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Denial-of-service Attack
In computing , a DENIAL-OF-SERVICE ATTACK ( DOS
DOS
ATTACK) is a cyber-attack where the perpetrator seeks to make a machine or network resource unavailable to its intended users by temporarily or indefinitely disrupting services of a host connected to the Internet
Internet
. Denial of service is typically accomplished by flooding the targeted machine or resource with superfluous requests in an attempt to overload systems and prevent some or all legitimate requests from being fulfilled. In a DISTRIBUTED DENIAL-OF-SERVICE ATTACK (D DOS
DOS
ATTACK), the incoming traffic flooding the victim originates from many different sources. This effectively makes it impossible to stop the attack simply by blocking a single source
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DOS
DOS
DOS
/dɒs/ is a family of disk operating systems primarily consisting of MS-DOS
MS-DOS
and a rebranded version under the name IBM PC
IBM PC
DOS which were introduced in 1981, as well as some later compatible systems from other manufacturers: DR-DOS(1988), ROM-DOS(1989), PTS-DOS(1993), and FreeDOS
FreeDOS
(1998). MS-DOS
MS-DOS
dominated the x86-based IBM PC compatible market between 1981 and 1995. Dozens of other operating systems also use the acronym "DOS", including the mainframe DOS/360 from 1966. Others are Apple DOS, Apple ProDOS, Atari DOS, Commodore DOS, TRSDOS, and AmigaDOS
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DoS (other)
DOS
DOS
, an acronym for Disk Operating System , is a common shorthand for MS- DOS
DOS
, IBM PC DOS
DOS
, and several compatible operating systems for personal computers
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Stacheldraht
STACHELDRAHT (German for "barbed wire ") is malware written by Random for Linux
Linux
and Solaris systems which acts as a distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) agent. This tool detects and automatically enables source address forgery. Stacheldraht
Stacheldraht
uses a number of different denial-of-service (DoS) attacks, including User Datagram Protocol (UDP) flood, Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) flood, Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) SYN flood and Smurf attack . It combines features of Trinoo with Tribe Flood Network (TFN), and adds encryption
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Computing
COMPUTING is any goal-oriented activity requiring, benefiting from, or creating a mathematical sequence of steps known as an algorithm — e.g. through computers . Computing includes designing, developing and building hardware and software systems; processing, structuring, and managing various kinds of information; doing scientific research on and with computers; making computer systems behave intelligently; and creating and using communications and entertainment media. The field of computing includes computer engineering , software engineering , computer science , information systems , and information technology
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Cyber-attack
A CYBERATTACK is any type of offensive manoeuvre employed by nation-states, individuals, groups, or organizations that targets computer information systems, infrastructures, computer networks, and/or personal computer devices by various means of malicious acts usually originating from an anonymous source that either steals, alters, or destroys a specified target by hacking into a susceptible system. These can be labelled as either a cyber campaign , cyberwarfare or cyberterrorism in different context. Cyberattacks can range from installing spyware on a PC to attempts to destroy the infrastructure of entire nations. Cyberattacks have become increasingly sophisticated and dangerous as the Stuxnet worm recently demonstrated. User behavior analytics and SIEM are used to prevent these attacks
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User (computing)
A USER is a person who uses a computer or network service . Users generally use a system or a software product without the technical expertise required to fully understand it. Power users use advanced features of programs, though they are not necessarily capable of computer programming and system administration . A user often has a USER ACCOUNT and is identified to the system by a USERNAME (or USER NAME). Other terms for username include LOGIN NAME, SCREENNAME (or SCREEN NAME), NICKNAME (or NICK) and HANDLE, which is derived from the identical Citizen\'s Band radio term. Some software products provide services to other systems and have no direct end users . CONTENTS * 1 End user * 2 User account * 2.1 Username format * 3 Terminology * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links END USER See also: End user End users are the ultimate human users (also referred to as operators ) of a software product
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Network Service
In computer networking, a NETWORK SERVICE is an application running at the network application layer and above, that provides data storage, manipulation, presentation, communication or other capability which is often implemented using a client-server or peer-to-peer architecture based on application layer network protocols . Each service is usually provided by a server component running on one or more computers (often a dedicated server computer offering multiple services) and accessed via a network by client components running on other devices. However, the client and server components can both be run on the same machine. Clients and servers will often have a user interface , and sometimes other hardware associated with it
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Host (network)
A NETWORK HOST is a computer or other device connected to a computer network . A network host may offer information resources, services, and applications to users or other nodes on the network. A network host is a network node that is assigned a network address . Computers participating in networks that use the Internet
Internet
