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Daniel Solander
DANIEL CARLSSON SOLANDER or DANIEL CHARLES SOLANDER (19 February 1733 – 13 May 1782) was a Swedish naturalist and an Apostle of Carl Linnaeus . Solander was the first university educated scientist to set foot on Australian soil. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Legacy * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Further reading * 6 External links BIOGRAPHYSolander was born in Piteå , Norrbotten
Norrbotten
, Sweden, to Rev. Carl Solander a Lutheran principal, and Magdalena née Bostadia. Solander enrolled at Uppsala University in July 1750 and initially studied languages, the humanities and law. The professor of botany was the celebrated Carl Linnaeus who was soon impressed by young Solander's ability and accordingly persuaded his father to let him study natural history. Solander traveled to England
England
in June 1760 to promote the new Linnean system of classification
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William Parry (artist)
WILLIAM PARRY ARA (2 May 1743 – 12 February 1791) was a Welsh artist. Primarily a portrait painter, he attracted extensive patronage in Wales due to his connections with Sir Watkin Williams-Wynn, 4th Baronet . Portrait of John Parry, William's father, circa 1770. National Museum Cardiff He was the son of John Parry , a blind harpist who held a key position in the household of Sir Watkin Williams-Wynn, 3rd Baronet of Wynnstay, Denbighshire , the wealthiest and most powerful Welshman of the time. At the age of sixteen he enrolled at William Shipley 's drawing academy, later becoming a pupil to Joshua Reynolds . In late 1769 or early 1770 he returned to Wales, where the Wynnstay estate had lately been inherited by the third baronet's son, an art lover who had just returned from his Grand Tour . He also received commissions for chalk and painted portraits from others in the Welsh gentry
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Piteå
PITEå is a locality and the seat of Piteå Municipality in Norrbotten County , Sweden
Sweden
. The town has 22,913 inhabitants, out of a municipal total of 41,000 in 2008. CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 Climate * 3 History * 4 Culture * 5 Cleantech
Cleantech
* 6 Sport * 7 People from Piteå
Piteå
* 8 International relations * 8.1 Twin towns — Sister cities * 9 References * 10 External links GEOGRAPHY This section DOES NOT CITE ANY SOURCES . Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed . (November 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message ) Piteå
Piteå
is located at the mouth of the Pite River (Swedish : Piteälven), at the shore of the Bay of Bothnia
Bay of Bothnia

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Norrbotten
NORRBOTTEN (Swedish: ), known in English as NORTH BOTHNIA , is a Swedish province (landskap) in northernmost Sweden
Sweden
. It borders south to Västerbotten
Västerbotten
, west to Swedish Lapland , and east to Finland
Finland
. CONTENTS * 1 Administration * 2 Heraldry * 3 History * 4 Population * 5 Culture * 6 Sports * 7 References * 8 External links ADMINISTRATIONThe traditional provinces of Sweden
Sweden
serve no administrative or political purposes, but are historical and cultural entities. In this case, however, the county is older than the province. When the new national border to the Russian Grand Duchy of Finland
Finland
formed, the province split in two, and formed the municipalities of Kolari , Muonio , Pello , Tornio
Tornio
, and Ylitornio
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London
LONDON /ˈlʌndən/ ( listen ) is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom . Standing on the River Thames in the south east of the island of Great Britain , London has been a major settlement for two millennia. It was founded by the Romans , who named it _ Londinium _. London's ancient core, the City of London
City of London
, largely retains its 1.12-square-mile (2.9 km2) medieval boundaries. Since at least the 19th century, "London" has also referred to the metropolis around this core, historically split between Middlesex , Essex , Surrey , Kent , and Hertfordshire , which today largely makes up Greater London
Greater London
, a region governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly
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Swedish People
Sweden : c. 8,000,000 (the number does not include ethnic Swedes born outside Sweden but now living in Sweden, nor does it include Swedish-speaking population of Finland now living in Sweden; 2015) Other significant population centers: SWEDISH-SPEAKING ETHNIC MINORITIES FINLAND c. 280,000 SWEDISH CITIZENS OUTSIDE SWEDENc
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Botany
BOTANY, also called PLANT SCIENCE(S), PLANT BIOLOGY or PHYTOLOGY, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology . A BOTANIST or PLANT SCIENTIST is a scientist who specialises in this field. The term "botany" comes from the Ancient Greek word βοτάνη (_botanē_) meaning "pasture ", "grass", or "fodder "; βοτάνη is in turn derived from βόσκειν (_boskein_), "to feed" or "to graze". Traditionally, botany has also included the study of fungi and algae by mycologists and phycologists respectively, with the study of these three groups of organisms remaining within the sphere of interest of the International Botanical Congress . Nowadays, botanists (in the strict sense) study approximately 410,000 species of land plants of which some 391,000 species are vascular plants (including ca 369,000 species of flowering plants ), and ca 20,000 are bryophytes
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Zoology
ZOOLOGY (/zuːˈɒlədʒi/ , zoo-OL-luh-jee or /zoʊˈɒlədʒi/ , zoh-OL-luh-jee) or ANIMAL BIOLOGY is the branch of biology that studies the animal kingdom, including the structure , embryology , evolution , classification , habits , and distribution of all animals , both living and extinct , and how they interact with their ecosystems. The term is derived from Ancient Greek ζῷον, _zōion_, i.e. "animal " and λόγος, _logos_, i.e. "knowledge, study". CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Ancient history to Darwin * 1.2 Post-Darwin * 2 Research * 2.1 Structural * 2.2 Physiological * 2.3 Evolutionary * 2.4 Classification * 2.5 Ethology * 2.6 Biogeography * 3 Branches of zoology * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORYANCIENT HISTORY TO DARWIN _ Conrad Gesner (1516–1565). His Historiae animalium _ is considered the beginning of modern zoology
