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Das Kapital
_CAPITAL: CRITIQUE OF POLITICAL ECONOMY_ (German : _Das Kapital, Kritik der politischen Ökonomie_, pronounced ; 1867–1883) by Karl Marx is a foundational theoretical text in communist philosophy, economics and politics. Marx aimed to reveal the economic patterns underpinning the capitalist mode of production , in contrast to classical political economists such as Adam Smith , Jean-Baptiste Say , David Ricardo and John Stuart Mill . CONTENTS * 1 Themes * 2 Synopsis * 2.1 _Capital, Volume I_ * 2.2 _Capital, Volume II_ * 2.3 _Capital, Volume III_ * 3 Intellectual influences * 4 _Capital, Volume IV_ * 5 Publication * 6 Translations * 7 See also * 8 Online editions * 8.1 Volumes * 8.2 Synopses * 9 Footnotes * 10 Further reading * 11 External links THEMES _ This article POSSIBLY CONTAINS ORIGINAL RESEARCH . Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations . Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. (October 2012)_ _(Learn how and when to remove this template message )_In _Capital: Critique of Political Economy_ (1867), Marx proposes that the motivating force of capitalism is in the exploitation of labour , whose unpaid work is the ultimate source of surplus value . The owner of the means of production is able to claim the right to this surplus value because he or she is legally protected by the ruling regime , through property rights
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Das Kapital (album)
DAS KAPITAL is the eleventh studio album by Brazilian rock band Capital Inicial . It was released in 2010. The album shares its title with the homonymous book written by Karl Marx . CONTENTS * 1 Track listing * 2 Singles * 3 References * 4 External links TRACK LISTING NO. TITLE LYRICS ENGLISH TITLE LENGTH 1. "Ressurreição" Alvin L. , Dinho Ouro Preto , Yves Passarell Resurrection 3:57 2. "Depois da Meia-Noite" Dinho Ouro Preto, Pit Passarell After Midnight 3:22 3. "Como se Sente" Alvin L., Dinho Ouro Preto How Do You Feel 2:56 4. "Eu Quero Ser Como Você" Alvin L., Dinho Ouro Preto I Want to Be Like You 3:04 5. "A Menina que Não Tem Nada" Alvin L., Dinho Ouro Preto The Girl Who Has Nothing 2:48 6. "Não Sei Porque" Alvin L., Dinho Ouro Preto I Don't Know Why 3:14 7. "Melhor" Alvin L., Dinho Ouro Preto Better 2:19 8. "Vamos Comemorar" Dinho Ouro Preto, Pit Passarell Let's Celebrate 3:45 9. "Eu Sei Quem Eu Sou" Alvin L., Dinho Ouro Preto I Know Who I Am 3:52 10. "Marte em Capricórnio" Alvin L., Dinho Ouro Preto, Robledo Silva Mars in Capricorn 3:00 11. "Vivendo e Aprendendo" Alvin L., Dinho Ouro Preto, Yves Passarell Live and Learn 3:00SINGLESThe first single of the album was "Depois da Meia-Noite". It was released on May 4, 2010, and its music video depicts the band playing inside a car's radio
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Das Capital (album)
DAS CAPITAL is a 2003 album released by British singer/songwriter Luke Haines . The album features orchestral re-recordings of some of his older songs from The Auteurs and Baader Meinhof periods, along with some new tracks
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Daas Kapital
DAAS KAPITAL is an Australian television comedy series written by and starring comedy trio the Doug Anthony All Stars (Paul McDermott , Tim Ferguson and Richard Fidler ) with supporting cast members Paul Livingston , Michael Petroni , Bob Downe and Khym Lam . The title is a reference to the trio's acronym "DAAS" and Karl Marx
Karl Marx
's economic treatise Das Kapital
Das Kapital
. The series premiered on 15 July 1991, in Australia on the ABC network, and the season finale aired 7 July 1992. DAAS Kapital
DAAS Kapital
aired in 18 countries including Japan, Britain, USA and Germany and was released on DVD 20 March 2013 with commentary by the All Stars and a new, original song. On 13 April 2013, the All Stars reunited for a one-off show celebrating the launch of the DVD set. CONTENTS * 1 Format * 2 Characters and casting * 3 Scenario * 4 Episodes * 4.1 Season 1 (1991) * 4.2 Season 2 (1992) * 5 DVD * 6 References * 7 External links FORMAT DAAS Kapital
