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Deoria District
DEORIA DISTRICT is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
state of India
India
, and Deoria town is the district headquarters. Deoria district is a part of Gorakhpur division
Gorakhpur division
. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Ancient * 1.2 Modern * 2 Geography * 3 Demographics * 3.1 Languages * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORYANCIENTThe area now known as the Deoria District was once a part of the Kosala Kingdom - a prime centre of ancient Aryan
Aryan
culture surrounded by the Himalayas in the north, the Shyandika river in the south, the Panchala
Panchala
Kingdom in the west and the Magadh Kingdom in Bihar
Bihar
to the east
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Gazetteers
A GAZETTEER is a geographical dictionary or directory used in conjunction with a map or atlas . They typically contain information concerning the geographical makeup, social statistics and physical features of a country, region, or continent. Content of a gazetteer can include a subject's location, dimensions of peaks and waterways, population , GDP and literacy rate. This information is generally divided into topics with entries listed in alphabetical order. Ancient Greek gazetteers are known to have existed since the Hellenistic era. The first known Chinese gazetteer was released by the first century, and with the age of print media in China by the ninth century , the Chinese gentry became invested in producing gazetteers for their local areas as a source of information as well as local pride. The geographer Stephanus of Byzantium wrote a geographical dictionary (which currently has missing parts) in the sixth century which influenced later European compilers
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Hindi Language
HINDI ( Devanagari
Devanagari
: हिन्दी, IAST
IAST
: Hindī), or MODERN STANDARD HINDI ( Devanagari
Devanagari
: मानक हिन्दी, IAST
IAST
: Mānak Hindī) is a standardised and sanskritised register of the Hindustani language . Modern Hindi
Hindi
and its literary tradition evolved towards the end of the 18th century. Along with the English language
English language
, Hindi
Hindi
written in the Devanagari script is the official language of the Government of India
India
. On 14 September 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India
India
adopted Hindi written in Devanagari script as the official language of the Republic of India
India

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Mahabharata
The MAHāBHāRATA ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: महाभारतम्, Mahābhāratam, pronounced ) is one of the two major Sanskrit
Sanskrit
epics of ancient India
India
, the other being the Rāmāyaṇa . The Mahābhārata is an epic narrative of the Kurukṣetra War and the fates of the Kaurava and the Pāṇḍava princes. It also contains philosophical and devotional material, such as a discussion of the four "goals of life" or puruṣārtha (12.161). Among the principal works and stories in the Mahābhārata are the Bhagavad Gita , the story of Damayanti , an abbreviated version of the Rāmāyaṇa, and the story of Ṛṣyasringa , often considered as works in their own right. Traditionally, the authorship of the Mahābhārata is attributed to Vyāsa . There have been many attempts to unravel its historical growth and compositional layers
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English Language
ENGLISH is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now the third most widespread native language in the world, after Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
and Spanish , as well as the most widely spoken Germanic language . Named after the Angles
Angles
, one of the Germanic tribes that migrated to Great Britain
Great Britain
, it ultimately derives its name from the Anglia (Angeln) peninsula in the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
. It is closely related to the other West Germanic languages
Germanic languages
of Frisian , Low German/Low Saxon , German , Dutch , and Afrikaans
Afrikaans
. The English vocabulary has been significantly influenced by French (a Romance language ), Norse (a North Germanic language ), and by Latin
Latin

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Rama
RAMA (/ˈrɑːmə/ ; Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: राम, IAST
IAST
: Rāma), also known as RAMACHANDRA, is a major deity of Hinduism
Hinduism
. He is the seventh avatar of the god Vishnu
Vishnu
, one of his most popular incarnations along with Krishna
Krishna
and Gautama Buddha
Gautama Buddha
. In Rama-centric traditions of Hinduism, he is considered the Supreme Being. Rama
Rama
was born to Kaushalya and Dasharatha
Dasharatha
in Ayodhya
Ayodhya
, the ruler of the Kingdom of Kosala . His siblings included Lakshmana
Lakshmana
, Bharata , and Shatrughna . He married Sita
Sita

