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Demonym
A DEMONYM (/ˈdɛmənɪm/ ; δῆμος _dẽmos_ "people, tribe", ὄνομα _ónoma_ "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place. It is a neologism (i.e., a recently minted term); previously _GENTILIC_ was recorded in English dictionaries, e.g., the _ Oxford English Dictionary _ and _Chambers Twentieth Century Dictionary_. Examples of demonyms include a _ Pakistani _ for a person from Pakistan , _Swahili _ for a person of the Swahili coast , the colloquial _Kiwi _ for a person from New Zealand , and a _Cochabambino_ for a person from the city of Cochabamba . Demonyms do not always clearly distinguish place of origin or ethnicity from place of residence or citizenship, and many demonyms overlap with the ethnonym for the ethnically dominant group of a region
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Neologism
A NEOLOGISM (/niːˈɒlədʒɪzəm/ ; from Greek νέο- _néo-_, "new" and λόγος _lógos_, "speech, utterance") is a relatively recent or isolated term, word, or phrase that may be in the process of entering common use, but that has not yet been fully accepted into mainstream language. Neologisms are often directly attributable to a specific person, publication, period, or event. In the process of language formation, neologisms are more mature than protologisms . CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 Sources * 3 History and meaning * 4 Literature * 5 Popular culture * 6 Translations * 7 Other uses * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links BACKGROUNDNeologisms are often created by combining existing words (see compound noun and adjective ) or by giving words new and unique suffixes or prefixes . Portmanteaux are combined words that are sometimes used commonly. "Brunch" is an example of a portmanteau word (breakfast + lunch)
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Oxford English Dictionary
The _OXFORD ENGLISH DICTIONARY_ (_OED_) is a descriptive dictionary of the English language , published by the Oxford University Press . It traces the historical development of the English language, providing a comprehensive resource to scholars and academic researchers, as well as describing usage in its many variations throughout the world. The second edition came to 21,728 pages in 20 volumes, published in 1989. Work began on the dictionary in 1857, but it was not until 1884 that it began to be published in unbound fascicles as work continued on the project, under the name of _A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles; Founded Mainly on the Materials Collected by The Philological Society_. In 1895, the title _The Oxford English Dictionary_ (_OED_) was first used unofficially on the covers of the series, and in 1928 the full dictionary was republished in ten bound volumes
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Pakistani
PAKISTANIS ( Urdu
Urdu
: پاكِستانى قوم‎; _Pakistani Qaum_) are the people who are citizens of the modern Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Pakistan
. Pakistan
Pakistan
is a multi-ethnic and multilingual state: the majority of its people belong linguistically to the Indo-Iranian group while the remaining minority mainly belongs to a small amount of other language groups and families. As of 2011, the estimated population of Pakistan
Pakistan
was over 199 million making it the world's sixth most-populous country. CONTENTS * 1 Ethnic sub-groups * 2 Culture * 3 Languages * 4 Religion * 5 Diaspora * 6 Notable people * 7 Further reading * 8 References ETHNIC SUB-GROUPS Main article: Ethnic groups in Pakistan
Pakistan
Pakistan
Pakistan
has one of the world's fastest growing populations
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Pakistan
Coordinates : 30°N 70°E / 30°N 70°E / 30; 70 Islamic Republic
Islamic Republic
of Pakistan اسلامی جمہوریہ پاكستان ( Urdu
Urdu
) _Islāmī Jumhūriyah Pākistān_ _ Flag Emblem MOTTO: Īmān, Ittiḥād, Naẓm _ ایمان، اتحاد، نظم (Urdu) "Faith, Unity, Discipline" ANTHEM: _Qaumī Tarānah _ قومی ترانہ "The National Anthem" Area controlled by Pakistan
Pakistan
shown in dark green; parts of the Kashmir
Kashmir
region (uncontrolled) shown in light green
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Swahili People
The SWAHILI PEOPLE (or WASWAHILI) are an ethnic and cultural group inhabiting East Africa
East Africa
. Members mainly reside on the Swahili Coast , in an area encompassing the Zanzibar
Zanzibar
archipelago, coastal Kenya
Kenya
, the Tanzania
Tanzania
seaboard, and northern Mozambique
Mozambique
. The name Swahili is derived from the Arabic
Arabic
word Sawahil سواحل, meaning "coasts." The Swahili speak the Swahili language
Swahili language
, which belongs to the Bantu branch of the Niger-Congo family
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Swahili Coast
The SWAHILI COAST refers to a coastal area in Southeast Africa inhabited by the Swahili people
Swahili people
. It mainly consists of littoral Kenya , Tanzania
Tanzania
and northern Mozambique
Mozambique
. The term may also include some of the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
islands , such as Zanzibar
Zanzibar
, Pate and Comoros
Comoros
, which lie off the Swahili Coast. The Swahili Coast has a distinct culture, demography, religion and geography, and as a result - along with other factors, including economic - has witnessed rising secessionism
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Kiwi (people)