DAAS Kapital
was a sitcom that incorporated sketch show and variety show TV formats
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Talk
TALK may refer to: * Conversation , interactive communication between two or more people * Speech , the production of a spoken language * Interaction , face to face conversations * Compulsive talking , beyond the bounds of what is considered to be a socially acceptable amount of talking * Communication , the encoding and decoding of exchanged messages between peopleCONTENTS * 1 Software * 2 Books * 3 Film and TV * 4 Music * 4.1 Albums * 4.2 Songs SOFTWARE * Google Talk , a Windows- and web-based instant messaging program * talk (software) , a Unix messaging program * AppleTalk , an early networking protocol designed by Apple for their Macintosh computersBOOKS * _Talk_ (play) , a play by Carl Hancock Rux * _Talk_ (magazine) , an American magazineFILM AND TV * _Talk_ (film) , a 1994 Australian film * Talk show , a broadcast program format * Talk radio , a radio formatMUSIC * Talk Talk , a British rock group active from 1981 to 1991ALBUMS * _Talk_ (Yes album) , 1994 * _Talk_ (Paul Kelly album) , 1981SONGS * "Talk" (Coldplay song) * "Talk" (DJ Snake song) * "Talk", by Kreesha Turner on the album _Passion _ * "Talk", by Tracy Bonham on the album _ The Liverpool Sessions _ * "Talk", by M.I.A
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Karl Marx
KARL MARX (/mɑːrks/ ; German: ; 5 May 1818 – 14 March 1883) was a Prussian-born philosopher , economist , political theorist , sociologist , journalist , and revolutionary socialist . Born in Trier to a middle-class family, he later studied political economy and Hegelian philosophy . As an adult, Marx became stateless and spent much of his life in London, England , where he continued to develop his thought in collaboration with German thinker Friedrich Engels and published various works, the most well-known being the 1848 pamphlet _ The Communist Manifesto _. His work has since influenced subsequent intellectual, economic, and political history. Marx's theories about society, economics, and politics—collectively understood as Marxism —hold that human societies develop through class struggle ; in capitalism , this manifests itself in the conflict between the ruling classes (known as the bourgeoisie ) that control the means of production and working classes (known as the proletariat ) that enable these means by selling their labour for wages. Employing a critical approach known as historical materialism , Marx predicted that, like previous socioeconomic systems, capitalism produced internal tensions which would lead to its self-destruction and replacement by a new system: socialism
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Capital, Volume II
CAPITAL, VOLUME II: THE PROCESS OF CIRCULATION OF CAPITAL is the second of three volumes of Capital: Critique of Political Economy . It was prepared by Friedrich Engels from notes left by Karl Marx
Karl Marx
and published in 1885. CONTENTS * 1 Contents * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 Further reading * 5 External links CONTENTSVolume II is divided into three parts: * The Metamorphoses of Capital
Capital
and Their Circuits * The Turnover of Capital * The Reproduction and Circulation of the Aggregate Social CapitalIn this book, the main ideas behind the marketplace are to be found: how value and surplus-value are realized. Its dramatis personae, not so much the worker and the industrialist (as in Volume I), but rather the money owner (and money lender), the wholesale merchant, the trader and the entrepreneur or 'functioning capitalist.' Moreover, workers appear in Volume II, essentially as buyers of consumer goods and, therefore, as sellers of the commodity labour power , rather than producers of value and surplus-value (although, this latter quality, established in Volume I, remains the solid foundation on which the whole of the unfolding analysis is based). Marx wrote in a letter sent to Engels on 30 April 1868: 'In Book 1. .
