however all current definitions of "plant" exclude the fungi and some algae, as well as the prokaryotes (the archaea and bacteria ). Green plants have cell walls containing cellulose and obtain most of their energy from sunlight via photosynthesis by primary chloroplasts , derived from endosymbiosis with cyanobacteria . Their chloroplasts contain chlorophylls a and b, which gives them their green color. Some plants are parasitic and have lost the ability to produce normal amounts of chlorophyll or to photosynthesize. Plants are characterized by sexual reproduction and alternation of generations , although asexual reproduction is also common. There are about 300–315 thousand species of plants, of which the great majority, some 260–290 thousand, are seed plants (see the table below ). Green plants provide most of the world's molecular oxygen and are the basis of most of Earth's ecologies, especially on land
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Flowering Plant
sweet bay SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION Kingdom: Plantae Subkingdom: Embryophyta (unranked): Spermatophyta (unranked): ANGIOSPERMS GROUPS (APG IV) Basal angiosperms * Amborellales * Nymphaeales * Austrobaileyales Core angiosperms * magnoliids * Chloranthales * monocots * Ceratophyllales * eudicots SYNONYMS * Anthophyta Cronquist * Angiospermae Lindl. * Magnoliophyta Cronquist , Takht. they are distinguished from gymnosperms by characteristics including flowers , endosperm within the seeds, and the production of fruits that contain the seeds. Etymologically, angiosperm means a plant that produces seeds within an enclosure, in other words, a fruiting plant. The term "angiosperm" comes from the Greek composite word (_angeion_, "case" or "casing", and _sperma_, "seed") meaning "enclosed seeds", after the enclosed condition of the seeds. The ancestors of flowering plants diverged from gymnosperms in the Triassic Period , during the range 245 to 202 million years ago (mya), and the first flowering plants are known from 160 mya. They diversified extensively during the Lower Cretaceous , became widespread by 120 mya, and replaced conifers as the dominant trees from 100 to 60 mya
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Eudicots
The EUDICOTS, EUDICOTIDAE or EUDICOTYLEDONS are a monophyletic clade of flowering plants that had been called TRICOLPATES or NON-MAGNOLIID DICOTS by previous authors. The botanical terms were introduced in 1991 by evolutionary botanist James A. Doyle and paleobotanist Carol L. Hotton to emphasize the later evolutionary divergence of tricolpate dicots from earlier, less specialized, dicots. The close relationships among flowering plants with tricolpate pollen grains was initially seen in morphological studies of shared derived characters . These plants have a distinct trait in their pollen grains of exhibiting three colpi or grooves paralleling the polar axis. Later molecular evidence confirmed the genetic basis for the evolutionary relationships among flowering plants with tricolpate pollen grains and dicotyledonous traits. The term means "true dicotyledons", as it contains the majority of plants that have been considered dicots and have characteristics of the dicots. The term "eudicots" has subsequently been widely adopted in botany to refer to one of the two largest clades of angiosperms (constituting over 70% of the angiosperm species), monocots being the other. The remaining angiosperms are sometimes referred to as basal angiosperms or paleodicots, but these terms have not been widely or consistently adopted, as they do not refer to a monophyletic group. The other name for the eudicots is TRICOLPATES, a name which refers to the grooved structure of the pollen
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Caryophyllales
Caryophyllineae Polygonineae SYNONYMS Centrospermae CARYOPHYLLALES (/ˌkærioʊfiˈleɪliːz/ _kair-ee-uu-fil-LAY-leez_ ) is an order of flowering plants that includes the cacti , carnations , amaranths , ice plants , beets , and many carnivorous plants . Many members are succulent , having fleshy stems or leaves . CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 Circumscription * 2.1 APG III * 2.2 APG II * 2.3 APG * 2.4 Cronquist * 2.5 Earlier circumscriptions * 3 References * 4 External links DESCRIPTIONThe members of Caryophyllales include about 6% of eudicot species . This order is part of the core eudicots . Currently, the Caryophyllales contains 33 families, 692 genera and 11,155 species. The monophyly of the Caryophyllales has been supported by DNA sequences , cytochrome c sequence data and heritable characters such as anther wall development and vessel-elements with simple perforations. CIRCUMSCRIPTIONAs with all taxa , the circumscription of Caryophyllales has changed within various classification systems. All systems recognize a core of families with centrospermous ovules and seeds. More recent treatments have expanded the Caryophyllales to include many carnivorous plants . Although the monophyly of the order has been strongly supported, their placement is still uncertain
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Droseraceae
Aldrovanda Dionaea Drosera
Drosera
†? Droserapollis †? Droserapites †? Droseridites
Droseridites
†? Fischeripollis
Fischeripollis
†? Palaeoaldrovanda †? Saxonipollis Wikimedia Commons has media related to DROSERACEAE .DROSERACEAE is a family of flowering plants . The family is also known as the sundew family. It is a small family of carnivorous plants , which consist of approximately 180 species in three extant genera: CONTENTS* 1 Description * 1.1 Drosera
Drosera
* 1.2 Dionaea * 1.3 Aldrovanda * 2 Phylogeny * 3 References * 4 External links DESCRIPTIONMost of the members of Droseraceae
Droseraceae
are contained in Drosera
Drosera
, the true sundews. Both Dionaea and Aldrovanda have only one extant species. Droseras secrete a sticky substance from their leaves that traps prey. Dionaea and Aldrovanda both use snap-traps that close rapidly when the leaves are disturbed, Dionaea is terrestrial, while Aldrovanda is strictly aquatic. Like carnivorous plants of other families, the Droseraceae
Droseraceae
are able to supplement their nutrient intake, especially that of nitrogen, by capturing and digesting small animals such as insects
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Daniel Solander
