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Dam Failure
A dam is a barrier across flowing water that obstructs, directs or slows down the flow, often creating a reservoir, lake or impoundments. Most dams have a section called a spillway or weir over or through which water flows, either intermittently or continuously, and some have hydroelectric power generation systems installed. Dams are considered "installations containing dangerous forces" under International Humanitarian Law
International Humanitarian Law
due to the massive impact of a possible destruction on the civilian population and the environment. Dam failures are comparatively rare, but can cause immense damage and loss of life when they occur. In 1975 the failure of the Banqiao Reservoir Dam
Dam
and other dams in Henan Province, China
China
caused more casualties than any other dam failure in history
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Act Of God
In legal usage throughout the English-speaking world, an act of God[1] is a natural hazard outside human control, such as an earthquake or tsunami, for which no person can be held responsible
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South Yorkshire
South Yorkshire
Yorkshire
is a metropolitan county in England. It is the southernmost county in the Yorkshire and the Humber
Yorkshire and the Humber
region and had a population of 1.34 million in 2011
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World War II
Pacific WarChina Pacific Ocean South-East Asia South West Pacific Japan Manchuria & North Korea Mediterranean and Middle EastNorth Africa East Africa Mediterranean Sea Adriatic Malta Yugoslavia Iraq Syria–Lebanon Iran Italy Dodecanese Southern France Other campaignsAtlantic Arctic Strategic bombing Americas French West Africa Indian Ocean Madagascar Contemporaneous warsSoviet–Japanese border conflicts Franco-Thai War Ecuadorian–Peruvian War Ili Rebellion World War II Alphabetical indices A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0–9Navigation CampaignsCountriesEquipment TimelineOutlineLists PortalCategoryBibliography vte World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis
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Ruhr (river)
The Ruhr
Ruhr
is a river in western Germany
Germany
(North Rhine-Westphalia), a right tributary (east-side) of the Rhine. Description and history[edit]The Ruhr
Ruhr
valley near Bochum
Bochum
during a floodThe source of the Ruhr
Ruhr
is near the town of Winterberg
Winterberg
in the mountainous Sauerland
Sauerland
region, at an elevation of approximately 2,200 feet (670 m). It flows into the lower Rhine
Rhine
at an elevation of only 56 feet (17 m) in the municipal area of Duisburg. Its total length is 219 km (136 mi), its average discharge is 79 m³/s (cubic metres per second) at Mülheim
Mülheim
near its mouth
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Eder
The Eder
Eder
is a 177-kilometre (110 mi) long major river in Germany that begins in eastern North Rhine-Westphalia
North Rhine-Westphalia
and passes in to Hesse, where it confluences with the River Fulda.Contents1 History 2 Gold
Gold
in the Eder 3 Course 4 Edersee
Edersee
Dam 5 Destruction of the Eder
Eder
dam 6 Tributaries of the Eder 7 ReferencesHistory[edit] The river was first mentioned by the Roman historian Tacitus. In his Annals,[2] he describes the Roman campaign against the Chatti
Chatti
under the command of Germanicus
Germanicus
in 15 AD
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Typhoon Nina (1975)
Typhoon Nina, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Bebeng, was the fourth-deadliest tropical cyclone on record. Approximately 231,000 people died after the Banqiao Dam
Banqiao Dam
(in Zhumadian, Henan Province, China) collapsed and devastated areas downstream. The collapse of the dam due to heavy floods also caused a string of smaller dams to collapse, adding more damage caused by the typhoon.Contents1 Meteorological history 2 Impact2.1 Taiwan 2.2 Mainland China3 See also 4 References 5 External linksMeteorological history[edit]Map plotting the track and intensity of the storm, according to the Saffir–Simpson scaleA well defined trough line extending southeastward into the Philippine Sea spawned a disturbance on July 29. After initial status as a disturbance, Tropical Depression 04W moved southwestward for 36 hours as the structure of the system began to organize
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Sheba
Sheba
Sheba
(/ˈʃiːbə/; Ge'ez: ሳባ, Saba, Arabic: سبأ‎, Sabaʾ, South Arabian S-b-ʾ, Hebrew: שבא‬, Šəḇā) was a South Arabian speaking kingdom believed to be in modern day Yemen
Yemen
mentioned in the Hebrew Bible
Hebrew Bible
(Old Testament) and the Quran. Sheba
Sheba
features in Jewish, Muslim, and Christian, particularly Ethiopian Christian, traditions. It was the home of the biblical "Queen of Sheba", who is left unnamed in the Bible, but receives the names Makeda in Ethiopian and Bilqīs in Arabic tradition. The predominant scholarly view is that the biblical narrative about the kingdom of Sheba
Sheba
was based on the ancient civilization of Saba in South Arabia,[1] in contradiction to several local traditions from different countries