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Hindus
HINDU ( pronunciation (help ·info )) refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism
Hinduism
. It has historically been used as a geographical, cultural, and later religious identifier for people indigenous to South Asia . The historical meaning of the term Hindu
Hindu
has evolved with time. Starting with the Persian and Greek references to the land of the Indus
Indus
in the 1st millennium BCE through the texts of the medieval era, the term Hindu
Hindu
implied a geographic, ethnic or cultural identifier for people living in the Indian subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
around or beyond the Sindhu ( Indus
Indus
) river. By the 16th century, the term began to refer to residents of the subcontinent who were not Turkic or Muslims
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Bihari Languages
BIHARI is the western group of Eastern Indo-Aryan languages , spoken in Bihar , Uttar Pradesh and neighboring states in India . Angika , Bajjika , Bhojpuri , Magahi , and Maithili are spoken in Nepal as well. The Angika, Bajjika, Bhojpuri, Magahi and Maithili speaking population form more than 21% of Nepalese population. Despite the large number of speakers of these languages, they have not been constitutionally recognised in India, except Maithili, which gained constitutional status via the 92nd amendment to the Constitution of India , of 2003 (gaining assent in 2004). Even in Bihar, Hindi is the language used for educational and official matters. These languages were legally absorbed under the overarching label Hindi in the 1961 Census
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Bhojpuri Language
BHOJPURI ( Devanagari
Devanagari
: भोजपुरी listen (help ·info )) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in the Northern -Eastern part of India
India
and Terai
Terai
region of Nepal
Nepal
. It is chiefly spoken in eastern Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
, western Bihar
Bihar
, and in extreme north-western part of Jharkhand
Jharkhand
in India. Bhojpuri
Bhojpuri
is, sociolinguistically, one of the seven Hindi languages
Hindi languages
(Haryanvi, Braj, Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Bundeli, Bagheli and Kannauji)
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2011 Census Of India
The 12 TH INDIAN CENSUS was conducted in two phases, house listing and population enumeration. House listing phase began on 1 April 2010 and involved collection of information about all buildings. Information for National Population Register was also collected in the first phase, which will be used to issue a 12-digit unique identification number to all registered Indian residents by Unique Identification Authority of India
India
(UIDAI). The second population enumeration phase was conducted between 9 and 28 February 2011. Census has been conducted in India
India
since 1872 and 2011 marks the first time biometric information was collected. According to the provisional reports released on 31 March 2011, the Indian population increased to 121 crore with a decadal growth of 17.64%. Adult literacy rate increased to 74.04% with a decadal growth of 9.21%. The motto of census 2011 was 'Our Census, Our future'
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Muslims
65–75% Sunni Islam
Sunni Islam
10–13% Shia Islam 15–20% Non-denominational Islam
Islam
~1% Ahmadiyya ~1% Other Muslim
Muslim
traditions, e.g
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Mongolia
MONGOLIA /mɒŋˈɡoʊliə/ ( listen ) (Monggol Ulus in Mongolian ; Монгол Улс in Mongolian Cyrillic ) is a landlocked unitary sovereign state in East Asia
East Asia
. Its area is roughly equivalent with the historical territory of Outer Mongolia , and that term is sometimes used to refer to the current state. It is sandwiched between China
China
to the south and Russia
Russia
to the north. While it does not share a border with Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
, Mongolia
Mongolia
is separated from it by only 36.76 kilometres (22.84 mi). At 1,564,116 square kilometres (603,909 sq mi), Mongolia
Mongolia
is the 18th largest and the most sparsely populated fully sovereign country in the world, with a population of around 3 million people
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Iowa
IOWA (/ˈaɪ.əwə/ ( listen )) is a U.S. state
U.S. state
in the Midwestern United States
United States
, bordered by the Mississippi River
Mississippi River
to the east and the Missouri
Missouri
and Big Sioux
Sioux
rivers to the west. It is bordered by six states; Wisconsin
Wisconsin
to the northeast, Illinois
Illinois
to the east, Missouri
Missouri
to the south, Nebraska
Nebraska
to the west, South Dakota
South Dakota
to the northwest, and Minnesota
Minnesota
to the north
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Sex Ratio
The SEX RATIO is the ratio of males to females in a population . In most sexually reproducing species, the ratio tends to be 1:1. This tendency is explained by Fisher\'s principle . For various reasons, however, many species deviate from anything like an even sex ratio, either periodically or permanently. Examples include parthenogenic species, periodically mating organisms such as aphids, some eusocial wasps such as Polistes fuscatus and Polistes exclamans , bees, ants, and termites. The human sex ratio is of particular interest to anthropologists and demographers. In human societies, however, sex ratios at birth may be considerably skewed by factors such as the age of mother at birth, and by sex-selective abortion and infanticide. Exposure to pesticides and other environmental contaminants may be a significant contributing factor as well. As of 2014, the global sex ratio at birth is estimated at 107 boys to 100 girls (1000 boys per 934 girls)
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West Rapti River
WEST RAPTI drains Rapti Zone in Mid-Western Region, Nepal
Nepal
, then Awadh
Awadh
and Purvanchal
Purvanchal
regions of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
state, India
India
before joining the Ghaghara -- a major left bank tributary of the Ganges known as the Karnali inside Nepal. The West Rapti is notable for janajati ethnic groups – Kham Magar among its highland sources and then Tharu in Inner Terai Deukhuri Valley, for its irrigation and hydroelectric potential, and for recurrent floods that led to its nickname "Gorakhpur's Sorrow". CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 Sources and course * 3 Ancient river * 4 History * 5 Development * 6 References GEOGRAPHYThe Rapti rises south of a prominent E-W ridgeline midway between the western Dhaulagiri
Dhaulagiri
Himalaya and the Mahabharat Range
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Ramayana
The RAMAYANA (/rɑːˈmɑːjənə/ ; Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: रामायणम्, Rāmāyaṇam, pronounced ), originally titled KAAVYAM RAMAYANAM KRITSNAM SITAAYAAS CHARITHAM MAHAT, is an ancient Indian epic poem which narrates the struggle of the divine prince Rama
Rama
to rescue his wife Sita
Sita
from the demon king Ravana . Along with the Mahabharata
Mahabharata
, it forms the Sanskrit
Sanskrit
Itihasa . The epic, traditionally ascribed to the Hindu
Hindu
sage Valmiki , narrates the life of Rama
Rama
, the legendary prince of the Kosala Kingdom
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