DANIEL CARLSSON SOLANDER or DANIEL CHARLES SOLANDER (19 February 1733 – 13 May 1782) was a Swedish naturalist and an Apostle of Carl Linnaeus . Solander was the first university educated scientist to set foot on Australian soil. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Legacy * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Further reading * 6 External links BIOGRAPHYSolander was born in Piteå , Norrbotten , Sweden, to Rev. Carl Solander a Lutheran principal, and Magdalena née Bostadia. Solander enrolled at Uppsala University in July 1750 and initially studied languages, the humanities and law. The professor of botany was the celebrated Carl Linnaeus who was soon impressed by young Solander's ability and accordingly persuaded his father to let him study natural history. Solander traveled to England
England
in June 1760 to promote the new Linnean system of classification. In February 1763, he began cataloguing the natural history collections of the British Museum
British Museum
, and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in June the following year. In 1768, Solander gained leave of absence from the British Museum
British Museum
and with his assistant Herman Spöring accompanied Joseph Banks
Joseph Banks
on James Cook 's first voyage to the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
aboard the Endeavour
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John Ellis (naturalist)
JOHN ELLIS FRS (c. 1710 – 15 October 1776) was a British linen merchant and naturalist . Ellis specialised in the study of corals . He was elected a member of the Royal Society
Royal Society
in 1754 and in the following year published An essay towards the Natural History of the Corallines. He was awarded the Copley Medal
Copley Medal
in 1767. His A Natural History of Many Uncommon and Curious Zoophytes, written with Daniel Solander
Daniel Solander
, was published posthumously in 1776. Ellis was appointed Royal Agent for British West Florida
British West Florida
in 1764, and for British Dominica in 1770. He exported many seeds and native plants from North America to England. He corresponded with many botanists , including Carl Linnaeus . His essay Directions for bringing over seeds and plants, from the East Indies (1770) included the first illustration of a Venus Flytrap plant. TAXONOMIST The standard author abbreviation J.ELLIS is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name . Plate from John Ellis’ "A Botanical Description of the Dionaea muscipula" REFERENCES * ^ IPNI
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Binomial Nomenclature
BINOMIAL NOMENCLATURE (also called BINOMINAL NOMENCLATURE or BINARY NOMENCLATURE) is a formal system of naming species of living things by giving each a name composed of two parts, both of which use Latin grammatical forms , although they can be based on words from other languages. Such a name is called a BINOMIAL NAME (which may be shortened to just "binomial"), a BINOMEN, BINOMINAL NAME or a SCIENTIFIC NAME; more informally it is also called a LATIN NAME. The first part of the name identifies the genus to which the species belongs; the second part identifies the species within the genus. For example, humans belong to the genus _ Homo _ and within this genus to the species _ Homo sapiens _. The _formal_ introduction of this system of naming species is credited to Carl Linnaeus , effectively beginning with his work _ Species Plantarum _ in 1753. But Gaspard Bauhin , in as early as 1623, had introduced in his book _Pinax theatri botanici_ (English, _Illustrated exposition of plants_) many names of genera that were later adopted by Linnaeus. The application of binomial nomenclature is now governed by various internationally agreed codes of rules, of which the two most important are the _ International Code of Zoological Nomenclature _ (_ICZN_) for animals and the _International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants _ (_ICN_)
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Synonym (taxonomy)
In scientific nomenclature , a SYNONYM is a scientific name that applies to a taxon that (now) goes by a different scientific name, although the term is used somewhat differently in the zoological code of nomenclature. For example, Linnaeus was the first to give a scientific name (under the currently used system of scientific nomenclature) to the Norway spruce, which he called Pinus abies. This name is no longer in use: it is now a synonym of the current scientific name which is Picea abies
Picea abies
. Unlike synonyms in other contexts, in taxonomy a synonym is not interchangeable with the name of which it is a synonym. In taxonomy, synonyms are not equals, but have a different status. For any taxon with a particular circumscription , position, and rank, only one scientific name is considered to be the correct one at any given time (this correct name is to be determined by applying the relevant code of nomenclature ). A synonym cannot exist in isolation: it is always an alternative to a different scientific name. Given that the correct name of a taxon depends on the taxonomic viewpoint used (resulting in a particular circumscription, position and rank) a name that is one taxonomist's synonym may be another taxonomist's correct name (and vice versa). Synonyms may arise whenever the same taxon is described and named more than once, independently
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Peter D'Amato
PETER D\'AMATO is an American author, businessman, and carnivorous plant authority. He is the owner of California Carnivores , located in Sebastopol , possibly the largest nursery of carnivorous plants in the world, and the author of The Savage Garden (published 1998), a book on the cultivation of insectivorous plants. His book won the American Horticultural Society Book Award and the Quill "> Peter D'Amato in a field of Sarracenia
Sarracenia
. For almost 40 years, D'Amato has been growing carnivorous plants. In 1989, he opened the California Carnivores plant nursery. D'Amato is also the co-founder of the Bay Area Carnivorous Plant Society along with frequently contributing to the International Carnivorous Plant Society 's Carnivorous Plant Newsletter
Carnivorous Plant Newsletter
. Over the years, he has written several articles and lectured on the subject. He has traveled all over the United States
United States
speaking and giving lectures to different groups
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