KIWI is the nickname used internationally for people from New Zealand , as well as being a relatively common self-reference. The name derives from the kiwi , a native flightless bird , which is the national symbol of New Zealand. Until the First World War , the kiwi represented the country and not the people. But by 1917 the people were also being called "Kiwis", supplanting other nicknames. Unlike many demographic labels, its usage is not considered offensive; it is generally viewed as a symbol of pride and endearment for the people of New Zealand. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Representing the nation * 1.2 Representing the people * 2 Current usage * 3 See also * 4 References HISTORYREPRESENTING THE NATIONThe kiwi has long had a special significance for the indigenous Māori people
Māori people
, who used its skin to make feather cloaks (kahu kiwi) for chiefs
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New Zealand
NEW ZEALAND /njuːˈziːlənd/ (_ listen ) (Māori : AOTEAROA _ ) is an island nation in the southwestern Pacific Ocean . The country geographically comprises two main landmasses—the North Island (or _Te Ika-a-Māui_), and the South Island (or _Te Waipounamu_)—and around 600 smaller islands . New Zealand is situated some 1,500 kilometres (900 mi) east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and roughly 1,000 kilometres (600 mi) south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia , Fiji , and Tonga . Because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long period of isolation, New Zealand developed a distinct biodiversity of animal, fungal and plant life. The country's varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks, such as the Southern Alps , owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions
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Cochabamba
COCHABAMBA (Aymara : _Quchapampa_, Quechua : _Quchapampa_) is a city in central Bolivia , in a valley with the same name, in the Andes mountain range . It is the capital of the Cochabamba Department and is the fourth largest city in Bolivia , with a population of 630,587 according to the 2012 Bolivian census . Its name is from a compound of the Quechua words _qucha_, meaning "lake", and _pampa _, "open plain ". Residents of the city and surrounding areas are commonly referred to as _cochalas_, or, more formally, _cochabambinos_. It is known as the "City of Eternal Spring" and "The Garden City" because of its spring-like temperatures all year round. It is also known as "La Llajta", which means " town" in Quechua
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Ethnonym
An ETHNONYM (from the Greek : ἔθνος, _éthnos_, "nation" and ὄνομα, _ónoma_, "name") is the name applied to a given ethnic group . Ethnonyms can be divided into two categories: exonyms (where the name of the ethnic group has been created by another group of people) and autonyms or ENDONYMS (self-designation; where the name is created and used by the ethnic group itself). As an example, the ethnonym for the ethnically dominant group in Germany
Germany
is the Germans. This ethnonym is an exonym used by the English-speaking world, although the term itself is derived from Latin . Conversely, Germans themselves use the autonym of _die Deutschen_. Germans are indicated by exonyms in many European languages, such as French (_Allemands_), Italian (_tedeschi_), Swedish (_tyskar_) and Polish (_Niemcy_)
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Thailand
Coordinates : 15°24′N 101°18′E / 15.4°N 101.3°E / 15.4; 101.3 Kingdom of Thailand ราชอาณาจักรไทย (Thai ) _Ratcha-anachak Thai_ _ Flag Emblem ANTHEM: Phleng Chat Thai _ (English: "Thai National Anthem") ROYAL ANTHEM : _ Sansoen Phra Barami
Sansoen Phra Barami
_ (English: "Glorify His prestige") Location of Thailand (green)
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Thai People
The THAI (Thai : ไทย) or SIAMESE THAI (Thai : ไทยสยาม) people, also called CENTRAL THAI (Thai : ไทยภาคกลาง), SOUTHERN THAI (Thai : ไทยภาคใต้), KHORAT THAI (Thai : ไทยโคราช) or LITTLE THAI (Thai : ไทยน้อย, rtgs : Thai Noi, contrast with Shans ), are a nation and Tai ethnic group native to Southeast Asia, primarily Thailand . As a part of the larger Tai ethnolinguistic group native to Southeast Asia as well as southern China and Northeast India , Thais speak the Thai language , which exists in different regional variants, and is classified as part of the Tai–Kadai family of languages . Majority of Thais are followers of Theravada Buddhism . "Thai people" usually includes central and southern Thai (Siamese proper, or Tai Siam), northern Thai (Lanna) and Isan people
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United Kingdom
The UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, commonly known as the UNITED KINGDOM (UK) or BRITAIN, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland , the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
includes the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland
Ireland
and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland
Ireland

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British Person
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
57,678,000 (British citizens of any race or ethnicity ) British Overseas Territories
British Overseas Territories
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Capitalization
CAPITALIZATION, or CAPITALISATION, is writing a word with its first letter as a capital letter (upper-case letter) and the remaining letters in lower case in writing systems with a case distinction . The term is also used for the choice of case in text. Conventional writing systems (orthographies ) for different languages have different conventions for capitalization. The systematic use of capitalized and uncapitalized words in running text is called "mixed case". Conventions for the capitalization of titles and other classes of words vary between languages and, to a lesser extent, between different style guides
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