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Alma Mater
ALMA MATER ( Latin : _alma_ "nourishing/kind", _mater_ "mother"; pl. _almae matres_) is an allegorical Latin phrase for a university or college . In modern usage, it is a school or university which an individual has attended, or a song or hymn associated with a school . The phrase is variously translated as "nourishing mother", "nursing mother", or "fostering mother", suggesting that a school provides intellectual nourishment to its students. Fine arts will often depict educational institutions using a robed woman as a visual metaphor. Before its modern usage, _Alma mater_ was an honorific title for various Latin mother goddesses , especially Ceres or Cybele , and later in Catholicism for the Virgin Mary
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Uppsala University
UPPSALA UNIVERSITY (Swedish : _ Uppsala
Uppsala
universitet_) is a research university in Uppsala
Uppsala
, Sweden, and is the oldest university in Sweden and all of the Nordic countries
Nordic countries
still in operation, founded in 1477. (However was it not the first university in the Nordic countries, as the Danish Academy of Lund
Academy of Lund
had opened already in 1425 ) It ranks among the world's 100 best universities in several high-profile international rankings. The university uses "Gratiae veritas naturae" as its motto and embraces natural sciences. The university rose to pronounced significance during the rise of Sweden
Sweden
as a great power at the end of the 16th century and was then given a relative financial stability with the large donation of King Gustavus Adolphus in the early 17th century
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Author Citation (botany)
In botanical nomenclature , AUTHOR CITATION refers to citing the person or group of people who validly published a botanical name , i.e. who first published the name while fulfilling the formal requirements as specified by the _International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants _ (_ICN_). In cases where a species is no longer in its original generic placement (i.e. a new combination of genus and specific epithet), both the author(s) of the original genus placement and those of the new combination are given (the former in parentheses). In botany , it is customary (though not obligatory) to abbreviate author names according to a recognised list of standard abbreviations . There are differences between the botanical code and the normal practice in zoology . In zoology, the publication year is given following the author name(s) and the authorship of a new combination is normally omitted
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Sweden
Coordinates : 63°N 16°E / 63°N 16°E / 63; 16 Kingdom of Sweden Konungariket Sverige Flag Greater coat of arms MOTTO: (royal) "För Sverige – i tiden" "For Sweden – With the Times" ANTHEM: _ Du gamla, Du fria _ _Thou ancient, thou free_ ROYAL ANTHEM : _ Kungssången _ _Song of the King_ Location of Sweden (dark green) – in
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Naturalist
NATURAL HISTORY is the research and study of organisms including animals , fungi and plants in their environment, leaning more towards observational than experimental methods of study. It encompasses scientific research but is not limited to it, with articles nowadays more often published in science magazines than in academic journals . Grouped among the natural sciences , natural history is the systematic study of any category of natural objects or organisms. That is a very broad designation in a world filled with many narrowly focused disciplines. So while natural history dates historically from studies in the ancient Greco-Roman world and the mediaeval Arabic
Arabic
world , through to European Renaissance
Renaissance
naturalists working in near isolation, today's field is more of a cross discipline umbrella of many specialty sciences
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Apostles Of Linnaeus
The APOSTLES OF LINNAEUS were a group of students who carried out botanical and zoological expeditions throughout the world that were either devised or approved by botanist Carl Linnaeus . The expeditions took place during the latter half of the 18th century and the students were designated 'apostles ' by Linnaeus. Many apostles began their journey from Sweden. Some would act as chaplains or doctors aboard a Swedish East India Company ship. The expeditions were often dangerous. Seven apostles never came home. The first apostle, Christopher Tärnström, died of a tropical fever on Côn Sơn Island in 1746. Tärnström's widow was angry with Linnaeus for making her children fatherless. After this incident, Linnaeus sent only unmarried men. Linnaeus remained involved in most expeditions
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Carl Linnaeus
CARL LINNAEUS (/lɪˈniːəs, lɪˈneɪəs/ ; 23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as CARL VON LINNé (Swedish pronunciation: ( listen )), was a Swedish botanist , physician , and zoologist , who formalised the modern system of naming organisms called binomial nomenclature . He is known by the epithet "father of modern taxonomy". Many of his writings were in Latin , and his name is rendered in Latin as CAROLUS LINNæUS (after 1761 CAROLUS A LINNé). Linnaeus was born in the countryside of Småland , in southern Sweden . He received most of his higher education at Uppsala University , and began giving lectures in botany there in 1730. He lived abroad between 1735 and 1738, where he studied and also published a first edition of his _ Systema Naturae _ in the Netherlands. He then returned to Sweden, where he became professor of medicine and botany at Uppsala
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England
ENGLAND is a country that is part of the United Kingdom . It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain (which lies in the North Atlantic ) in its centre and south; and includes over 100 smaller islands such as the Isles of Scilly , and the Isle of Wight . The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles , one of the Germanic tribes who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries
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