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Capital, Volume III
CAPITAL, VOLUME III, subtitled The Process of Capitalist Production as a Whole, is the third volume of Capital: Critique of Political Economy . It was prepared by Friedrich Engels from notes left by Karl Marx and published in 1894. CONTENTS * 1 Contents * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 Further reading * 5 External links CONTENTSVolume III is in seven parts: * The conversion of Surplus Value into Profit and the rate of Surplus Value into the rate of Profit * Conversion of Profit into Average Profit * The Law of the Tendency of the Rate of Profit to Fall * Conversion of Commodity Capital
Capital
and Money Capital
Capital
into Commercial Capital
Capital
and Money-Dealing Capital
Capital
(Merchant's Capital) * Division of Profit Into Interest and Profit of Enterprise, Interest Bearing Capital. * Transformation of Surplus-Profit into Ground Rent . * Revenues and Their SourcesThe work is best known today for part 3, which in summary says that as the organic fixed capital requirements of production rise as a result of advancements in production generally, the rate of profit tends to fall
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German Language
_No official regulation_ ( German orthography regulated by the Council for German Orthography ). LANGUAGE CODES ISO 639-1 de ISO 639-2 ger (B) deu (T) ISO 639-3 Variously: deu – German gmh – Middle High German goh – Old High German gct – Colonia Tovar German bar – Bavarian cim – Cimbrian geh – Hutterite German ksh – Kölsch nds – Low German sli – Lower Silesian ltz – Luxembourgish vmf – Mainfränkisch mhn – Mócheno pfl – Palatinate German pdc – Pennsylvania German pdt – Plautdietsch swg – Swabian German gsw – Swiss German uln – Unserdeutsch sxu – Upper Saxon wae – Walser German wep – Westphalian hrx – Riograndenser Hunsrückisch yec – Yenish GLOTTOLOG high1287 High Franconian uppe1397 Upper German LINGUASPHERE further information 52-AC (Continental West Germanic) > 52-ACB (Deutsch & Dutch) > 52-ACB-d ( Central German incl. 52-ACB–dl & -dm Standard/Generalised High German ) + 52-ACB-e & -f ( Upper German & Swiss German ) + 52-ACB-h (émigré German varieties incl
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Communist
In political and social sciences , COMMUNISM (from Latin _communis_, "common, universal") is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society , which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes , money , and the state . Communism includes a variety of schools of thought, which broadly include Marxism , anarchism (anarchist communism ), and the political ideologies grouped around both. All these share the analysis that the current order of society stems from its economic system, capitalism , that in this system, there are two major social classes: the working class —who must work to survive, and who make up the majority within society—and the capitalist class —a minority who derives profit from employing the working class, through private ownership of the means of production , and that conflict between these two classes will trigger a revolution. The primary element which will enable this transformation, according to this analysis, is the social ownership of the means of production. Criticism of communism can be roughly divided into those concerning themselves with the practical aspects of 20th century communist states , and those concerning themselves with communist principles and theory
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Capitalist Mode Of Production (Marxist Theory)
In Karl Marx
Karl Marx
's critique of political economy and subsequent Marxian analyses, the CAPITALIST MODE OF PRODUCTION refers to the systems of organizing production and distribution within capitalist societies . Private money-making in various forms (renting, banking, merchant trade, production for profit , etc.) preceded the development of the capitalist mode of production as such. The capitalist mode of production proper, based on wage-labour and private ownership of the means of production, and on industrial technology, began to grow rapidly in Western Europe from the industrial revolution , later extending to most of the world. The capitalist mode of production is characterized by private ownership of the means of production , extraction of surplus value by the owning class for the purpose of capital accumulation , wage-based labour , and, at least as far as commodities are concerned, being market-based . CONTENTS * 1 Synopsis * 2 Distinguishing Characteristics * 2.1 Summary of Basic Distinctions * 3 Origins * 4 Defining structural criteria * 5 State capitalist interpretation * 6 Heterodox views and polemics * 7 See also * 8 Notes * 9 Further reading * 10 External links SYNOPSISA "mode of production " (in German: Produktionsweise) means simply "the distinctive way of producing," which could be defined in terms of how it is socially organized and what kinds of technologies and tools are used