protocol suite may also be called IP hosts. Specifically, computers participating in the Internet
Internet
are called Internet
Internet
hosts, sometimes Internet
Internet
nodes. Internet
Internet
hosts and other IP hosts have one or more IP addresses assigned to their network interfaces. The addresses are configured either manually by an administrator, automatically at startup by means of the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
(DHCP), or by stateless address autoconfiguration methods
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Internet
The INTERNET is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide. It is a _network of networks_ that consists of private, public, academic, business, and government networks of local to global scope, linked by a broad array of electronic, wireless, and optical networking technologies. The Internet carries an extensive range of information resources and services, such as the inter-linked hypertext documents and applications of the World Wide Web (WWW), electronic mail , telephony , and file sharing . The origins of the Internet date back to research commissioned by the United States federal government in the 1960s to build robust, fault-tolerant communication via computer networks
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Web Server
A WEB SERVER is a computer system that processes requests via HTTP , the basic network protocol used to distribute information on the World Wide Web . The term can refer to the entire system, or specifically to the software that accepts and supervises the HTTP requests. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 History * 3 Path translation * 4 Kernel-mode and user-mode web servers * 5 Load limits * 5.1 Causes of overload * 5.2 Symptoms of overload * 5.3 Anti-overload techniques * 6 Market share * 6.1 February 2017 * 6.2 February 2016 * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links OVERVIEWThe primary function of a web server is to store, process and deliver web pages to clients . The communication between client and server takes place using the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) . Pages delivered are most frequently HTML documents , which may include images , style sheets and scripts in addition to text content
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Credit Card
A CREDIT CARD is a payment card issued to users (cardholders) to enable the cardholder to pay a merchant for goods and services , based on the cardholder's promise to the card issuer to pay them for the amounts so paid plus other agreed charges. The card issuer (usually a bank) creates a revolving account and grants a line of credit to the cardholder, from which the cardholder can borrow money for payment to a merchant or as a cash advance . A credit card is different from a charge card , where it requires the balance to be repaid in full each month. In contrast, credit cards allow the consumers a continuing balance of debt, subject to interest being charged. A credit card also differs from a cash card , which can be used like currency by the owner of the card
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Payment Gateway
A PAYMENT GATEWAY is a merchant service provided by an e-commerce application service provider that authorizes credit card or direct payments processing for e-businesses , online retailers , bricks and clicks , or traditional brick and mortar . The payment gateway may be provided by a bank to its customers, but can be provided by a specialised financial service provider as a separate service, such as a payment service provider . A payment gateway facilitates a payment transaction by the transfer of information between a payment portal (such as a website, mobile phone or interactive voice response service) and the front end processor or acquiring bank . CONTENTS * 1 Typical transaction processes * 2 White label payment gateway * 3 See also * 4 References TYPICAL TRANSACTION PROCESSESWhen a customer orders a product from a payment gateway-enabled merchant, the payment gateway performs a variety of tasks to process the transaction
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Revenge
REVENGE is a form of justice usually assumed to be enacted in the absence of the norms of formal law and jurisprudence . Often, revenge is defined as being a harmful action against a person or group in response to a grievance, be it real or perceived. It is used to punish a wrong by going outside of the law. This is because the individual taking revenge feels as though the law will not do justice. Revenge is also known as PAYBACK , RETRIBUTION , RETALIATION, or VENGEANCE; it may be characterized as a form of justice (not to be confused with retributive justice ), an altruistic action which enforces societal or moral justice aside from the legal system. Francis Bacon described it as a kind of "wild justice" that "does... offend the law putteth the law out of office". Primitive justice or retributive justice is often differentiated from more formal and refined forms of justice such as distributive justice and divine judgment
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Blackmail
BLACKMAIL is an act, often criminal, involving unjustified threats to make a gain—most commonly money or property—or cause loss to another unless a demand is met. It is coercion involving threats to reveal substantially true or false information about a person to the public, a family member, or associates, or threats of physical harm or criminal prosecution. Blackmail
Blackmail
is the name of a statutory offense in the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia, and has been used as a convenient way of referring to other offenses, but was not a term of art in English law before 1968. It originally meant payments rendered by settlers in the counties of England bordering Scotland
Scotland
to chieftains and the like in the Scottish Lowlands , in exchange for protection from Scottish thieves and marauders into England. Blackmail
Blackmail
may also be considered a form of extortion
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