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Yemen
Coordinates: 15°N 48°E / 15°N 48°E / 15; 48Republic of Yemen اَلْـجُـمْـهُـوْرِيَّـة الْـيَـمَـنِـيَّـة (Arabic) al-Jumhūrīyah al-YamanīyahFlagEmblemMotto:  الله، اَلْـوَطَـن، اَلـثَّـوْرَة، اَلْـوَحْـدَة (Arabic) "Allāh, al-Waṭan, ath-Thawrah, al-Waḥdah" "God, Country, Revolution, Unity"Anthem: اَلْـجُـمْـهُـوْرِيَّـة الْـمُـتَّـحِـدَة (Arabic) al-Jumhūrīyah al-Muttaḥidah (English: "United Republic")Location of  Yemen  (red)Capital and largest city Sana'aOfficial languages ArabicReligion IslamDemonym Yemeni, YemeniteGovernment Provisional government• President
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Lorca, Spain
Lorca (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈlorka]) is a municipality and city in the autonomous community of Murcia
Murcia
in southeastern Spain, 58 kilometres (36 mi) southwest of the city of Murcia. It had a population of 92,694 in 2010, up from the 2001 census total of 77,477. Lorca is the municipality with the second-largest surface area (after Cáceres) in Spain
Spain
with 1,675.21 km2 (646.80 sq mi). The city is home to Lorca Castle
Lorca Castle
and the Collegiate church dedicated to St. Patrick. In the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
Lorca was the frontier town between Christian and Muslim Spain.[1] Even earlier to that during the Roman period it was ancient Ilura or Heliocroca of the Romans.[2] The city was seriously damaged by a magnitude 5.1 earthquake on 11 May 2011, killing at least nine people
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Spain
Coordinates: 40°N 4°W / 40°N 4°W / 40; -4Kingdom of SpainReino de España  (Spanish) 4 other official names[a][b] Catalan:Regne d'EspanyaBasque:Espainiako ErresumaGalician:Reino de EspañaOccitan:Reiaume d'Espanha Flag Coat of arms Motto: "Plus ultra" (Latin) "Further Beyond"Anthem: "Marcha Real" (Spanish)[2] "Royal March" Show globeShow map of EuropeLocation of .mw-parser-output .nobold font-weight:normal Spain (dark green)– in Europe (green & dark grey)– in the European Union (green)Capitaland largest cityMadrid40°26′N 3°42′W / 40.433°N 3.700°W / 40.433; -3.700Official language and national languageSpanish[c]Ethnic groups (2019)[4]89.67% Spaniards10.33% othersReligion (2019)[5]67.0% Catholicism27.2% No religion3.1% Other religionsDemonym(s)S
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Holme Valley
Holme Valley
Holme Valley
is a large civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Kirklees
Kirklees
in West Yorkshire, England. It has a population of 25,049 (2001 census), increasing to 34,680 for the two wards in the 2011 Census.[1][2] Its administrative centre is in Holmfirth. Other sizeable settlements in the parish include, Brockholes, Honley
Honley
and New Mill. It is named from the River Holme
River Holme
that runs through the parish.Upper Holme Valley, looking north and westerly, from Mount at Jackson Bridge over Totties
Totties
& New Mill to Honley
Honley
& Crosland Moor. The parish is the successor to the Holmfirth
Holmfirth
urban district
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Inuyama, Aichi
Inuyama
Inuyama
(犬山市, Inuyama-shi) is a city in Aichi Prefecture, Japan, north of the Nagoya
Nagoya
Metropolis. As of May 2015[update], the city had an estimated population of 74,200 and a population density of 911 persons per km²
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United Kingdom
The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(UK)[15] or Britain,[note 11] is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands.[16] Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland
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Owari Province
Owari Province
Owari Province
(尾張国, Owari no Kuni) was a province of Japan in the area that today forms the western half of Aichi Prefecture, including the modern city of Nagoya.[1] The province was created in 646. Owari bordered on Mikawa, Mino, and Ise Provinces. Owari and Mino provinces were separated by the Sakai River, which means "border river." The province's abbreviated name was Bishū (尾州). Ukiyo-e
Ukiyo-e
print by Hiroshige, Owari, from The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States (六十余州名所図会), depicting a festival at Tsushima ShrineOwari is classified as one of the provinces of the Tōkaidō
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Japan
Japan
Japan
(Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] (listen) or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] (listen); formally 日本国, Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku, lit. 'State of Japan') is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent
Asian continent
and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk
Sea of Okhotsk
in the north to the East China Sea
East China Sea
and the Philippine Sea
Philippine Sea
in the south. The kanji that make up Japan's name mean 'sun origin', and it is often called the "Land of the Rising Sun". Japan
Japan
is the world's 4th largest island country and encompasses about 6,852 islands
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