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Adam Smith
ADAM SMITH FRSA (16 June 1723 NS (5 June 1723 OS ) – 17 July 1790) was a Scottish economist, philosopher, and author. He was a moral philosopher , a pioneer of political economy , and was a key figure during the Scottish Enlightenment era. He is best known for two classic works: _ The Theory of Moral Sentiments _ (1759), and _An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations _ (1776). The latter, usually abbreviated as _The Wealth of Nations_, is considered his _magnum opus _ and the first modern work of economics . Smith studied social philosophy at the University of Glasgow and at Balliol College, Oxford , where he was one of the first students to benefit from scholarships set up by fellow Scot, John Snell . After graduating, he delivered a successful series of public lectures at Edinburgh
Edinburgh
, leading him to collaborate with David Hume
David Hume
during the Scottish Enlightenment . Smith obtained a professorship at Glasgow teaching moral philosophy, and during this time he wrote and published _The Theory of Moral Sentiments_. In his later life, he took a tutoring position that allowed him to travel throughout Europe, where he met other intellectual leaders of his day. Smith laid the foundations of classical free market economic theory. _The Wealth of Nations_ was a precursor to the modern academic discipline of economics
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Jean-Baptiste Say
JEAN-BAPTISTE SAY (French: ; 5 January 1767 – 15 November 1832) was a French economist and businessman. He had classically liberal views and argued in favor of competition , free trade , and lifting restraints on business. He is best known for Say\'s Law , also known as the law of markets, which he popularized. Scholars disagree on the surprisingly subtle question of whether it was Say who first stated what we now call Say's Law. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Say\'s Law * 3 Quotes * 4 References * 5 Further reading * 6 External links BIOGRAPHY _ Map of Croydon
Croydon
, drawn by the 18-year-old Say in 1785 Lettres a M. Malthus_, 1820 Jean-Baptiste Say
Jean-Baptiste Say
was born in Lyon
Lyon
. His father, Jean-Etienne Say, was born to a Protestant
Protestant
family which had moved from Nîmes to Geneva for some time in consequence of the revocation of the Edict of Nantes . (His brother Louis Auguste (1774–1840) was also an economist). Say was intended to follow a commercial career, and in 1785 was sent, with his brother Horace, to complete his education in England
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David Ricardo
DAVID RICARDO (18 April 1772 – 11 September 1823) was a British political economist . He was one of the most influential of the classical economists , along with Thomas Malthus , Adam Smith , and James Mill . CONTENTS * 1 Personal life * 2 Parliamentary record * 3 Death and legacy * 4 Ideas * 4.1 Value theory * 4.2 Rent * 4.3 Ricardo\'s theories of wages and profits * 4.4 Comparative advantage * 4.4.1 Criticism * 4.4.2 Protectionism * 5 Criticism of the Ricardian theory of trade * 6 Ricardian equivalence * 7 Influence and intellectual legacy * 7.1 Ricardian socialists * 7.2 Georgists * 7.3 Neo-Ricardians * 7.3.1 Neo-Ricardian trade theory * 7.3.2 Evolutionary growth theory * 7.3.3 Contemporary theories * 7.3.4 Unequal exchange * 8 Publications * 9 References * 9.1 Notes * 9.2 Bibliography * 10 External links PERSONAL LIFE _ This section NEEDS ADDITIONAL CITATIONS FOR VERIFICATION . Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (June 2013)_ _(Learn how and when to remove this template message )_Born in London, England, Ricardo was the third of 17 children of a Sephardic Jewish family of Portuguese origin who had recently relocated from the Dutch Republic . His father, Abraham Ricardo, was a successful stockbroker
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John Stuart Mill
JOHN STUART MILL (20 May 1806 – 8 May 1873) was an English philosopher, political economist and civil servant. One of the most influential thinkers in the history of liberalism , he contributed widely to social theory , political theory and political economy . Dubbed "the most influential English-speaking philosopher of the nineteenth century", Mill's conception of liberty justified the freedom of the individual in opposition to unlimited state and social control. Mill was a proponent of utilitarianism , an ethical theory developed by his predecessor Jeremy Bentham , and contributed significantly to the theory of the scientific method . A member of the Liberal Party , he was also the first Member of Parliament to call for women\'s suffrage
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